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You’re asking to fr leavis, be selected as the about leadership representative for that group. The essay is your chance to show how you are the ideal representative. Submit an fr leavis othello, essay that is neat and readable. Make sure your essay is neatly typed, and that there is on Haste Not a lot of ‘white space’ on fr leavis othello, the page. Double-space the essay, and black economics, provide adequate margins (1?-1 1/2?) on all sides. Fr Leavis? Make sure your essay is well written. Proofread carefully, check spelling and Essay Mary Ann Chiong, grammar and othello, share your essay with friends or teachers. Another pair of eyes can catch errors you might miss. Special thanks to the scholarship specialists who contributed these tips: TROA Scholarship Fund.
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AFSA Scholarship Programs. Thomas Murphy, Executive Director. Konieg Education Foundation. Lisa Portenga, Scholarship Coordinator. The Fremont Area Foundation. Practice Session: Common Essay Questions — by Roxana Hadad. The essay — It’s the most important part of your scholarship application, and it can be the hardest. But the Essay on Fiscal Policies essay shouldn’t keep you from applying.
Take a look at some of the most commonly asked essay questions and fr leavis othello, use them to prepare for your scholarship applications. Essay Mary Ann Chiong Study? Brainstorm ideas, do some research or create your own ‘stock’ of scholarship essays. When the time comes, you’ll be ready to fr leavis, write your way to scholarship success! Your Field of Essay and Credit Specialization and Academic Plans. Some scholarship applications will ask you to fr leavis, write about Essay on Hon. A Case in Political Behavior your major or field of study. These questions are used to determine how well you know your area of specialization and why you’re interested in fr leavis othello it. How will your study of _______ contribute to your immediate or long range career plans? Why do you want to be a _______? Explain the importance of (your major) in today’s society. What do you think the industry of _______ will be like in fracking essay the next 10 years?
What are the most important issues your field is facing today? To test your skills at problem-solving and check how up-to-date you are on current issues, many scholarship applications include questions about problems and issues facing society. What do you consider to be the single most important societal problem? Why? If you had the authority to change your school in a positive way, what specific changes would you make? Pick a controversial problem on college campuses and suggest a solution. What do you see as the greatest threat to the environment today? Scholarships exist to reward and encourage achievement. You shouldn’t be surprised to find essay topics that ask you to brag a little.
Describe how you have demonstrated leadership ability both in and out of school. Discuss a special attribute or accomplishment that sets you apart. Describe your most meaningful achievements and othello, how they relate to your field of study and Essay Park Bench, your future goals. Why are you a good candidate to receive this award. Who you are is closely tied to where you’ve been and who you’ve known. To learn more about you, some scholarship committees will ask you to write about your background and fr leavis othello, major influences. Pick an essay about, experience from your own life and explain how it has influenced your development. Who in your life has been your biggest influence and why? How has your family background affected the way you see the world? How has your education contributed to who you are today? Scholarship sponsors look for applicants with vision and fr leavis, motivation, so they might ask about your goals and aspirations.
Briefly describe your long- and short-term goals. Essay On Hon. In Political Behavior? Where do you see yourself 10 years from now? Why do you want to get a college education? Many scholarship providers have a charitable goal: They want to provide money for students who are going to have trouble paying for college. In addition to asking for information about fr leavis your financial situation, these committees may want a more detailed and leadership, personal account of your financial need. From a financial standpoint, what impact would this scholarship have on your education? State any special personal or family circumstances affecting your need for financial assistance. How have you been financing your college education? Some essay questions don’t seem directly related to fr leavis othello, your education, but committees use them to test your creativity and get a more well-rounded sense of Essay on Haste Not your personality. Choose a person or persons you admire and othello, explain why.
Choose a book or books and that have affected you deeply and explain why. While you can’t predict every essay question, knowing some of the most common ones can give you a leg up on applications. Essay? Start brainstorming now, and you may find yourself a winner! Essay Feedback: Creating Your Structure — by Kay Peterson, Ph.D. You might think that the othello secret of Ann Chiong de los A Case in Political a winning scholarship essay is to write about a great idea. But that’s only fr leavis othello, half the job. The best essays take a great idea and present it effectively through the structure of the essay. To see how important structure is, let’s look at an essay by Emily H. In her application for the UCLA Alumni Scholarship, Emily responds to the following essay topic: “Please provide a summary of your personal and family background, including information about your family, where you grew up, and perhaps a highlight or special memory of your youth.” Here’s how Emily responded: To me, home has never been associated with the word “permanent.” I seem to use it more often with the word “different” because I’ve lived in fracking essay a variety of places ranging from Knoxville, Tennessee, to Los Angeles, California. While everyone knows where Los Angeles is on fr leavis othello, a map, very few even know which state Knoxville is in.
Fortunately, I’ve had the chance to live in the east and west and to view life from two disparate points. I always get the same reaction from people when I tell them that I’m originally from a small town in on Fiscal and Credit Tennessee called Knoxville. Along with surprised, incredulous looks on their faces, I’m bombarded with comments like “Really? You don’t sound or look as if you’re from Tennessee.” These reactions are nearly all the fr leavis same because everyone sees me as a typical Californian who loves the sunny weather, the beach and essay, the city. They don’t know that I lived in fr leavis othello Reading, Pennsylvania, before I moved to Essay Park Bench, Chattanooga, Tennessee, and then moved again to fr leavis, Knoxville, Tennessee. Essay On Peter's Park Bench? The idea of fr leavis othello my living anywhere in the vicinity of the South or any place besides California is inconceivable to Essay on Fiscal, many because I’ve adapted so well to the surroundings in which I currently find myself. This particular quality, in a sense, also makes me a more cosmopolitan and fr leavis othello, open-minded person. Having already seen this much of the world has encouraged me to visit other places like Paris or London and the rest of the world.
My open-mindedness applies not only to new places, but also to Essay on Peter's Park, intriguing ideas and opportunities. Fr Leavis Othello? This attitude towards life prepares me for about, the vast array of opportunities that still lie ahead in the future. From my experiences of moving place to place, I have also come to acknowledge the fr leavis deep bond I share with my family. It has helped me realize the importance of supporting each other through tough times. Moving from essay about leadership Tennessee to California meant saying good-bye to fr leavis, the house we had lived in for Essay on Haste Not, six years, longtime friends and the calm, idyllic lifestyle of the country that we had grown to love and savor. But knowing that we had each other to othello, depend on fracking essay, made the fr leavis othello transition easier.
It also strengthened the on Hon. de los Behavior bond we all shared and placed more value on the time we spent with each other, whether it was at home eating dinner or going on fr leavis othello, a family trip. Now when I think of the word “home,” I see the bluish-gray house I live in now. In the past, however, “home” has been associated with houses of varying sizes, colors and forms. The only essay about, thing that has remained unchanging and permanent is my family. I have acknowledged this constancy, knowing well enough that it is, and always will be, a part of me and a unique part of my life. Los Angeles is one of fr leavis many places in Study Behavior which I’ve lived.
This fact by itself has had a tremendous impact on me. This kind of essay topic can be difficult because it is very general. Emily deftly avoids this pitfall by othello focusing her essay on one topic: the fact that she’s moved many times. As a result, this essay contains a lot of winning elements: Her opening sentence is great. And Credit Policies? It really grabs the reader’s attention because it’s unexpected and paradoxical. We want to learn more about her. Othello? Her story is unique; she doesn’t rely on cliches. She provides a lot of detail; we feel the differences among the various cities.
She’s focused the account so we learn just enough, not too much. She tells us why these events are important. Rather than just listing the cities, she tells us how her experiences have affected her. But there are also a number of things she could do to improve her essay: Opening paragraph gets off to a strong start, but quickly loses steam. The last sentence is too vague. The second paragraph is far too long, and covers too many ideas. The transitions among the various ideas are underdeveloped.
There’s a thought progression behind her essay that isn’t supported by the transitions. Conclusion is weak and doesn’t capture the black economics much richer ideas that resonate throughout her essay. The first thing Emily should do is fr leavis step back from her essay and think about how she has organized her ideas-that is, what structure has she provided? She can do this by Essay creating an outline of the ideas that appear in her essay. It should look something like this: a. Othello? Emily has lived in a lot of places. b. Emily has viewed life from two disparate points. 2. Body (one paragraph) a. People don’t guess that Emily is not originally from California. b. That’s because she has adapted so well to her current environment. c. This adaptability has made her open-minded about the world around her, and ready to take new opportunities.
d. She’s also learned to recognize and value the bond with her family, which gives her a sense of Essay Mary A Case Study Behavior permanence throughout all the changes. 3. Conclusion: Los Angeles is one of the places she has lived. As we can see, Emily’s essay is othello jam-packed with good ideas. With the exception of the conclusion (which she should cut), everything in here is Essay on Haste meaningful and necessary. What she needs to do now is identify the most important idea for the whole essay and fr leavis othello, then rearrange the points so that they support that idea. What is the overriding idea? I identified a number of fruitful ideas that involve these various points: Constant change has been challenging, but learning how to deal with change has made Emily ready for more challenges in the future. Constant change has had a paradoxical effect on Emily: It’s taught her both how to on Peter's Park, be adaptable and how determine what is fr leavis truly permanent (i.e. her family). Essay? Constant change has taught her all about othello different parts of the country, but has also taught her that while she grows and changes, she’ll still remain the same person she always was.
Once Emily has decided what main idea she wants to communicate, she can then restructure the points to support that idea. She may find that she needs to cut some points or develop others more fully. The key is to make it clear how those points relate to the central idea and to use meaningful transitions that point the way to the next idea. With a new structure in place, Emily should have a unique and winning essay! Once you have determined which scholarships you will apply for, write to them and ask for their scholarship application and Essay on Fiscal Policies, requirements. The letter can be a general request for information “form” letter that can be photocopied, but you should be specific about the name of the scholarship you are inquiring about on the envelope. Write to fr leavis othello, each source as far in advance of their scholarship deadline as possible and black economics, don’t forget to send a self-addressed, stamped envelope(SASE) — it not only expedites their reply, but some organizations won’t respond without one. Remember, on the outside of the envelope, list the fr leavis name of the specific scholarship you are inquiring about.
That way, the person opening the mail will know where to direct your inquiry. Here is an example of about leadership what your letter might look like: XYZ Corporation (Ian Scott Smith Scholarship) 1234 56th Street, Suite 890. Metropolis, FL 00000-0000. Dear Scholarship Coordinator: I am a (college) student (give academic year) and will be applying for fr leavis, admission to (a graduate) program for essay leadership, academic year 20__ – __. I would appreciate any information you have available on educational financing, including application forms. I am enclosing a self-addressed, stamped business size envelope for your convenience in replying. Daniel J. Cassidy. 2280 Airport Boulevard.
Santa Rosa, CA 95403. Make sure your letter is neatly typed, well written and does not contain grammatical errors or misspelled words. When filling out scholarship application forms, be complete, concise and creative. Fr Leavis Othello? People who read these applications want to on Haste Not, know the real you, not just your name. Othello? The application should clearly emphasize your ambitions, motivations and what makes you different. Be original! You will find that once you have seen one or two applications, you have pretty much seen them all. Usually they are one or two pages asking where you are going to school, what you are going to major in and why you think you deserve the black economics scholarship. Some scholarship sources require that you join their organization. If the organization relates to your field of study, you should strongly consider joining because it will keep you informed (via newsletter, etc.) about fr leavis developments in that field. Other scholarship organizations may want you to promise that you will work for them for a year or two after you graduate.
The Dow Jones Newspaper Fund offers a scholarship for up to and Credit Policies, $20,000 for journalism, broadcasting, and communications students with the understanding that the fr leavis othello student will intern for them for two years. This could even yield a permanent job for Essay on Fiscal, the student. Your application should be typewritten and neat. I had a complaint from fr leavis othello one foundation about a student who had an excellent background and qualifications but used a crayon to on Fiscal, fill out the application. Once your essay is finished, make a master file for it and other supporting items. Photocopy your essay and attach it to the application. If requested include: a resume or curriculum vitae (CV), extracurricular activities sheet (usually one page), transcripts, SAT, GRE, or MCAT scores, letters of recommendation (usually one from a professor, employer and friend) outlining your moral character and, if there are any newspaper articles, etc. about you, it is a good idea to include them as well.
You might also include your photograph, whether it’s a graduation picture or a snapshot of othello your working at your favorite hobby. Black Economics? This helps the selection committee feel a little closer to you. Instead of othello just seeing a name, they will have a face to match it. Mail your applications in early , at least a month before the black economics deadline. **Dr. Fr Leavis? Peterson has won numerous college and graduate scholarships, including the Jacob Javits Fellowship, the University of California Regents Scholarship and the National Merit Scholarship.
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4 Ways To Become A Deck Officer in Merchant Navy. As is with choosing any stream of education, selecting a career in Merchant Navy also requires a considerable amount of time devoted towards research so that a prospective individual is able to choose a course that best suits his needs. Some might aspire to become deck officers whereas others might be interested in engineering knowledge. With a plethora of maritime institutes offering a variety of courses, it is natural for a candidate to get confused, and in the process, make a wrong decision. There are myriad of maritime institutes all over the world and it is natural to be spoiled for choice. However, it is necessary to understand that not all of them offer the path to becoming a Deck Officer on fr leavis ship in the way that it is imagined. Representation Image – Photograph by Jose Jacob. The role of black economics, a Deck Officer in fr leavis merchant navy is indispensable on board and it is important for a prospective Cadet to know what a deck officer does on board ships.
A Deck Officer works in the execution of a variety of tasks- namely navigation and maneuvering of the vessel, handling of all safety equipment on board, and black economics, handing cargo, communications, and othello, safety. All of this seemingly daunting work is designated, divided, and handled among the Trainee Cadet, 3rd Officer, 2nd Officer, Chief Officer, under the Not supreme supervision of the fr leavis othello Captain of the vessel. On Haste Not! The prerequisites to join a maritime course pertaining to the Merchant Navy are generally kept low, except the physical fitness and medical requirements. However, it is advised that an interested individual inquire with the respective institute offering the othello course in order to get the exact criterion. The following deck officer training courses outlined are those that will help an individual a great deal in determining what’s best for a chosen path to becoming one. 1. Black Economics! B.S. Fr Leavis! Nautical Technology. Black Economics! This is a 3+1 years course that is available only in India.
The degree in question here is othello, offered by Essay Park the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani, and is offered in two of the institutes in India. The first 3 years of the merchant navy course is spent in the institute where a variety of subjects are taught extensively. The final year is devoted to an internship on board a vessel as a deck cadet for fr leavis a minimum period of 12 months. The internship period is extremely crucial as the essay leadership degree is only conferred when an individual finishes his sea time. The 2nd Mate license is obtained after finishing the othello mandatory sea time, upon fracking essay clearing the MMD (Mercantile Marine Department) examinations.
There are a total of 48 subjects covered in the study period of 3 years, a detailed list of which can obtained from the website/brochure of the institutes concerned. Following are the institutes in fr leavis India that offer this merchant navy program to become a deck officer: 2. B.Sc. Nautical Science. This is a 3 years deck officer training course that is available in India. In the UK, this is a 4 years course. However, the Park method incorporated in the completion of this course varies between India and fr leavis, the UK. In India, a deck cadet spends his entire 3 years in Essay a Maritime Institute and gets a degree after the othello course ends. Following that, he seeks employment and gets on Essay board a ship as a Trainee Merchant Navy Deck Officer.
In the UK, work and learning are incorporated together within the othello course (a part of the deck officer recruitment process), with the core modules and work based learning divided aptly within the four years of study. Fracking Essay! There are a host of othello, Institutes offering this merchant navy program, the notable ones being: 3. HND Nautical Science. HND stands for Essay on Haste Not the Higher National Diploma. This is a 2 years course that is conducted between an Indian Institute and othello, one in the UK in liaison with each other. Fracking Essay! The first 39-40 weeks of the course is spent studying at an Institute in othello India whereas the next 39-40 weeks is spent at an Institute in on Fiscal the UK. Fr Leavis! Deck cadets must sail for a minimum period of 15 months after the completion of the course for the the deck officer cadetship. Thereafter a 3 months 2nd Mate Preparatory course must be undertaken at the deck cadets’ respective Institute.
Upon clearing the examination conducted by the MCA (Maritime and Coastguard Agency), the Cadet is awarded the 2nd Mate UK license to become a certified deck officer. Ann Chiong De Los Santos: Study In Political! The notable HND courses of fr leavis, merchant navy are conducted by: 4. Diploma in Nautical Science. This is a 1 year course under the Indian Maritime University. Prospective deck cadets undergo a year long period of study followed by a sailing period of a minimum of 18 months. There are many merchant navy institutes offering this course.
It is advisable to check the Directorate General of Shipping and the Indian Maritime University websites for institute approvals and course details. In the United States, the Merchant Marine is a civilian auxiliary of the US Navy. The system followed in the US is a very intensive one. Candidates should refer to one of the Academy websites for a methodical procedure with regard to the US Merchant Marine. Fracking Essay! Check the list of best maritime colleges of the United States for more information. The most important aspect of choosing the right merchant navy Institute and course to othello become a deck officer is to ensure that the course is on Hon. Mary Ann Chiong A Case Study in Political Behavior, approved by the respective Government Authority of the country. It is also advisable to know the nation issuing the Continuous Discharge Certificate (CDC) to prevent any confusion later on. In addition to the above mentioned courses, several shipping companies also conduct sponsorship programs for deck officers. Choosing the right path to becoming a Deck Officer in fr leavis othello merchant navy can play a vital role in essay having a solid kick-start to fr leavis othello the career. Apart from good memories and an unforgettable college life a proper institute, catered to your requirements, can help an individual develop the about right attitude towards this line of work.
It is to note that deck officer job description or deck officer salary mainly depends on the shipping company. i got 56% pcm in fr leavis othello 12th cbse , i want to apply for DNS course . please guide me . Sir, how can i join merchant navy as a officer i have passed +2 in science and my age is 17. Correction: Kindly change the sailing time mentioned for the DNS Course. Now it is 18 months instead of 36 months. I truly admire the efforts of MarineInsight as your articles are really helpful which shows the real life onboard ships. If possible, then please try to post articles regarding cruise ships and companies and the oppurtunities for an indian deck officers or engineers to get on passenger vessels. As, very few of Essay Bench, us knew about it. @ shubham and rahul - Check Academic Brochure 2016-17 on fr leavis IMU Website which has all the details and guidelines. @Sagar: Thank You for the pointer.
We are not involved in Job placements and job sector. We will definitely post article on how to join cruise industry. Hello,sir my I'm a 12 years old boy my dream is to became a merchant navy officer so please help me to became a merchant navy officer#128591;#128591;#128583; Sir,if you have any tip to became a merchant navy officer please share it to on Haste me#128591;#128591; Sir, i ve passed 12th n i Want 2 join in merchant navy . What r the othello options 4 me . Plz reply. sir, I join Gp rating course kya Gp rating karne ke baad aage bade opportunity milte he plzz reply. Good morning sir, I have River master inland water and I want to upgrade myself to offshore please can I apply for Chief mate. And also DP. thanks best regard. Can I become a navigation officer after opting commerce (Maths) ? i want a favour and a help . and i want to know that i m 10 just pass 2017 , and i want to know the process to become deck offficer and for that what to do to achieve that. and now i m applining for gp rating cource . and can i move ahead for that? please help me sir. Hi sir my name b. Lokesh I completed in gP rating and 38 month's Saling completed I ask u how to prepare officer exam sir plz tell me. Essay About! Apply for examination with all the fr leavis required certificates and papers.
For other detail. Sir I've completed my secondary education with commerce stream. So can i go for Essay Not any post in navy? You need to have PSM in 10/12th to join as deck or engineer officer. I am presently in class 12 commerce (with Maths). Can I join Merchant Navy as a Deck Cadet,and HOW.
Sir is there any way to othello directly become a captian in merchant navy. Black Economics! No. There is no shortcut to Success. Sir I am Raja from Patna and I want to do a job in Merchant Navy. My Highest qualifications is B.Tech in Mechanical engineering. So please sir suggest me about my career in this field. The present situation of lack of job opportunities for deck cadets and fr leavis, junior marine engineers Merchant navy professionals working on ships are categorized into different departments and Essay Bench, assigned with specific People planning to othello join Merchant Navy often ask us what is better – engine department On board ships, bosun is a very important member of a ship’s crew and his A shipyard career option is a very unique one.
Also since the shipbuilding process gets Want to join merchant navy after class 12th in India? Learn about different career options With several maritime jobs websites coming-up these days, it has become fairly easy to look
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Writing Better University Essays/Referencing. By referencing the sources you use in your essay, you do a number of fr leavis, things. First of black economics, all, you comply with an academic convention. Secondly, you make your essay look more professional. In fact, it not only fr leavis othello looks more professional, but its argument becomes more powerful. Essay On Haste. Thirdly, you allow others to check your sources.
This is fr leavis, often only a hypothetical issue, but a look through the list of your references will allow others to judge your argument quickly. Fourthly, you acknowledge your sources and thus admit that like everyone else, you’re a dwarf on the shoulders of the giants. The essential bits of referencing require you to provide enough information to others so that they can identify the Essay on Peter's Bench, source. What exactly is meant by enough is open to debate, and this is also where conventions come in. Essential is fr leavis, that you do provide references. Ideally, you would do so properly. It’s not so difficult, and the sooner you get into leadership, the habit of referencing, the better.
There are two forms to do the referencing: including them as footnotes, or use a variation of the Harvard system. Your institution may have a preference, or even a house style. In most cases, your markers will be happy with a consistent and appropriate system. The Harvard system is also known as author/date, and will be described here in fr leavis, more detail. Within your essay, whenever you make a statement that is essentially based on somebody else’s work, you should attribute the source. You do this by stating the author(s) and the year of the publication you consulted.
Where the name of the author occurs naturally in the text, it does not need to be repeated. The references are usually included at Essay Policies the end of a sentence, or where inappropriate in a place where the fr leavis othello, text flow is on Peter's Park Bench, not interrupted too much, such as in front of a comma. This may be necessary, for fr leavis, example, if only the first half of your sentence is based on about someone else’s work. Switzerland seems to be the ideal place for studying the effects of direct democracy, since no other country has gone as far in terms of implementing such means (Franklin, 2002). The name of the fr leavis, author is included in brackets, together with the year of publication.
Some styles put a comma between the two, others just a space: (Franklin 2002). Where there are two authors, both names are included: (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994). Some styles prefer the word and , others prefer the essay about leadership, ampersand ( symbol). Where there are more than two authors, the name of the first author is given, followed by et al. (which literally means and others ): (Almeder et al. , 2001). Some styles put et al. into italics, others don’t. If you have two or more references for fr leavis, the same argument, you should separate the references with a semicolon (; symbol): (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994; Steinberg, 1999). If there are very many references to an argument, use your own judgement to select the most relevant ones. What should you reference? Basically references should be included to any argument made by someone else, including numbers you cite.
However, statements of general nature need not be attributed to anyone. A statement that the sky is on Peter's Park, blue alone does not require a reference. However, if you state that the sky is blue because of othello, a specific reason, then you should include a reference. And Credit. If you use the exact words of an othello, author (quotation), you’ll need to give the number of the fracking essay, page where you copy from. This is needed so anyone can quickly check the original words, should he or she feel so.
See the separate section on quotes. It’s not uncommon that you want to use the arguments of say Max Weber, even though you have not actually read this particular book. Strictly speaking, you should not reference Weber’s work for such a statement, because you have not actually read it. Can you really be sure this is what Weber said or meant? The technically correct trick is to add cited in after the reference: (Weber, 1918, cited in Hamilton, 2002). You should always reference the work you consulted, and this includes the year of publication. Many books are published in their second and third editions, so giving the correct year can be helpful. Fr Leavis. Similarly, even if a book is essay leadership, merely a reprint by a different publisher, give the fr leavis, year of the edition you consulted.
The page numbers may differ. If it’s just a second print of the fracking essay, exact same book, use the original date. Some readers find this unsatisfactory, since Weber surely did not publish anything this year. The convention to circumvent this issue is to give both years: the year of the original publication, together with the fr leavis, one of the work you consulted. Sometimes slashes are used between the dates (/ sign), others prefer the used of square brackets ([ and black economics, ] sign): Burke (2004/1774) or Burke (2004 ).
Another small issue occurs where an author published more than one book or article in a single year, and you want to fr leavis cite more than one of them. Essay Not. The trick here is to add letters from the alphabet after the year to identify which of the works you refer to. Use the letter a for the first of your references, the letter b for the second and fr leavis othello, so on: (McManus, 1994a) and (McManus, 1994b) are two different works. To sum it up, inside the text, you give the family name of the author, followed by essay about the year of the publication. Always cite the fr leavis, text you consulted, because in the end it’s your responsibility that the references are correct. At the end of your essay you should include a list of references. Such a list of references provides more details than just the name of the author and the year of publication. It’s this list that allows identifying the work cited. Each work you cited in the essay is cited once, and Park, listed in alphabetical order. Note that a bibliography and list of references is not technically the same.
A bibliography is a list of relevant sources that may or may not be cited in the main text. References are the fr leavis, sources you cited, even if they are rather trivial. Use the heading references for your references. For books, you put the family name of the author(s) and their initials, followed by the year of publication in brackets, the title in italics, the black economics, place of publication, and fr leavis othello, finally the name of the publisher. If there are editors, give their names instead of the authors’. If there is a subtitle to the title, this is usually separated using colons (: sign). Where there are more than four authors, it’s common to use et al. after the first three, but some styles insist on citing all authors. Sometimes a book is co-published by two publishers, and this can be indicated by using a slash (/ sign). Where you give the editors rather than the actual authors, you indicate this by adding (eds) after their names, or (ed.) if there is fracking essay, only one.
The title is fr leavis, capitalized. For example: Anderson, C. Zelle, C. (eds) (1998) Stability and Change in German Elections: How Electorates Merge, Converge, or Collide , London, Praeger. Granovetter, M. (1974) Getting a Job: A Study of Contacts and Careers , Chicago, Chicago University Press. Grass, G. (1963) Katz und Maus , Neuwied am Rhein, Rowolth/Hermann Leuchterhand. Hall, S. (ed.) (1997) Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices , London, Sage.
Halsey, A., Heath, A. Policies. Ridge, J. (1980) Origins and Destinations , Oxford, Clarendon Press. Chapters in othello, a book are cited separately, especially if the about, book is edited. Fr Leavis Othello. You give the on Haste Not, family name of the author and his or her initial, the year, the name of the fr leavis othello, chapter in single speech marks (‘ and ’ sign; not capitalized), followed by the word in , and the name and year of the editor(s). If you cite only one chapter, you can give the whole reference at the end; otherwise it’s enough to give the name and year of the editor. In this case, however, the book itself needs to be included in black economics, the list of references, too. For example: Allen, J. (1995) ‘Global worlds’ in Allen, J. Massey, D. (eds) (1995). Hardin, R. Fr Leavis Othello. (1990) ‘Public choice versus democracy’ in Chapman, J. Wertheimer, A. (eds) (1990). Leroy, P. Verhagen, K. (2003) ‘Environmental politics: Society’s capacity for political response’ in Blowers, A. Hinchliffe, S. (eds) (2003) Environmental Responses , Chichester, Wiley. An entry in on Haste Not, a printed encyclopaedia or a dictionary can be cited if it was a chapter in a book.
The editors are often given on the front of the reference book. For example: Jackman, R. (2001) ‘Social capital’ in othello, Smelser, N. Fracking Essay. Baltes, P. (eds) (2004). Journal articles are cited in a way that is fr leavis, quite similar to chapters in a book. The main difference really is that details about the volume and page numbers are included, too. The reference starts with the name and initial of the author, the year in brackets, the on Peter's Bench, title of the article in single speech marks (not capitalized), followed by the name of the journal in italics (capitalized), and further details. The details of journals are commonly abbreviated as follows: the volume number followed by a colon and othello, the page numbers of the article. If there are different numbers to a volume, this is indicated by including it in brackets before the colon, if known. Online journals may not have page numbers.
For example: Burt, R. (1987) ‘Social contagion and innovation: Cohesion versus structural equivalence’, American Journal of Sociology , 92:1287–335. Thoits, P. Hewitt, L. Black Economics. (2001) ‘Volunteer work and well-being’, Journal of Health and Social Behaviour , 42(2):115–31. Fr Leavis. Small, C. (1999) ‘Finding an invisible history: A computer simulation experiment (in virtual Polynesia)’, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation , 2(3). Valente, T. (1996) ‘Social network thresholds in the diffusion of information’, Social Networks , 18(1):69–89. Pages on Essay on Hon. Ann Chiong Santos: A Case Behavior the internet should be cited where used. Fr Leavis. You should bear in mind the quality of the site before citing from it, but if you use a web site, reference it, too. There are many internet sites that are perfectly acceptable as sources for on Fiscal and Credit Policies, your essays. The reference includes the name of the author and initial, the year in fr leavis, brackets, the title of the document in italics, the word online in square brackets, the place of fracking essay, publication, the publisher, the words available from fr leavis othello : followed by the URL, and the date when the document was accessed in brackets.
The date is essay, important, because unlike printed works, web sites often change their content or even disappear. Many web sites include a copyright note at the bottom, giving you an indication when the content was written. For example: Moser, P. (2005) Politik im Kanton Zurich—eine Synthese [online], Zurich, Statistisches Amt des Kantons Zurich, available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20051224111845/http://www.statistik.zh.ch/statistik.info/pdf/2005_15.pdf [accessed 27th October 2005]. Othello. Chan, T. Goldthorpe, J. (2004) Social Status and Newspaper Readership [online], Oxford, Oxford University, available from: http://users.ox.ac.uk/ sfos0006/papers/news4.pdf [accessed 31st March 2005]. Newspaper articles are very similar to journal articles in the way they are cited. The key difference is that rather than the volume, the date is given. Essay And Credit Policies. The reference therefore includes the name and initial of the author, the year of publication in brackets, the fr leavis, title in black economics, single speech marks, the name of the newspaper in italics (capitalized), the date, and othello, finally the page where the article was found. For one page it’s customary to Essay Ann Chiong Study use the fr leavis othello, abbreviation p. , for articles running over Essay Park, two or more pages, the abbreviation pp. is common.
For example: Cockburn, P. Usborne, D. (2004) ‘Burning with anger: Iraqis infuriated by new flag that was designed in London’, The Independent , 28th April, pp.2–3. Handouts from a lecture can be referenced and should be referenced if they are used as the basis of what you write. It’s normally a better idea not to fr leavis use lecture notes, but try to find the original referred to in the lecture. Not only will you have more control over what was actually said, but also can your readers more easily access books and journal article than lecture handouts. The reference to a lecture handout includes the name and initial of the Bench, lecturer, the year in bracket, the fr leavis, title of the handout in fracking essay, single speech marks, the words lecture notes distributed in followed by the name of the fr leavis othello, course in italics, the word at and the name of your institution, the place, and date of the lecture. For example: Burt, S. (2005) ‘Survey sampling and administration’, lecture notes distributed in Survey Research Methods at Cambridge University, Cambridge, 9th February 2005. Personal conversations are not commonly considered good sources, but if they are what you use as the basis of your essay, you should include such conversations.
It’s usually a good idea to have another reference to a printed piece, but sometimes this is not an option. Fracking Essay. In terms of giving the reference, personal conversations are very easy: the name of the othello, person you spoke to, the year in brackets, the fracking essay, words conversation with the author and the date of the conversation. For example: Smith, E. (2004) conversation with the author 6th July 2004. The same format can also be used for personal e-mail, or instant messengers. Once again, bear in mind the credibility of your sources. Othello. With e-mail messages it’s customary to include the e-mail address of the sender in Essay Mary Ann Chiong Santos: A Case Study Behavior, brackets after the name, but it’s essential that you obtain consent from the author. The subject line of the othello, e-mail is on Hon. Mary de los Santos: A Case Study in Political Behavior, often included as the title. With all forms of personal conversation, the issue of consent is important. It’s always a very good idea to check with the fr leavis othello, author first.
There are sometimes cases that are not so straightforward as the average book or journal article. For everything there is a solution in the academic conventions. If you refer to musical works, television programmes, or pieces of art, check with your institution how this should be done. If everything else fails, remember the function of referencing, and provide a reasonable amount of information for others to Essay and Credit chase the fr leavis, work. Common problems include the lack of authors, unpublished documents, or lack of publisher. Where there is essay about leadership, no author, often there is an organization. Put the name of the organization. If there is no-one, it’s customary to fr leavis othello put the word “Anon” instead of the author’s name. For example:
IDEA (1998) Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers [online], Stockholm, International IDEA, available from: http://archive.idea.int/women/parl/toc.htm [accessed 28th February 2006]. Essay About Leadership. UN Statistics Division (2006) Social Indicators [online], New York, UN Statistics Division, available from: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/socind/inc-eco.htm [accessed 20th February 2006]. Sometimes the year of a document is not known. Where you have a rough idea, you can put a c before the date, such as in (c.1999). Where you just have no clue, there is fr leavis, no need to panic: simply put the word unknown instead of the year. Documents that are unpublished as such, for example a thesis or a draft article you were sent, should come with the indication that they are not published. This is easily done by including the word unpublished in brackets at the end of the reference.
With articles sent to you, you should always ask permission to cite; just like you would with an ordinary e-mail. For theses it’s common to include the kind of thesis after the title, such as PhD thesis or MA thesis . Where the name or place of the publisher is unknown a very simple solution is essay, used: leave the fr leavis othello, information blank. This is particularly an issue with internet sites. Including the URL is in this case much more helpful than trying to guess the name of the publisher. Course materials provided to Essay Not you are treated very similar to the lecture handouts. Give the name of the author, the year in fr leavis othello, brackets, the course code if there is essay about leadership, one, the course title in italics (capitalized), the kind of othello, material and its title in and Credit Policies, single speech marks, place of publication, and publisher. Fr Leavis Othello. For example: Peake, S. Essay Leadership. (2003) U216 Environment , Video 4 ‘Shanghai Boom’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The Open University (2004) DD305 Personal Lives and Social Policy , CD-ROM 2 ‘Interviews and Interviewing’, Milton Keynes, The Open University.
The capitalization of othello, titles may seem a bit confusing, but it follows a simple logic: it’s the main title that is capitalized. In the case of a book, the main title is that of the on Peter's Park, book. In the case of journal articles, on the other hand, the main title is fr leavis, thought to be that of the journal itself. It might be confusing that within the journal, the title of an article often is capitalized. Capitalization is not very hard to Essay Not achieve. Othello. Put in capital letters are all nouns, proper names, the first word, verbs, and adjectives. This is in fact almost everything. Not put in capital letters are words like and , in , or , or with . Mary Ann Chiong In Political Behavior. Unfortunately most word processors don’t capitalize properly when told to, and put every single word in capital letters, including the ands and withins that should not come with capital letters. Different publishers have different house styles, and you might come across a title with a word you would normally spell differently.
This is common with British and American variants, but there are other words, too, such as post-modernity . No matter how strongly you might disagree with the fr leavis othello, spelling, you should always use the original spelling in the references. It’s perfectly fine to change them in your essay itself, but not in the references. A good manual of Essay on Peter's Park Bench, style, such as the Oxford Style Manual (Ritter, 2003) will be able to give you further guidance. Many course providers have their own preferences or house styles, and it’s advisable to follow these conventions. Where there are no house styles, using a system such as the one outlined in this guide in a consistent manner will be well received. You’ll find full references to every work mentioned in fr leavis othello, this book at the end. It’s difficult to write about black economics referencing without mentioning plagiarism. Plagiarism describes the act or result where you take the words or ideas of somebody else and present them as your own. Plagiarism is considered serious academic misconduct and can be punished severely. Most importantly, however, your reputation is on the line. The origin of the word plagiarism gives you an idea what others will think of you when you plagiarize.
The word goes back to the Latin plagiarius , a thief and kidnapper—in particular a child snatcher and somebody abducting slaves. Fr Leavis Othello. The modern use in academia brands you a literary thief (OED, 2005). There are a number of fracking essay, reasons why plagiarism occurs. Fr Leavis. The worst case is deliberate plagiarism (for whatever reason). Careless work may lead to plagiarism, but is not commonly considered as severe an Essay on Hon. de los Santos: Study in Political, offence as the deliberate case. Careless work is othello, often a sign of students working too closely to the original, and this can be easily remedied. Essay On Haste Not. Without changing your habit, simply by fr leavis including references to where you got the ideas from, and putting speech marks where you quote, you technically are done. In practice, you still might rely too much on the original and not deliver as good an essay as you could. Deliberate plagiarism, often motivated by laziness, can’t be remedied directly. Fracking Essay. At the time, it may seem a reasonable risk to copy from the internet, but is it really worth it?
Bear in mind that there is something in for you, too—that is something in addition to the grades. Othello. The more you write, the black economics, easier it gets. If you work too closely to the original, there is othello, a simple solution: don’t write the essay with the books in front of you. By so doing, there is very little danger that you copy word by on Haste word. In a way, you force yourself to make the material your own: and that is a good thing—it makes a better argument, your essay will be more original, and not least, you’ll also get better grades.
Rather than having the original works in front of you, try using your notes. As you still will need to othello put those references for the ideas you take from others, make a note whenever you do so. I use brackets with three X inside, to remind myself that I need to put a proper reference. Essay Policies. Often I remember very well who said this, so I include, for example, (Granovetter XXX) inside the othello, text. When checking the fracking essay, essay, it’s hard not to notice the triple X; and there is always the othello, search facility in leadership, the word processor. By putting a place holder, I can get on with the job of writing without interrupting my thoughts. Fr Leavis. Equally important, I leave some traces indicating to Essay Ann Chiong Santos: A Case Behavior myself that there is some more work to fr leavis othello be done: finding the proper reference, for example. If you think plagiarism is hard to detect by your marker, think again. There are a great number of signs that give plagiarized work away.
Technology-wise, your markers are likely to have the same possibilities than you have if not more. If you can copy and paste something you found on the internet, it’s equally easy for your marker to find it on a search engine, again. It would, of course, be possible, to change plagiarized work to the extent that the deed is no longer easy to spot. Usually, however, this is Essay Mary Behavior, just as much work as writing the essay yourself. Just to give you an idea, the fr leavis othello, markers of your essay will not only have access to the same search engines than you have. There is Essay on Peter's, software to fr leavis scan essays for duplicates; and many institutes even have access to essay banks (sites on the internet where complete essays are sold). The most successful tool, however, is probably the human brain with its incredible ability to remember. If you copy from a colleague, chances are that your marker has read this one, too. If you copy from a set reading, chances are that your marker has read this one, too. Knowing what is on the reading list helps spot essays that refer to other works a great deal, or don’t refer to some of the core reading.
Your marker can estimate how many readings you had time to Not read, or whether you’re likely to have read a great number of papers on othello the Belgian perspective of whatever issues is set in the question. Mary Ann Chiong In Political Behavior. An even easier sign is fr leavis othello, having the same paragraph twice in the same essay, for example. There are more subtle signs, too, such as sudden changes in style or formatting. Many people are unaware of how idiosyncratic one’s writing style is. They are in fact so individual that writing styles can be used to determine how many people wrote a document, such as the Christian Bible (Jakoblich, 2001).
Writing style includes the on Haste, tenses we use, the level of formality, our own choice of othello, words, the kinds of metaphors we put, whether we use American or British English, choices over Essay on Hon. Mary A Case in Political, punctuation, the length of sentences, or the use of specialist terms. Typographic signs include font size, choices of fr leavis othello, where to break paragraphs, spaces in between lines, and things like proper m- and n-dashes (when copying from electronic articles). The presence or lack of references is often an easy sign: for example, where there are many references inside the text, but few at the end, or where the citation style changes within a single essay. A marker may get suspicious where there is suddenly a section with many references, or suddenly none. Essay About Leadership. Sometimes, students even include hyperlinks in fr leavis othello, references when copying from electronic journals; and have them automatically underlined by the word processor. Even where you take care of these issues, a paragraph copied from the internet will very unlikely link well with the on Hon. Mary Ann Chiong de los, rest of your essay. The style may be inappropriate, or just different.
Essays from an essay bank may be internally consistent, but very rarely are they really relevant to the exact question you have been set. In summary, you can avoid plagiarism easily. This is fr leavis othello, done by writing freely without having the black economics, books right in front of you. Instead, work with your notes, and take care to put references where you use the fr leavis, ideas from others. Leadership. Don’t use the internet to copy from, no matter how tempting it is. It will hardly ever be worth it. There is an important difference between citations and quotations. Unfortunately, confusion is commonplace; and the terms are frequently used incorrectly. Fr Leavis Othello. Knowing your citations from your quotations is useful when writing essays.
It’s essential, in fact, if you want to Essay Policies reference properly. Citations are about ideas you take from others. Quotations are about the exact words used by othello others. This is fracking essay, really the whole distinction. Fr Leavis Othello. So, when using your own words, you cite; when you use the words of black economics, someone else, you quote. “Why can’t a man be more like a woman?” (Blankenhorn, 1995, p.117) is a quotation, because I use the fr leavis othello, exact same words Blankenhorn did.
However, when stating that families in Park, the US are increasingly defined by the absence of a father (Blankenhorn, 1995), I only use the idea, not the exact words. When putting a reference, the difference between a citation and a quotation is that for a quotation we always put a page number. This is done to enable the reader to othello check the words in the original context. In the list of references at the end of the text, there is no difference. Short quotations are included in the text, and enclosed by speech marks. Longer quotations are set apart from the main text by Mary Ann Chiong Santos: Study in Political indenting the quotations, and usually putting in a slightly smaller font. Longer means about 3 to 4 lines or more. For example: It is othello, true that many voters may be voting for reasons wholly unconnected with social inequalities in any of the three dimensions. They may attach greater importance to some specific issue such as foreign affairs, or they may vote out of personal reasons or habits with which egalitarianism has nothing to do. (Runciman, 1966, p.136)
When quoting someone else, you should take great care to copy the on Fiscal and Credit Policies, words exactly. Sometimes, you might want to change a quote slightly in order to fr leavis othello make it fit your essay. If these changes are substantial, you should use your own words and cite the work instead. If the changes are small, use square brackets to indicate that you have changed the text. For example, you might quote Rawls (1999, p.87) that intelligent people don’t “[deserve their] greater natural capacity”. I have included the words that I changed in square brackets, leaving the about, rest the same. Othello. This indicates to my readers that the words in square brackets are not the exact same as Rawls used. For reference, the original reads: “No one deserves his greater natural capacity” (p.87). I made the changes, because I wrote about intelligent people, and Essay on Haste Not, Rawls was talking in more general terms. Whilst quotations can lighten up an essay, you should not rely on them too much.
Your own writing is much more important, and often text you quote was written for a different purpose. The consequence is that the quotations may be relevant in content (what is being said), but in terms of fr leavis othello, style don’t fit well with what you wrote. If you rely too much on fracking essay quotations, you run the risk that your readers will think that you maybe don’t really know what you’re writing about: that you have not understood the material well enough. When writing an essay, particularly when writing an extended essay, it’s easiest to put the references whilst you write. This is the case, because you still know where you got the idea from.
I keep a place holder to remind myself that a reference is needed if I can’t remember the othello, author right away. Often, I will know at least some of it, and write this down. Essay. By putting a place holder rather than chasing the reference right away, I can stay focused on the writing. Fr Leavis Othello. However, I also indicate that the essay is black economics, not completed. Place holders like (Baudrillard, XXX) or (XXX last week’s reading) will help me find the full references once I completed the essay or section.
References are needed whenever you write an academic piece of writing. Even where you can get away without referencing, by including references your essay will be taken more serious. It’s a good habit to put references all the time, so when you really need to—such as in your thesis—you’ll not struggle, or spend days trying to find out how to fr leavis othello reference a chapter in leadership, a book. There are a number of software packages such as Endnote , Refworks , Scholar’s Aid Lite , or Bibus that help you putting references. These computer applications interact with your word processor, and automate much of the referencing process.
They manage citations, and usually let you search libraries and journal databases. Useful and flexible as they are, such software packages need some time to get used to. It’s thus a good idea to fr leavis familiarize yourself with their working before the deadline is menacing. For example, make sure you know how to put page numbers for quotations. Even if you don’t use a dedicated computer program to manage your references, it might be useful to collect references in on Hon. Mary Ann Chiong A Case Study Behavior, a separate file. So, after completing your essay, copy all the references to a separate file.
The next time you cite the same paper, it’ll be a simple case of copying and pasting, without the work of formatting the reference. Fr Leavis. Keeping the full references with your notes can safe a great deal of time, too.
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Custom Radio Frequency Identification essay paper. Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a technique of automatically identifying a particular object or a person by othello keeping and distantly retrieving information from minute transponders, referred to Bench, as RFID tags. Othello! This method has been applied in essay about, various forms for othello, over forty years. The tags contain a built in antenna which enables broadcast and Essay on Peter's Park, reception of radio waves from an fr leavis, RFID transceiver. On Hon. Ann Chiong Santos: Study! It is fr leavis expected that the RFID technology will continue to fracking essay, gain more application due to advancing commerce and fr leavis othello, technology (Chachra McPherson, 2003). RFID technology application on a global scale will continue to grow because of their growing demand in the current dynamic world. The origin of RFID can be traced back to world war when a related technology called Identification Friend or Foe, IFF was used. The purpose of this system was to find out whether an arriving plane was an ally or an enemy by Essay Park employing coded radar signals. These signals would initiate the planes’ transponder, and a right response showed a friendly military or civilian aircraft.
When the war ended, researchers commenced to investigate the use of RFID to keep and send information. Fr Leavis! The main challenge that affected the research was finding a suitable source of power. As a matter of fact, it took approximately thirty years for the research to make internal power sources for the chips and the tags (Intermec Technologies Corporation, 2007). All RFID tags fall under active or passive categories. The difference between the two is mainly in operation in that passive tags do not need a power source while active tags require a power source to perform. Passive RFID tags do not have the power supply inside but a tiny electric current is made in the antenna when a signal reaching it. The current gives adequate power to actuate the tag briefly. This takes place normally sufficiently to transmit simple information, for instance an identification number or the name of a product.
Passive RFID tags can be very tiny mainly because they do not have a power supply. Occasionally, they can be as thin as a piece of paper this being one of their striking features. Passive tags are actuated from a distance ranging from ten millimeters to over six meters away (Chachra McPherson, 2003). In contrast, active RFID tags have an internal power source giving them a wider range of reading and a superior memory. Essay On Hon. Ann Chiong A Case Study Behavior! The source of power also allows it to keep information relayed by the transceiver. The tags are larger when compared with passive tags, typically somewhat larger than a coin. They can also be read from several meters away and usually their battery life is approximately ten years. The merits of active tags over othello, the passive ones incorporate precision, dependability, reliability and greater performance in difficult surroundings including damp or metallic environments. According to a report by Intermec Technologies Corporation (2007), most RFID tags categories are passive due to Essay on Peter's Park, their ease of manufacture.
It is envisaged that ever decreasing costs of RFID and fr leavis othello, their rising demand will ultimately bring about their extensive usage on a worldwide scale. Basically, the most widespread tags applied are classified by the range of radio frequency. This follows that low frequency tags have 125 or 134.2 kHz, high frequency tags have about 13.56 MHz, UHF tags ranges from 868 to black economics, 956 MHz and finally microwave tags have approximately 2.45 GHz. RFID systems are made up of various dedicated components including tags, readers, edge servers, middle ware and othello, their software. Essay On Fiscal And Credit! The system enables data to be sent from the tag to the reader, which then prepares it for a specific application. Fr Leavis! The data that is relayed comprises identification, information location, and its cost, appearance and purchase date. The systems can also be used for tracking purposes, which some indicate as an incursion of solitude. An RFID system performs in Essay on Peter's Park, a procedure whereby items are prepared with a tag. The tag contains a transponder given a distinctive electronic product code. The antenna going with it contains a transceiver and a decoder that produces an indication and actuates the tag.
Once the tag is actuated, information can actually be read and written to the tag. Given that a reader is in range, it decrypts the data being relayed by the tag’s computer and sends it to fr leavis othello, a host computer where it is processed (DHS, 2008). Application of RFID. Today, use of RFID chips has extended to various fields and on Fiscal and Credit, the application continues to grow due to the unending demand. In MedicineRFID tags are appended to recommendation pill bottles for the visually afflicted. A unique reader allows perceptible information on the name, directions and warnings of the prescription to fr leavis othello, be read. In tracking of patients and personnel some hospitals use RFID tags in tracking system in its department of accident and emergency (Fisher, 2006). Fisher (2006) observes that this system requires all patients, their visitors and the hospital staff getting into the hospital to be given a card entrenched with an RFID chip. The card is Essay Not then detected read by sensors put on the ceiling. This sensor is able to record precisely when someone gets into and leaves the department by sending a signal to the host computer. The data is preserved in a computer for three weeks.
This technology helps the facility employees to keep information on every person entering and leaving the department. The information can be retrieved rapidly from the computer whenever a need arises. For instance, if somebody is fr leavis diagnosed with an and Credit, infectious ailment a verification of all other persons with whom that patient has been in contact with can be without delay get treated (DHS, 2008). In animal husbandry and wildlife, RFID tags are utilized in animal identification. Fr Leavis Othello! In this case low frequency tags are entrenched in animals either untamed or tamed.
The tags can be studied to give data including gender of the Essay on Haste Not animal, the name or the health status or diseases of the animals. The tags also enable missing pets to be given back to their owners. The technology can also be utilized to control poaching of endangered species in the wild. This will enable the animal to be traced fast enough to avoid occurrence of any harm. Researchers verify that the technology is best suited when conduction experimental studies in othello, the field. The guinea pig or the animal under scrutiny is attached with the RFID tags that can make it be easily traced in its natural habitat. High frequency RFID tags are employed in tracking of items.
This is applied in Essay on Hon. Ann Chiong Santos: Study in Political, libraries to track library books. Some tracking companies use them in tracking lost properties, luggage or suitcases. The technology is also used in othello, big stores in keeping warehouse inventory. The goods from the warehouse can be traced easily and this allows records to be maintained easily. Currently, some credit card companies are using the RFID technology to trace the credit card. There is evidence that the technology is getting embraced in attire tracking. In clothing industry, some stores insert retail stock with RFID tags. The entrenched gadgets allow the on Peter's Park workers to track personal inventory possessions by connecting a customers name and information on fr leavis, the credit card with the serial number in an item of clothing.
The system has hover been criticized by privacy advocates who have warned of the possible abuses of the technology. A good example where the technology has been established is Marks Spencer, a leading retailer in the United Kingdom. RFID technology has provided quicker data transfer speeds and extended read ranges. Fracking Essay! The company has already utilized the tracking gadgets widely in its food supply section and is planning to use it their apparel items. RFID technology is also applied in othello, tracking of consumer packaged goods. Particularly designed shelve that enables for Park, instantaneous tracking of inventory levels is employed to come up with a smart shelves.
The shelf will be capable of reading a radio frequency wave produced by a microchip implanted in many products. Large scale stores like Wal-Mart use RFID chips to track their goods, and remove the othello tags from the products once they are bought. RFID technology is used in geology or Vulcanology. Fracking Essay! Transceivers utilizing RFID technology sends seismic data to dedicated readers, to a great extent making data collection to be very easy (DHS, 2008). In automotive industry, car manufacturers have led a plan to implant RFID tags in their tires.
This will assist in tracking down troubles in case a recall has to be used. Some successful car manufacturers including Toyota and Lexus have utilized a smart key alternative. Fr Leavis! This innovation utilizes an Essay, active RFID tag to othello, enable the user to open doors and roll down windows with the keys still in their pocket. The technology is also applicable in preventing car theft by tracking the tires. Tire manufacturer includes a transponder into the tire that keeps tire identification information related to the vehicle identification number.
This enables a tracking company to locate the place where the about car is located or travelling (Bacheldor, 2007). In prisons, the fr leavis RFID technology is also being utilized in Essay on Haste Not, tracking of fr leavis human being. Prisoners at fracking essay maximum prisons all over the US are given unique wristbands with RFID tags entrenched inside. These tags continually send the site of the prisoner to a remote computer. The signal can as well be connected to an alarm that alerts the authorities if the band is interfered with.
In very significant occasions, RFID chips can be entrenched into arms, legs or other parts of the bodies of a person. For Security purposes, the fr leavis chips can be fixed on some part of a body to contact the database and in some cases track a person who has been kidnapped. In tracking currency, Tay (2007) concluded that the technology can track how and where the Essay on Peter's transaction is made. The thin RFID tags are embedded into othello, the fibers of the notes allowing the currency to verify information about every business operation which it is carried out. The move is embraced as a method of curbing laundering of money, theft transactions and demands for bribery. Nevertheless, a lot of people dread that the fracking essay innovation will get rid of the secrecy of using cash.Some studies indicate that the technology has found some application in payment systems. Wireless payment application has been developed and othello, a wireless radio frequency system of fracking essay payment has been utilized that employs the RFID system.
In one of many applications of fr leavis RFID chips in controlling human being, the technology can be used to control boarder access and to interdict suspects. On Peter's Bench! This can be used for international travelers as well as restriction of entry in othello, sensitive places. As a way of enlacing security, the technology is able to detect illegal entrants into a country and suspected terrorist. In this application, RFID comes in handy in identification with its high speed and effectiveness of the Not process and its ability to hamper forgery and interference with the fr leavis othello traveling documents. With the appropriate employ of encoding information, an fracking essay, RFID chip can be made extremely hard to forge or change. To save time, RFID is the best technology to use at fr leavis ant entry point as the traditional document verification is time consuming.
Though the RFID chip does not relate the person with the Ann Chiong de los Santos: Study Behavior biometrics, it is useful in ascertaining the origin of the form and comparing the form with a particular entry of a traveler (DHS, 2008). RFID can reduce crimes related with forgery and tampering with identification documents. Encoding enables information to be encrypted in such a way that it is concealed from informal view. In current technologies, any effort to change or forge can be consistently detected by fr leavis othello the system. Encoded information can be concealed in the pixels on a card, providing the similar assurance obtainable by encryption in an RFID chip. However the benefit against fracking essay, forgery given by fr leavis the utilization of Essay RFID chip is fr leavis not a product of its application of radio. It is simply based on the fact that the data is in digital format and thus can be encoded (Garfinkel Rosenberg, 2006).
In business and supplies operations RFID technology is applied in inventory control. This ensures enhanced stock tracking, particularly when the RFID’s abilities are utilized in collecting data and provision of visibility in areas where monitoring was not previously done. RFID technology can be applied by manufacturers, suppliers, logistics providers and retailers for fracking essay, inventory uses, and in cautiously designed systems, may share the same tags to decrease accomplishment expenses. RFID effectively gets rid of blind spots from inventory and supply chain operations by tracing an item automatically. The monitoring process using this technology is highly efficient and does not need close attendance. Security measures by installation of alarms and fr leavis othello, conveying of notifications can be set up using RFID to get rid of theft (Garfinkel Rosenberg, 2006).
RFID is principal automatic identification technologies that relayinformation through a radio wave. The signal is relayed through antennae on a computer chip appended to the target object. The technology is therefore able to identify, place, and track the object. The basic configurationof RFID technology necessitates a tag, a scanning device and adatabase where information is stored. The vast application of RFID technology ranges from medicine, inventory planning in business, government agencies curbing crime and immigration. Other applications are in automotive and manufacturing industries, animals and wildlife and in Essay Mary Ann Chiong Santos: Study in Political, tracking of business transactions. Radio frequency identification (RFID) is a leading and a highly anticipated technologies in the current world. Around the world, there has been a lot of coverage by television, newspapers and magazines about the invaluable benefits of the technology. Demand for fr leavis, the technology is black economics increasing as the RFID are finding new applications in almost all areas worldwide. RFID technology is applicable in manufacturing industry, retailers and market stores, logistics providers and government agencies and authorities concerned with security enhancement. The technology applies throughout the life of a product, from the time the raw materials are fed into the manufacturing process to the time when the product is finally consumed.
The vast application of the RFID technology leaves a lot to be expected from the manufacturers of the chips, the logistic providers and the consumers of the products. It is very important for the user to have a clear understanding of how the technology works and understand the latest standards and observance environment related to othello, use the technology. Essay Mary De Los Santos: A Case! This will assist the user in implementing the technology in order to reap most out of the investment. The manufacturers of the fr leavis chips should provide adequate support documentation and the guidelines of using the products. It is black economics also their responsibilities to fr leavis, work with the Essay on Hon. Santos: A Case Behavior research organizations and the government regulations agencies to provide the best products in the market. Some applications of the technology on fr leavis, humans bring very dire consequences in terms of privacy and integrity of Essay on Haste information.
It is fr leavis significant to note that, some of RFID’s application in on Peter's, medicine like evaluating the behavior of a person can be very beneficial; however more research is required as the results are still vague and unpredictable.