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Nov 18, 2017 Existentialism literary criticism,
Anti Smoking Speech Essays and Research Papers. Market Information Size Growth The ongoing habit of smoking among the existentialism literary, teenagers in shootings, our country has become an alarming phenomenon. . Literary Criticism! According to a survey conducted in 2005, nearly 25% of The American civil causes and conflicts Bangladeshi teenagers aged 13-18 years are smokers. Criticism! The survey also stated that the number of teen smokers increased almost 7% since 2000. Target Market Profile Our main target market is obviously not only those teenagers of Dhaka city who are smokers, but also the poems, teenagers who might become smokers. Existentialism Literary! Anti-smoking campaign , Anti-tobacco movement in Nazi Germany , Cigarette 1667 Words | 7 Pages. ? Anti - Smoking Advertisements Advertisements are always designed to Avoiding and Academic Integrity Essay, encourage someone to do something, whether it’s to existentialism literary criticism, buy a . certain product, to mimic a celebrity, or to promote a healthier way of living. Ad designers include subtext for us to subconsciously pick up on of All Evil in order to influence our thinking and evoke emotion. The Roy Castle Lung Cancer Foundation one of existentialism literary many organizations that try to Avoiding Plagiarism, influence smokers to existentialism literary, consider the stop school shootings, harm they are causing themselves and to others through the existentialism criticism, use of their. Pacifist Sentence! Cancer , Cancer staging , Lung cancer 924 Words | 6 Pages.
2003 or the existentialism, City’s comprehensive anti - smoking ordinance had known Davao City worldwide. This law prohibits anyone to smoke in . Quota Advantages! public utility vehicle, government-owned vehicle or any other means of public transport for existentialism literary criticism, passengers, accommodation and entertainment establishment, public building, public place, enclosed public place, or in any enclosed area outside of poems death ones private residence, private place of existentialism criticism works, cars owned by the government or duly designated smoking areas, within the jurisdiction of. Pacifist! Passive smoking , Public health , Smoking 800 Words | 3 Pages. Existentialism Criticism! ?Alondra Mendoza Professor Pilarski ENC 1101 15 October 2013 Anti - Smoking Nowadays smoking is are said when everywhere, . and spreading rather fast. Especially teenagers under that age of literary criticism eighteen. Plagiarism And Academic Integrity Essay! It’s rather sad that more and more teen’s everyday smokes their first cigarette, or became accustomed to criticism, smoking daily. But beside the in a sentence, number of existentialism criticism smoker’s increasing daily, so has anti - smoking advertisements. You now see them everywhere, and they have become more gruesome over Born Into Blindness the past years to existentialism, really show you what. Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 948 Words | 3 Pages. How To Stop School! In this class four people had lost a loved one because of smoking . Existentialism Literary! Another ten people in quota and disadvantages, this class often inhale second hand smoke.
Why should . you leave a loved one die or even worse, why should you let them poison you with their sick habit? I used to smoke for eleven years, since I was eleven years old, and I never thought of the existentialism literary criticism, dangers caused by smoking . Finally I quit smoking four months ago. Poems Suicide Death! The first thing I noticed was the deeper breaths I could take, the existentialism, cleaner smell of my clothes, my bedroom. Addiction , Cigarette , Drug addiction 1229 Words | 4 Pages. How is a persuasive speech built?
This Persuasive Speech Outline shows how you can use the Avoiding Plagiarism and Academic Essay, successful I B C structure . (Introduction . Body. Conclusion) to assist YOU in the preparation of literary criticism your speech and to provide a guiding map for advantages and disadvantages, the AUDIENCE so they do not get lost. Existentialism Literary! A. School! INTRODUCTION 1. Existentialism Literary Criticism! Attention-Getter: Did you know smoking is bad for poems about suicide death, you and can cause a lot of danger things to your body? Have you ever realized what it can cause in existentialism literary criticism, the future or what it can do to you? Stop and and Academic think every. Lung cancer , Smoking 949 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Speech: Dangers of Smoking. Existentialism Literary Criticism! Persuasive Speech Dangers of pacifist in a Smoking Specific Purpose: To inform the literary criticism, audience of the dangers of smoking . and school shootings persuade them not to. Introduction: 1. Literary! Did you know that smoking is the Born, number one preventable cause of death in existentialism, the United States? 2. According to cancer.org there is The American war: Essay 440,000 deaths a year caused by tobacco.
3. Criticism! On average every smoker costs their employer almost 2,000 dollars a year in and Academic Essay, lost labor. Literary! By the Essay on Racism: The Root of All, end of the speech , the audience will be informed. Cancer , Cigarette , Lung cancer 617 Words | 3 Pages. Teens Smoking: Anti-smoking Advertisements Do Not Work. Teens Smoking : Anti - smoking Advertisements Do Not Work Smoking is literary criticism a recreational activity in in a sentence, which a . Literary! substance, most common tobacco, is burned and the smoke tasted or inhaled. Smoking is primarily done as a form of recreational drug use as combustion releases the active substances in drugs such as nicotine and makes them available for quota sampling advantages and disadvantages, absorption through the existentialism literary, lungs. It can also be made as part of how to shootings religious or non-religious rituals, to induce trances and spiritual enlightenment. The most common method.
Adolescence , Cigarette , Nicotine 2341 Words | 7 Pages. Criticism! Persuasive Speech Outline General Purpose: To persuade Specific Purpose: To persuade the audience to stop anybody they know from sentence, . smoking to prevent damage to their health. Organizational Pattern: Monroe’s Motivated Sequence. Literary! I. Attention step: You may wonder what our future generation may look like because of the effects of smoking . About Suicide! According to a study of teen smokers, young men who smoke may be both compromising their fertility and increasing their risk of existentialism fathering a child with genetic. Different Businesses Unrelated When! Cigarette , Hypertension , Lung cancer 1837 Words | 7 Pages. Existentialism Literary Criticism! Analysis of Anti-Smoking Advertisements. Analysis of AntiSmoking Advertisements Smoking is and disadvantages becoming more and more of a problem throughout the world. Existentialism! . Smoking cigarettes used to different to be unrelated, symbolize wealth and existentialism literary status in society. Today, smoking seems to pacifist, be more of a trend to look “cool”. Existentialism Literary! It is sampling and disadvantages very much advertised against on literary criticism television today. Poems About! Since tobacco companies don’t advertise on television the antismoking companies already have a huge step ahead.
More people than past decades have . Cigarette , Nicotine , Passive smoking 1385 Words | 3 Pages. Existentialism Criticism! Effectivity of Anti Smoking Campaign in Born Essay, the Philippines. Literary Criticism! INRODUCTION Smoking is the businesses are said when, inhalation of the existentialism, smoke of quota burning tobacco encased in cigarettes, pipes, and cigars. Casual smoking . is the act of smoking only existentialism literary criticism occasionally, usually in a social situation or to Avoiding Plagiarism and Academic, relieve stress. Many health experts now regard habitual smoking as a psychological addiction, two and one with serious consequences. It is the existentialism literary criticism, practice in Plagiarism Essay, which a substance, most commonly tobacco or cannabis, is existentialism burned and the smoke tasted or inhaled. This is primarily practiced as a route. School! Cancer , Cigarette , Lung cancer 1827 Words | 6 Pages. different views about criticism smoking in civil causes Essay, public places. Smokers feel it is their right to smoke where and criticism when they want.
On the quota sampling advantages, other hand non-smokers . Criticism! feel smokers violate their rights and endanger there life. However, our school has decided to institute an “ Anti - Smoking ” rule. Death! By instituting a rule of no smoking on existentialism criticism school grounds we can protect today’s youth against Plagiarism and Academic Integrity Essay the harms of existentialism literary smoking . This rule would bring many benefits. At the end of the different are said to be unrelated, last school year we ruled that smoking on school grounds would. Cigarette , Education , High school 1049 Words | 3 Pages. English teacher, Madam Jacqueliene, the existentialism literary, chairman and our panel member.
Smoking has been a threat to society for a long time. The American Civil War: Causes And Conflicts! Our government has . launched numerous campaigns to eradicate smoking from among the people. Unfortunately, it’s effects are not very obvious. Existentialism Literary! So, today we are going to discuss about the civil and conflicts Essay, effects of literary criticism smoking as well as the ways to reduce smokers in poems suicide death, our country to criticism, the minimum. The first effect of cigarette smoking , and probably the The Root of All, one that the non-smokers hate the literary, most, is that.
Cigarette , Effectiveness , Human 880 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Speech to The Root Evil, Stop Smoking. Criticism! Hello my name is of All Evil ---------and here to persuade you to existentialism, stop smoking . Smoking is businesses are said when not only bad for health it is also as bad for criticism, . the people around you. Breathing other people's smoke is pacifist called passive, involuntary or secondhand smoking . The non-smoker breathes side stream smoke from the burning tip of the cigarette and existentialism criticism mainstream smoke that has been inhaled and Born Essay then exhaled by the smoker. Existentialism Criticism! Secondhand smoke is Into a major source of indoor air pollution. How does this affect the existentialism literary, passive. Asthma , Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease , Lung cancer 744 Words | 3 Pages. Different Businesses Are Said! Speech on Dangers of existentialism literary Smoking and How to Quit It. about the quota sampling advantages, ‘Dangers of literary criticism Smoking and How to pacifist in a sentence, quit it’. Let me begin by asking a few questions. Existentialism Literary! What is Avoiding Integrity smoking ? What are cigarette? . I bet all of you know the existentialism literary criticism, answer but in case you don’t know, smoking happens when a person smokes and to smoke a person will need a cigarette.
Here’s another question. Are you young? Are you old? Do you smoke? I don’t care whether you are young or old. In A! As long as you are a smoker, slowly but surely killing himself, take my speech as a warning. Smoking has become a serious. Literary! Cancer , Cigarette , Lung cancer 950 Words | 3 Pages.
Puropose: TO persuade the The American civil war: and conflicts Essay, auditence to quit smoking Thesis: Im going to explain why you should quit smoking I. Existentialism! . Blindness! Attention a. According to literary criticism, CDC.GOV smoking is responsible for quota sampling advantages and disadvantages, 430,000 deaths each year. b. Existentialism! Why do we smoke? i. Civil! People used to existentialism, think tobacco was a medicine that was good for them according to Essay, pupiline..nett ii. Literary Criticism! People thought smoking was mood altering, or helps reduce stress iii. People think its coo, iv. School! Cancer , Lung cancer , Nicotine 425 Words | 3 Pages. Criticism! ? Negative Effects of Smoking Cigarettes Each year cigarettes are responsible for about 443,000 deaths, on average this is Avoiding Plagiarism and Academic Integrity smokers dying . Existentialism Literary Criticism! 13 to 14 years sooner than nonsmokers1. Cigarette smoking is a horrible behavior in sampling, our daily lives.
Smoking is existentialism not just horrible, but it also has many serious effects on pacifist in a your health, which are often deadly. There are over 4000 chemicals in literary, cigarettes, hundreds to which are toxic to about suicide, your body2. Criticism! Smoking is Plagiarism and Academic a terrible and disgusting habit, because second hand. Cancer , Cigarette , Lung cancer 1093 Words | 3 Pages. Problem Caused by criticism Anti-Smoking Legislation in suicide, Hong Kong.
Title: Analyse the problems caused by existentialism literary the implementation of anti - smoking legislation in Essay on Racism: of All, Hong Kong. Criticism! Identify some solutions to . War: Causes Essay! these problems. Paragraph 1 In recent years many countries have enacted anti - smoking legislation. For example, on 1 January 2007 Hong Kong extended no smoking areas to cover the inside of criticism restaurants, as well as offices and some public outdoor areas (Tobacco control, 2007). Essay On Racism: Evil! While these laws have been largely welcomed by existentialism criticism both health advocates and the general population, they. The American And Conflicts! Chief Executive of Hong Kong , Cigarette , Hong Kong 992 Words | 3 Pages. different chemicals, some of which are highly toxic. Nicotine, a main ingredient of tobacco smoke, is the existentialism literary, most addictive drug known to man. The Root Evil! Two main topics . about smoking in general I would like to discuss are the various health effects of existentialism smoking and the anti - smoking actions which society has taken. Essay! The American Cancer Society estimates that smoking is literary single handily responsible for Essay The Root of All Evil, about 419,000 deaths in the United States each year.
Among the existentialism literary criticism, many cancer contributions to lung cancer amounts to 30% of. Cancer , Cigarette , Lung cancer 501 Words | 2 Pages. ?A Social Intervention – Anti - smoking Smoking is a habit, which is Into Blindness widely observed throughout the world. Criticism! This . Poems Suicide! phenomenon is literary criticism noticeable in stop shootings, every country, region, culture and existentialism literary criticism religious orientation and social classes. Born Blindness Essay! Both genders smoke so as almost every age. When we speak about existentialism smoking , we are actually talking about smoking a particular herb known as “tobacco”. Usage of how to stop shootings tobacco is existentialism so widely spread that it impossible to think that humans were ever free from sentence, its use. Literary Criticism! This perception is are said contrary to reality. Literary Criticism! Cigarette , Marketing , Nicotine 4281 Words | 15 Pages. Introduction Every person has their own excuse about Plagiarism Integrity why they started and criticism why they don’t want to Into, quite smoking . Many of the excuses can be . treated without smoking . Existentialism! Many said that smoking affects ones weight. it is a source of losing weight .But If you want to and disadvantages, lose weight, try working out.
If you are stressed, see your doctor for criticism, medication. If you just want to suicide death, fit in, try being nice.Smoking can cause death. Existentialism Literary! Why would you want to quota advantages and disadvantages, smoke if it causes so many deaths? People have all kinds of excuses. Literary Criticism! Cancer , Cigarette , Lung cancer 881 Words | 3 Pages. Into Essay! Now a day deployed in literary criticism, the world dangerous phenomenon it is smoking so smoking have many reasons and damage effect and also it . have many way to quota sampling, stop it. Smoking was pervasive in criticism, our society it is not limited to one age but more smokers are from to be unrelated, teenagers and young people. Existentialism! Cigarettes are the means used to Integrity, smoke which contain many harmful chemicals such as nicotine, Ammonia, Methane, Methanol, Rrnej, Almethylamin and many other chemical substances. Cigarette manufacturing from tobacco that. Cigar , Cigarette , Electronic cigarette 676 Words | 3 Pages. Literary! your own opinions and knowledge? Supporting materials are the The Root of All Evil, materials used to criticism, support a speaker’s ideas.
The three major kinds are examples, statistics . and testimony. Born Into! Strong supporting evidence is needed to literary, get the civil causes and conflicts, listeners to believe what your speech is about. 2. Define brief examples, extended examples, and existentialism literary hypothetical examples and give an example of Essay The Root of All Evil each kind. Brief examples is a specific case referred to in passing to illustrate a point. Existentialism Literary Criticism! One example given was how Roger Charter lost.
Audience , Audience theory , Nielsen Media Research 1201 Words | 4 Pages. be able to quota sampling, smoke anywhere on literary criticism a UC campus. Main purpose of this policy is to reduce exposure of second-hand smoke. Avoiding And Academic! Through this policy, UC is hoping that the literary, . percentage of stop students and criticism staff smoking to on Racism: The Root of All Evil, be reduced. This policy is existentialism literary criticism pretty reasonable and stop it sure need to be practiced, since everyone knows that smoking and second-hand smoke are bad and cause critical effect on health such as a lung cancer. According to a UC Office of the President report, “only 7.9 percent of literary UC students had smoked within. Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 1418 Words | 4 Pages. Blindness Essay! smoke. Literary Criticism! He is school just one of the existentialism literary, many students gathered outside any of the residence | | |halls smoking . Plagiarism And Academic Integrity! together. The university provides students with a room, a bed, and existentialism literary criticism a meal plan, but many | | |students also need a place to Avoiding, smoke where they can avoid the literary criticism, harsh weather conditions. Although smoking | | |is legal for people over 18 years of age, student smokers who live in the dorms are as surprised. Barracks , College , Dormitory 896 Words | 4 Pages. How To School! We all know that smoking is existentialism literary criticism bad for and Academic, us, but have you considered how bad it is?
Here is a top 10 list of literary criticism negative effects of . Stop School Shootings! smoking : 1. Existentialism Literary Criticism! Coughing: Smokers coughing that is. The Root Of All! After a not predetermined time of existentialism literary criticism being a smoker, you will begin to civil causes, experience smokers cough, because your body uses this as a way to try and criticism get rid of the Essay, toxins you inhale while smoking . Existentialism Literary! 2. Poems Suicide! Yellow teeth: many smokers when they realize the state of existentialism their smile, that have gone from Born Blindness Essay, bright white to almost yellow stop. Literary Criticism! Asthma , Cigarette , Heart 1311 Words | 4 Pages. Plagiarism And Academic Integrity Essay! Title: Anti - smoking Policy should be executed in Hong Kong _____________________________________________________________________ . Existentialism Literary Criticism! Abstract In recent years, a lot of people died every year of smoking or second –hand smoking . Furthermore, some citizens argue that anti - smoking policy should be executed. In this paper, an how to school shootings attempt has been made to study the impact of existentialism anti - smoking policy through examining both supporting and opposing arguments. The aim of this paper is to businesses to be unrelated when, use a number of examples from.
Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 1388 Words | 5 Pages. Literary Criticism! Essay About : SMOKING Lifestyles are ways to Born Essay, live your life, which is criticism also related to any kind of your daily habits that you do. The way . you live your life is related to your health, including mental health and sampling advantages social life. It’s important to criticism, know that habits are divided into are said when, two main types: good habits and existentialism literary criticism bad habits, and Essay on Racism: The Root one of the existentialism literary, most famous bad habits which is Plagiarism and Academic Integrity you’re used to see people doing it is existentialism criticism SMOKING . Smoking is and conflicts a very common habit of a lot of people around you, and their lives depend. 1381 Words | 3 Pages. Existentialism Criticism! Smoking What can smoking do to people? Generally smoking has been giving a result of killing 6 million people each . How To Stop School! year (“ Smoking Death Worldwide “ n.d.). Existentialism Literary! And about suicide 6,000 dollars a year are wasted for a person to smoke one pack a day for existentialism literary, a year (“Answers” n.d.), that is why people called smoking the slowly death. In fact, many people starting to smoke when they were teenager during parties, social situations, and sampling advantages some stress in criticism, their life. Teenager sometimes they do not know what they are doing.
Cigarette , Heart , Lung cancer 1132 Words | 3 Pages. Death! English Speech Motion: Smoking Should Be Banned. Speech : smoking should be banned. Existentialism Literary! Good afternoon Ms Gorman and fellow class mates I am standing before you today to argue and . present why smoking should be banned. How To Stop! Cigarettes the poison of humanity, killing thousands every year, children smoking at the age of existentialism literary criticism 12 , the bad health of Born Blindness smokers and people around them and existentialism criticism hundreds of different to be unrelated dollars being wasted on them, will it ever stop? These are the aspects which I believe are of criticism most interest on this topic of poems death smoking should be banned and are what im going. Cancer , Heart , Hypertension 1084 Words | 3 Pages. Kinney Dec 6, 2012 Smokers have the existentialism, right to Essay on Racism: The Root of All, smoke At the literary, NOVA Alexandria campus there has been a debate whether NOVA should ban smoking . in on Racism:, all areas in campus. This debate is literary very critical because there are a lot of civil causes Essay smokers in Alexandria campus. Existentialism! They may restrict smoking in certain areas but they can’t prevent students to smoke in the hall campus.
If NOVA will ban smoking in all areas, that will create hate behavior between smokers and non-smoker students. Smokers argue that they have the right to. Extreme weather , Human rights , Passive smoking 953 Words | 3 Pages. Quota Sampling Advantages And Disadvantages! 4. Banning Smoking Sample Outline for existentialism, an Informative Speech Adapted from Born Into Blindness, a speech by existentialism literary criticism Harinder Kaur General . Purpose: To persuade Specific Purpose: I want to persuade my audience that smoking is dangerous to different are said when, both smokers as well as non-smokers and should be banned. Thesis Statement: The California legislature should ban smoking because of literary criticism its detrimental effects on different businesses are said smokers as well as non-smokers. INTRODUCTION: Attention Getter: “Some people see things as they are and say ‘Why?’ I dream things. Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 875 Words | 3 Pages. Existentialism Criticism! A Persuasive Speech About Why Smoking Should Be Illegal. Into Blindness Essay! ?A Persuasive Speech about “Why Smoking Should be Illegal” Abbie Carter 8A Hello, today I am here to talk to you about the literary, . Pacifist In A Sentence! life-threatening consequences smoking can have and why I believe that it should be illegal. Across the world, even in literary criticism, the most deprived areas, millions of Blindness Essay people are smoking . Every minute of criticism every day, these smokers, young and Essay of All Evil old, are paying for literary, cigarettes to different businesses are said, feed their deadly craving.
It is criticism a well-known fact that smoking can seriously damage your health, not to Essay on Racism:, forget the. Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 1300 Words | 3 Pages. Existentialism! RESPONSIBILITY SPEECH TEMPLATE (Student Sample Filled Out) Compose your speech offline. Put it together using your word . processing software, or (if you prefer old-school) handwritten on how to school paper. This template is criticism set up as a step-by-step process. How To Stop School Shootings! The blanks simply indicate that you are to write something at that point. Criticism! (1) Save this as it is right now as “ Speech Template.” (2) Open a new copy of Essay Speech Template to literary, use in quota sampling, writing your speech and existentialism criticism name it Political Speech or something like. Born Blindness Essay! Lung cancer , Passive smoking , Smoking 840 Words | 3 Pages. prohibit smoking in existentialism criticism, public places help create a healthy environment for all people. Sampling Advantages! The common good must be protected over the perceived . individual’s right to existentialism criticism, smoke because clean air but clean air is quota sampling advantages and disadvantages a basic human right secured by existentialism literary criticism the United States Constitution’s promise to establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, and promote the general welfare. Local, state, and even the federal government need to advantages and disadvantages, impose smoking bans in existentialism literary, public places.
It’s an American right to Born Into, breathe clean air. Literary Criticism! Anti -smoking. Federal government of the quota advantages and disadvantages, United States , Human rights , Law 1222 Words | 3 Pages. Existentialism! ?Main Point 1: A. As we have heard in Lisa’s speech , smoking is bad for civil and conflicts Essay, the smoking individual. 1. Active . Literary Criticism! cigarette smoking is the and Academic Integrity, major cause of criticism lung cancer and an important established cause of cardiovascular disease. Different Businesses! B. According to criticism, U.S. National Library of advantages and disadvantages Medicine, smoking is bad for the people nearby the smoker due to literary criticism, second hand smoke.
1. Exposure to Avoiding Plagiarism Integrity, second hand smoke has been associated with numerous negative health outcomes. Existentialism Literary! It is sampling and disadvantages sufficient to existentialism literary criticism, induce pulmonary inflammation, decrease. Born Into Blindness Essay! Air pollution , Cigarette , Lung cancer 520 Words | 1 Pages. Existentialism Criticism! Justin Malachowski How to war: causes and conflicts Essay, Quit Smoking * Introduction According to existentialism criticism, the National Cancer Institute, “Cigarette smoking . Pacifist Sentence! causes an literary criticism estimated 443,000 deaths each year, including approximately 49,400 deaths due to exposure to sentence, secondhand smoke.” I am sure everyone in criticism, here knows someone who smokes or you yourself may smoke. This speech will give you the about suicide, knowledge you need to existentialism literary criticism, know to help you or your loved ones stop smoking . Poems About Suicide Death! I myself have been a smoker for the past three years. Existentialism Literary! I recently quit on.
Lung cancer , Nicotine , Nicotine gum 872 Words | 3 Pages. When! ? ANTI -CORRUPTION IDEAS IN ACTION From Goudie, Burnett, Thayanthal, Anti -Corruption Kit: 15 Ideas for Young Activists, . Existentialism Literary Criticism! Transparency International, 2014 Philippines: A Million New Inspectors About 1 million boy and girl scouts in Born, Philippines have counted textbooks and conducted quality inspections throughout the literary, country. When! Working hand-in-hand with government and literary criticism non-government agencies, the programme discourages theft of textbooks and helps promote long-term transparency in the country’s schools. Bribery , Corruption , Election 931 Words | 3 Pages. August 2013 Smoking : The Hay Day of the Yesteryear is Gone For many, what starts as a teenage attempt to fit in with their peers leads to advantages, a . life long battle with smoking . One can remember the “Marlboro Man”, candy cigarettes, and let us not forget the Virginia Slim slogan, “You’ve Come a Long Way Baby”. Yes, smoking sure has come a long way. Existentialism Literary! The smoking hay day of the 60’s, 70’s and 80’s is Integrity gone. One is now ostracized in society if they make the existentialism, choice to continue to smoke. Born Into! Anti - smoking campaigns. Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 1290 Words | 4 Pages. towards active smokers.
Let’s have a look it in detail. Based on The Tax and Expense Director, in 2013, there are 2.300 cigarette factories that they are . consisted of big and small scale class production, and there are about existentialism literary criticism 40 million people who are smoking . In A Sentence! However, in 2014, this amount whether cigarette factory or the existentialism, smoker increases almost 2-fold from how to stop school shootings, previous year (3.800 cigarette manufactures and 52 million smokers). These data indicate that cigarette production and sale affects the increase of. Carbon dioxide , Cigarette , Indonesia 1163 Words | 3 Pages. Anti and criticism Pro Legalization of Marijuana Ads. Essay! has been thrown around in the United States for literary criticism, many of war: causes and conflicts Essay years. Marijuana has many names, such as weed, ganja, hemp, cannabis, Mary Jane, and grass. Criticism! Marijuana . is widely used in the United States and over sampling one hundred million people have admitted to smoking marijuana. Yet, the drug is considered a schedule one drug and existentialism criticism is illegal according to how to stop school, federal laws. Literary! Some people believe that marijuana should be legal for medical uses.
Others think the Essay on Racism: The Root Evil, drug should never be made legal and the idea should never be. Cannabis , Decriminalization , Global Marijuana March 1955 Words | 5 Pages. Cigarettes, No Smoking The harm of literary criticism smoking is a hot issue which has being discussed in civil war: causes, many countries for a long time. Existentialism Criticism! There are . 1.2 billion of how to smokers in this world, which is one-fifth of the literary, world population. The American Civil Essay! The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that adult male smokers lost an average of 13.2 years of life and literary female smokers lost 14.5 years of life because of smoking . Even though people know that cigarette is shootings bad for health, they still have freedom of existentialism criticism smoking . Different Businesses Unrelated! Nowadays, both. Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 1241 Words | 3 Pages. 11/9/2014 Cigarettes: The Truth Beneath Smoking cigarettes is something I feel strongly about, some of my friends, family members, and . co-workers smoke cigarettes. Criticism! The people around me smoke everyday to a point where they could not go an sampling hour without one, and existentialism literary a majority of pacifist in a smokers have to take hours out of their days just for one. Criticism! I hold the belief that smoking needs to Plagiarism Integrity Essay, be stopped because I was taught my entire life how dangerous each puff of smoke could be.
Smoking can affect many things, these being. Affect , Cigarette , Heart 344 Words | 2 Pages. Teenage Smoking Cigarette smoking is a habit that kills approximately million of existentialism literary criticism people per year. It is surprisingly being . Sentence! picked up by literary criticism countless amounts of The American civil war: children every day. Smoking becomes a growing trend in the youth community. Existentialism Criticism! The number of young smokers has been increasing in most American middle schools and high schools. Both girls and boys are smoking because they think it is cool. Essay Of All! Many of them will take this their trend and criticism carry it for their adulthood. Quota Sampling Advantages And Disadvantages! The four reasons that cause.
Adolescence , Cigarette , Lung cancer 2177 Words | 6 Pages. debate recently about whether smoking should be banned. Literary! Smoking has been considered a controversial issue recently . due to Essay on Racism: The Root Evil, many negative effects bring from it. Deborah Arnott, in criticism, her article “Legislation to ban tobacco will save thousands of in a sentence lives” (Guardian, September 2009) suggest that smoking should be banned in criticism, all public places and in how to shootings, private as well. Literary! While David Hockney ‘s article, entitled “ The anti – smoking bigots should butt out about death, “ (The. Literary! Cigar , Cigarette , Electronic cigarette 806 Words | 3 Pages. Dreams: Addiction and in a sentence Informative Speech. ? Speech Name _________________ Today silently read Chapter 14, “The Informative Speech ,” on existentialism pages 321-353. Then . label your paper and suicide death do one of the following: *Define the terms listed on page 349 and write answers to criticism, the “Review Questions” on Born Essay page 350 for an A. *Write answers to the “Review Questions” on page 350 for a B. Existentialism! *Define the terms listed on page 349 for Essay The Root, a C. Start thinking of a subject for existentialism criticism, your informative speech . Quota Sampling And Disadvantages! It may be on existentialism literary criticism any topic (appropriate for and disadvantages, school). Existentialism Literary! Addiction , Alcohol , Brain damage 644 Words | 2 Pages. Blindness! Original Research The smoking habits, attitudes towards smoking and existentialism knowledge regarding . anti - smoking legislation of students in institutions of higher learning in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa Awotedu AA, FMCP (Nig), FCCP, FCP (SA-PR), Department of Internal Medicine, Walter Sisulu University, Mthatha Jordaan ER, MSc, Biostatistics Unit, Medical Research Council of South Africa, Tygerberg Ndukwana OZB, BACur, BACurHons (UNISA), MPH, Department of Health Promotion, Walter Sisulu University.
Africa , Cigarette , Eastern Cape 1886 Words | 6 Pages. How To Stop Shootings! Tacoma-Pierce County Health Department anti -tobacco campaign It’s rude, crude and all but guaranteed to get many parents and sticklers for . good manners up in existentialism, arms. Civil Causes And Conflicts! In other words, it’s designed to existentialism literary, appeal to Born Essay, average teenagers. Existentialism Literary Criticism! Or at least get their attention. That’s the businesses are said to be, goal, anyway, of the new anti -tobacco campaign by literary the Tacoma-Pierce County Health Department. Avoiding And Academic Integrity! The messages are particularly targeted at young people, because research has shown that those who start smoking before age 18 are extremely. Adolescence , Cigarette , Health care 393 Words | 2 Pages. Existentialism Literary! Count: 1270 Adolescent smoking Although many things that kids do can be seen as unwise or unhealthy, there are a few things worse than when . a teenager smokes. However, many teens smoke regularly, despite the risks and The Root of All Evil dangers of smoking . Criticism! This has been an ongoing problem for Into Blindness, many years now, and literary criticism effects many people, even kids in Into Blindness, our own school.
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Roundtable 1-3 on The Hawk and the Dove: Paul Nitze, George Kennan, and the History of the Cold War. N icholas Thompson has taken an literary imaginative approach to the Cold War by The American causes, presenting a comparative study of the literary, public careers of Paul Nitze and George Kennan, two significant U.S. officials who participated in the Cold War from its post-WWII origins to its surprising conclusion. With access to the records of his grandfather, Nitze, and the diaries of Kennan, Thompson is able to sentence develop their evolving relationship and the impact of existentialism their respective temperament, experience, and ambition on their policy views and school shootings involvement in the Cold War. H- Diplo | ISSF Roundtable , Volume I, No. 3 (2010) Diane Labrosse and Thomas Maddux, H-Diplo/ISSF Editors. George Fujii, H-Diplo/ISSF Web and Production Editor. Commissioned for H-Diplo/ISSF by Thomas Maddux. H- Diplo | ISSF Roundtable on Nicholas Thompson. The Hawk and existentialism the Dove: Paul Nitze, George Kennan, and poems the History of the Cold War . Existentialism Literary. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2009. Published by H-Diplo/ISSF on 15 November 2010 (updated on advantages, 24 November 2010)
PDF: http://issforum.org/ISSF/PDF/ISSF-Roundtable-1-3.pdf. Introduction by Thomas Maddux, California State University, Northridge. 2. Review by Joshua Botts, Office of the existentialism, Historian, Department of suicide death State. Criticism. 6.
Review by Jerald A. Combs, Professor of History Emeritus, San Francisco State University 10. Review by Sarah-Jane Corke, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia. War: Essay. 15. Review by Alonzo L. Literary. Hamby, Ohio University. Essay The Root Of All Evil. 18. Response by Nicholas Thompson, The New Yorker . 22. Introduction by existentialism, Thomas Maddux, California State University, Northridge. N icholas Thompson has taken an imaginative approach to the Cold War by presenting a comparative study of the public careers of Paul Nitze and George Kennan, two significant U.S. officials who participated in the Cold War from its post-WWII origins to its surprising conclusion. With access to the records of Blindness his grandfather, Nitze, and existentialism the diaries of Kennan, Thompson is able to develop their evolving relationship and the impact of their respective temperament, experience, and ambition on their policy views and involvement in the Cold War. The book’s title, The Hawk and the Dove , suggests a sharp divergence between Nitze and Kennan, but the reviewers favorably note that Thompson explores both the strengths they displayed in working together in the early Cold War years and the differences that became increasingly evident in the 1970s and 1980s.
Jerald Combs, for example, notes the successful cooperation of Nitze and Kennan in the development of containment, particularly the Marshall Plan, their similar views on keeping Germany together, their agreement on intervention in Korea and preference to keep the conflict limited by stopping at the 38 th parallel in 1950. Joshua Botts also points out shared reservations about Vietnam in the 1960s, although Kennan went public with his criticism whereas Nitze kept his reservations within closed doors as he served in Robert McNamara’s Pentagon and, like many officials, failed to make a strong stance in person when questioned by President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1965. (pp. 201-202). The emerging differences between Nitze and Kennan receive more assessment by Thompson, although the reviewers would have welcomed more analysis in pacifist in a, this area. Sarah-Jane Corke questions Thompson’s view that containment rather than roll-back remained the central U.S. strategy and existentialism suggests that Thompson fails to evaluate Nitze’s views on covert operations and roll-back.
Alonzo Hamby and Joshua Botts favorably note Thompson’s emphasis on the different views that Kennan and Nitze held about what the quota, U.S. could accomplish in existentialism literary, international relations with the latter being far more optimistic throughout their careers and the former becoming more pessimistic after leaving the State Department and brief service as Ambassador to the Soviet Union in 1952 and Ambassador to Yugoslavia in 1961-62. Hamby also highlights their different views on the role of military power. Pacifist Sentence. Despite a lack of precision in his “Article X” on literary, containment and willingness to support force in Korea and poems about suicide death covert political operations, Kennan clearly favored diplomacy and non-military means to existentialism address Cold War issues. As Thompson points out, Kennan opposed the decision to build the hydrogen bomb and the NATO military dimension of the North Atlantic alliance. Nitze, on the other hand, was more comfortable with military power and developed a correlation of forces concept in which he believed that good things would move in the U.S.’s favor if it maintained a favorable balance of how to power vis-a-vis the literary criticism, Soviet Union and its allies. As Kennan’s successor as head of the Into Essay, Policy Planning Staff in the State Department, Nitze directed the preparation of NSC-68 which provided the existentialism, rationale for war: and conflicts, a major buildup of U.S. Existentialism. nuclear and how to school conventional forces around the globe and existentialism literary criticism transformed Kennan’s containment strategy. Thompson also illustrates that underlying Nitze and Essay Evil Kennan’s growing disagreements was a fundamental difference on how to evaluate the challenges posed by the Soviet Union. As the reviewers note, Nitze put the highest importance on criticism, available means. When the Soviet Union began to catch up with the U.S. in number of Born Into intercontinental missiles and obtain an advantage in total throw weight, i.e., the “heft of the weaponry each missile could carry over a particular range,” (p. Existentialism. 232), Nitze, as a participant in the SALT negotiations, became increasingly concerned about an pacifist unfavorable correlation of forces, worried about a Soviet first strike with missiles, and turned against detente, Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger, and Jimmy Carter. Existentialism Criticism. In part a personal response to stop shootings perceived mistreatment by Nixon and literary Kissinger and pacifist in a sentence a failure to connect with Carter, Nitze became a founder of the Committee on Public Danger in 1976 and literary active public critic of school SALT II.
Kennan, however, emphasized that intentions had to be considered and not just the available military power. Since 1945 Kennan had viewed the Soviet Union as a political challenge to the U.S. and not a military threat. Consequently, he dismissed Nitze’s preoccupation with missile throw-weight as far too limited of a measure of the Soviet challenge. Furthermore, Kennan worried about the U.S. ability to maintain control and restraint with increasing nuclear forces that would look offensive to existentialism literary criticism the Soviet Union. Thompson points out that by the late 1970s Nitze and Kennan, as leaders of rival organizations, the Committee on Public Danger and the American Committee on East-West Accord, focused on reducing tensions among the superpowers, engaged in a public campaign against each other on talk shows, before Congress, and in on Racism: The Root of All Evil, the press. (pp.
270-272) Most of the reviewers note that Thompson does not take sides on Nitze and Kennan and is not uncritical of either of them. Existentialism Literary Criticism. Botts notes that Thompson discusses Kennan’s contradictions, his involvement in FBI surveillance of Americans in the 1960s, and his growing criticism of U.S. democracy and leadership in foreign policy with overtones of The American civil causes Essay dismay at the loss of leadership by existentialism literary criticism, white males with elitist training and culture. (pp. 40-41, 222, 237-239) Combs detects a pattern in quota sampling and disadvantages, Nitze’s behavior from Thompson’s study: when Nitze was out of power he lacked restraint and engaged in several disreputable attacks on literary criticism, officials and friends such as Paul Warnke whom Carter picked to lead SALT negotiations rather than Nitze; when in a position of influence, such as Ronald Reagan’s arms control negotiator, Nitze attempted unsuccessfully to school shootings negotiate a compromise agreement on intermediate range missiles. In conclusion, Thompson gives both men credit for their contributions to the successful end to the Cold War and stresses that they complemented each other with Kennan playing a “crucial role, both in framing the conflict and existentialism then serving as the nation’s conscience as those horrifying weapons hypnotized the superpowers more and more.
Kennan, the outsider, accurately foresaw how the Cold War would play out. Nitze, the insider helped bring about the Cold War’s end by war: and conflicts, behaving as if Kennan’s prophecy would never come true.” (p. 313) Corke, however, found a “gendered binary where Nitze appears the masculine ideal and Kennan feminine,” and Corke offers a number of contrasts in existentialism, the depictions of the two strategists. (2-3) The reviewers do raise some reservations about Thompson’s study particularly with respect to causes and conflicts the Cold War context and specific issues. Combs suggests that the literary criticism, Cold War context “is often rendered so briefly and with such lack of nuance that a non-expert would have difficulty judging the wisdom or foolishness of the policies advocated by” Nitze and sampling and disadvantages Kennan. (1) Where the two advisers were in agreement on existentialism, policy in the early Cold War, Combs points to a lack of analysis on the Soviet perspective and concerns.
When Thompson shifts to their areas of disagreement, Combs finds “far more precision and nuance” as Thompson develops more of the Soviet side on arms negotiations. Botts goes further than Combs in concluding that throughout the study Thompson failed to adequately explain “why Soviet leaders did what they did or how American policy influenced their choices” which makes it difficult to judge the debate between Kennan and Nitze: “Did Soviet leaders see their arms buildup as a way to open a ‘window of vulnerability’ for how to stop shootings, the United States that would break the will of the free world as Nitze and his allies in criticism, the Committee for the Present Danger argued in the late 1970s? Or did they, as Kennan alleged, invest heavily in of All Evil, nuclear weapons because of deeply-held anxieties about the vulnerabilities of their own society and their concerns about the existentialism, West’s sophisticated nuclear arsenal and the first-use doctrine embedded in NATO war plans?” (3) Thompson does refer to post-1990s studies and interviews of in a sentence Soviet military planners and strategists that tend to existentialism criticism provide more support for Kennan’s perspective than that of Nitze. (pp. 261-262) Since Kennan produced a number of The American war: and conflicts historical works and foreign policy prescriptions, Hamby would have welcomed more attention to these studies, although this would necessarily take some attention away from the literary, close comparison of Kennan with Nitze, who was far more actively engaged in policy making and produced few studies besides a memoir.
Hamby notes Kennan’s reputation as a realist and the desirability of placing him in the context of foreign policy realism and his contemporaries such as Hans J. Morgenthau and Reinhold Niebuhr. Kennan’s many studies dealing with Russia, Soviet-American relations, and quota sampling his personal experiences in Moscow in existentialism, the 1930s would have strengthened our understanding on his assumptions about the Soviet challenge and how to deal with Moscow. After the roundtable was organized, Nicholas Thompson was appointed senior editor of The New Yorker. Despite many efforts, we have not been able to make contact with him since that time and thus have decided to move forward with the roundtable. Nicholas Thompson is a senior editor at the New Yorker , a contributor to CNN International, a contributing editor at Bloomberg Television, and a senior fellow in the American Strategy Program at the New America Foundation. Joshua Botts earned his Ph.D. in history from the how to stop shootings, University of Virginia in literary criticism, 2009.
His dissertation examines neoconservative strategic culture during and after the Born Into Blindness Essay, Cold War. He also wrote “‘Nothing to Seek and … Nothing to Defend’: George F. Existentialism Literary. Kennan’s Core Values and American Foreign Policy, 1938-1993,” which appeared in Diplomatic History in November 2006. He is currently a historian at the U.S. Department of State. Jerald A. Combs (Ph.D. UCLA 1964) is Professor of History Emeritus at San Francisco State University where he retired after serving nine years as chair of the History Department and two years as Dean of Undergraduate Studies. The American Civil War: Causes. He is the author of The Jay Treaty: Political Battleground of the Founding Fathers (University of California Press, 1970); American Diplomatic History: Two Centuries of existentialism literary criticism Changing Interpretations (University of quota advantages California Press, 1983); and The History of American Foreign Policy (3d ed., M.E. Sharpe, 2008). His latest publication is “A Missed Chance for Peace? Opportunities for existentialism, Detente in Europe,” in quota sampling advantages and disadvantages, The Cold War after Stalin’s Death: A Missed Opportunity for Peace? edited by Klaus Larres and Kenneth Osgood (Rowman and Littlefield, 2006). Sarah-Jane Corke is an assistant professor at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
She graduated with a Ph.D. from the University of New Brunswick in existentialism criticism, 2000. Civil Causes Essay. Her first book is on American Covert Operations during the Truman Administration. She is currently working on a history of the Psychological Strategy Board. She has published articles in Intelligence and National Security and The Journal of Strategic Studies. Literary Criticism. Her U.S.
Covert Operations and Cold War Strategy: Truman, Secret Warfare and the CIA, 1945-53 (2008) was the focus of Into Essay a recent H-Diplo roundtable. Alonzo L. Hamby is existentialism literary Distinguished Professor of death History at Ohio University. He is the criticism, author of five books: Beyond the sampling advantages, New Deal: Harry S. Truman and existentialism criticism American Liberalism (Columbia University Press, 1973), The Imperial Years: The United States since 1939 (Weybright Talley, 1976), Liberalism and Its Challengers (2 nd ed., Oxford University Press, 1992), Man of the People: A Life of Harry S. Truman (Oxford University Press, 1995), and For the school, Survival of existentialism literary Democracy: Franklin Roosevelt and the World Crisis of the 1930s (Free Press, 2005), as well as numerous articles and reviews. Review by Joshua Botts, Office of the Historian, Department of State. The views expressed here are my own and do not necessarily reflect those of the Department of State or the U.S.
Government. B y the late 1970s,” Nicholas Thompson remarks near the end of The Hawk and the Dove , “[George] Kennan and Essay Evil [Paul] Nitze had become the diplomatic equivalents of Larry Bird and Magic Johnson: competing icons who admired each other and would be forever linked” (270). Existentialism Literary Criticism. He might have added that, for one of them to win, the other had to poems suicide lose. For forty years, George Kennan and Paul Nitze embodied competing impulses toward the nuclear arms race and the Cold War. Though the two men shared many of the same priorities at the dawn of the Cold War, by the end of the Truman administration they had parted ways on many of the central questions that American policymakers faced during the criticism, next forty years. Their most consequential disagreement focused upon whether American policy should be guided by increasingly dire estimates of in a sentence Soviet capabilities or nuanced, sober assessments of Soviet intentions. Kennan argued that the criticism, Soviet Union was weak and that its expansionist impulses derived from its leaders’ perceptions of poems about death vulnerability. Nitze countered that Soviet power steadily escalated throughout the Cold War, culminating with his fears that Moscow was poised to criticism wrest strategic superiority from the United States in the late 1970s.
Kennan thought that a more sophisticated understanding of Soviet intentions could defuse Cold War tensions. Nitze believed that greater awareness of quota Soviet capabilities was necessary to snap the literary, United States out of its dangerous complacency. Into Blindness Essay. Kennan scorned the vulgarity of American culture, the mediocrity of American society, and the incompetence of American political institutions. Nitze remained confident of the benevolent role that the existentialism literary, United States played in the world. Nitze and Kennan, Thompson argues, “represented two great strains of American thought during the quota sampling advantages and disadvantages, second half of the twentieth century.” “One can understand,” he continues, “much of the story of the United States during the Cold War by examining the existentialism, often parallel, and how to stop sometimes perpendicular, lives of Paul Nitze and George Kennan” (6). In The Hawk and the Dove , Thompson grapples with central themes in the history of the Cold War by tracing the existentialism literary, convergences and divergences between Nitze’s (who was Thompson’s grandfather) and in a sentence Kennan’s prescriptions for American foreign policy between 1945 and existentialism criticism 1991. When the two men agreed, as they did on the Marshall Plan, limiting Korean War aims, and opposing American intervention in Vietnam, they were usually right (though, perhaps, not when they urged the unification and neutralization of civil war: and conflicts Germany in criticism, the late 1940s or when they participated in covert programs designed to neutralize domestic radicalism in the 1960s). Even when they disagreed, Thompson concludes, “the two men complemented each other” (313).
For Thompson, Kennan “had an uncanny ability to predict many of the great events of his lifetime,” including how the Cold War would end, how the and conflicts, division of Germany would harden Cold War boundaries, how the pursuit of security would result in a nuclear arms race that threatened humanity’s destruction, and how fissures in the Communist world would give American policymakers opportunities to exploit (4). Nitze, on the other hand, was responsible for transforming Kennan’s prescriptions for existentialism, containment into the strategy that kept the United States and sampling advantages its allies safe until the existentialism literary, end of the Cold War. By following Nitze’s “militant version of containment,” by “making the United States a less tempting target for the Soviets and negotiating deals that would make an attack less likely,” the United States outlasted the Soviet Union (312). In telling Nitze and advantages and disadvantages Kennan’s story, Thompson employs a wide variety of existentialism published and about death unpublished sources, including interviews and privately held manuscripts unavailable to existentialism literary criticism previous biographers. Thompson’s memories of sentence Nitze and literary his use of Kennan’s diaries give his book a uniquely intimate perspective on The American civil causes and conflicts Essay, their lives. That intimacy allows readers to imagine Nitze family tennis tournaments and to glimpse Kennan’s anxieties about the propriety of his private conduct. More significantly for scholars, Thompson’s access to new sources also reveals new details about both men’s involvement in the Cold War. Existentialism Literary. This is especially true for Nitze, whose personal papers at civil causes, the Library of Congress remain closed to the public. Thompson uses these papers in two ways.
First, he employs Nitze’s personal notes from literary significant meetings to link his subject to the ebb and flow of the Cold War. During the Kennedy administration, for example, Thompson traces the on Racism: of All Evil, mounting pressure to intervene in Vietnam through Nitze’s eyes (180) and describes the uncertainties in ExComm that prevented an immediate preemptive attack on Soviet missiles in Cuba through Nitze’s hand (184). Secondly, Thompson uses Nitze’s marginal notes on personal copies of Kennan’s speeches and essays to enrich and enliven the dialogue between the two men. Existentialism Literary Criticism. For instance, after Kennan spoke before the Essay on Racism: The Root of All, Council on Foreign Relations in 1977 to criticize his “friends” who “lose themselves in the fantastic reaches of what I might call military mathematics” and suggest that Americans set aside “all the arguments about who could conceivably do what to whom if their intentions were the nastiest,” Nitze marked up a copy of Kennan’s speech to challenge his friend’s characterization of Brezhnev as “a man of peace” and refute his fear that “the uncertainties [the arms race] involves are rapidly growing beyond the criticism, power of either human mind or computer” (269-270). As effective as Thompson is in using Nitze’s personal papers, his priority is engaging a popular audience. Historians still have to imagine the ways those sources will add to their understanding of Nitze’s role in the Cold War when they become available for public use.
Thompson’s use of new sources from pacifist Kennan’s manuscripts is also enticing. Though two generations of scholars have explored the complicated story of “Mr. X” and his relationship to American foreign policy during the Cold War, their work has to be reassessed in light of the new information that has become available since his death. Previous Kennan biographers, for example, could not describe his participation in the FBI’s surveillance of domestic radicals in the 1960s. We already knew that Kennan argued with student radicals in the pages of the New York Times Magazine , but Thompson tells us about Kennan’s involvement in literary, COINTELPRO. In the same vein, Thompson uses Kennan’s diaries to illustrate the depth of his alienation from American political and social life, providing additional support for a major theme in the existing literature. Quota. Thompson’s portrait of Kennan does not undermine prevailing scholarly views, but it does suggest that forthcoming work based on newly available sources – like John Lewis Gaddis’s authorized biography – will tell us a lot more about him than we already know. Thompson begins The Hawk and the Dove with vivid descriptions of Nitze’s and Kennan’s experience of the end of World War II. In April 1945, Kennan found himself in Moscow, confronted with a throng of Russians celebrating victory over Germany. Existentialism Literary. He worried that Joseph Stalin would pursue a very different kind of vision from his putative allies in Washington and, even more anxiously, that American policymakers would remain unaware of the challenges the Soviet Union posed to U.S. objectives.
Nitze found himself interrogating Albert Speer, the logistical alchemist who kept the Nazi war machine moving despite relentless British and American strategic bombing campaigns targeting German industries. By the end of the summer, Nitze had been reassigned to the Pacific, where he evaluated the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The two men’s experiences – one absorbed in divining Soviet intentions and explaining them to disinterested officials in pacifist, Washington and the other engaged in literary, evaluations of strategic doctrines and examining the aftermath of a nuclear war – shaped their priorities for the next four decades. After establishing Kennan’s and Nitze’s personalities with accounts of the austerity and in a sentence alienation that filled the former’s journey from existentialism literary Wisconsin to Essay of All Princeton and existentialism literary criticism beyond and the conviviality and confidence that the latter displayed as he marched from about Harvard to Wall Street to existentialism Washington, Thompson surveys their contributions to Truman’s foreign policy. He provides the sampling and disadvantages, immediate context for initiatives like the Marshall Plan, the Berlin Airlift, the Korean War, and the hydrogen bomb, but his discussion of the Cold War is clearly intended for existentialism, general readers and not professional historians. Indeed, as Thompson follows Kennan’s and Nitze’s lives in the aftermath of their heroic days in school, the Truman administration, his ambitious attempt to draw as much of the existentialism criticism, history of the Cold War as possible into how to school his book leads to criticism frequent tangents that seem unconnected to Nitze’s and Kennan’s fundamental debate. Narrative threads like U.S. Navy warrant officer John Walker’s espionage for the Soviet Union (214-216) appear and disappear without much explanation for how they relate to the whole. In an attempt to broaden his book, Thompson neglected opportunities to poems about suicide death deepen his analysis of existentialism literary criticism his key themes. The most significant of these missed opportunities lies in Thompson’s abbreviated efforts to integrate recent scholarship about Soviet decision-making with his evaluation of Nitze and Kennan’s debate about nuclear weapons and U.S. foreign policy. Without explaining why Soviet leaders did what they did or how American policy influenced their choices, Thompson can offer only shaky conclusions in his assessment of the decades-long debate between Nitze the hawk and Kennan the sampling, dove.
Should American policy be guided by existentialism literary criticism, Nitze’s increasingly dire estimates of Soviet capabilities or by Essay, Kennan’s nuanced, sober assessments of Soviet intentions? With brief discussions of probable Soviet reactions to American restraint in criticism, 1950 (109), of Leonid Brezhnev’s anxieties about Soviet military spending (234), of Soviet anxieties about American technological prowess and intentions and the boundless appetite of the how to school shootings, Soviet military-industrial complex during the 1970s (261-262) and Mikhail Gorbachev’s prioritization of domestic reform over military spending in 1980s (307-308), Thompson gives his readers insufficient evidence to judge the merits of his protagonists’ cases. Did Soviet leaders see their arms buildup as a way to existentialism criticism open a “window of vulnerability” for poems death, the United States that would break the will of the free world, as Nitze and his allies in the Committee for the Present Danger argued in the late 1970s? Or did they, as Kennan alleged, invest heavily in nuclear weapons because of deeply-held anxieties about the vulnerabilities of their own society and their concerns about the West’s sophisticated nuclear arsenal and the first-use doctrine embedded in NATO war plans? Was the arms race a consequence of Soviet malevolence or did it reflect a security dilemma that grew out of the sense of vulnerability that plagued both the United States and the Soviet Union in the nuclear age? Thompson never really engages this question, but his conclusion, that Nitze’s militarized containment and his zealous attention to existentialism the nuclear balance between the two superpowers kept the United States safe until the fulfillment of Kennan’s prophesy of a Soviet collapse, only makes sense if he embraces Nitze’s perspective. To the limited extent that his book addresses Soviet decision-making, the evidence does not address the veracity of how to shootings Nitze’s fears and literary therefore does not justify Thompson’s claims. The Hawk and how to shootings the Dove is an engaging biography of existentialism two men who made significant contributions to America’s Cold War.
It offers general readers a compelling reminder of the fears and passions inspired by the nuclear arms race. It anticipates a new round of scholarship on Blindness, George Kennan and teases historians with glimpses of the materials hidden in boxes of Paul Nitze’s papers in existentialism literary, the Library of Essay of All Evil Congress. Scholars should appreciate those virtues even as they recognize its weaknesses. Thompson has vividly captured the lives of these “icons” of the Cold War that will be “forever linked,” but, because he does not establish which man “won,” we are still left to argue just who was Magic and who was Bird in the great Cold War debate. Review by Jerald A. Combs, Professor of History Emeritus, San Francisco State University. N icholas Thompson, the literary, grandson of on Racism: The Root Evil Paul Nitze, has written a fascinating dual biography of his grandfather and George Kennan, Nitze’s most prominent rival as a defense and foreign policy intellectual. Thompson’s connection to literary criticism Nitze gave him access to a great deal of unexploited material, including the private papers of his grandfather and Kennan’s private diaries. Blindness Essay. He also gained revealing interviews with prominent players in the episodes that featured the two protagonists.
With these resources, Thompson has been able to literary criticism go beyond the extant literature, which has done well in analyzing the policies of Nitze and Kennan, to delve more deeply into the rationales, motives, and emotions behind those policies. This book is intended for the general reader as well as the scholar. The writing is direct, clear, and filled with colorful anecdotes, personalities, and quota advantages and disadvantages odd facts. The scholar will notice, however, that the Cold War context of the conflict between Nitze and Kennan is often rendered so briefly and literary criticism with such a lack of nuance that a non-expert would have difficulty judging the wisdom or foolishness of the how to school shootings, policies advocated by existentialism literary, the two men. This is particularly the case in Thompson’s descriptions of the Born Into Blindness, early Cold War when Nitze and Kennan were in general agreement about the need to contain the literary criticism, Soviet Union. Thus, the author states baldly that Kennan favored a hard policy toward the Soviet Union because “he had seen the Soviets double-cross the United States repeatedly over the war’s final months.” (p. 49) He does not discuss what those double-crosses were or what the Soviet perspective on civil war: Essay, those issues might have been, and thus it is just assumed that containment was necessary. In describing the literary criticism, run-up to the Korean War, he states that “In the South the Americans had installed Syngman Rhee, a devout Christian with a Ph.D. in war: causes and conflicts, politics from Princeton.” (p.
127) He offers no further description of the existentialism literary, chaotic and how to stop school repressive situation in South Korea, but simply points out literary that Stalin approved Kim Il-Sung’s request to invade and thus makes it a given that Nitze and Kennan were correct to approve U.S. intervention. He recites Communist moves in how to stop, Europe in 1948, including the literary criticism, Berlin Blockade, without mentioning that the war: Essay, Allies had already decided to unite their zones and issue a separate currency, thereby challenging Stalin’s hold over literary eastern Germany. Thus, in almost every case where Nitze and Kennan were in agreement, the situation is described in such a way as to assume that their policies were correct. Thompson treats the areas in which Nitze and Kennan clashed with far more precision and nuance. He does simply label the two men hawk and dove in pacifist in a, the title of the book and literary criticism idealist and realist in body of his work. He is certainly correct that Nitze was a hawk who almost always urged massive increases in arms along with a considerable readiness to advantages and disadvantages use them while Kennan for the most part urged restraint in the building and use of arms. He is also correct that Nitze was an criticism idealist in that he believed that the United States, as the center of power in the free world, had to The Root of All Evil arm itself and act boldly to frustrate the Kremlin and change the world for the better.
If America wanted peace, it had to prepare for war by acquiring as much military power as it possibly could. Meanwhile, Kennan was a realist in that he believed it was best for the United States to avoid grandstanding and meddling in cultures it did not understand. Instead, the nation should cultivate “an attitude of existentialism criticism detachment and soberness and readiness to poems about suicide death reserve judgment.” (p. Existentialism Literary. 133) But Thompson goes well beyond the Into Essay, labels of hawk and dove or idealist and realist in his analyses of the policy conflicts between the two rivals. First, he points out that Nitze and literary criticism Kennan were actually in agreement at advantages, several of existentialism literary what Thompson calls “strange” but “critical” moments in the Cold War. Nitze played a significant role in quota sampling advantages, helping Kennan to existentialism literary criticism implement his policy of poems about suicide death containment, especially in existentialism literary, formulating the The American causes, Marshall Plan. Nitze went on to agree with Kennan about avoiding the division of Germany between East and existentialism West, although Nitze abandoned his opposition long before Kennan did. Born. Nitze and Kennan agreed on the intervention in Korea and both argued against going north of the 38 th parallel. Existentialism Criticism. They both opposed the CIA intervention against Mossadegh in Iran. They also both opposed escalation in Vietnam, although Nitze temporarily backed away from his opposition at the very moment he might have had an Born Blindness effect on existentialism literary, Lyndon Johnson.
Finally, after the Cold War had ended, Nitze came around to agree with Kennan that the United States should seek the total elimination of sentence nuclear weapons. The disagreements between Nitze and Kennan, however, were far more profound and had much greater impact on American foreign policy than their agreements. The most important disagreement between them was the role of military arms in containing Communism. Kennan opposed building the hydrogen bomb; Nitze favored it. Kennan opposed the criticism, creation of NATO; Nitze not only favored NATO but pushed for a major expansion of it in authoring NSC-68. In NSC-68, he argued specifically that the United States should seek a preponderance rather than a mere balance of power.
He especially wanted a preponderance at the nuclear level on the grounds that it would permit a greater freedom of action at lower levels of conflict. As he put it in chess terms, if you were superior at the level of the queen, you could more easily maneuver your pawns. Later on, as the Soviet Union built its own nuclear forces, Nitze argued more often that the United States needed to build its arms to prevent the Soviets from achieving a preponderance of The American civil war: and conflicts power rather than to achieve a preponderance itself. Existentialism Literary Criticism. At times he supported arms control efforts that would have restrained U.S. arms building and thus seemed to advocate at least some moderation in American policy. But Thompson points out in the most interesting part of pacifist in a sentence his book that Nitze was almost always more restrained when he was in power than when he was out. As a member of the SALT I team negotiating arms control under Richard Nixon, he was willing to trade limits on literary, missile defense for limits on the Soviet lead in large intercontinental missiles that could carry a great number of nuclear warheads. But he soon found that National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger considered the SALT delegation irrelevant to his personal negotiations. Kissinger first tried to and conflicts get Nitze to act as a back channel to himself and the president, thus circumventing the leader of the delegation, Gerard Smith, whom they distrusted. When Nitze refused, Kissinger disparaged Nitze’s calculations as Talmudic and dismissed the delegation as a disaster. Nixon and Kissinger even believed that Nitze had had a part in leaking the Pentagon Papers to the press. Consequently, Kissinger ignored the SALT team and traded an Anti-Ballistic Missile treaty for a temporary agreement limiting missiles but setting no limit on criticism, the size and throw-weight of the shootings, missiles.
Kissinger and Nixon figured that given the criticism, greater accuracy of U.S. missiles plus the quota advantages, fact that neither the missiles of the NATO allies nor America’s lead in existentialism literary criticism, aircraft-delivered warheads were counted against the American side, the two sides would achieve a rough parity. And Disadvantages. But Nitze was livid about the agreement, and his mood was not improved when Nixon and Kissinger kept the literary criticism, SALT delegation in Helsinki rather than bringing its members to the 1972 Moscow Summit where final adjustments to the agreement were made. Nixon and Kissinger called only at Essay on Racism: The Root, the last minute for the delegation to come to Moscow for the signing. Nitze found himself stranded at the Moscow airport, arrived late to the ceremony, and was left standing in the hall as Nixon and existentialism literary criticism Brezhnev departed with their entourages. When Kissinger began negotiating SALT II. he again bypassed the SALT delegation and omitted the issue of throw-weight from the The Root, agreement. Nitze resigned in literary criticism, the midst of the negotiations and in the process did his best to sabotage both SALT II and detente. He publicly said that no reasonable arms control deal would be possible until the president began to uphold the Constitution. He created a furor by leaking the existence of Kissinger’s back channels. He fed Senator Henry “Scoop” Jackson, the leader of the Democratic hawks, questions he could use to embarrass Kissinger when Kissinger appeared before the Senate Armed Services Committee in defense of the war: and conflicts, SALT negotiations.
Nitze supported Jimmy Carter’s election, but when Carter did not select him for an important defense position in the administration, he attacked Carter’s policies just as he had Nixon’s. As a member of the CIA Team B, appointed by President Gerald Ford to literary check on The Root of All Evil, CIA National Intelligence Estimates of Soviet military strength that Nizte and other hawks considered too low, he embarrassed the Carter administration and the CIA by claiming the Soviets were far stronger than the CIA estimated and much more malevolently intentioned. He also organized the existentialism, Committee on the Present Danger to publicize this view, and in the process brought together Scoop Jackson Democrats and Goldwater Republicans in The American war: causes and conflicts Essay, a coalition that would be later dubbed neoconservative. In the process, he testified before the Senate committee considering Carter’s appointment of Paul Warnke to lead the SALT negotiations. Nitze, who obviously thought that he rather than Warnke should have had the position, told the committee that his old friend was not only wrong and weak on defense, but also was not a good American. He then helped to derail Senate ratification of SALT II. Once Nitze was back in power, however, his tendencies toward a measure of restraint returned. Existentialism Criticism. Appointed by Reagan along with many of Nitze’s fellow member of the Committee on the Present Danger to lead the administration’s arms control negotiations, Nitze took his famous “walk in stop shootings, the wood” to literary criticism try to fashion a compromise agreement over intermediate range missiles in quota and disadvantages, Europe.
Both the Soviet and American governments rejected the agreement as unauthorized and too moderate. Moreover, while Nitze favored Reagan’s Strategic Defense Initiative and did his part to undermine the ABM treaty that hindered its development, he did not share Reagan’s illusions that Star Wars could actually intercept a Soviet missile attack. Instead, he thought it would be an excellent bargaining chip to literary trade for the Soviet giant missiles and school their throw-weight. Existentialism. Thus, Thompson concludes, while Nitze was excessively hawkish in his policies and none too scrupulous in promoting them, he was ultimately a pragmatist willing to work things out quota sampling and disadvantages with America’s adversaries. Thompson regards Kennan’s policies of restraint toward the Soviet Union more favorably than he does Nitze’s hawkish views despite the author’s relationship to Nitze. While Thompson ignored the Soviet side of things in his treatment of the literary, early Cold War, he makes good use of pacifist in a sentence Soviet sources in his account of the later period and concludes that Kennan was more correct about Soviet capabilities and intentions than Nitze. While Thompson implies that Kennan sometimes placed too much emphasis on the Soviet Union’s supposed intentions and too little on its actual capabilities, he defends Kennan against Nitze’s claim that Kennan went so far as to insist that Western Europe needed no more than a couple of divisions to existentialism literary criticism defend itself. Thomson also agrees with Kennan’s insistence that the containment policy he originally devised was intended to be primarily political rather than military, and that the militarized containment policy brought about by Nitze’s NSC-68 and the Korean War went well beyond his recommendations. But Thompson goes on to point out the various times that Kennan supported CIA interventions and military actions that pushed the boundaries of political containment.
Thompson also recounts the ungracious and war: causes Essay dissembling way Kennan responded to those individuals, like political scientist C. Ben Wright, who called attention to episodes that challenged Kennan’s sense of his own past conduct. Thompson’s primary criticism of Kennan is existentialism literary not of Kennan’s policy of restrained political containment but the The American civil war: causes, reasons Kennan advocated it. Kennan’s realist policy was not based exclusively on an attractive modesty about America’s supposedly unique virtues or the effectiveness of literary U.S. intervention into cultures it did not understand well. Instead, his approach was influenced by his belief that democracies were too irrational to follow a proper policy of the sort that wise and educated men like himself would advocate. This was especially true, in his opinion, of a democracy like the United States, which Kennan saw as declining in of All Evil, intelligence and morality as its core of existentialism criticism Northern European manly culture was diluted and corrupted by the rise in influence of how to stop shootings lesser ethnicities, genders, and cultures. This bigoted and reactionary side of Kennan has been exposed to some extent by Kennan’s previous biographers, but it comes through more powerfully in quotations Thompson found in Kennan’s private diaries. In the end, however, Thompson takes a rather benign view of his two protagonists despite their various lapses. Kennan was often wise in his counsels of literary restraint. Nitze usually came around to The American war: a pragmatic view of American policy. And throughout their long rivalry, the two maintained a civilized relationship.
As angry and dismissive as they might be of the literary, one another’s views at times, they exchanged civil letters, hosted one another at social events, and even toasted one another graciously at Kennan’s 80 th birthday party. As Nitze remarked during that party, he never had any differences with Kennan “except over matters of substance.” (p. 2) Review by Sarah-Jane Corke, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia. I n the spring of sampling and disadvantages 1995, as I began the research for my doctoral dissertation, I traveled to criticism Independence, Missouri.
One of my goals, while visiting the Harry S Truman Library, was to look at Paul Nitze’s oral history. When I asked to do so the archivist at the time, Denis Bilger, told me that it was unavailable. According to Bilger a few years earlier Nitze had sealed his account after someone had published an article that showed the former director of the Policy Planning Staff in a negative light. Bilger told me that my only recourse was to write to Nitze and request his permission. I was initially skeptical but I sent the letter anyway. Civil Essay. In my note I told him I was working on my Ph.D. and was looking at how covert operations designed to “liberate” Eastern Europe and “rollback” Soviet power could be understood within the context of a strategy of “containment”. Much to my surprise about a month or so later I received his reply. The letter read in part: “The hope and existentialism literary criticism expectation of the containment doctrine was that, if the USSR could be denied the capture and exploitation of additional territory by military means, their top people would look inward and begin to face their panoply of pacifist sentence external problems… We thought it might be useful and wouldn’t hurt much, to give the process a push by overt or covert stratagems.” He went on existentialism literary criticism, to note that George “Kennan was a much more ardent supporter of roll-back efforts” than he. Apparently, Nitze “was leery of pacifist sentence covert operations because he doubted the ability of the American “military capability to carry [them] through to success in the face of the existentialism literary criticism, Soviet reaction.” These were shocking words. This was 1995 and Essay The Root Evil the first FRUS volume on intelligence would not be released until the following year. Thus I had to existentialism criticism wonder if perhaps Nitze was being a bit disingenuous.
His note contradicted the conventional wisdom that Kennan was the author of of All Evil a strategy of containment, and Nitze, under the guise of NSC 68, had not only militarized Kennan’s strategic vision but also called for criticism, a dramatic increase in the number of covert operations conducted by the CIA. Of course the political scientist Beatrice Heuser, and how to school the historians Eduard Mark, Walter Hixson and Melvyn Leffler had all suggested that perhaps Kennan’s strategy went beyond that of the literary criticism, containment of the Soviet threat, and a few journalists had brought to light the covert operations that had taken place during Truman’s presidency. Aside from the vague references in the NSC policy papers, however, there was very little primary source evidence to support these claims. As a result, the majority of scholars remained wedded to the traditional argument. Civil War: Causes. Despite the vast array of new evidence available today, and the number of books and articles that have been published on the subject, sadly this continues to be the case. Nicholas Thompson is no exception. His is very much a traditional history of the existentialism, cold war. Despite his orthodox interpretation, which is somewhat surprising given his position at Wired magazine, which purports to be “on the about death, front lines of the 21 st century,” it troubles me that he remains wedded to the belief “that for the most part” the United States “was never actually trying to roll back the Soviet Union.” More importantly, perhaps, although he does recognize that Kennan was, at least initially, a strong advocate of covert operations, he gives us no hint whatsoever about existentialism, how his grandfather felt about Born Blindness Essay, these campaigns.
Yet, despite the existentialism, lack of a substantive discussion on his grandfather’s position, a subject, which perhaps only pacifist, I am interested in, I did find his biography noteworthy for what it tells us about the relationship between the two directors of the Policy Planning Staff under Harry Truman. However, what I took away from Thompson’s story was probably not what he intended. Throughout the manuscript he maintains that Nitze and Kennan were “friends,” albeit not best friends. (6) Yet I have to existentialism literary confess that I came away with a fundamentally different conclusion: Nitze really did not like Kennan very much. To be fair Thompson does concede that his grandfather liked to tell “slightly spurious stories” about the so-called father of containment. Sampling And Disadvantages. Yet to literary criticism an outsider looking in, it would appear that his grandfather’s “spurious stories” directly impacted his grandson’s view of George Kennan. This tension comes out in Into Blindness, the language that Thompson uses to characterize the existentialism, two men. Throughout the book he sets up Nitze and on Racism: of All Evil Kennan as cold war archetypes: the existentialism literary criticism, hawk and the dove—the realist and the idealist. But he goes farther than this and creates a gendered binary where Nitze appears the Essay The Root of All, masculine ideal and Kennan feminine. For example he writes that Nitze was active and adventurous, an “insider,” and a “doer.” He was always “organized,” “logical,” “rational,” and “practical.” He was also “scientific” in how he approached the challenges he faced and was “great with numbers.” Moreover he was “popular,” and “confident.” Not only was he always “the smartest man in the room,” but he was a great dresser to existentialism literary criticism boot. Apparently at one point in Essay The Root of All, his life he was robbed and the only thing the thief stole was his clothes! (94-95, 281, 284) Kennan in contrast, was a “poet,” a “thinker” “a designer,” and “a luddite.” No one “felt deeper, thought harder or wrote more beautifully.” Moreover Kennan’s ultimate goal in life was simply to achieve “peace and quiet.” And when he got it, according to Thompson, “he used it to flagellate himself.” …Hmmm….. Moreover, unlike Nitze he was always in criticism, “doubt, both of poems about himself and others.” Kennan was both a “fatalist,” and “an outsider.” He was prone to “tantrums” and at literary criticism, one point Thompson tells us that his tactics “reeked of advantages and disadvantages Nixon.” I have to literary assume that he does not mean this in a positive sense.
Indeed, he later compares Kennan to a pterodactyl, which, at least according to my dictionary, is an extinct flying reptile. To make matters worse, unlike Nitze who was a snazzy dresser, Kennan was color-blind. (226, 254, 256) If you have not bought my argument yet compare Thompson’s use of language when he talks about how each man dealt with difficult challenges. In this context, Nitze becomes “alarmed” by events, while Kennan is “afraid.” His bias even comes across even when he is praising Kennan and criticizing his grandfather. For example he writes that while Kennan had “keen powers of persuasion,” they were “marred with profound vulnerability.” But when “Nitze lost his cool” it was because he was a fiendishly clever man… who was “slow to Born Into Blindness Essay take orders” and was challenging only those whose job he coveted. (192) The subtext here is of course that he was ambitious. A quality heralded in men but seldom in women. Women, at least in the olden days, were coveted precisely because of their vulnerability. Despite his reliance on gendered stereotypes, which I find more interesting than problematic, I have no doubt that this book will contribute to existentialism the growing historiography that challenges our perception of Essay on Racism: of All Evil Kennan as the master strategist of the cold war; and rightly so.
It will also further damage Kennan’s personal reputation as we find out that not only was he a philanderer, a racist and an anti-Semite but he was also emotionally unstable as well. At one point he considered taking a cyanide capsule after “a fling with some dame.” (138) Now don’t get me wrong, this was a fun book to read and I have my own problems with Kennan, who by his own admission was a sexist. For this and a number of other reasons I enjoyed the book immensely. Existentialism. It was wonderfully written and contains a number of interesting insights into the characters of both men as well as some juicy tidbits that will keep you interested to the end. It will no doubt garner a wide audience beyond the readers of H-Diplo, which is a good thing.
I only wish that Thompson had been as forthcoming about his grandfather as he was about Kennan. How To Shootings. But then perhaps Aleksandr Savelyev was right when he suggested “Nitze was a god”. (3) P.S. Despite Nitze’s letter to me, which I spent more money framing than any piece of art I have bought since, I was still denied access to his oral history. Perhaps I’ve never got over that…. Review by Alonzo L. Hamby, Ohio University. G eorge Kennan and Paul Nitze, Nicholas Thompson tells us, “were the existentialism, only two people to be deeply involved in American foreign policy from the outset of the Cold War until its end.” (2) Writing from a unique perspective as one of Nitze’s grandsons, he surveys a half-century relationship between two respectful antagonists who represent a yin and yang of sorts in post-World War II American foreign policy. Scholars of American foreign relations will find little that is new in Mr.
Thompson’s engaging narrative, save perhaps for suicide death, an occasional tidbit regarding Nitze’s role in the Reagan administration’s arms limitations negotiations. Nonetheless, he has researched his subjects with a thoroughness that academics can admire. An editor at existentialism, Wired magazine? he writes fluently and focuses as much on character as on policy. Eschewing stereotypes, he depicts two individuals with considerably different personalities and stop school shootings modes of policy conceptualization, reacting to fluid situations with less predictability than his title leads us to expect. The Kennan story will be more familiar to most readers of H-Diplo. Mr. Thompson adds no new twists. He effectively recounts the saga of a boy born to a moderately well-off family in Milwaukee, only existentialism, two months old when his mother died, raised by sisters and an indifferent stepmother, sent off to a military prep school, going on sentence, to college at Princeton.
The common theme in all these phases of his life seems to be one of unhappiness, anxiety, and loneliness, expressed from an early age through poetry that revealed a rare literary talent. The one hero of his formative years seems to have been a distant relative, also named George Kennan, with whom he shared a birthday. Criticism. A prolific liberal-minded writer on Russian culture and how to school politics, the early Kennan seems to have sparked an interest in Russian history and culture that defined the career of his young cousin. The Foreign Service, a Russian/East European specialization, then postings to literary Moscow and other important European capitals followed. The Nitze story is less well known.
His father, a University of Born Chicago professor of literary criticism philology, was rigorous and demanding. His non-conventional mother dabbled in radical politics, was attracted to avant-garde art, and took her son on trips to suicide death Europe. Mr. Criticism. Thompson depicts a boy and young man who was well-adjusted, socially adept, and successful in almost everything he attempted. The American War: And Conflicts. “Kennan never fit in,” Thompson observes, “Nitze always did.” (24) He moved effortlessly from Chicago to Hotchkiss prep school to Harvard, where he achieved the existentialism, ultimate distinction of being elected to Porcellian. After graduation, he took a job with the prestigious financial house Dillon Read and became a protege of James Forrestal. In 1940, Forrestal accepted a call to the Roosevelt White House as a presidential assistant.
One of his first acts was to pacifist in a send a telegram to his younger aide: “Be in Washington on existentialism criticism, Monday.” (38) The end of The American civil war: and conflicts World War II found Nitze working with the literary, Strategic Bombing Survey, interviewing Nazis (including Albert Speer) in on Racism: Evil, Germany, then pondering the impact of existentialism literary criticism nuclear weapons as he examined the ruins of how to school Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. Nitze’s conclusion in the Survey’s final report that the existentialism literary criticism, atomic bomb was not the major reason for Japan’s surrender, Thompson declares? “was not merited by the evidence.” (66) The author never quite explains this uncharacteristic analytical lapse. Perhaps Nitze tailored his conclusion to conform to Air Force doctrine that emphasized conventional strategic bombing. Nitze, the author tells us, does seem to have been convinced that the bomb, for pacifist sentence, all its power, was essentially another weapon. It is true that at the very beginning of the nuclear age conventional bombing raids were capable of inflicting equally extensive (if non-radioactive) devastation on other Japanese cities. Throughout the rest of his career, Nitze would be among those strategists (Henry Kissinger among them) willing to think out loud about the unthinkable—a winnable nuclear war. His bottom-line conviction was that power and the willingness to use it constituted the bottom line of national strength. Kennan, back in Moscow for the opening salvos of the Cold War, received a request from Washington for an analysis of Soviet obstreperousness in the months after the Japanese surrender. The result—his famous “long telegram” later published as “The Sources of Soviet Conduct” in literary, Foreign Affairs —soon had him back in Washington at the head of a new Policy Planning Staff under Secretary of State George C. Quota Sampling And Disadvantages. Marshall.
One of his colleagues in the new enterprise was Paul Nitze. The two men admired each other and maintained a personal friendship for the rest of their lives; professionally, however, they were soon antagonists. In the long telegram, Kennan had laid down the existentialism literary criticism, doctrine of containment, but he also possessed the professional diplomat’s aversion to military force, had an acute understanding of the limits of American power, and thought of containment as something to be pursued by soft means. Nitze, unencumbered by the inhibitions of the diplomatist, continued to assume the primacy of power in international relations. Kennan recoiled from American universalism, as expressed in the Truman Doctrine; Nitze welcomed it as a sign of American toughness and in a resolve. The two men agreed on the Marshall Plan, but diverged again on existentialism literary, the North Atlantic Treaty, especially its military component, NATO.
They also were at odds on the decision to build the hydrogen bomb. Nitze, the author makes clear, was no warmonger; he always sought deterrence, not preventive war. Nor was Kennan a dreamy pacifist; in mid-1950, he backed the decision to use military force in Korea. Nearly thirty years later at the onset of the Iranian hostage crisis, he was willing to support a declaration of Essay on Racism: of All war against the Islamic Republic. Existentialism. Still, the general inclinations of the two were clear, and Nitze’s temperament meshed far better with that of Marshall’s successor as Secretary of State, the blunt, no-nonsense Dean Acheson. Nitze replaced Kennan as the head of Policy Planning in 1949.
In 1950, Kennan began his disengagement from the department. By then, with Acheson’s encouragement and support Nitze had spearheaded the production of NSC-68, a policy document geared toward a defense buildup of wartime proportions. On Racism: Evil. This early history of the Kennan-Nitze relationship established a pattern that would prevail for a period of some forty years in which both affected American foreign relations as influential policy formulators and/or critics. Many readers of this book will be struck by the limitations both displayed. Nitze’s NSC-68, for example, sought to remedy real deficiencies in existentialism, deployable U.S. military strength, but overshot the mark. Harry Truman refused to sign off on it until the sentence, third month of the Korean War; Dwight Eisenhower effectively cancelled it upon becoming president. As late as the 1980s, Nitze was aligned with individuals willing to argue that the United States could survive a nuclear exchange in which as many as twenty million Americans might be killed. Yet at the same time he was an arms negotiator in the Reagan administration and sincerely dedicated to the quest for a strategic arms limitations agreement. The quality of Kennan’s mind and the seductiveness of his prose have obscured his own weaknesses, both as a man of action and as a thinker. Made ambassador to the Soviet Union in the final year of the Truman administration, he hardly had time to get settled before being thrown out for declaring that the experience was comparable to his internment by the Nazis after Pearl Harbor. Existentialism Literary. As undiplomatic as it was truthful, the ill-considered remark deprived the United States of valuable services Kennan could have rendered from Moscow.
Appointed ambassador to Yugoslavia by John F. Kennedy, he unnecessarily antagonized Yugoslav dictator Joseph Broz Tito, whom he criticized for supporting Nikita Khrushchev’s resumption of nuclear testing. He then irritated Kennedy and influential congressmen by lobbying too insistently for favored trade status for Yugoslavia. After two years he resigned, having failed to make the most of his position at Born, a strategic outpost of the Cold War. As one of his subordinates put it, “he was a better writer than an ambassador.” (183) But perhaps he was also a better writer than a foreign policy thinker. Throughout his career, Kennan complained about being misunderstood. Walter Lippmann, who wrote a dozen articles, later published as a small book, attacking “The Sources of Soviet Conduct,” is the best-known example, but hardly the only one.
Until Kennan published his memoirs, many liberals thought him an amoral cynic of Metternichian proportions. He was not good at managing the tug of war between the criticism, foreign policy realism to which he was rationally attached and the highly developed moral sense that he felt deeply. Perhaps it was this struggle that led him at times into foreign policy prescriptions that were almost other-worldly, such as his advocacy in the 1956 Reith lectures of German reunification and neutralization. At times, Kennan conveyed the impression that he believed diplomacy could be successfully conducted without deployable power. An elitist who believed foreign relations should be run by educated and experienced gentlemen like himself, he was tone deaf to the imperatives of democratic politics. Advantages And Disadvantages. If nothing else, Paul Nitze served as a necessary counterbalance.
Kennan’s thinking requires much more development than Thompson gives it. Kennan’s classic American Diplomacy (1950) receives scant examination. His historical works are dutifully mentioned but given little or no analysis. Existentialism. His two volumes of memoirs, which the author rightly tells us rank with The Education of Born Essay Henry Adams as literary masterpieces, rate two pages of summary. Kennan’s influential and literary criticism widely read Russia and the West under Lenin and Stalin (1960) is not mentioned. Nor is about there any effort to develop a context for his thinking within a larger school of foreign policy realism.
Kennan was often bracketed with Hans J. Morgenthau and Reinhold Niebuhr, neither of whom appear in literary, this book. By contrast, Paul Nitze comes across as little more than a pragmatic technocrat, and something of a one-dimensional foil to the visionary Kennan. Nitze, it is true, did not reveal a tenth as much of himself to a wide public as did Kennan and thus can easily be thought a man of limited capacities. Born. Still, the author’s memory of existentialism criticism Gramps sipping red wine and reading Joseph Conrad suggests a wider-ranging mind than we see in his narrative. (“Missiles are boring,” Nitze tells his grandson. School Shootings. “Conrad is interesting.” () It is a shame that we cannot know more about what seems to have been a complex inner self. Nicholas Thompson has given us a well-crafted piece of literary criticism popular history that will motivate at least some of its readers to delve more deeply into the lives of its protagonists and to learn more about the Cold War in Into Essay, which they were soldiers. Response by Nicholas Thompson, The New Yorker. I t is an honor to have had my book critiqued by four scholars, all of whom clearly read with care. Existentialism Literary. Each also asks questions I had not thought of, and advantages offers lines of inquiry that I would like to pursue. I am of course, delighted, by literary criticism, the various compliments.
As a general response, I note that there is a slight tension in the critiques and the praise given to the book. The central theme of the praise is sampling and disadvantages that the book is briskly written; the central theme of the criticism is that it would have been better had it delved more deeply into one of several complicated subject areas. Briskness and thoroughness are not, of existentialism literary course, mutually exclusive, and I would hope that all the poems suicide, reviewers would agree that there are some parts of the Cold War into existentialism literary criticism which I dug quite deeply. But should add that one reason the book is readable is because it is relatively narrow. I constantly crossed out Into Blindness potential chapters and existentialism literary sections in a desperate effort to keep the book relatively contained, no pun intended. I wanted to pacifist in a sentence cover the Cold War, and the lives of two extraordinary men, in a volume that would not be so thick that it would menace people, unread, from their bookshelves. That defense is not of course absolute. Existentialism. I certainly could have added some material and left out other parts of the book. I agree, actually, with Professor Combs that I should have spent more time explaining the historical context in school, situations where Kennan and Nitze agreed, particularly regarding policy toward Berlin in existentialism literary criticism, the late 1940s.
Professor Hamby is correct to flag the about, fact that I was not able to criticism offer a complete and persuasive explanation for Nitze’s puzzling analysis of the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki; that episode remains, to me, one of the mysteries of quota sampling and disadvantages his life. Professor Corke is correct to literary criticism note that I do not add a great deal to the historical literature about poems suicide, Nitze’s involvement in criticism, early CIA operations; I just didn’t find any. Mr. Botts is, I believe, correct in his critique that I didn’t spend sufficient time explaining what recent Soviet archives teach us about the nuclear policy of the U.S.S.R. in the 1970s and 1980s. As it happens, in fact, I have a forthcoming essay in the Journal of Contemporary History on just this topic. Skipping from in a sentence nuclear weapons to basketball, for a minute, I do however disagree with Mr. Botts, in one place. In my book, I said that Kennan and Nitze became the diplomatic equivalents of Magic Johnson and Larry Bird. Mr.
Botts notes this and writes, “He might have added that, for one of existentialism them to win, the Born Blindness, other had to existentialism lose.” That’s true for a given game, but it’s not true for a career. You can have a riveting and inconclusive argument about who was the better player; just as you could have a lively debate about Nitze and Kennan’s views of Soviet nuclear intentions, without describing one as right and one as wrong. For the Born Into Blindness Essay, record, I do think that Nitze vastly over-estimated Soviet efficiency and literary ascribed to them a much darker worldview than deserved. I also, however, believe that Kennan vastly overestimated how much the United States could have influenced Soviet policy by, for example, proposing a policy of no-first-use. (Also: I grew up in Boston and shootings Bird was better than Magic.) Along these lines I am quite pleased that Professor Corke and Professor Hamby came to literary criticism different conclusions. Professor Corke takes me to task for how to stop school shootings, being biased toward Nitze (my grandfather); Professor Hamby believes that the book portrays Kennan as much more of a visionary. As I worked on the book, I was often asked which of the two men I agreed with, and, thankfully, I could always answer that I wasn’t sure. Literary Criticism. Kennan was absolutely wiser; Nitze was, absolutely, a more dedicated public servant. Readers to the book have likewise had differing views of the relative merits of the two men.
As to Professor Corke’s claim that I portray Kennan as a woman and Nitze as a man, there’s probably something to it. Women are portrayed as more emotional in writings of history, and Kennan certainly was far more emotional than Nitze. But I also believe that Professor Corke has overstated her argument, in quota advantages and disadvantages, part through selective quotation. To take one example, at the end of a paragraph listing praise from the book for Nitze, and criticism for Kennan, she writes, “To make matters worse, unlike Nitze who was a snazzy dresser, Kennan was color-blind.” It’s true that Nitze was a snazzy dresser; and it’s true that Kennan was color-blind. But her point—that sartorial praise for Nitze illuminates a greater bias toward him—is not accurate. After all, two sentences before mentioning Kennan’s eyesight, I also described him as a snazzy dresser. It’s a trivial matter, but I think the selective quotation is criticism telling and reveals a flaw in what I consider an overstated critique. Overall, the essays are all reasoned and illuminating. And to Mr. Botts, I add that many of Nitze’s papers at the Library of Congress are open and have been for the last few years. Quota Advantages. (One need only file a request to the Nitze estate for access; and all such requests have been granted in existentialism criticism, recent years.) I donated a further collection of papers—the sixty or so boxes that I discovered behind a boiler at Essay, the School of Advanced International Studies—to the Library about eighteen months ago.
Those documents are currently being processed, and will, I hope, be opened soon.  Kennan’s views appear in The Cloud of Danger (1977).  I should note that while today I always put danger quotes around “containment” I did not then. In 1995 was still writing very much within a modern historical tradition, hence my question to Nitze.  Paul Nitze to existentialism author, June 1, 1995.
 Now he does concede that these were not hard and fast characterizations, and that neither men “conformed exactly to the labels” but he concludes that for Essay on Racism: The Root Evil, most of their lives these characterizations were 90% accurate. By the 1970s he concludes that both men “truly became the hawk and the dove” 231.
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Write My Essay Paper - The Lit Quest: Literary Analysis, Part 1: Existentialism
Nov 18, 2017 Existentialism literary criticism,
SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. The personal statement might just be the hardest part of your college application. Mostly this is because it has the least guidance and is the most open-ended. One way to understand what colleges are looking for when they ask you to existentialism criticism, write an essay is to check out the essays of students who already got in—college essays that actually worked. After all, they must be among the most successful of this weird literary genre. In this article, I’ll go through general guidelines for quota sampling, what makes great college essays great. I've also compiled an enormous list of 100+ actual sample college essays from 13 different schools. Finally, I’ll break down two of these published college essay examples and explain why and how they work.
With links to existentialism literary criticism, 125 full essays and essay excerpts , this article will be a great resource for learning how to craft your own personal college admissions essay! What Excellent College Essays Have in Common. Even though in The Root, many ways these sample college essays are very different from one other, they do share some traits you should try to emulate as you write your own essay. Building out from a narrow, concrete focus. You’ll see a similar structure in many of the essays. The author starts with a very detailed story of an event or description of a person or place. Existentialism! After this sense-heavy imagery, the Born Into essay expands out to literary, make a broader point about the author, and how to school, connects this very memorable experience to the author’s present situation, state of mind, newfound understanding, or maturity level. Knowing how to tell a story. Some of the experiences in these essays are one-of-a-kind. But most deal with the criticism stuff of stop shootings, everyday life.
What sets them apart is the existentialism literary way the author approaches the and disadvantages topic: analyzing it for drama and humor, for its moving qualities, for what it says about the existentialism author’s world, and for how it connects to the author’s emotional life. A killer first sentence. Sampling! You’ve heard it before, and you’ll hear it again: you have to suck the criticism reader in, and the best place to do that is the first sentence. Great first sentences are punchy. They are like cliffhangers, setting up an The American civil causes Essay, exciting scene or an unusual situation with an literary, unclear conclusion, in order to make the reader want to know more. Causes! Don’t take my word for it—check out these 22 first sentences from Stanford applicants and tell me you don’t want to read the rest of those essays to find out what happens! A lively, individual voice. Writing is for readers. In this case, your reader is an admissions officer who has read thousands of essays before yours, and will read thousands after. Literary! Your goal? Don’t bore your reader.
Use interesting description, stay away from cliches, include your own offbeat observations—anything that makes this essay sounds like you and not like anyone else. Enchanted Prince Stan decided to stay away from The American war: causes, any frog-kissing princesses to retain his unique perspective on ruling as an amphibian. Technical correctness. No spelling mistakes, no grammar weirdness, no syntax issues, no punctuation snafus—each of these sample college essays has been formatted and proofread perfectly. If this kind of exactness is not your strong suit, you’re in luck!
All colleges advise applicants to existentialism literary, have their essays looked over several times by parents, teachers, mentors, and anyone else who can spot a comma splice. Your essay must be your own work, but there is absolutely nothing wrong with getting help polishing it. Links to Full College Essay Examples. Some colleges publish a selection of their favorite accepted college essays that worked, and Born Blindness, I've put together a selection of over existentialism literary 100 of these (plus some essay excerpts!). Please note that some of these college essay examples may be responding to prompts that are no longer in use. The current Common App prompts are as follows: 1. Some students have a background, identity, interest, or talent that is sampling and disadvantages, so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it. If this sounds like you, then please share your story. 7. Existentialism! Share an essay on any topic of your choice. It can be one you've already written, one that responds to in a, a different prompt, or one of existentialism literary criticism, your own design. These essays are answers to past prompts from either the sampling advantages Common Application or the existentialism criticism Universal Application, both of which Johns Hopkins accepts.
Essay Examples Published by Other Websites. 7 Common Application essays from applicants admitted to Stanford, Duke, Connecticut College, NYU, Carleton College, Washington University, and the University of Pennsylvania 2 Common Application essays (1st essay, 2nd essay) from applicants admitted to war: and conflicts Essay, Columbia. Here is a smaller collection of essays that are college-specific, plus 22 essay excerpts that will add fuel to your essay-writing fire. The University of Chicago is well known for its off-the-wall, often wacky supplementary essay prompts. These seven sample essays respond to a variety of thought-provoking questions.
Sometimes it's helpful to see how others managed to get over the difficult first-line hump. We're guessing all these monkeys would write different first sentences. Analyzing Great Common App Essays that Worked. I've picked out two essays from the examples collected above to examine in more depth so that you can know exactly what makes a successful college essay work. Full credit for these essays goes to existentialism criticism, the original authors and the schools that published them. Example #1: Breaking Into Cars, by Blindness Essay, Stephen, Johns Hopkins Class of '19 (Common App Essay, 636 words long) I had never broken into criticism a car before. We were in pacifist in a, Laredo, having just finished our first day at a Habitat for existentialism literary criticism, Humanity work site.
The Hotchkiss volunteers had already left, off to enjoy some Texas BBQ, leaving me behind with the college kids to clean up. Not until we were stranded did we realize we were locked out of the Essay Evil van. Someone picked a coat hanger out of the dumpster, handed it to me, and took a few steps back. “Can you do that thing with a coat hanger to existentialism criticism, unlock it?” “Why me?” I thought. More out of The Root, amusement than optimism, I gave it a try.
I slid the hanger into existentialism the window’s seal like I’d seen on crime shows, and spent a few minutes jiggling the apparatus around the inside of the frame. Stop School! Suddenly, two things simultaneously clicked. One was the criticism lock on Into Blindness, the door. (I actually succeeded in springing it.) The other was the existentialism literary realization that I’d been in this type of situation before. In fact, I’d been born into this type of situation. My upbringing has numbed me to unpredictability and chaos. With a family of seven, my home was loud, messy, and spottily supervised. My siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing—all meant my house was functioning normally. My Dad, a retired Navy pilot, was away half the time.
When he was home, he had a parenting style something like a drill sergeant. At the age of nine, I learned how to clear burning oil from the surface of water. My Dad considered this a critical life skill—you know, in quota and disadvantages, case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed. “The water’s on fire! Clear a hole!” he shouted, tossing me in existentialism, the lake without warning. While I’m still unconvinced about that particular lesson’s practicality, my Dad’s overarching message is Essay of All, unequivocally true: much of existentialism criticism, life is unexpected, and you have to poems death, deal with the twists and literary, turns. Living in my family, days rarely unfolded as planned. A bit overlooked, a little pushed around, I learned to poems suicide, roll with reality, negotiate a quick deal, and give the existentialism improbable a try.
I don’t sweat the in a small stuff, and I definitely don’t expect perfect fairness. So what if our dining room table only has six chairs for seven people? Someone learns the literary criticism importance of punctuality every night. But more than punctuality and a special affinity for musical chairs, my family life has taught me to thrive in situations over which I have no power. Growing up, I never controlled my older siblings, but I learned how to thwart their attempts to control me. I forged alliances, and realigned them as necessary.
Sometimes, I was the poor, defenseless little brother; sometimes I was the omniscient elder. Different things to Essay The Root Evil, different people, as the situation demanded. I learned to adapt. Back then, these techniques were merely reactions undertaken to ensure my survival. But one day this fall, Dr. Hicks, our Head of School, asked me a question that he hoped all seniors would reflect on throughout the year: “How can I participate in a thing I do not govern, in the company of people I did not choose?” The question caught me off guard, much like the question posed to me in Laredo.
Then, I realized I knew the existentialism answer. I knew why the coat hanger had been handed to me. Growing up as the Born Essay middle child in my family, I was a vital participant in a thing I did not govern, in literary, the company of people I did not choose. It’s family. It’s society. And often, it’s chaos. You participate by letting go of the small stuff, not expecting order and perfection, and facing the unexpected with confidence, optimism, and preparedness. Essay On Racism: The Root Of All! My family experience taught me to face a serendipitous world with confidence. It's very helpful to take writing apart in literary criticism, order to see just how it accomplishes its objectives. Stephen's essay is very effective.
Let's find out why! An Opening Line That Draws You In. I had never broken into a car before. In just eight words, we get: scene-setting (he is standing next to a car about to poems about suicide, break in), the idea of existentialism literary criticism, crossing a boundary (he is maybe about to do an illegal thing for suicide, the first time), and literary, a cliffhanger (we are thinking: is he going to get caught? Is he headed for a life of crime?
Is he about to in a, be scared straight?). We were in Laredo, having just finished our first day at criticism a Habitat for Humanity work site. The Hotchkiss volunteers had already left, off to enjoy some Texas BBQ, leaving me behind with the college kids to clean up. Not until we were stranded did we realize we were locked out advantages and disadvantages of the van. Someone picked a coat hanger out existentialism criticism of the dumpster, handed it to me, and took a few steps back.
“Can you do that thing with a coat hanger to about suicide, unlock it?” “Why me?” I thought. More out of amusement than optimism, I gave it a try. I slid the hanger into the window’s seal like I’d seen on crime shows, and spent a few minutes jiggling the apparatus around the existentialism inside of the frame. It’s the details that really make this small experience come alive. Notice how whenever he can, Stephen uses a more specific, descriptive word in place of poems about suicide, a more generic one. The volunteers aren’t going to get food or dinner; they’re going for “Texas BBQ.” The coat hanger comes from “a dumpster.” Stephen doesn’t just move the coat hanger—he “jiggles” it. Details also help us visualize the emotions of the literary criticism people in the scene. The person who hands Stephen the coat hanger isn’t just uncomfortable or nervous; he “takes a few steps back”—a description of Essay of All Evil, movement that conveys feelings. Finally, the detail of actual speech makes the scene pop. Existentialism Criticism! Instead of writing that the other guy asked him to unlock the van, Stephen has the quota sampling guy actually say his own words in literary, a way that sounds like a teenager talking. Coat hangers: not just for crows' nests any more! (Gotz/Wikimedia)
Turning a Specific Incident Into a Deeper Insight. Suddenly, two things simultaneously clicked. One was the civil causes and conflicts Essay lock on the door. (I actually succeeded in existentialism, springing it.) The other was the realization that I’d been in Born Into Essay, this type of situation before. Criticism! In fact, I’d been born into this type of quota sampling and disadvantages, situation. Not only does Stephen make the locked car experience a meaningful illustration of existentialism literary criticism, how he has learned to be resourceful and civil Essay, ready for anything, but he also makes this turn from the existentialism literary specific to the broad through an elegant play on the two meanings of the word “click.” Using Concrete Examples When Making Abstract Claims. My upbringing has numbed me to unpredictability and chaos. With a family of seven, my home was loud, messy, and spottily supervised. My siblings arguing, the Born Essay dog barking, the phone ringing—all meant my house was functioning normally. “Unpredictability and chaos” are very abstract, not easily visualized concepts. Not only that, but they could mean any number of existentialism criticism, things—violence, abandonment, poverty, mental instability.
By instantly following up with highly finite and unambiguous illustrations like “family of seven” and “siblings arguing, the dog barking, the phone ringing,” Stephen grounds the abstraction in something that is easy to picture: a large, noisy family. Using Small Bits of Humor and Casual Word Choice. My Dad, a retired Navy pilot, was away half the time. Essay! When he was home, he had a parenting style something like a drill sergeant. At the age of nine, I learned how to clear burning oil from the literary criticism surface of poems about, water. My Dad considered this a critical life skill—you know, in case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed. Obviously, knowing how to clean burning oil is not high on the list of things every 9-year-old needs to literary criticism, know. To emphasize this, Stephen uses sarcasm by war: causes and conflicts Essay, bringing up a situation that is clearly over-the-top: “in case my aircraft carrier should ever get torpedoed.” The humor also feels relaxed. Part of this is existentialism literary criticism, because he introduces it with the colloquial phrase “you know,” so it sounds like he is talking to us in person.
This approach also diffuses the potential discomfort of the reader with his father’s strictness—since he is making jokes about it, clearly he is OK. Notice, though, that this doesn’t occur very much in how to shootings, the essay. This helps keep the tone meaningful and serious rather than flippant. Mr. President?
There's been an oil spill! Then I want our best elementary school students on existentialism criticism, it, STAT. An Ending That Stretches the Insight Into the Future. But one day this fall, Dr. Hicks, our Head of School, asked me a question that he hoped all seniors would reflect on throughout the poems suicide year: “How can I participate in a thing I do not govern, in the company of people I did not choose?” The question caught me off guard, much like the question posed to me in Laredo. Then, I realized I knew the answer. I knew why the coat hanger had been handed to existentialism literary criticism, me. Growing up as the middle child in my family, I was a vital participant in pacifist sentence, a thing I did not govern, in the company of people I did not choose. It’s family.
It’s society. And often, it’s chaos. You participate by letting go of the small stuff, not expecting order and criticism, perfection, and facing the unexpected with confidence, optimism, and preparedness. Born Into Blindness Essay! My family experience taught me to face a serendipitous world with confidence. The ending of the essay reveals that Stephen’s life has been one long preparation for the future. He has emerged from chaos and his dad’s approach to existentialism, parenting as a person who can thrive in a world that he can’t control. This connection of past experience to current maturity and self-knowledge is a key element in all successful personal essays. Colleges are very much looking for mature, self-aware applicants. How To Shootings! These are the criticism qualities of Into Essay, successful college students, who will be able to existentialism literary, navigate the independence college classes require and Essay The Root of All, the responsibility and criticism, quasi-adulthood of college life.
What Could This Essay Do Even Better? Even the best essays aren't perfect, and even the world's greatest writers will tell you that writing is never finished—just due. So what would we tweak in on Racism: The Root, this essay if we could? Replace some of the cliched language. Stephen uses handy phrases like twists and turns and don’t sweat the literary criticism small stuff as a kind of Essay on Racism: of All Evil, shorthand for explaining his relationship to chaos and unpredictability. Existentialism Literary Criticism! But using too many of these ready-made expressions runs the risk of clouding out poems about suicide death your own voice and replacing it with something expected and boring. Use another example from recent life. Stephen's first example (breaking into existentialism literary criticism the van in Laredo) is a great illustration of Born Into, being resourceful in an unexpected situation. But his essay also emphasizes that he learned to adapt by being different things to different people. It would be great to literary, see how this plays out outside his family, either in the situation in stop, Laredo or another context. Example #2: By Bridget Collins, Tufts Class of '19 (Common App Essay, 608 words long)
I have always loved riding in cars. After a long day in first grade, I used to fall asleep to the engine purring in my mother's Honda Odyssey, even though it was only a 5-minute drive home. As I grew, and graduated into the shotgun seat, it became natural and enjoyable to existentialism literary criticism, look out the Essay of All window. Seeing my world passing by through that smudged glass, I would daydream what I could do with it. In elementary school, I already knew my career path: I was going to be Emperor of the World. While I sat in the car and existentialism criticism, watched the advantages miles pass by, I developed the plan for my empire. I reasoned that, for the world to run smoothly, it would have to look presentable.
I would assign people, aptly named Fixer-Uppers, to fix everything that needed fixing. That old man down the street with chipping paint on existentialism literary criticism, his house would have a fresh coat in no time. Suicide Death! The boy who accidentally tossed his Frisbee onto the roof of the school would get it back. Criticism! The big pothole on Elm Street that my mother managed to hit every single day on the way to school would be filled-in. It made perfect sense! All the people that didn't have a job could be Fixer-Uppers. I was like a ten-year-old FDR. Seven years down the road, I still take a second glance at the sidewalk cracks and think of Born Into, my Fixer-Uppers, but now I'm doing so from the driver's seat. As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and criticism, that the Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in my car ride imaginings. Or do they?
I always pictured a Fixer-Upper as a smiling man in an orange T-Shirt. Sampling And Disadvantages! Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Maybe it could be me. Bridget the Fixer-Upper will be slightly different than the imaginary one who paints houses and existentialism literary criticism, fetches Frisbees. I was lucky enough to discover what I am passionate about when I was a freshman in high school. A self-admitted Phys.
Ed. addict, I volunteered to Born Into Blindness Essay, help out with the Adapted PE class. On my first day, I learned that it was for developmentally-disabled students. Existentialism Criticism! To be honest, I was really nervous. I hadn't had too much interaction with special needs students before, and The American civil causes Essay, wasn't sure how to handle myself around them. Existentialism Literary! Long story short, I got hooked.
Three years have passed helping out in APE and eventually becoming a teacher in the Applied Behavior Analysis summer program. I love working with the students and The American civil, watching them progress. When senior year arrived, college meetings began, and criticism, my counselor asked me what I wanted to do for a career, I didn't say Emperor of the World. Instead, I told him I wanted to become a board-certified behavior analyst. A BCBA helps develop learning plans for causes, students with autism and other disabilities. Basically, I would get to do what I love for the rest of my life. He laughed and told me that it was a nice change that a seventeen-year-old knew so specifically what she wanted to existentialism criticism, do. I smiled, thanked him, and left. How To! But it occurred to literary criticism, me that, while my desired occupation was decided, my true goal in life was still to become a Fixer-Upper.
So, maybe I'll be like Sue Storm and her alter-ego, the Invisible Woman. I'll do one thing during the day, then spend my off-hours helping people where I can. Instead of flying like Sue, though, I'll opt for a nice performance automobile. My childhood self would appreciate that. Bridget takes a somewhat different approach than Stephen, but her essay is just as detailed and engaging. Born Essay! Let's go through some of the strengths of her essay. A Structure That’s Easy to Follow and Understand. The essay is arranged chronologically.
Bridget starts each paragraph with a clear signpost of where we are in time: Paragraph 1: “after a long day in first grade” Paragraph 2: “in elementary school” Paragraph 3: “seven years down the road” Paragraph 4: “when I was a freshman in high school” Paragraph 5: “when senior year arrived” This keeps the reader oriented without being distracting or gimmicky. I would assign people, aptly named Fixer-Uppers, to fix everything that needed fixing. That old man down the street with chipping paint on existentialism literary criticism, his house would have a fresh coat in no time. The boy who accidentally tossed his Frisbee onto the roof of the death school would get it back. Seven years down the road, I still take a second glance at the sidewalk cracks and think of my Fixer-Uppers, but now I'm doing so from the literary driver's seat.
As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in my car ride imaginings. Or do they? I always pictured a Fixer-Upper as a smiling man in an orange T-Shirt. On Racism: The Root Evil! Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles. Maybe it could be me. I wanted to become a board-certified behavior analyst. A BCBA helps develop learning plans for students with autism and other disabilities.
Basically, I would get to do what I love for existentialism criticism, the rest of my life. …But it occurred to me that, while my desired occupation was decided, my true goal in life was still to become a Fixer-Upper. What makes this essay fun to read is Essay on Racism: The Root of All Evil, that Bridget takes a child’s idea of a world made better through quasi-magical helpers and existentialism, turns it into a metaphor for the author’s future aspirations. It helps that the metaphor is a very clear one: people who work with students with disabilities are making the world better one abstract fix at stop shootings a time, just like imaginary Fixer-Uppers would make the world better one concrete physical fix at a time. Every childhood Fixer-Upper ever. Literary Criticism! Ask your parents to explain the back row to you. About! (JD Hancock/Flickr) This essay uses many techniques that make Bridget sound genuine and make the reader feel like we already know her. Technique #1: humor. Notice Bridget's gentle and existentialism criticism, relaxed humor that lightly mocks her younger self’s grand ambitions (this is different from the more sarcastic kind of Born Into Blindness, humor used by existentialism, Stephen in the first essay—you could never mistake one writer for the other). In elementary school, I already knew my career path: I was going to be Emperor of the Essay on Racism: The Root World. I was like a ten-year-old FDR.
Technique #2: invented terminology. Existentialism! The second technique is the pacifist way Bridget coins her own terms, carrying them through the whole essay. Existentialism! It would be easy enough to simply describe the people she imagined in childhood as helpers or assistants, and to simply say that as a child she wanted to rule the world. Poems About Suicide! Instead, she invents the existentialism literary criticism capitalized (and thus official-sounding) titles “Fixer-Upper” and “Emperor of the pacifist World,” making these childish conceits at existentialism criticism once charming and iconic. What's also key is that the titles feed into the central metaphor of the on Racism: Evil essay, which keeps them from sounding like strange quirks that don’t go anywhere. Technique #3: playing with syntax. The third technique is to literary, use sentences of varying length, syntax, and structure. Most of the essay's written in standard English and uses grammatically correct sentences. However, at key moments, Bridget emphasizes that the reader needs to poems about suicide, sit up and pay attention by literary, switching to short, colloquial, differently punctuated, and sometimes fragmented sentences. The big pothole on Elm Street that my mother managed to hit every single day on on Racism:, the way to school would be filled-in. It made perfect sense!
All the people that didn't have a job could be Fixer-Uppers. When she is narrating her childhood thought process, the sudden short sentence “It made perfect sense!” (especially its exclamation point) is basically the essay version of drawing a light bulb turning on over someone’s head. As much as I would enjoy it, I now accept that I won't become Emperor of the World, and that the Fixer-Uppers will have to remain in my car ride imaginings. Or do they? Similarly, when the essay turns from her childhood imagination to her present-day aspirations, the turn is existentialism criticism, marked with “Or do they?”—a tiny and arresting half-sentence question. Maybe instead, a Fixer-Upper could be a tall girl with a deep love for Yankee Candles.
Maybe it could be me. The first time when the comparison between magical fixer-upper’s and the future disability specialist is suicide death, made is when Bridget turns her metaphor onto herself. The essay emphasizes the importance of the moment through repetition (two sentences structured similarly, both starting with the word “maybe”) and the use of literary criticism, a very short sentence: “Maybe it could be me.” To be honest, I was really nervous. I hadn't had too much interaction with special needs students before, and poems death, wasn't sure how to handle myself around them. Long story short, I got hooked. The last key moment that gets the small-sentence treatment is the emotional crux of the essay.
As we watch Bridget go from nervously trying to help disabled students to falling in love with this specialty field, she undercuts the potential sappiness of the moment by relying on changed-up sentence length and slang: “Long story short, I got hooked.” The best essays convey emotions just as clearly as this image. What Could This Essay Do Even Better? Bridget's essay is existentialism literary, very strong, but there are still a few little things that could be improved. Explain the car connection better. The essay begins and ends with Bridget's enjoying a car ride, but this doesn't seem to be related either to the Fixer-Upper idea or to her passion for working with special-needs students.
It would be great to either connect this into the essay more, or to civil causes and conflicts, take it out altogether and create more space for something else. Give more details about being a teacher in existentialism, the Applied Behavior Analysis summer program. It makes perfect sense that Bridget doesn't want to put her students on stop school, display. It would take the focus off of her and possibly read as offensive or condescending. But, rather than saying long story short, maybe she could elaborate on existentialism criticism, her own feelings here a bit more. What is stop school shootings, it about this kind of literary criticism, teaching that she loves? What is she hoping to bring to in a, the lives of her future clients? 3 Essential Tips for Writing Your Own Essay.
How can you use this discussion to better your own college essay? Here are some suggestions for ways to use this resource effectively. #1: Take Apart the Other Essays in the Links. As you go through the essays we've compiled for you above, ask yourself the following questions: Can you explain to yourself (or someone else!) why the opening sentence works well? Look for the essay's detailed personal anecdote.
What senses is the author describing? Can you easily picture the scene in your mind's eye? Find the place where this anecdote bridges into a larger insight about the literary author. How does the essay connect the two? How does the anecdote work as an example of the author's characteristic, trait, or skill? Check out the essay's tone. If it's funny, can you find the places where the humor comes from? If it's sad and moving, can you find the imagery and description of feelings that make you moved? If it's serious, can you see how word choice adds to this tone? When you figure out how all the cogs fit together, you'll be able to build your own . um . whatever this is.
All of these essays rely on Born Blindness Essay, connecting with the reader through a heartfelt, highly descriptive scene from the author's life. It can either be very dramatic (did you survive a plane crash?) or it can be completely mundane (did you finally beat your dad at Scrabble?). Either way, it should be personal and revealing about you, your personality, and literary criticism, the way you are now that you are entering the adult world. Let me level with you: the death best writing isn't writing at all. It's rewriting. Existentialism Literary Criticism! And in order to have time to Essay Evil, rewrite, you have to start way before the application deadline. Existentialism Criticism! My advice is to write your first draft at and disadvantages least two months before your applications are due. Let it sit for a few days untouched.
Then come back to it with fresh eyes and think critically about what you've written. What's extra? What's missing? What is in the wrong place? What doesn't make sense? Don't be afraid to take it apart and rearrange sections. Do this several times over, and your essay will be much better for it! Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for existentialism literary criticism, free now:
Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Anna scored in the 99th percentile on of All Evil, her SATs in high school, and went on to major in criticism, English at Princeton and to get her doctorate in English Literature at Columbia. School Shootings! She is existentialism literary, passionate about improving student access to higher education. You should definitely follow us on social media.
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Essay Writing Service - Existentialism in Literature Analysis - eNotes com
Nov 18, 2017 Existentialism literary criticism,
essay script 2017 Steve Campsall. write about a play. - Also read the literary, accompanying English biz guide to essay writing - Whether for controlled assesment or exam, writing about a play needs extra care. You will perhaps only have read the play in class so take care to keep in mind that plays are written for the stage, not the in a sentence, page. What the audience sees as well as hears - stage action and setting - must be at existentialism literary the heart of your analysis and discussion. Only if you analyse from the perspective of the play's audience , will you be able to recognise the effect the play is having on them and understand the purposes intended by poems death, the playwright - always a two-fold purpose, for plot and theme . Be sure you understand the full implications of existentialism criticism, this - read on!
STAY FOCUSED ON THE PLAY'S DRAMATIC ASPECTS. Be sure to consider the how to stop school shootings, methods used , the effects created and existentialism criticism, the purposes intended of the following dramatic aspects: structure, thatis, the effects of poems about suicide death, sequences of action, a key plot device. the creation of intrigue, tension and suspense - the key elements of an effective plot. Another pitfall to avoid. Not knowing the play well enough is the single biggest cause of a low grade. Fortunately, it's easily resolved. so focus on the higher grade that'll be in store for you and spend some extra time re-reading and reflecting on the play itself.
A good essay can never be written without a good knowledge of the existentialism literary criticism, text - don't kid yourself otherwise, please. What will also help is to get hold of a good study guide . Pacifist In A. Click on one of the literary, links below to find one free online. Pre-1914 plays pose special difficulties as they are often written using complex and Born Blindness Essay, formal language. A study guide will be particularly useful if you are studying an older play. You're never going to know all there is to know about the existentialism criticism, play you're studying so, if you've read and discussed it in class and then re-read it at home along with a good study guide, you have done all that can be expected. How To Stop Shootings. Of course, this guide will help, too! If you're revising for an exam, ask your teacher to let you have a few past exam questions to practise on. This will boost your confidence and existentialism, you'll be better prepared. What is it that gains most marks?
It is the how to stop shootings, quality of your interpretation of the play's words and action that will largely determine the grade your work receives. When you interpret the action and dialogue of a play, you are finding, explaining and discussing the methods , effects and purposes of the layers of meaning that exist beyond the existentialism literary criticism, surface meaning . Literature - whether a poem, play or novel - is about feeling perhaps more than meaning : this is why interpretation is the key skill. Plays always contain layers of meaning ; these are created by the playwright to help develop important aspects of the play, most especially its themes . To uncover these different layers of meaning, you will need to death consider the what , how and literary, why of quota sampling advantages and disadvantages, such things as the mood being created, the way a character is being portrayed through dialogue and action, etc., how the stage setting (i.e. the time, place and context) adds to the play in literary criticism subtle but important ways, and how the events ( plot ), stage action and dialogue all work to help develop and explore the play's themes . All of these are covered in detail later. It's important to realise that interpretation is not about stop, facts . An interpretation is, by its very nature, an opinion - a point of existentialism literary, view . Advantages. This is why examiners are not keen to criticism read the opinions of others - those of school, your teacher or those taken from a study guides, for example; examiners like to criticism read about causes and conflicts Essay, individual ideas - your ideas . These are always rewarded more highly. That said, it can be far easier to uncover these layers of meaning if you work with a friend on literary, the play - other viewpoints can often help you to quota advantages and disadvantages develop a deeper understanding of it. This does not mean you should ever copy from a friend - or rely on a study guide - but it does mean that reading and discussing the existentialism literary criticism, play with others can be very helpful indeed. Because interpretations are opinions not facts, they will need supporting by referring to stop shootings the aspect of the text that caused them to existentialism criticism arise. For more on this, see the English biz guide to essay writing by clicking here . You should also consider evaluating how successful or otherwise you believe the playwright is being. You might consider this in Born Into Essay the light of the criticism, play's likely effect on different kinds of suicide, audience - a modern audience and literary, the original audience for the play. Below is an example of interpretation based on Priestley's play An Inspector Calls.
Don't worry if you don't know this play - you will still get a good idea of what is being done. The purpose of the interpretation is not to show what you should be able to achieve but merely to show what can be achieved - and just how much can be said from so little! BIRLING : Well, it's my duty to stop shootings keep labour costs down, and if I'd agreed to existentialism literary criticism this demand for a new rate we'd have added about twelve per cent to our labour costs. Does that satisfy you? So I refused. Said I couldn't consider it. We were paying the usual rates and if they didn't like those rates, they could go and shootings, work somewhere else.
It's a free country, I told them. What kind of exam questions can be expected? 1. Questions based upon an extract from the play. Usually the existentialism literary, exam paper contains three questions on the play you have studied, the first of which is compulsory followed by a choice of answering one other question from two alternatives given. The first question will usually be based upon a short extract printed out in the exam paper.
This will usually concern a character in the play or the relationship between characters; it might also ask how an quota sampling and disadvantages, effect is existentialism created, such as tension. 2. Questions based upon a character, theme or an important aspect of the death, play. In this part of the exam paper you are given a choice of two questions from which to literary criticism answer one. WAYS TO BOOST YOUR GRADE. Analysing and writing about a play means writing from the perspective of the play's audience . This is very important . Doing this will transform your essay if you keep it in mind.
Your aim should be to analyse BOTH the language and the stage action as if you were sitting in the theatre watching the action unfold before your eyes . Of course, you are more aware than the audience. You know, for example, what is to come at any point. You will, therefore, be able to write a fuller account than a member of the audience could at any point - but discussing what the audience are feeling and thinking will mean you will write about the structure of the play, which is such an important aspect as it reveals important aspects such as the effect of in a sentence, entrances and existentialism literary criticism, exits, of about suicide, costume , setting , dramatic irony and tension . You will need to select appropriate quotations and descriptions of stage action from your play to support the points you are making that will be developing your argument which forms the answer to the essay question ( find out more here ). Literary Criticism. When you do this, be sure to explain and comment on the effects on the audience both of the how to, language used and on aspects of stagecraft and dramatic devices . You need to take account of what has already occurred in literary criticism the play , and show how this develops the audience's sense of pacifist in a sentence, what might happen next . You need to look for and explain the dramatic techniques used in the play, as suggested above, for example, the criticism, use of war: and conflicts, dramatic irony . These methods - some linked to the language of the play, some linked to the action on stage will put there by the dramatist to existentialism literary criticism create specific and useful effects on the audience and each of these will have a purpose attached to it, perhaps to develop a character, create a mood or tension , develop the plot or explore a theme . Always remember that the purpose attached to a specific effect of language, interaction or stage action will be for a local effect at this point in the play, and will in some small way be contributing to the play's overall effects or theme. Be sure to discuss BOTH of these purposes to gain most marks and impress the examiner (see the box below for more on this). Remember, too, that as audiences change over time it will be necessary to discuss how the play's original audience as well as a modern audience might react to the play, and how relevant the plays action and themes are to both kinds of audience. EFFECTS, METHODS AND PURPOSES. Whatever your essay question, you will be expected to look for and explain the poems about, effects the play is existentialism having on its audience, the methods being used to create these effects and the possible purposes behind them. Remember - there will always be two levels of purpose to discuss: first, there will always be what you might call a 'local' purpose - something to do with the Blindness Essay, point in literary criticism the play it occurs and on Racism: of All, quoting from; this will always be linked to some local aspect such as development of a character , creation of mood or tension , development of the plot , helping the audience relate to or engage with the action and so on.
But - as no part of a play is existentialism literary criticism there for no reason - there is very likely to be a secondary overall purpose that you can discuss - and this will be linked to the themes of the play. If your essay question involves discussing an extract from the Born Into Blindness, play, the key thing to existentialism remember is that the audience cannot know what follows the quota advantages, extract (even though you do!) - so part of your answer needs to existentialism literary discuss just this point and explain what effect the extract will have on changing what the audience knows up to this point : has it created dramatic irony, has it changed the quota sampling advantages and disadvantages, mood, is it developing characters, tension, etc. Why is this done? How does it prepare the audience for what is to follow? You will often also be expected to consider the effects of literary criticism, context - especially with regard to the different kinds of on Racism: The Root of All Evil, audience and how its members might interpret the existentialism literary, play. Never forget, too, that no fixed interpretation is likely to be satisfactory - always try to consider other ways the poems, action and language of a play might be understood. In a drama essay, your purpose is always to explore, explain and discuss the various significant ways by which the tools of literary, drama have been used to entertain and engage the audience, persuading them to think about the Into Essay, world in a certain way - the dramatist's! The ideas explored by are called the play's themes and themes are always made clear through the play's characters and action. All essay questions will concern some aspect of existentialism literary, theme and stop school shootings, character. Drama is entertaining and a night out at the theatre is literary something many people look forward. Today, not realising what an interesting experience they are missing, of course, most people's experience of plays is in a sentence not that of live acting at a theatre but the recorded and edited action of TV.
Plays are a unique and very special form of literature because they are based on a combination of existentialism literary, language and action and are the vision of two important people: the playwright and the play's director this vision is coupled with the enormous hard work of a company of actors and back stage personnel. Plays are designed both to entertain by capturing the poems death, imagination and to persuade by capturing the mind. Playwrights are often very political creatures who are particularly sensitive to what they perceive to be the criticism, wrongs of society . Their plays are often a vehicle not just for entertainment but for the expression of the poems death, playwright's ideas and concerns. These are called the play's themes . Existentialism Literary Criticism. A modern televised play can stir the imaginations and consciences of millions of suicide death, people and change minds in a way little else can. It is because of existentialism, this that drama has always had the potential to be a radical form of literature indeed, in Shakespeare's day, many plays were banned or had to be performed secretly or outside of the city's legal limits to avoid censorship or worse: more than one playwright was imprisoned and worse for their work. Whatever your essay question, you cannot tackle it well unless you understand the themes of your play and often, to understand the themes of a play fully, you need to have some idea of the playwright's context , i.e. the time, place and situation in advantages which he or she lived and wrote: the aspects of their time and literary, society that motivated and inspired them to Essay Evil write about what they have, in the way they have.
For help with particular plays click here or here for free study guides that will help you understand your particular play's themes and characters as well as the relevance or not of the playwright's context. Themes, of course, are just ideas and ideas cannot be put on existentialism criticism, a stage except through a play's characters . So, the study of a play always involves the study of pacifist in a sentence, who its characters are, what they do, how they do it, who they do it to, as well as what they say, how they say it and who to. that is, the action and language of the play! CHARACTERS AND ACTION. A vital aspect of a play is existentialism literary its characters, what they do and what the audience come to think about them (are they sympathetic or antagonistic, for example?). Most essay questions concern either the how to stop shootings, themes or the characters of a play. But a question concerning a character is often just a hidden question about themes - so it is probably true to say that most questions about existentialism literary criticism, plays involve themes in how to one way or another. Who a character is, what they say, how they say it, what other characters say about them, how other characters act around them and so forth all help to build up a character in the audience's mind. Do you like a particular character? Why?
Do you empathise with him or her or even sympathise with their plight? If so, think about what it is that makes you feel this way perhaps some aspect of the way they are being treated by their society? This is a theme of the play. Your sympathy and engagement with this character is persuading you to accepting the playwright's ideas or themes. And just because their society is, for example, Italy in the olden days, does not mean that the ideas are old hat. Society may have evolved technologically, but not always in other ways. Shakespeare's views on human relationships, and Arthur Miller's views on society are, in many ways, still very valid today. Do you dislike a particular character? Again, why? What are they doing to be disliked?
How are they being presented? Are they created as a stereotype - a kind of literary, stock character ? What ideas occur to you when you watch them? Again, these ideas are linked to the themes of the play. The effects and purposes behind the playwright's use of stagecraft are as important in your analysis and essay as the choices and uses of language. Always consider how what is said in stop a play fits in existentialism literary with the following aspects of stagecraft: Where and when the Born Essay, action occurs. How a character is dressed. What a character does.
The division of action into scenes and acts. the passing of time the introduction of a conflict the build up to existentialism literary criticism a climax of action the resolution of problems the use of disguise the use of coincidence the use of dance, music and suicide, song. This is the commonest and often most important dramatic device used by a playwright to engage and involve the audience in their play. Criticism. Dramatic irony occurs in all kinds of drama (look out for it on TV next time you watch a soap or drama). It occurs when you, as a member of the audience, are allowed to know more than a particular character knows on stage. This creates a very effective level of engagement between the audience and the characters.
Members of the audience become involved in the action because they feel they ought to 'step in' and help the character - but obviously they cannot. This creates tension and involvement - and even sympathy . Do you remember the use of dramatic irony in childhood pantomimes when you actually could shout out to stop school shootings a character in a play, 'Watch out - he's behind you!' ?