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Bless Me, Ultima Antonio#x27;s Maturity. Grown Little Man. Dance. For example, Antonio is the reason for I Am Woman, I Am, many of his parents arguments that occur. They fight over what Antonio would be when he is rumba dance older. Corporate. This is not something usual for a seven years old kid. Most kids his age are spoiled by their parents and family and rumba dance, all they do is corporate responsibility play with the other kids and just have fun.

However, Antonio is rumba stuck between two fires and he is thinking about in the media, what he wants to become, due to his parents arguments. Antonios mother wanted him to be extremely intelligent, and rumba dance, she wanted him to Absurd Awareness be a priest when he grows up. She said An education will make him scholar, like-like the rumba history old Luna priest.(57) The reason why she wanted that is because she wasnt very educated so she tried to how is live her life through. Rumba Dance. Bless Me, Ultima Antonio#x27;s Maturity. Heineken Case. . Momcilo Latinovic ENG 318 May 3, 2012 Daniel Martinez Grown Little Man Children in many countries and cultures are put in the situations that seem different to rumba us. Essay About Woman,. They are forced to grow up and dance, mature much faster and malaria caused, make life long decisions. The turning point in the process of growing up is when you discover the core of strength within you that survives all hurt. This quote is by Max Lerner. The things that kids go through to dance history enter maturity can be complicated. Their task is to come across themselves, and grow into the mature person they will become.

There are facing some difficult journeys filled with new things, difficult situations, confusion, and sexuality media, a loss of rumba dance history, childhood innocence. Heineken Case. The novel Bless Me, Ultima, written by rumba dance history, Rudolfo Anaya, is malaria about Antonio Marez, a young boy who has to dance make his way into maturity and in study doing so he deals with some things that are not common for rumba history, a boy his age. Antonio becomes emotionally mature from crying about deaths to staying tough when he sees the decease, intellectually mature by showing how intelligent he becomes and Multiculturalism: The Belle of Tjililin by Soeka Hati and Raden Adjeng Cheong Seng, physically mature by changing in size and strength. For example, Antonio is the reason for rumba dance history, many of his parents arguments that occur. They fight over talk show, what Antonio would be when he is dance older. This is by Soeka Hati Adjeng by Njoo Cheong not something usual for a seven years old kid. Most kids his age are spoiled by their parents and rumba history, family and all they do is play with the other kids and in the media, just have fun.

However, Antonio is dance history stuck. Words: 3378 - Pages: 14. . BLESS ME ULTIMA ESSAY QUESTIONS Q11. Bless Me Ultima, in both text and corporate responsibility, film, share many similarities. The storyline develops as Ultima comes to rumba live with the Essay Absurd Marez y Luna family during the rumba history last of her days. Antonio, the young boy, witnesses the heineken deaths of Lupitio and rumba, Narciso causing him to talk face the reality that everything living is everything that dies. Rumba Dance. Throughout the book and movie, Antonio constantly struggles between choosing his mothers wish for him to become a priest or becoming vaquero like the men on his fathers side of the family. Each of these choices were equally honorable. There is also an ongoing battle between good and evil in the village; Ultima, representing the good being, and the evil of Tenorio and Essay on Hamlet’s Awareness, his witch daughters.

In the end, as in all good stories, good destroys evil and dance, Antonio recognizes that change has brought him peace. He understands wisdom and has a better understanding of his reality. Case. I found that there were more similarities between the book and rumba history, the movie than there were differences. Although, I noticed in the movie that the Golden Carp was nonexistent compared to the written literature. In the factors book, the dance history Golden Carp was God-like to Antonio where he was constantly going back and forth between the malaria caused beliefs of rumba history, God and the ways of the Golden Carp.

Anaya states, The orange of the how is caused golden carp appeared at the edge of the dance pond. As he came out of the darkness of the pond the sun caught his shiny scales and. Words: 339 - Pages: 2. . Jacob Garcia Bless Me, Ultima Outline I. (Thesis Statement): Antonio Matures throughout his life with the help of Ultima and his family. How Is Malaria. He grows emotionally and dance history, spiritually over the course of the Multiculturalism: The Belle of Tjililin and Raden Adjeng Cheong Seng novel. Rumba Dance. II. (What is the Essay I Am Woman, I Am first point you are making? SENTENCE) Antonios parents teach him the rumba dance ways of Ultima. Makes antonio think about what, being a priest. A. (proof not a sentence) She heals and rumba, does good for people. B. (quote or partial quote with page number) There isnt a family that she did not help. no road was to long for her to walk to its end to snatch somebody from the jaws of death. (Anaya 3) III. Ultima comes to principles stay with him and teaches Antonio more about rumba dance, God. Talk. A. Antonio is curious as to what happen the night before and questions God.

B. Dance History. and more important me hijo, you must never judge who God forgives and The Belle Hati and Raden by Njoo Seng, who he doesn't. (Anaya 33) IV. Antonio witness many deaths and a normal seven year old would not be able to stay and pray with a dead man in front of him. Rumba History. A normal one would run away scared to sexuality in the death. Antonio prays for rumba dance history, Narsico at the tree B. Heineken Case. I knew I had to pray. Rumba. I had to pray an Act of Contrition for talk show, his departing soul, like I prayed for rumba, Lupito. But I had not held Lupito while his body went cold. V Antionio takes control of things at the end. He knows exactly what is going on what and reacts like a man.

A. he is. Words: 345 - Pages: 2. Dance. . Responsibility. Bless Me Ultima was published in rumba dance 1972 by Rudofo Anaya. The themes Anaya writes of are still applicable today, especially if you are an inhabitant of New Mexico. Many who live here have come to media appreciate the history multi-cultural influence we live with daily. Ary Political Talk. Ours is a State that offers extreme geography, where we can easily attend church or seek a Shaman or Curandera. Rumba Dance. Though we are scattered among cities, small communities and isolated ranches, the spirit of the people still shines in times of trouble. Principles. Rudolfo Anaya writes that, The supernatural and dance history, ordinary reality are worlds that exist side by side. I dont believe the truth is Multiculturalism: of Tjililin by Soeka and Raden Adjeng by Njoo Seng out there, I believe it is within.

To discover the rumba dance truth and power within is to walk in heineken case study the supernatural. The novel Bless me Ultima has several examples that reflect Anayas comments. My favorite is a conversation between Antonio and his father. Understanding does not come that easy, TonyYou mean God doesnt give understanding? Understanding comes with life, he answered, as a man grows he sees life and dance history, death, he is happy and sad, he works, plays, meets peoplesometimes it takes a lifetime to acquire understanding, because in the end, understanding simply means having a sympathy for Essay about Woman, I Am Strong, people, he said. Rumba History. Ultima has sympathy for show, people, and it is rumba history so complete that with it she can touch their souls and cure them--- That is her magic Ay and no greater magic can exist. But in the end, magic is talk show magic, and one does not explain it. Words: 1836 - Pages: 8. Dance History. . How can we describe a matured student? Could you say that you are already a matured student? Do you think that being matured is about the media age or the rumba years of existence? Well, that is not right because maturity is corporate responsibility not about the age, instead, maturity is rumba dance history marked by the qualities of self-denial, determination, and about I Am Strong, dependability. History. The first important quality that can be found in ary political a matured student is self-denial.

We can see that self-denial is dance history possessed by responsibility principles, a student when he/she prioritizes or gives more importance to rumba dance the needs of other people than himself/herself. There are many examples where we students experience self-denial, first is when we just want to relax or go to the mall, we dont do it instead we just study our lessons. Heineken Case. Another example is that when I was not able to join my high school friends when they asked me to hang-out with them because there was an upcoming examination that I will take. Another characteristic that can be found in rumba a matured student is determination. Of Tjililin By Soeka Hati And Raden By Njoo Cheong. Determination is about not giving up even if things or situations are getting more difficult. In order to be determined, we should think of dance history, our motivation in reaching our goals. As students, if we are really determined, we would still study and prove that we can do our bests even if our teachers put us down.

Also, if we fail, we should stand up and dont lose hope to make things right. Last, but probably the how is malaria most important measure of rumba dance history, maturity is heineken case study dependability. Dependability is a characteristic. Words: 384 - Pages: 2. Dance History. . On Hamlet’s. Bless Me Ultima Part One In Bless Me Ultima, Rudolfo Anaya uses descriptive diction to rumba dance communicate the majesty of the what factors Golden Carp. Using words such as, beauty and grandeur, in context with the rumba word silence, shows the power the appearance of the carp seemed to talk hold over rumba history, the two boys.

When Anaya speaks of Cico holding his hand to his chest the Essay Absurd carp glides by it helps the reader to history understand the importance of the what factors Golden Carp. As the carp gives a switch of rumba dance, its powerful tail, the reader can infer the how is malaria caused carp must be one of the rumba stronger fish. Ary Political. The diction Anaya chose helps the rumba dance history reader to better visualize the caused importance and majesty of the carps appearance to the boys. Rumba Dance History. Bless Me Ultima Part Two Topic | Tone | Theme | Family Expectations | Contemplative | Throughout life we try to are political please others without losing our way in the fight of dance history, good and evil. | Loss of Innocence | Fearful | Good vs. Evil | Objective | In Bless Me Ultima, Rudolfo Anaya, communicates a theme of family expectations through the opposing views of Tonys parents. Essay Woman, I Am Strong. Tonys mother wants her son to become a priest. This dream is history fostered at sexuality in the media the birth of her son, when he is dance history born under a full moon. Tonys mothers brothers want him to sexuality in the media become a priest and dance, work with them on the farm because he is a Luna. Meanwhile Tonys father hopes for his youngest son to become a vaquero or cowboy, like he once was. About Woman, Strong. Tonys father argues that his son is rumba history a Marez and Multiculturalism: The Belle Hati, he will wander the countryside like vaqueros. Words: 629 - Pages: 3. . Dance History. Questioning God The main character in this story, Antonio is faced with a life-changing dilemma.

Does he follow his inner beliefs, or does he let others change his beliefs? In the novel Bless Me, Ultima, Rudolfo Anaya writes about a six year old boy [Antonio] who question what he believes in. Essay About Woman, Strong. Ultima, a curandera, comes to live with Antonio and rumba dance history, his family; she helps guide Antonio the right way in his life decisions. Antonio questions himself inwardly while conforming outwardly in sexuality the areas of history, truth and spirituality, his familys desires, and in factors the influence of culture. The first area where Antonio questions his self is history through truth and The Belle of Tjililin Moerhian by Njoo Seng, spirituality. Ultima cures Antonio of his scratches and rumba dance history, also his uncle of being possessed. Antonio thought that God would help his uncle, but Ultima did instead. How Is Caused. Would the magic of the rumba Ultima be stronger than all the how is caused powers of the saints and rumba dance history, the Holy Mother Church? I wondered (97). Are Political Factors. Antonio questions the dance history power of the saints and heineken case, church for not curing his uncle when Ultima did. If Antonio had all his faith in dance history the church and God, then he wouldnt be questioning Gods power and talk, therefore not asking that question. The second area where Antonio questions is rumba dance questioning his self is heineken case study of his familys desires.

Antonio is divided on history what his mother and father want of how is malaria, him. Then maybe I dont have to be just Mar?z or Luna, perhaps I can be both (247). Antonio realizes that he may not have to choose between. Words: 503 - Pages: 3. Contrasting Landscapes in Bless Me, Ultima. History. . Austin Matheney Professor Witschi ENGL 2220 4th December 2014 Contrasting Landscapes in Bless Me, Ultima As the Awareness pages flip, and rumba, the story unfolds, the audience begins to in the notice that the dance landscapes in about Woman, I Am Strong Bless Me, Ultima play a vital role in dance history many different facets of the novel. Ary Political Talk. Throughout the novel, there is an obvious dichotomy between the history llano, the land of the main characters father, and El Puerto de los Lunas, the land of the main characters mother. As Antonio, who is the focus of the novel, grows older, he is forced to make a decision between the what llano and the Luna. This decision is not based upon which land to rumba dwell upon, but rather on which path Antonio should place his life: the dreams of sexuality media, his father or the dreams of dance history, his mother. Rudolfo Anaya, the author of the corporate responsibility principles text, also utilizes other simple landscapes, such as the river and rumba history, the pond, to aid in the coming of age of Essay on Hamlet’s Awareness, Antonio. Ultimately, Antonio must choose a path in dance history life, and Anaya implements these different landscapes in order to exemplify Antonios struggle and development. The land of both Antonios father and of Antonios biggest inspiration, Ultima, is the llano; a beautiful landscape of rolling hills and principles, dark plains.

At first glance, this is all that the llano holds, but the llano is much more than just a beautiful piece of rumba history, land to the vaqueros, to Ultima, and to Antonios father. The llano represents freedom and corporate principles, embodies the rumba history spirit of the Multiculturalism: of Tjililin Hati and Raden Moerhian by Njoo Cheong vaqueros, or herdsmen, who are a group of rumba, people that Antonios. Words: 1112 - Pages: 5. . at what are political factors school or in rumba the society (Banks, 1997). Multicultural education empowers the minority; it also analyses how different society and cultures have not affirmed intercultural maturity. In The. But they work to perpetuate racism (Banks, 1998).

This literature review I have performed on Banks work has provided me with a knowledge base that I will use to strengthen my research on intercultural maturity. I will use strategies or approaches to rumba history multicultural education as brought forward by (Banks, 1997) to form a substantial theoretical literature review as I undertake my research on intercultural maturity. Essay Woman, Strong. In conclusion, intercultural maturity is rumba dance manifest on corporate responsibility multicultural education. An excellent school system should be flexible to allow appropriate instructional strategies as well as interactions with the rumba dance society and Multiculturalism: of Tjililin by Soeka by Njoo, those in rumba history the school (Bank, 1997). References Banks, J. A. Woman,. (1997). Educating Citizens in a Multicultural Society. History. New York: Teachers College Press. Banks, J. What Factors. A. Rumba. (1998). Approaches to multicultural curricular reform.. Words: 587 - Pages: 3. . Maturity Maturity is defined as the quality or state of sexuality in the media, being mature.

According to rumba history the Webster Dictionary, mature is sexuality in the defined as having or showing the rumba mental and emotional qualities of an are political adult; having a fully grown or developed body; and dance, having reached a final or desired state. When delving further into the definition, the psychological dictionary refers to maturity as a state of completed development of of Tjililin by Soeka Hati and Raden Cheong Seng, a certain developmental stage, particularly adolescence and the ability to rumba dance history respond to the environment in an appropriate manner. How Is Malaria. This means that in order to be mature, the individual must be not only physically mature, but also emotionally and socially mature in rumba dance history order to possess all of the qualities needed to meet the standards of being mature. Factors. Maturity would have little to rumba dance do with age or becoming an adult, but about the ability to react, cope and reason in talk an appropriate way depending upon dance, the situation (Breckler, Olson, Wiggins, 2006). Maturity encompasses an individuals behavior and how an individual deals with any situation and the decisions they make. On Hamlet’s. Maturity has different meanings across different perspectives: legal, social, religious, sexual, emotional, and dance history, intellectual. Corporate Responsibility Principles. When looking at these perspectives, there also remains an overarching focus on the culture of the society one resides in. Rumba Dance History. Therefore, everything is culturally significant when discussing maturity which can make the concept of Absurd Awareness, maturity subjective in rumba dance many ways. For purposes of about I Am Woman, Strong, this. Words: 1421 - Pages: 6. Rumba History. . First and last name Schoenecker CCR 094 22 September 2014 Figurative Language Examples Your interpretations should include the quote, the sexuality in the media author, page number, and explanation of dance history, how you interpreted the figurative language.

You may type your answers directly into study, this document. This assignment will be typed and history, handed in as a hard copy and submitted to Essay on Hamlet’s Awareness the D2L Dropbox. NOTE: To save paper, please delete the dance history examples below before you print out on Hamlet’s Absurd, your assignment. Example entry: Simile your definition. Dance. Integrated quote As Ultima bathes Lucas in I Am I Am preparation for his cure, he is rumba dance history like a rag doll in heineken case study her hands (Anaya 96). Dance. Your interpretation (of the figurative language): This is an example of Essay about, simile because it is history comparing Lucas to Essay on Hamlet’s Awareness a limp, lifeless doll. Example entry: Metaphor - your definition Integrated quote: Anaya uses metaphor in dance describing Tenorios saloon when Ultima inquires, Is he in sexuality media his dog hole, that place he calls a saloon?(92). Rumba History. Your interpretation: Anaya is comparing a dog hole with a saloon. Heineken Case. Metaphor Your definition Integrated quote: Your interpretation: Simile Your definition Integrated quote: Your interpretation: Personification Your definition Integrated quote: Your interpretation: Hyperbole Your definition Integrated quote: Your interpretation: Foreshadowing Your definition Integrated quote: Your interpretation: Metaphor (No need to. Rumba Dance. Words: 382 - Pages: 2. . Honors English I Mr.

Schmidt May 25, 2013 Marianne Williamson once said that, Maturity includes the show recognition that no one is going to see anything in rumba dance us that we dont see in ourselves. This always made me think about corporate, myself and, if I really do see who I want to dance history become, in myself. It wasnt until I had compared the thoughts about myself in sexuality the beginning of dance, this school year, until the corporate principles ones that I had months ago that I realized, I have grown so much. I can see that now I know what I must do to become the person I wish to rumba history grow up to. Throughout this freshman year I have become more mature. Show. I have learned to overcome procrastination, matured morally by dance history, pushing myself to work harder and matured socially by heineken study, learning to accept friendships offered to me. Dance. I have matured intellectually by learning to talk show overcome procrastination. In the beginning of the year I wrote in my journal that, my family just got Netflix and I am already hooked on rumba history The Office (Jan. Sexuality In The. 13, 2014). This quote shows that when my family got Netflix, the first TV show I watched was The Office and I began to watch it when I came home; instead of rumba, doing homework first, I would just watch Netflix for corporate responsibility, hours that I would end up staying up late, doing my homework. Rumba Dance. This shows that I procrastinated too much to the point where I began to affect my sleep and eventually my work.

Eventually throughout the Absurd year I began to history realize that it was hurting my work, I would turn off Netflix when I got home. Another reader. Words: 962 - Pages: 4. Multiculturalism: Of Tjililin Moerhian By Njoo. . Rumba History. Bless Me, Ultima is a coming of story about a young boys journey towards spiritual awakening. Below the surface of this deceptively simple story lie powerful elements of sexuality in the, binary opposition and rumba dance, symbolism that the corporate responsibility author, Rudolfo Anaya, uses to dance help provide the backdrop to Antonios immersing journey and reveal the curious melange of ary political talk, elements taught to dance history him. What Are Political Factors. Through these literary strategies, Anaya develops the history intense conflict between the case study two sides of Antonios family, the mysticism of dance history, his surroundings and experiences and talk, glimpses of rumba dance, what lay ahead. Antonio is how is a six-year-old boy who grows up in rumba history a home with conflicting lifestyles. Heineken. His mother belongs to a devout Catholic family known as the Lunas, who consider themselves masters of the rumba dance history land and in the media, skilled farmers. They pride themselves in their humility and strong faith. Contrasting, is the dance Mares family, from which Antonios father was raised.

The Mares are a wild bunch of vaqueros, horse-mounted workers, with a burning desire for adventure who take pleasure in handling their own matters without any one elses authority. This poses a major conflict that is visited through the talk entirety of the book, between Antonios mother and rumba history, father. Multiculturalism: The Belle By Soeka Moerhian Seng. While his mother prays incessantly that young Antonio grows up to dance be a priest and leader of the corporate responsibility principles Lunas community, his father, contrastingly, hopes that his son will follow in dance the Mares footsteps as Antonio may be his last hope of leaving New Mexico and moving to the wilds of what factors, California. This binary. Rumba History. Words: 828 - Pages: 4. . Comparison Essay In the and Raden Adjeng Moerhian by Njoo Cheong Seng poem Curandera by Pat Mora and the book Bless me, Ultima by Rudolfo Anaya, the authors portray a curandera in different and rumba dance, similar ways.

These two literary works are loaded with common characteristics and qualities the two curanderas possess, regardless of the Multiculturalism: The Belle Hati Adjeng Moerhian Cheong Seng authors different genders. Both curanderas are very knowledgeable, have a close connection with nature and are greatly respected by people from the dance history town. The novel Bless me, Ultima by Rudolfo Anaya depicts Ultima, a curandera, as an case study old, wise woman who knows the herbs and remedies of the dance history ancients, a miracle-worker who could heal the Awareness sick. Rumba Dance History. She is illustrated as a woman possessing magical powers and by Soeka Hati Moerhian, a close connection with nature. Dance. Ultima represents hope and life for other people. Are Political Factors. She is history understanding, helpful and Essay on Hamlet’s Absurd Awareness, has served people all her life. She is also very experienced and knowledgeable.

Most significantly, she is deeply spiritual and rumba dance history, powerful. The curandera in the poem Curandera by Pat Mora is described in case study a dark tone. Rumba Dance History. She is an old, mysterious woman, who lives alone. How Is Caused. She is rumba history depicted as a black bird who gathers herbs to use them as medicines. Heineken. She has a close relationship with nature and rumba, cures people. She also seems to be really experienced, spiritual and on Hamlet’s, miraculous. Similarly, both curanderas have a close tie with nature and are immensely knowledgeable. Ultima and rumba dance, the curandera familiarize themselves with plants and ary political show, herbs very well.

They could clearly see the rumba beauty and. Talk. Words: 558 - Pages: 3. . Bless me, Ultima is a great book about a young boy and an elderly medicine woman trying to dance end the battle between good and evil. Sexuality In The Media. There were several newsworthy events that occurred in dance the book. The first event was when I read about the death of Lupito. Essay Strong. Antonio was face-to-face with Lupito.

Which means Antonio watches Lupito die. Now, you think this event alone would be enough for young Antonio to rumba deal with, but this starts a trend that will kind of be a curse for Essay I Am I Am Strong, the kid. The second event that I really enjoyed reading was when Ultima would teach Antonio about nature. She taught him about dance history, tree, plants and sexuality, rivers. Rumba. Ultima discusses the presence of the river with Antonio. Corporate Responsibility Principles. Antonio has always been afraid of this presence, but Ultima tells him if he listens, he can understand and dance history, speak to the presence. Another important event that happened was when Antonios dream came true about his brother coming home. The family prays and celebrates that he arrived home safe.

Antonio is ary political show a very confused kid, he hopes that his first communion will finally answer all of rumba, his questions but is disappointed when God remains silent to sexuality him. History. Dear Antonio, I would advise you to what factors just keep doing what your doing. Dance. Follow your heart and listen to Essay Absurd Awareness it. Rumba History. You must not feel intimidated or scared about what your parents want you to be in the future. Do whatever makes you feel happy.

Because Antonio comes from what factors, such a tightly-knit family, he feels a great deal of pressure coming from every side when it comes to.

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The impact of HIV and rumba AIDS research: a case study from ary political talk show Swaziland. Swaziland is experiencing the world#x02019;s worst HIV and AIDS epidemic. Prevalence rose from four percent of antenatal clinic attendees in 1992 to 42.6 percent in 2004. Dance. The Report #x02018;Reviewing #x02018;Emergencies#x02019; for ary political Swaziland: Shifting the Paradigm in a New Era#x02019; published in 2007 bought together social and economic indicators. It built a picture of the rumba dance history, epidemic as a humanitarian emergency, requiring urgent action from international organisations, donors, and governments. Following a targeted communications effort, the report was believed to have raised the profile of the issue and Swaziland - a success story for HIV and AIDS research. Keen to understand how, where and why the Absurd, report had an impact, Health Economics and HIV/AIDS Research Division commissioned an assessment to track and evaluate the dance, influence of the I Am Woman,, research. This tapped into literature on the significance of rumba dance understanding the research-to-policy interface. This paper outlines the report and its impact.

It explores key findings from the assessment and Essay Awareness suggests lessons for dance future research projects. The paper demonstrates that, although complex, and not without methodological issues, impact assessment of research can be of real value to how is malaria caused researchers in rumba understanding the research-to-policy interface. Only by gaining insight into this process can researchers move forward in delivering effective research. HIV and AIDS Research in responsibility Swaziland. The Kingdom of Swaziland is a small, landlocked Southern African country with a population of about one million.

In the rumba history, 1980#x02019;s it experienced a significant upturn in investment and growth, benefiting from a regional advantage due to war in Mozambique and in the media apartheid in South Africa. This was combined with relative political stability, sound macroeconomic policies, and a cheap and productive workforce, and resulted in significant inflows of foreign direct investment. Rumba History. Between 1985 and 1999 the growth rate was 6% and the well-being of the heineken study, Swazi#x02019;s was on a modest upward trajectory [1]. Rumba Dance. Since 2000 these gains have been reversed, largely due to the impact of HIV and AIDS. Swaziland has the distressing distinction of having the highest HIV prevalence rate in the world.

Its epidemic spread with exceptional speed, from Absurd four percent of antenatal clinic attendees in 1992 to 42.6 percent in 2004 [2]. The 2006 data seemed to offer some hope with a decline to 39.2 percent, but the 2008 survey recorded a rise to 42 percent [3]. Mortality rose and life expectancy fell from 60 years in 1997 to 31.3 years in dance 2004, the world#x02019;s lowest [4]. Swaziland is additionally handicapped because the economic success of the 1980s and early 1990s mean it is categorised as a middle-income country, and about I Am cannot access international support available to low-income countries. While it was believed that AIDS was having a drastic impact on many facets of Swazi society and the economy there were few hard data to back this up. The people of Swaziland knew that they were attending more funerals, agricultural production was declining, and the economy was in rumba difficulty. However, no one had collected data across all sectors and looked at the effects on the country as a whole. In early 2007 the Essay Strong, terms of reference for a study to rumba history assess the impact of the AIDS epidemic across the nation were drawn up. The ideas were developed primarily by Dr Derek Von Wissell, Head of the National Emergency Response Council on HIV/AIDS in Swaziland (NERCHA) and Professor Alan Whiteside, Director of the Health Economics and HIV/AIDS Research Division (HEARD) at the University of KwaZulu-Natal. The research was partly funded by sexuality media HEARD and led by Amy Whalley, a former Overseas Development Institute Fellow who had worked with NERCHA and the Ministry of Health and guided by Whiteside and staff at NERCHA.

Whalley#x02019;s task was to gather and analyse information on what was going on across the nation using available data sets; to compare Swaziland#x02019;s situation with other countries and thus build advocacy material for rumba history use inside the country and with the international community. Malaria Caused. The write up was primarily by rumba history Whalley with major input by sexuality media Whiteside. In October 2007 the dance history, report, #x02018;Reviewing #x02018;Emergencies#x02019; for Swaziland: Shifting the Paradigm in a New Era#x02019;, (here after called #x02018;Reviewing Emergencies#x02019;) was published [5], distributed and disseminated. Sexuality In The Media. In June 2008 the impact of the work was evaluated and is the subject of the article. Reviewing Emergencies used key socio-economic indicators from many sources to build a holistic and multidimensional picture of impact of HIV/AIDS in Swaziland. Information was obtained on demographic changes, emergency thresholds, health, social indicators, orphans, coping mechanisms, economic growth and investment and agriculture.

These were tracked over time. Dance. For advocacy purposes Swazi data was compared with that of Zambia and caused Malawi, poorer countries with lower prevalence. Dance History. The report painted a bleak picture showing that Swaziland is experiencing a humanitarian crisis comparable to countries besieged by conflict or struggling in the wake of a severe natural disaster. AIDS has been a slow-onset disaster, leading to a long-term catastrophe, but requiring an Awareness urgent response. The report spoke to rumba dance history two audiences. For Swazi#x02019;s it confirmed that AIDS was indeed having a devastating effect on their nation. The same message was aimed at the international community. However it also urged the latter to re-examine the on Hamlet’s Awareness, HIV and AIDS epidemic. It sought to broaden the traditional consensus on rumba dance history, what constitutes an emergency to include #x02018;long-wave emergencies#x02019;. Essay I Am Strong. Effective interventions require both an immediate emergency response but also have to build capacity for long-term programmes [5].

In the course of the research the country#x02019;s classification emerged as an important issue. As a lower-middle income country Swaziland is not eligible for international development assistance (IDA) grants from the World Bank, and concessional-lending [6]. The report challenged the use of GDP per rumba dance capita as an indicator to set the status of a country and its access to corporate support in the face of a generalised AIDS epidemic. It noted the global perception of #x02018;middle-income countries#x02019; is that they need less support and are somehow #x02018;less deserving#x02019;. (Figure #x200B; (Figure1 1 ) Assessing the impact: The research to policy interface. Much of SRH and HIV and AIDS research, particularly in rumba history the development arena, aims to influence policy, it is #x0201c;research committed to improvement#x0201d; [7]. Corporate Principles. Policy makers are increasingly concerned to history make policy choices underpinned by rigorous research. The research-to-policy interface is a fast growing area of study, particularly in the SRH and HIV and AIDS research communities. The purposes are two fold: accountability of a research organisation, demonstrating achievement and value for money for funders; and as a learning exercise, developing a better understanding of the research impact process in order to corporate responsibility principles enhance future impact [8].

HEARD is an applied research organisation aiming to mobilise evidence for interventions in rumba dance history health and HIV in the region [9]. Only by identifying where change has transpired as a result of its research, where it has not, and Absurd the reasons for this, can it deliver effective research. Impact assessment is an underdeveloped field of study, in part due to the complex and dynamic nature of research impacts and the consequent difficulty in rumba history measuring them. Sumner, Perkins and Lindstrom (2008, unpublished) identify a number of significant problems when attempting to track the impact of research: difficulty in determining conceptual influence (on opinion, attitudes and malaria caused thinking); identifying research users, timing of assessment; attributing impact in the context of other drivers; and using qualitative and subjective data [10]. Notwithstanding such issues, if real understanding of research-to-policy interface is to be achieved, an assessment must also explain why impacts took place, going beyond just identifying them. Difficult as it may be, there are good reasons for attempting to evaluate the rumba history, impact of policy research [11].

The assessment considered here offers an example of this work, in the context of a complex and corporate responsibility multi-player environment. It seemed that the Reviewing Emergencies report had been effective in influencing policymakers. We believed the report had had an impact for rumba history Swaziland both conceptually, on the way people think about sexuality HIV, AIDS and emergency responses and instrumentally, influencing behaviour and policy. In mid 2008, the decision was taken to carry out an assessment of the impact of the report to determine the validity of this claim and rumba dance history understand what #x02018;worked#x02019; and what #x02018;didn#x02019;t#x02019;. Fiona Henry, who was awarded a fellowship by the University of malaria caused Edinburgh to work with HEARD, was tasked with leading the assessment. The specific objectives were to: #x02022; Document the creation and dissemination of the rumba dance, report; #x02022; Identify and explain its impact; #x02022; Identify any barriers and/or limitations to its impact; #x02022; Draw lessons for maximising the impact of future research.

This article was developed from the assessment assisted by a presentation given at case study, the meeting of DFID funded Research Programme Consortia on #x02018;Strengthening the research to policy and practice interface: Exploring strategies used by research organisations working on Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV and AIDS#x02019; held in Liverpool in May 2009; and through peer review. In an rumba dance history ideal world an impact assessment should be designed from the outset; this ultimately makes the process of in the media collecting information to track impact easier. This was not done due to lack of staff and time and is acknowledged as a limitation. The lesson learnt is to plan dissemination and the evaluation of activities at the beginning of a project, and budget for this. Two broad categories exist for impact assessments; forward-tracking, from research to outcome, and backwards-tracking, from decisions taken to potential research influence. Our impact assessment wanted to track from publication to outcome. However, forward-tracking approaches can have serious limitations [12].

They are often linear in dance approach, neglecting the complexity of the processes at work and the significance of context. The policy environment is influenced by in the socio-cultural, political and economic factors and these must be acknowledged in order to understand why an rumba history impact took place. Taking this into account, the assessment attempts to put identified #x02018;impacts#x02019; into a relevant context. The assessment cannot claim to fully understand the influence of other #x02018;drivers#x02019; on case, outcomes. Policy research is only one of many sources of rumba dance history information used in decision making or to form opinion.

To conceptualise the counterfactual, and isolate the impacts of Reviewing Emergencies alone, would be both resource intensive and difficult to determine. How Is Malaria Caused. As a consequence, the impact assessment could not claim outright attribution of policy impacts. It instead recognises impacts as contributions to change, where the rumba dance history, evidence supported such claims. This difficult methodological issue of attributing outcomes can result in a #x02018;shying away#x02019; from impact assessments [10]. Case. However, with a pragmatic approach to understanding impact, based on evidence and informed opinion, and understanding that impacts will rarely be attributed solely to an individual publication or programme, an impact assessment can still be of value. Conceptualising #x02018;impact#x02019;: A temporal approach.

#x02018;Impact#x02019; is rumba dance, used interchangeably with terms such as #x02018;influence#x02019;, #x02018;outcomes#x02019;, #x02018;use#x02019; and #x02018;uptake#x02019;, and a number of definitions exist in talk the literature [10]. Dance History. In the assessment of the Reviewing Emergencies impact is defined temporally, referring to #x02018;initial impact#x02019;, #x02018;long-term impact#x02019; and #x02018;potential impact#x02019;. This is important. Firstly, initial impact refers to the #x02018;sticky messages#x02019; of the report: what strikes the reader instantly about the report and its findings and the key messages that they come away with. Identifying those findings, statements or graphs that resonated with the reader would provide powerful tools for communicating messages of future research.

Secondly, impact was assumed to have a longer-term element, influencing thinking and decision making. This constituted the how is caused, main body of the assessment. #x02018;Long-term impacts#x02019; are those conceptual and instrumental impacts that change understanding and attitudes or contribute to a change in policy or behaviour. History. As the assessment took place about a year after the launch of Reviewing Emergencies, #x02018;potential impact#x02019; considered the possibility of impact in the future. With continued advocacy, and changes to the policy environment, potential impact outlines the #x02018;capability#x02019; of the report#x02019;s findings. It highlights areas in which to focus advocacy efforts in Essay Woman, I Am Strong the future. Policy research can be used for multiple, often unforeseen, purposes [11]. Tracking a research contribution, especially one that seeks conceptual change, is difficult.

Taking a pragmatic approach, a good place to begin is identifying likely users of research. The impact assessment chose five sectors for analysis to rumba dance try to encompass key actors. They were: donors; government; civil society and non-governmental organisations; academia and the media. Identifying them helped to structure the analysis and understand the different #x02018;uptake#x02019; of the research. The categories were purposefully broad in Essay about I Am Woman, I Am Strong recognition of the broad array of policy players, and to enable flexibility in analysis; crossing national boundaries and disciplines. Lessons from Swaziland, we believed, would be applicable elsewhere in the region, especially in Lesotho, Namibia and Botswana as these are all defined as lower-middle-income countries; have similar prevalence levels; and are members (with South Africa) of the Southern African Customs Union. It was also important as Ministries of Health are often weak and in many African countries donor policies have a disproportionate influence on health. #x02018;Measuring#x02019; impact posed some difficulty. Rumba. Changes to thinking and decisions are particularly hard to quantify.

For this reason a qualitative approach was used, asking how and why people believed the report had altered their approach to the Swazi epidemic, and Essay I Am what impact they believed the report had. Dance History. Anecdotal evidence and caused substantive examples were key to supporting such beliefs in the absence of quantitative evidence. Impact was ultimately considered against the aims of the report: determining what was achieved as intended, what was not achieved, and rumba any unintended impacts. The methods consisted first of a literature review, to media develop understanding of the background and terms of reference for the study. Rumba Dance. Relevant policy documents, articles, op-eds and minutes of key meetings were reviewed. A questionnaire with questions relating to influence to date, potential influence and barriers to influence across sectors was distributed to 50 individuals, in the five sectors. Questions asked the respondents to rank how influential they thought the report had been in different areas, from #x02018;no influence#x02019; to a #x02018;very large influence#x02019; (including a #x02018;don#x02019;t know#x02019; option).

They were then asked to give examples or describe why they believed this level of influence had been achieved. Detailed interviews were conducted with five key people who had significant involvement in the creation and dissemination of the report. Ary Political Talk Show. Twenty questionnaires were returned; unfortunately, given time restraints, a follow-up of the original questionnaire to increase response rates was not possible. In analysing feedback from questionnaires, the percentage of answers for each ranking were calculated. Similar details or examples from both respondents and interviewees were grouped together to find trends in opinion. We recognised a positive bias could exist. Firstly, the writing of the assessment assumed an impact had occurred.

To mitigate this problem, a #x02018;no influence#x02019; option was included in dance history the questionnaire. Secondly, the respondents that worked on creating the report, or those in close partnership with the writers, may give optimistic estimates of the report#x02019;s impact to validate their own work. For this reason, weight was given to opinion that was reinforced with explicit examples, and to those highlighting barriers, limitations or negative impacts of the report. In the assessment the Essay on Hamlet’s Absurd, three elements (initial, long-term, and potential) of impact were discussed for each of the five sectors, providing a specific and detailed account of #x02018;impact#x02019; [13]. See Figure #x200B; Figure2 2 for an overview of these findings. The focus is not on the impacts, but on the findings which helped to explain them. It is these lessons that are key to creating effective HIV and dance AIDS research in future. The significance of communication. The questionnaire asked, #x0201c;What is the single most striking aspect of the Essay Absurd Awareness, report (e.g. a graph, a statistic, a statement)?#x0201d; The graphs were singled out by respondents. Where they were not specifically cited, the concepts they conveyed were seen as important. One respondent answered, #x0201c;A combination of statistics, graphical illustrations and words are used effectively to convey the message#x0201d;, illustrating the clear use of these tools in the original report.

The demographic implications of the HIV and AIDS epidemic on the Swazi population had a significant impact on the readers. In particular respondents cited #x02018;Figure 8: Swaziland Population Pyramids#x02019;, in rumba history Whiteside and Whalley 2007 (shown below) and the concept that a permanent alteration of the structure of Swazi society has occurred. (Figure #x200B; (Figure3) 3 ) [14] The application of Swaziland#x02019;s HIV prevalence rate to western countries, in Table 2 (page 8) of the report #x02018;stuck#x02019; with some. This table shows if the UK had the equivalent burden there would be nearly 11.5 million British citizens infected. When presenting these data, it would be tailored to the audience #x02013; for example talking in Sweden the ary political talk show, presenter said #x02018;Swaziland#x02019;s prevalence would be equivalent to 1.75 million Swedes being infected#x02019;. It is unsurprising that such dramatic predictions of the rumba, effects of the epidemic on the structure of the sexuality in the, population would strike the reader. It demonstrates the necessity of clearly reiterating and educating about the history, long-term consequences of the epidemic.

Shortly after the publication of sexuality in the Reviewing Emergencies the government released preliminary data from the national 2007 census showing a decline in the population - 17, 489 fewer Swazis than in 1997 [15]. The serendipitous release of this data helped give Reviewing Emergencies momentum. Successful dissemination was crucial, but wide dissemination is not the same as wide impact, and it cannot be assumed that the former naturally or inevitably leads to the latter [8]. The communication and advocacy efforts surrounding a message help facilitate impact and are important to understanding where, how and why impact was achieved. The report was presented and formally discussed at history, a consultation in July 2007. It was available in print from show October 2007, and a core set of power point slides was developed and presented to rumba history a range of organisations inside and beyond Swaziland. The audiences included civil servants, politicians, the donor community, NGOs, academics and businesses. Informally, according to ary political talk show Von Wissell, many others have discussed the report, including numerous missions, delegations and envoys. The report was made accessible online by HEARD [5] and NERCHA as well as UNAIDS [16], Relief Web [17], Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network [18] and Aidsportal. (Table #x200B; (Table1 1 ) HEARD and NERCHA co-ordinated their efforts in communicating the findings. The delivery of the message itself was particularly significant. It had a coherence achieved by dance history using the same slide set #x02013; presenters were #x02018;singing from the same song sheet.#x02019; However, presentations were tailored to the audiences; Von Wissell presented to Swazi audiences in SiSwati; in corporate Scandinavia the importance of donors was stressed.

An example of the impact achieved by this dissemination process was exemplified by the visit of representatives of the World Bank. In November 2007, the Human Development Vice President and Country Director from the World Bank visited Swaziland to assess first-hand the country#x02019;s situation in human development and HIV and AIDS. Rumba Dance History. They met with key government officials including the Minister of Finance, and show Von Wissell. It was here that Von Wissell presented Reviewing Emergencies. One World Bank official described the effect of this by saying, #x0201c;It was NERCHA#x02019;s presentation that brought home the gravity of the HIV/AIDS situation in Swaziland#x0201d;, and subsequently the World Bank sent a mission to Swaziland to explore next steps for the Bank. The presentation of the report#x02019;s findings was critical to this decision.

Engagement, timing and credibility. The work built on a long-term engagement of Whiteside and HEARD with Swaziland. This historical background is particularly important to both locate the research and rumba history the response to it. The timeline below shows the ary political talk show, progression of HIV/AIDS in Swaziland through significant events and statistics, simultaneous to key examples of research conducted on the epidemic by HEARD and associates. As the timeline shows, Reviewing Emergencies built on three major reports in rumba dance 1994, 2003 and 2006, which illustrated there was something going seriously wrong. Its message was credible - based on a history of research and evidence. It used good and informative scientific indicators to build a body of evidence difficult to refute. Furthermore, it was it was written at a critical time in Swaziland: with unusual levels of death; increasing numbers of orphans; and case study tuberculosis emerging as a major killer, the grim predictions of previous publications were no longer speculative, but reality [5]. (Figure #x200B; (Figure4 4 ) The timeline illustrates the progression of HIV/AIDS from Stage 1 to Stage 5 in less than 20 years using the concept idea of #x02018;Stages of the HIV/AIDS epidemic#x02019; developed by Barnett and Whiteside (2002) [19].

As one interviewee reflected, #x0201c;While, in many ways, Swaziland#x02019;s response has been admirable and unique, it is rumba dance, clear that the HIV prevention programmes have not worked thus far, and more importantly, that the social and economic implications of the study, epidemic have not been adequately thought through.#x0201d; Reviewing Emergencies tried to explain the significance of the latter, hence filling a crucial gap in the research arena. Significantly, the report was disseminated into a receptive network of researchers, policymakers and history associates with whom HEARD and NERCHA had established links. As one respondent commented, #x0201c;The wide network of individuals, organisations and donors with whom HEARD and NERCHA are affiliated were key to its wide reception#x0201d;. The effectiveness of corporate historic relationships such as these, built on both individual and institutional credibility cannot be underestimated. For example Whiteside had served on a UN Commission with the Deputy President of the World Bank, and is a Governor of a school in dance Swaziland; Von Wissell held the position of Minister of Trade and Industry and ary political talk Minister of Health in previous governments. The message was delivered by history people driven to see change and who could speak with authority. Both NERCHA and HEARD are known as being responsive to need and based on principled operations. In addition, the involvement of NERCHA - a Swazi based and Swazi run body - created an #x02018;ownership#x02019; of the research and a further credibility to its message. The specific terminology used in research can both help and hinder the impact of a message. In Reviewing Emergencies the term and concept of a #x02018;long-wave emergency#x02019; was particularly significant.

A media respondent explained the term #x02018;emergency#x02019; acted as a #x0201c;hook#x0201d;, giving journalists an attention-grabbing story, substantiated by genuine and shocking statistics. Titles such as #x02018;#x02018;Swaziland: Declare HIV/AIDS a #x0201c;humanitarian emergency#x0201d;#x02019; [20] and #x0201c;When is HIV/AIDS a disaster?#x0201d; [21] exemplify how the term renewed interest in the epidemic in Swaziland. Conversely however, concerns over case the term #x02018;emergency#x02019; were discussed at length at the Low-Middle-Income Countries meeting hosted by HEARD in February 2008. One respondent explained, #x0201c;There is some reluctance on the part of donors/NGOs/civil society/government to dance call HIV/AIDS an #x02018;emergency#x02019; because there seems to be fear that terming it so will result in short-term funding for a long-term problem. The sustainability of the HIV/AIDS effort is seen as under threat with short-term language.#x0201d; This meeting concluded there was a need to marry the sexuality in the media, urgency of the crisis with a long-wave understanding of the future impact of HIV/AIDS on the country, and that #x02018;emergencies#x02019; may not be the best term to represent this [22]. Rumba History. A key message of the report is the long-wave nature of HIV and its impacts should be included in a new kind of thinking on emergencies.

This debate will continue. Our assessment identified five key limitations: the in the, role of government was not addressed; using Malawi and Zambia as comparator countries had mixed results; issues around timing; the status of AIDS (and Swaziland) on the international agenda; and finally the calls for radical change may not be achievable. The report did not deal with the role of the Swazi Government in the epidemic. This is significant since it is ultimately government who guides and executed HIV strategy in the country. The Government, along with the King, have faced criticism for their response to the epidemic [23]. One respondent reminded us, the crisis #x0201c;cannot be fixed with more funding alone.#x0201d; Another discussed the rumba history, structural difficulties in addressing the crisis, including the #x02018;vertical#x02019; response, exemplified by a separate AIDS response council (NERCHA) which, it was claimed, failed to join up a national response. The historic and legal relationship between HEARD, NERCHA and the Swazi Government restrained the report#x02019;s ability to criticise. Prescribing how Swaziland should respond to the crisis was never the intention of the malaria caused, paper. Whiteside argued that attempting to change the behaviour of the dance history, Swazi Government was beyond the scope of what a researcher from outside of the country should attempt: #x0201c;That is for the people of Swaziland to do.#x0201d; Working with the government in a #x02018;strategic alliance#x02019;, rather than against is more productive. Strategically limiting the scope of what, and whom, research tries to influence can be a wise decision when trying to achieve impact within a complex policy arena.

The report made comparisons between Swaziland and Zambia and malaria Malawi, in order to demonstrate the scale of the emergency facing Swaziland. Despite the comparison having the desired effect of emphasising the scale of the Swazi#x02019;s crisis - some respondents referenced these comparative graphs as a striking and influential tool - it also had unintended consequences. Zambia and Malawi are both countries that, like Swaziland, compete for rumba the attention of donors and development aid. By focusing all attention on study, Swaziland, the report appeared to belittle the issues faced by both Malawians and rumba dance Zambians. #x02018;Time#x02019; is no doubt a barrier to the impact of the report, since research is usually most influential when first published. The challenge to HEARD and NERCHA was to continue the momentum behind the report. One respondent warned that the media, report #x0201c;may lack academic credibility if it is rumba dance, not followed up by further research that is able to collect primary data.#x0201d; The report aimed for both an immediate awareness of Swaziland#x02019;s epidemic, and a longer-term discussion on emergencies and low-middle income classifications. It is the how is malaria caused, latter of these in particular that needs to be worked at or risk a #x02018;fizzling out#x02019; as time marches on. A number of significant international barriers threatened the impact of the report and indeed the issue of dance history HIV/AIDS throughout Sub-Saharan Africa. Sexuality In The Media. Firstly, the economic and rumba political weight of Swaziland in heineken study the international sphere is small. One frustrated interviewee described that #x0201c;Swaziland is dance history, just not on Essay on Hamlet’s Absurd, the list#x0201d;, as it is considered as insignificant by larger countries.

Secondly, HIV as a humanitarian emergency must compete for funding with other important humanitarian issues, such as famine and dance natural disasters. One respondent described a #x02018;shift#x02019; in global priorities to issues such as climate change, terrorism and the rising price of food. Donors have finite resources and HIV and AIDS must compete with other issues. HIV and AIDS was the global health issue receiving the most attention and funding but this will change, already a gap exists between pledges and on Hamlet’s funding [3]. Finally, the report called for a change within the framework that international organisations use to history identify countries#x02019; level of development - that of income classification. It further calls for a shift in the paradigm of thinking on emergencies. #x0201c;Effectively what this report says is that it can#x02019;t be business as usual#x0201d;. Changing entrenched ways of thinking is responsibility principles, a major task [24]. #x02018;Reviewing #x02018;Emergencies#x02019; for Swaziland#x02019; argued that socio-economic indicators show that the Swazi population is experiencing a humanitarian crisis comparable to countries besieged by conflict or struggling in the wake of a severe natural disaster. In the short-term, the report aimed to focus attention on dance history, Swaziland and what AIDS was doing to the country. It contributed to raising the profile of the plight of the Swazi people amongst donors and policy makers, described by one interviewee as a #x0201c;catalyst for re-engagement#x0201d;.

In the medium-term, the report aimed to sexuality media influence debate on the classification of low-middle income countries. This has proved more difficult. Rumba. In the long-term, the report has seen some success in malaria opening the debate on HIV/AIDS as a #x02018;long-wave emergency#x02019;. Likening HIV/AIDS to rumba history a large scale humanitarian disaster helped fuel a debate on the need for urgency combined with long-term responses to the epidemic. Donors, academics and NGOs have all engaged with the debate, but further advocacy and research is necessary to heineken case continue this, and see a shift in the current paradigm of thinking on what constitutes an #x02018;emergency.#x02019; Developing a better understanding of the relationship between research and policy impact is vital to advancing the influence of SRH and HIV and AIDS research. Tracking the rumba dance history, impact of research, using one or many case studies, can help facilitate this learning. Crucial to this process is to not simply identify impacts, but to seek understanding of how and how is malaria caused why they came about. Of particular use for developing effective research in the future is identifying where intended impact has not been achieved and why.

The assessment of the impact of Reviewing Emergencies attempted to do exactly this. Drawing from the assessment, the following lessons may help inform future SRH and HIV/AIDS research. Communication is critical. The original work - collecting existing data to tell one clear story - is rumba history, a striking way to demonstrate the reach and scale of disease impact; the demographic implications of ary political show AIDS powerfully communicated the severity of the epidemic; a targeted, tailored and cohesive dissemination effort helped facilitate the impact of research; sustained advocacy which is vital in keeping momentum for dance history a message, should be reflected in planning and resources; further publications validating and ary political talk show extending a message are a good way to do this; and terminology can help or hinder the rumba dance, impact of a message. Context and timing may be beyond the control of researchers but can significantly influence the uptake of Woman, research.

These include world events, developments within the policy arena, and specifically within the topic area. If these conditions align in the favour of the research the impact may be much greater, therefore awareness of this, and careful timing of publications and advocacy efforts could maximise impact. The credibility of both evidence and researcher play an important role in dance history the use of research. How Is Malaria. Historical integrity of the evidence and an established researcher (or institution) can foster confidence in the use of rumba dance research and how is malaria caused increase the likelihood of it being used to inform policy. Established relationships and networks between individuals and institutions can guarantee an audience and encourage a dialogue on history, the findings. #x02018;Ownership#x02019; of research, by the people it affects, is a powerful way to ensure both credibility and drive behind the message. The impact assessment taught further lessons on how to conduct such a study.

An assessment should ideally be planned in advance, facilitating the process of #x02018;tracking#x02019; and information gathering; careful attention should be paid to the measurement and analysis process #x02013; if basing the study on qualitative data, how will this be analysed and show how will the effects of bias be mitigated; the #x02018;net should be cast wide#x02019; when considering areas of potential impact, recognising both the multiplicity of policy players and the potential for unintended impacts; understand that impacts may also change over time; and ultimately, to dance understand why an impact took place, the socio-cultural, political and heineken case economic context must be considered. With hindsight the commissioning of, publication, and dissemination of the Emergencies Report seems to follow a logical path. The sense of rumba frustration and the need to provide evidence led to this innovative work. It is our belief that it achieved many of its goals and spurred an international dialogue around the sexuality in the, issues. The evaluation taught us additional lessons, which can be applied to help maximise the impact of research in the future. This article critically reflects on a research project in which the rumba dance history, authors have been involved. AW conceptualised the Essay I Am Woman, Strong, paper, and was co-author to the original study entitled #x02018;Reviewing #x02018;Emergencies#x02019; for Swaziland#x02019; (2007). AW also edited the manuscript.

FH drafted the manuscript, with input from AW. Rumba History. FH was the author of the study #x02018;Assessing the Impact of #x02018;Reviewing #x02018;Emergencies#x02019; for Swaziland: Shifting the Paradigm in a New Era#x02019; (2008). Both authors read and approved the final manuscript. AW is Director of the health economics and corporate responsibility principles HIV/AIDS Research Division (HEARD) at the University of KwaZulu-Natal. He has an MA from the School of Development Studies at the University of KwaZulu-Natal and a D Econ from the University of Natal. FH has an MSc Development Management at the Department of International Development from the London School of Economics and MA Economics and Politics from Edinburgh University. She was a visiting fellow to HEARD in 2008.

This work was supported by the DFID Research Partner#x02019;s Consortium (ABBA) and the donors of the Joint Funding Arrangement. The generous support of the staff of NERCHA is acknowledged. Dance History. The responsibility for responsibility principles the contents and interpretation of the data remains with the authors.

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6 page essay outline Creating an Argument Outline. Although there is no set model of organization for history, argumentative essays, there are some common patterns that writers might use or that writers might want to in the combine/customize in an effective way. For more information on how to create an outline, click here to dance history read Developing an Outline from the Purdue University On-line Writing Lab. Below are 3 different patterns that you can consider. Also, beneath these are 3 additional outlines that you can print and fill in. Body Paragraph 1 : Present your 1st point and supporting evidence. Essay Absurd Awareness. Body Paragraph 2 : Present your 2nd point and dance history it's supporting evidence. Body Paragraph 3 : Refute your opposition's first point.

Body Paragraph 4 : Refute your opposition's second point. Body Paragraph 2 : Refute your opposition's second point. Malaria Caused. Body Paragraph 3 : Present your first point and supporting evidence. Body Paragraph 4 : Present your second point and supporting evidence. Body Paragraph 1 : Present your first point and it's supporting evidence, which also refutes one of rumba dance, your opposition's claims.

Body Paragraph 2 : Present your second point and it's supporting evidence, which also refutes a second opposition claim. Body Paragraph 3 : Present your third point and Essay Absurd Awareness it's supporting evidence, which also refutes a third opposition claim. 3 Additional Outlines that You Can Print : Basic 5-Paragraph (Argument) Essay Outline: This outline also serves for other essays such as research papers, or the rumba dance history basic 5-paragraph essay. Highlight-and-print outline to fill in. Ary Political Show. Another Argument Essay Outline: This outline asks questions that help you critically think about your topic. Highlight-and-print outline to fill in. Argument/Research Paper Outline Guide: This outline can help guide you through a series of questions. History. You can highlight-and-print this outline, but it's not a fill-in-the-blank outline; use it as a guide.

Many of media, my students like to use this outline for both research papers and argumentative papers. Basic 5-Paragraph (Argument) Essay Outline: Introductory Points and Thesis Statement _______________________________________________________________. Refutation Points (if needed) _________________________________________________________________________. The major points I wish to rumba dance history make in this essay are: __________________________________________________________________________________________ A. ________________________________________________________________________ (Detail or example) B. _________________________________________________________________________(Detail or example) C. _________________________________________________________________________(Detail or example) A. ________________________________________________________________________ (Detail or example) B. _________________________________________________________________________(Detail or example) C. _________________________________________________________________________(Detail or example) A. ________________________________________________________________________ (Detail or example) B. _________________________________________________________________________(Detail or example) C. _________________________________________________________________________(Detail or example) Conclusion Points ________________________________________________________________________________. Another Argument Outline Template. Working Title: __________________________________________________________________________________. Audience and how you plan to appeal to them: ___________________________________________________________.

Attention Getter: _________________________________________________________________________________. Explain the interest in this topic. What experiences have caused the writer to become interested (careful using 1st person!)? Background Information, including history and context for problem: ___________________________________________. How you will appeal to Ethos: _______________________________________________________________________. In The Media. Refutation or Opposing Arguments (Explain them, explain how and why there may be value in them, and history disagree with the parts you believe to be invalid. Establish common ground): ______________________________________________________________________________________________. Evidence to support your claim, including appeal to logos, and pathos. Case. (Evidence must come from your sources, both primary and rumba history secondary: examples, statistics, facts, studies, testimony, data, etc.) Reason 1 supporting your claim: ____________________________________________________________________. Reason 2 supporting your claim: ___________________________________________________________________. How Is Malaria Caused. Reason 3 supporting your claim: ___________________________________________________________________. History. Do you have a solution to the problem? (This may or may not be applicable.) How will it work?

What are its advantages? What does the corporate responsibility future look like without some resolution to this problem?______________________________________. Rumba Dance History. Creative, thought-provoking closure: _________________________________________________________________. Argument/Research Paper Outline. Some areas of in the, each Roman Numeral may or may not apply to your essay. *Attention Getter is IMPORTANT. *Next, explain the current situation. Rumba Dance History. What is the world like as is in relation to your issue? Why is it important? What drew you to this topic? *You can include comments and quotations from an talk show informal survey you conducted with people you know, you can also explain how other people you know feel about the subject. Dance History. *Mention misconceptions related to your topic, if any. * Next you need to ary political provide background information. *What are the details to your problem? *What is the struggle?

Why is it a unique and rumba dance complicated issue? *Include examples to illustrate the struggle or issue. *You can provide official statistics on the problem, current laws related to the topic, or the position the social majority has. This information should be coming from your research. *Dont forget to appeal to ETHOS. *Now you need to create a section that CLEARLY establishes your claim. Say to yourself, clear thesis = clear direction, clear thesis = clear direction, clear thesis = clear direction. *Explain the WHY of your thesis in a simple way (i.e. it will solve ____ issue). IV. On Hamlet’s. ARGUMENTS/ YOUR SIDE OF THE ISSUE. *Introduce the first perspective you are willing to rumba dance history look at. Explain how your solution will help the situation. *Explore one main side of the issue. *Provide evidence for any mini claim you make. *Unpack your evidence. Corporate Responsibility. *Provide more evidence. *Unpack your evidence some more.

Repeat Step IV as many times as necessary. Keep in mind the length requirements of the essay. *Now you need to rumba history consider the other side of the issue or the opposing argument. *As you introduce one refutation point, answer it. Sexuality In The. *Unpack your evidence. *Provide more evidence. Rumba Dance. *Unpack your evidence some more. Step IV V can be reversed in order, depending on the flow of your paper. Also, your refutation concession section might be more than one paragraph. *Here is where you review the main points. *Restate your thesis. *Call to corporate action.

If you havent introduced any sort of solution in rumba your essay, perhaps encourage others to corporate responsibility become more aware of your topic. Dance. *What does the future look like in relation to your topic? SANDWICH your quotes: Say what your going to say, Say it (the quote), then say it again. How Is Malaria Caused. [In other words: Set up your quote, give the quote, and then provide commentary on you quote by answering why is this quote important?]

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concert essay paper When the public is called to rumba history, investigate and decide upon a question in which not only the present members of the Essay about Woman, Strong community are deeply interested, but upon which the happiness and misery of generations yet unborn is in great measure suspended, the benevolent mind cannot help feeling itself peculiarly interested in the result. In this situation, I trust the feeble efforts of an individual, to lead the minds of the people to a wise and prudent determination, cannot fail of being acceptable to the candid and dispassionate part of the community. Encouraged by this consideration, I have been induced to rumba dance history, offer my thoughts upon the present important crisis of our public affairs. Perhaps this country never saw so critical a period in their political concerns. We have felt the feebleness of the ties by Essay on Hamlet’s Absurd Awareness which these United-States are held together, and the want of sufficient energy in our present confederation, to manage, in some instances, our general concerns. Various expedients have been proposed to remedy these evils, but none have succeeded. At length a Convention of the states has been assembled, they have formed a constitution which will now, probably, be submitted to the people to ratify or reject, who are the fountain of all power, to rumba history, whom alone it of right belongs to make or unmake constitutions, or forms of government, at how is, their pleasure. The most important question that was ever proposed to your decision, or to the decision of any people under heaven, is before you, and you are to decide upon rumba dance, it by men of your own election, chosen specially for this purpose.

If the sexuality constitution, offered to your acceptance, be a wise one, calculated to preserve the invaluable blessings of liberty, to secure the inestimable rights of mankind, and promote human happiness, then, if you accept it, you will lay a lasting foundation of rumba dance history happiness for millions yet unborn; generations to come will rise up and call you blessed. You may rejoice in the prospects of this vast extended continent becoming filled with freemen, who will assert the dignity of human nature. Essay On Hamlet’s Awareness. You may solace yourselves with the idea, that society, in this favoured land, will fast advance to the highest point of perfection; the history human mind will expand in knowledge and virtue, and the golden age be, in some measure, realised. But if, on the other hand, this form of government contains principles that will lead to Essay Woman,, the subversion of liberty if it tends to establish a despotism, or, what is worse, a tyrannic aristocracy; then, if you adopt it, this only rumba remaining assylum for liberty will be shut up, and posterity will execrate your memory. Momentous then is the heineken case study question you have to determine, and you are called upon by every motive which should influence a noble and virtuous mind, to examine it well, and to make up a wise judgment. It is insisted, indeed, that this constitution must be received, be it ever so imperfect.

If it has its defects, it is said, they can be best amended when they are experienced. But remember, when the people once part with power, they can seldom or never resume it again but by rumba dance force. Many instances can be produced in which the people have voluntarily increased the powers of their rulers; but few, if any, in which rulers have willingly abridged their authority. This is a sufficient reason to induce you to corporate responsibility principles, be careful, in the first instance, how you deposit the rumba history powers of talk show government. With these few introductory remarks, I shall proceed to a consideration of this constitution: The first question that presents itself on the subject is, whether a confederated government be the best for rumba dance history the United States or not? Or in show, other words, whether the thirteen United States should be reduced to dance history, one great republic, governed by one legislature, and under the direction of one executive and judicial; or whether they should continue thirteen confederated republics, under the Essay direction and controul of a supreme federal head for certain defined national purposes only? This enquiry is important, because, although the government reported by the convention does not go to a perfect and entire consolidation, yet it approaches so near to it, that it must, if executed, certainly and infallibly terminate in it. This government is to possess absolute and uncontroulable power, legislative, executive and judicial, with respect to every object to which it extends, for by the last clause of section 8th, article 1st, it is declared that the Congress shall have power to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this constitution, in the government of the United States; or in rumba, any department or office thereof.

And by the 6th article, it is declared that this constitution, and the laws of the United States, which shall be made in talk, pursuance thereof, and the treaties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the dance land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, any thing in the constitution, or law of any state to the contrary notwithstanding. It appears from these articles that there is ary political show no need of any intervention of the state governments, between the Congress and the people, to execute any one power vested in the general government, and that the dance history constitution and laws of every state are nullified and declared void, so far as they are or shall be inconsistent with this constitution, or the Woman, I Am laws made in pursuance of it, or with treaties made under the authority of the United States. The government then, so far as it extends, is a complete one, and not a confederation. It is as much one complete government as that of New-York or Massachusetts, has as absolute and perfect powers to rumba, make and execute all laws, to sexuality in the, appoint officers, institute courts, declare offences, and annex penalties, with respect to every object to which it extends, as any other in rumba dance history, the world. So far therefore as its powers reach, all ideas of confederation are given up and lost. It is true this government is sexuality in the media limited to certain objects, or to rumba dance history, speak more properly, some small degree of power is still left to the states, but a little attention to the powers vested in how is malaria, the general government, will convince every candid man, that if it is capable of being executed, all that is reserved for the individual states must very soon be annihilated, except so far as they are barely necessary to the organization of the general government. The powers of the rumba dance history general legislature extend to every case that is in the of the rumba dance history least importance there is nothing valuable to human nature, nothing dear to freemen, but what is within its power. It has authority to make laws which will affect the lives, the liberty, and property of every man in the United States; nor can the constitution or laws of any state, in any way prevent or impede the full and complete execution of every power given. The legislative power is competent to lay taxes, duties, imposts, and excises; there is no limitation to this power, unless it be said that the clause which directs the use to which those taxes, and caused, duties shall be applied, may be said to be a limitation: but this is no restriction of the power at all, for by this clause they are to be applied to pay the debts and provide for the common defence and rumba dance, general welfare of the United States; but the legislature have authority to contract debts at their discretion; they are the sole judges of what is necessary to provide for the common defence, and they only are to determine what is for the general welfare; this power therefore is neither more nor less, than a power to lay and collect taxes, imposts, and excises, at their pleasure; not only [is] the power to lay taxes unlimited, as to sexuality in the media, the amount they may require, but it is perfect and absolute to raise them in any mode they please. No state legislature, or any power in the state governments, have any more to rumba, do in talk show, carrying this into effect, than the authority of one state has to do with that of another. In the business therefore of laying and collecting taxes, the idea of confederation is totally lost, and dance, that of one entire republic is embraced.

It is proper here to remark, that the authority to lay and collect taxes is the most important of any power that can be granted; it connects with it almost all other powers, or at least will in process of time draw all other after it; it is the great mean of responsibility protection, security, and defence, in a good government, and the great engine of oppression and tyranny in a bad one. This cannot fail of being the case, if we consider the contracted limits which are set by this constitution, to the late [state?] governments, on this article of dance raising money. No state can emit paper money lay any duties, or imposts, on imports, or exports, but by consent of the Congress; and then the net produce shall be for the benefit of the United States: the responsibility only mean therefore left, for any state to support its government and discharge its debts, is by direct taxation; and rumba dance, the United States have also power to lay and heineken study, collect taxes, in any way they please. Every one who has thought on the subject, must be convinced that but small sums of money can be collected in any country, by direct taxe[s], when the foederal government begins to exercise the right of taxation in all its parts, the legislatures of the several states will find it impossible to raise monies to support their governments. Without money they cannot be supported, and dance, they must dwindle away, and, as before observed, their powers absorbed in that of the general government. It might be here shewn, that the power in the federal legislative, to raise and support armies at pleasure, as well in peace as in war, and their controul over the militia, tend, not only to a consolidation of the government, but the destruction of liberty. I shall not, however, dwell upon these, as a few observations upon the judicial power of this government, in addition to the preceding, will fully evince the truth of the position. The judicial power of the United States is to be vested in a supreme court, and in such inferior courts as Congress may from sexuality in the media time to time ordain and establish. The powers of these courts are very extensive; their jurisdiction comprehends all civil causes, except such as arise between citizens of the same state; and it extends to all cases in law and equity arising under the constitution. One inferior court must be established, I presume, in dance history, each state, at least, with the talk show necessary executive officers appendant thereto. It is rumba history easy to see, that in the common course of things, these courts will eclipse the dignity, and take away from the respectability, of the state courts.

These courts will be, in themselves, totally independent of the states, deriving their authority from the United States, and receiving from Woman, Strong them fixed salaries; and in the course of human events it is to be expected, that they will swallow up all the powers of the rumba courts in the respective states. How far the clause in the 8th section of the case study 1st article may operate to do away all idea of confederated states, and to effect an entire consolidation of the whole into one general government, it is impossible to say. Dance History. The powers given by this article are very general and comprehensive, and it may receive a construction to justify the malaria caused passing almost any law. A power to make all laws, which shall be necessary and proper , for carrying into rumba, execution, all powers vested by show the constitution in the government of the United States, or any department or officer thereof, is a power very comprehensive and definite [indefinite?], and may, for ought I know, be exercised in dance history, a such manner as entirely to abolish the malaria state legislatures. Rumba Dance History. Suppose the legislature of a state should pass a law to raise money to support their government and pay the state debt, may the how is caused Congress repeal this law, because it may prevent the rumba collection of a tax which they may think proper and necessary to lay, to provide for the general welfare of the United States? For all laws made, in pursuance of this constitution, are the supreme lay of the land, and corporate, the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, any thing in the constitution or laws of the different states to the contrary notwithstanding. By such a law, the government of rumba a particular state might be overturned at one stroke, and Essay I Am, thereby be deprived of rumba dance history every means of its support. It is not meant, by stating this case, to insinuate that the constitution would warrant a law of this kind; or unnecessarily to alarm the fears of the people, by suggesting, that the federal legislature would be more likely to pass the limits assigned them by the constitution, than that of an individual state, further than they are less responsible to the people. But what is study meant is, that the legislature of the United States are vested with the great and uncontroulable powers, of laying and collecting taxes, duties, imposts, and excises; of regulating trade, raising and supporting armies, organizing, arming, and dance history, disciplining the militia, instituting courts, and other general powers.

And are by corporate responsibility this clause invested with the power of making all laws, proper and necessary , for carrying all these into execution; and they may so exercise this power as entirely to annihilate all the state governments, and reduce this country to dance, one single government. And if they may do it, it is pretty certain they will; for it will be found that the power retained by individual states, small as it is, will be a clog upon the wheels of the government of the United States; the latter therefore will be naturally inclined to remove it out of the way. Besides, it is a truth confirmed by the unerring experience of ages, that every man, and every body of men, invested with power, are ever disposed to increase it, and to study, acquire a superiority over every thing that stands in their way. This disposition, which is implanted in human nature, will operate in the federal legislature to lessen and ultimately to subvert the state authority, and having such advantages, will most certainly succeed, if the federal government succeeds at all. It must be very evident then, that what this constitution wants of being a complete consolidation of the several parts of the union into one complete government, possessed of rumba dance perfect legislative, judicial, and executive powers, to all intents and caused, purposes, it will necessarily acquire in its exercise and operation.

Let us now proceed to enquire, as I at first proposed, whether it be best the thirteen United States should be reduced to one great republic, or not? It is here taken for granted, that all agree in this, that whatever government we adopt, it ought to be a free one; that it should be so framed as to secure the liberty of the citizens of America, and such an one as to rumba, admit of a full, fair, and equal representation of the people. The question then will be, whether a government thus constituted, and case study, founded on such principles, is practicable, and can be exercised over the whole United States, reduced into rumba dance, one state? If respect is to be paid to the opinion of the greatest and wisest men who have ever thought or wrote on the science of government, we shall be constrained to conclude, that a free republic cannot succeed over a country of such immense extent, containing such a number of inhabitants, and these encreasing in such rapid progression as that of the whole United States. Among the many illustrious authorities which might be produced to this point, I shall content myself with quoting only sexuality in the media two. The one is the baron de Montesquieu, spirit of laws, chap. xvi. Dance History. vol. I [book VIII]. It is Essay on Hamlet’s Awareness natural to a republic to have only a small territory, otherwise it cannot long subsist. In a large republic there are men of large fortunes, and history, consequently of less moderation; there are trusts too great to be placed in any single subject; he has interest of his own; he soon begins to think that he may be happy, great and glorious, by oppressing his fellow citizens; and that he may raise himself to grandeur on the ruins of his country.

In a large republic, the public good is sacrificed to a thousand views; it is subordinate to exceptions, and depends on accidents. In a small one, the interest of the public is responsibility easier perceived, better understood, and more within the dance reach of every citizen; abuses are of less extent, and sexuality in the, of course are less protected. Of the same opinion is the marquis Beccarari. History furnishes no example of a free republic, any thing like the extent of the United States. The Grecian republics were of small extent; so also was that of the Romans. Both of these, it is dance history true, in process of time, extended their conquests over large territories of country; and the consequence was, that their governments were changed from that of free governments to those of the most tyrannical that ever existed in the world. Not only the opinion of the greatest men, and the experience of mankind, are against the idea of an extensive republic, but a variety of reasons may be drawn from the how is malaria reason and nature of things, against it. In every government, the rumba dance will of the sovereign is the law.

In despotic governments, the supreme authority being lodged in one, his will is study law, and can be as easily expressed to dance, a large extensive territory as to a small one. Essay On Hamlet’s. In a pure democracy the people are the sovereign, and their will is declared by themselves; for rumba history this purpose they must all come together to deliberate, and decide. On Hamlet’s Awareness. This kind of government cannot be exercised, therefore, over a country of rumba history any considerable extent; it must be confined to a single city, or at least limited to such bounds as that the Essay I Am I Am people can conveniently assemble, be able to debate, understand the subject submitted to them, and declare their opinion concerning it. In a free republic, although all laws are derived from the consent of the people, yet the people do not declare their consent by themselves in dance history, person, but by representatives, chosen by them, who are supposed to know the minds of their constituents, and to be possessed of integrity to declare this mind. In every free government, the people must give their assent to the laws by which they are governed. This is the true criterion between a free government and Essay about Strong, an arbitrary one.

The former are ruled by the will of the history whole, expressed in any manner they may agree upon; the latter by the will of one, or a few. If the people are to give their assent to the laws, by persons chosen and appointed by them, the manner of the choice and the number chosen, must be such, as to possess, be disposed, and consequently qualified to ary political show, declare the sentiments of the people; for if they do not know, or are not disposed to speak the sentiments of the history people, the people do not govern, but the sovereignty is in a few. Now, in a large extended country, it is Essay on Hamlet’s Absurd impossible to have a representation, possessing the sentiments, and of integrity, to declare the minds of the history people, without having it so numerous and unwieldly, as to heineken study, be subject in great measure to the inconveniency of a democratic government. The territory of the United States is of vast extent; it now contains near three millions of souls, and is capable of containing much more than ten times that number. Is it practicable for a country, so large and rumba, so numerous as they will soon become, to elect a representation, that will speak their sentiments, without their becoming so numerous as to responsibility principles, be incapable of transacting public business? It certainly is dance not.

In a republic, the manners, sentiments, and interests of the people should be similar. If this be not the sexuality media case, there will be a constant clashing of opinions; and dance, the representatives of one part will be continually striving against those of the other. This will retard the operations of government, and prevent such conclusions as will promote the public good. If we apply this remark to the condition of the United States, we shall be convinced that it forbids that we should be one government. The United States includes a variety of climates.

The productions of the different parts of the ary political talk union are very variant, and rumba history, their interests, of consequence, diverse. Their manners and habits differ as much as their climates and productions; and their sentiments are by no means coincident. The laws and customs of the several states are, in many respects, very diverse, and in some opposite; each would be in favor of its own interests and customs, and, of consequence, a legislature, formed of representatives from the respective parts, would not only be too numerous to in the, act with any care or decision, but would be composed of such heterogenous and discordant principles, as would constantly be contending with each other. The laws cannot be executed in a republic, of an extent equal to that of the United States, with promptitude. The magistrates in every government must be supported in the execution of the laws, either by an armed force, maintained at history, the public expence for that purpose; or by the people turning out to aid the magistrate upon his command, in case of resistance. In despotic governments, as well as in all the on Hamlet’s monarchies of Europe, standing armies are kept up to execute the commands of the prince or the magistrate, and are employed for this purpose when occasion requires: But they have always proved the destruction of liberty, and [are] abhorrent to the spirit of rumba dance a free republic. In England, where they depend upon the parliament for their annual support, they have always been complained of as oppressive and unconstitutional, and are seldom employed in executing of the laws; never except on extraordinary occasions, and then under the sexuality direction of a civil magistrate.

A free republic will never keep a standing army to execute its laws. It must depend upon rumba history, the support of its citizens. Essay About Strong. But when a government is to receive its support from the aid of the citizens, it must be so constructed as to have the confidence, respect, and affection of the people. Men who, upon the call of the magistrate, offer themselves to rumba, execute the heineken case laws, are influenced to do it either by affection to the government, or from fear; where a standing army is at hand to punish offenders, every man is actuated by the latter principle, and therefore, when the magistrate calls, will obey: but, where this is not the rumba history case, the government must rest for its support upon the confidence and respect which the people have for their government and laws. Malaria Caused. The body of the people being attached, the government will always be sufficient to support and rumba, execute its laws, and to operate upon how is malaria, the fears of rumba dance history any faction which may be opposed to it, not only to prevent an opposition to the execution of the laws themselves, but also to compel the most of them to aid the magistrate; but the people will not be likely to Essay on Hamlet’s Absurd Awareness, have such confidence in their rulers, in rumba, a republic so extensive as the United States, as necessary for these purposes. The confidence which the people have in their rulers, in a free republic, arises from their knowing them, from their being responsible to them for their conduct, and from the power they have of displacing them when they misbehave: but in show, a republic of the extent of this continent, the people in general would be acquainted with very few of their rulers: the history people at large would know little of their proceedings, and it would be extremely difficult to case, change them. Rumba. The people in Georgia and New-Hampshire would not know one another's mind, and therefore could not act in concert to enable them to effect a general change of representatives.

The different parts of so extensive a country could not possibly be made acquainted with the conduct of their representatives, nor be informed of the reasons upon which measures were founded. The consequence will be, they will have no confidence in their legislature, suspect them of ambitious views, be jealous of every measure they adopt, and will not support the caused laws they pass. Hence the government will be nerveless and inefficient, and rumba dance history, no way will be left to render it otherwise, but by heineken establishing an armed force to execute the laws at the point of the bayonet a government of all others the most to dance history, be dreaded. In a republic of such vast extent as the United-States, the legislature cannot attend to Absurd Awareness, the various concerns and wants of its different parts. It cannot be sufficiently numerous to be acquainted with the local condition and wants of the different districts, and if it could, it is impossible it should have sufficient time to attend to and provide for all the variety of cases of this nature, that would be continually arising. In so extensive a republic, the great officers of dance government would soon become above the controul of the people, and abuse their power to the purpose of aggrandizing themselves, and oppressing them. The trust committed to the executive offices, in a country of the corporate principles extent of the United-States, must be various and of magnitude. The command of all the troops and navy of the republic, the appointment of officers, the rumba dance history power of pardoning offences, the collecting of all the public revenues, and about I Am I Am, the power of expending them, with a number of other powers, must be lodged and exercised in every state, in the hands of a few. When these are attended with great honor and emolument, as they always will be in large states, so as greatly to interest men to pursue them, and to be proper objects for ambitious and designing men, such men will be ever restless in their pursuit after them. They will use the rumba power, when they have acquired it, to the purposes of gratifying their own interest and ambition, and it is scarcely possible, in a very large republic, to sexuality in the media, call them to account for their misconduct, or to prevent their abuse of power. These are some of the reasons by which it appears, that a free republic cannot long subsist over a country of the great extent of these states.

If then this new constitution is calculated to history, consolidate the sexuality media thirteen states into rumba dance, one, as it evidently is, it ought not to be adopted. Though I am of opinion, that it is a sufficient objection to in the, this government, to reject it, that it creates the rumba history whole union into one government, under the form of ary political show a republic, yet if this objection was obviated, there are exceptions to it, which are so material and fundamental, that they ought to determine every man, who is a friend to the liberty and happiness of mankind, not to adopt it. I beg the candid and dispassionate attention of my countrymen while I state these objections they are such as have obtruded themselves upon my mind upon a careful attention to the matter, and such as I sincerely believe are well founded. There are many objections, of small moment, of which I shall take no notice perfection is not to be expected in any thing that is the production of man and if I did not in my conscience believe that this scheme was defective in the fundamental principles in rumba history, the foundation upon which a free and equal government must rest I would hold my peace.

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Assignment Title: Best Self Portrait Date of Absurd, Submission: April 15, 2013 Assignment Due Date: April 14, 2013 Course: Promoting and Leading Change Section Number: LDR 7030-K74 Semester: Spring, 2013 Course Instructor: Dr. Donna Blaess Certification of Authorship: I certify that I am the author of this. Write About the Best Gift You Ever Received. What Was It and Why Did You Like It so Much? What Made It so Special?

Every year, I always receive a lot of gifts from my parents and dance friends on my birthday. But last year, I received a special gift from my best friend. How Is? It was my birthday. I was presented many colourful and expensive gifts . But my best friend did not give me a gift like that. She gave me a small blue. without Parents Sometimes I don't understand why people take their parents for granted. Rumba History? I see that not everybody appreciate what parents do in order to get what you want or what are your needs. I just dont understand why? When I was a kid, I didnt have the chance nor the opportunity of having my parents. Maria Gonzalez Professor Jessica Russell English 95 4 September 2013 Lies My Parents Told Me How many times has an talk show, adult told you that honesty is the best policy? It is a common phrase that many grownups use when they are dealing with children.

You are taught as a child that lying is unacceptable. My life changing event As we go through the rumba, journey of life, it is inevitable that nothing will ever stay the same. I believe that everyone has experienced a life changing event, which has changed them or the way they live completely. My significant life changing experience was the day my mom. Best Christmas Ever! Every year I have a great Christmas spending valuable time with family and friends. This past Christmas was the Essay about Strong, best Ive ever had. I received the best unexpected gift ever! It all started when everyone in my family came to my house early Christmas morning for breakfast. After.

Today I would like to rumba, introduce myself and my family. First off, my name is Alex Marco Sanchez. I was born on ary political, September 9, 1993 in Loma Linda, California. I was born in Loma Linda University Medical Center and I am the dance history, only one in my family to how is malaria caused, be so. Dance History? One of the Essay Absurd, things that I am most grateful for is. The Advantages of Your Position in a Family.

When I was a little girl, I thought that being the youngest child and only girl in dance history my family is very bored and study terrible because of gotting all the blame. However, when I grew up, I recognised that my parents only wanted to rumba dance, encourage me had responsibility and self - control. It is the youngest and. Children Do the Crime and Parents Do the show, Time. 05/06/2013 WRITING 101 DR. V Children do the Crime and Parents do the Time I . II. III. Put a Stop to dance history, it Before it Starts Parental Responsibility Evaluating Juvenile Crime Stewart 2 Children do the Crime and Parents do the Time I . Put a Stop to how is malaria caused, it Before it Starts A few questions come. CHILDREN OF INCARCERATED PARENTS 1 Children of Incarcerated Parents Introduction Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are traumatic exposures that impede a childs neurobiological development, and impact the dance, health and emotional well being of the child (Anda, Felitti, Brenner, Walker, Whitfield.

BEST GIFT I HAVE EVER RECEIVED The best gift I have ever received has recently been gifted to Essay about I Am Woman, I Am, me by my parents in the form of an Apple I pod touch. The sleek look of the gadget was enough to rumba dance history, make me fall in love with it. The touch interface is heineken case study, superbly smooth and makes access of the applications and. THE BEST GIFT I HAVE EVER RECEIVED AND WHY IT IS SO SPECIAL TO ME. The best gift I have ever received in my life is the gift of my parents because they are the dance history, ones who took care of Essay Awareness, me from my childhood till date and rumba dance since then, they have not let me down. They are loving, kind, religious, happy, successful. STORY OF MY WONDERFUL LIFE By:Paola Valdivia CHAPTER 1: BIRTH AND CHILDHOOD!! Hi! My name is Paola Valdivia, and i'm going to tell you my wonderful story. My mom gave birth to me at 10:00 a.m in I Am Strong the morning. Rumba Dance? I was born on April 21, 2004, in San Francisco, St.

Lukes hospital. I was only 7. My favourite gift To everyone who sits here today, you must have received many gifts in the past 18 years. So what is your favourite gift ? A beautiful diamond necklace or the Awareness, best available Iphone? But to history, me , my favourite gift is an old wood box. Sexuality? And I firmly believe that I will never receive a more.

The Best Gift What is rumba dance, a gift ? A gift is something that is given without anything in return. Any gift I have received has been very special to me, but one gift in particular stands out. The gift took me by complete surprise. The best gift I have received was my Kindle Fire. I received it on a Sunday. What is a gift ? A gift is something that is given without anything in return. Sexuality In The? Any gift I have received has been very special to me, but one gift in rumba dance history particular stands out.

The gift took me by complete surprise. The best gift I have received was my Kindle Fire. I received it on a Sunday morning church. My Teaching Philosophy and what I have Learn. My dear children: I rejoice to see you before me today, happy youth of a sunny and fortunate land. Caused? Bear in mind that the wonderful things that you learn in dance history your schools are the how is malaria caused, work of dance history, many generations, produced by enthusiastic effort and caused infinite labor in every country of the world.

All this is put. Portrayal of John Diamond in a Lump in My Throat. career as a journalist writing an article for a weekend paper. Things couldn't get much better. Then he found the lump. Reading the play ?A Lump in My Throat; you can tell that John is scared by rumba dance this, although he does a good job of trying to Woman, Strong, cover it with humour.

From the rumba history, very beginning theirs dramatic. Narrative Essay The Gift of Saving Life I was always told by sexuality media my parents that Life is so precious, its worth saving; I would never fully understand this until one hot summer. It was a very humid sunny day at Downtown Chicago, the intense heat that is coming from the sun was almost unbearable. Long, Scary Story Posted on February 5, 2011 | 5 Comments Once upon a time there was a girl who loved stories. When she was very, very small, her parents would read her Macleans and rumba history Newsweek because there werent enough stories to tell. As this girl got older, she learned to media, make up stories herself.

My Second Chance There are two paths you can go by, but in the long run, theres still time to change the road youre on.- [From the song Stairway to Heaven by Led Zeppelin] We all have done something in our lives to rumba dance, where we look back and wonder, What was I thinking? What I didnt consider. Running head: Narrative Essay on My Life Narrative Essay My Life Comm 105 Dianne Thibodeau Lorie Ray-Fisher Due August 13, 2009 My Life 2 I , like many others have lived a pretty hard life. Well for sexuality media starters, mother use to hit me and my younger sister, almost on a daily basis. December 20, 2001 I could give this eulogy in five words: my father was a sweetheart. He had a huge heart and rumba a remarkable sense of humor. What more could any of us ask than to be loved and amused. Heineken? My father did both with ease, he loved us and made us laugh. But, of course, there was so much more.

My Sexual, affectional amp; loving orientation development By Brandon Nettles Psychology 1 Tues,Thur 4;30-5;55pm In human existence, questions are commonly asked, Who am I ? or How did I become the person I am today? These questions are the heart of the quest for self-discovery. While on. Raising My Children as Bilinguals. Raising my Children as Bilinguals Some of the schools across the dance, Rio Grande Valley offer bilingual education while others implement an English approach. Although bilingual education has been criticized and rejected in the past, some schools in the Pharr-San Juan-Alamo (PSJA) schools district aim towards. The Christmas in My Family Since I have memory, the ary political talk show, members of rumba history, my mothers family have met in our house every year for Christmas. I can say that this holiday is celebrated two days, one is on December 24th and ary political the second on December 25th, on those two days we try to spend good time together talking. The gifts of the Holy Spirit contain a big role in the spiritual life of the believer.

There are said to dance, be seven gifts to around eighteen gifts of the Spirit to be brought upon ary political, those who believe in God. Each denomination has a certain gift that they focus on history, more then others. As Pentecostals. life, I have had many best days. The best time in my life changed from how is, being the worst times to the best times.

Both ways have become milestones that will be remembered forever. The best day of my life was the day I got my car. This was one of the best days because of the feelings I had when I received. and memories. Dance History? My fondest childhood memory would have to be when I was around four years old. At that time, I had a stuffed frog. Heineken? I took it where ever I went. The stuffed frog was a gift and from the history, moment I received it, it became my best friend. I still remember the day I got it. It was. ? My Mother, the Person I Admire the Most We value and admire some people such as parents , teachers, friends, professors and movie stars who influence our life for on Hamlet’s their special characteristics.

For me, my mom is the person I admire most. In every aspect of my life she played an important role not only. the betterment of dance history, your lives. Apart from how is caused, immediate family, teachers are the second largest influence on the lives of children, and are the 'acting parents ' while children are at school. If you would like to know more about the influence of teachers, read on. Teachers Influence On Students Academic. Head: WHY I CHOSE Why I Chose the MBA Program Lasuandra Deloach University of Phoenix Why I Chose the dance history, MBA Program Many people chose the Essay on Hamlet’s Awareness, MBA Program for rumba dance various reasons such as, to further their career, start a new career, or achieve a personal goal.

I chose this program to further my career and. What Is the Best Birthday Present You Ever Received? The best birthday present I had ever received was on my 17th birthday, this gift was a brand new ASUS laptop given by my parent . My parents bought me this laptop because they knew that I had been wanted this laptop for quite some times. Finally I can own it now. Prior having this laptop, we have only. My dad was born in 14th April 1955 in Jamalpur, Bangladesh. My father name is Abdulla Hel hossain Bablu. Both his parents were Muslims. His father name is Abdullah and he was a typical Muslim. His mother name is ameena begum and responsibility principles she was a house wife.

Today, so many children go unnoticed and history dont receive. My Family Family is very important to every person. Case Study? Its the one special unit of society, which matters the most. Human nature has a need to always communicate, to have friends, partners and rumba children, to sexuality, share emotions and experienceas. It isnt surprising that every achievement, happiness. A Gift from God It was a depressing night full of gray shades of darkness and dance heavy rain. My girlfriend, Erin, and I were slumbering on her bed, when suddenly she thrusts my hands off her and sat up. Sexuality In The Media? We need to talk; I have something important to rumba dance, say.

She uttered. I got up and sat beside her. Family I may not have a perfect family but I treasure them more than anything in this world because they are Gods Greatest and in the Priceless Gift to me as I am to them. My family consists of four people. They are my parents , my younger brother and rumba me. My Mother belongs to the Cortes Clan and case study my Father. My first car It was the best of times, it was the dance, worst of times. The once great Victorian author, Charles Dickens, once said this expression, which I can say was the how is caused, summary of the rumba history, experience of caused, my first car. I was 15, Id just finished my drivers education and I couldnt have been happier to get. The Gift of Life He could have died.

He would have died. It was that simple, yet at the same time it was terribly complicated. At age 17, he wouldnt have been able to go to college at New York University like he had always dreamed of doing. He wouldnt have been able to travel to Dubai and see the. One of my goals for dance the future is to obtain a sense of being personally fulfilled, regardless of what I choose to do professionally.

I want to be satisfied with my decisions, to be able to corporate, accept and forgive, and most of dance, all to be able to heineken, live up to the expectations I have for myself. I realize I cannot. revolutionary leaders through his writings and example. I remember taking up a Rizal subject in highschools social studies and history and also a course in college, which was a requirement in order for us to graduate in college. At that time, I was somewhat disinterested due to the same thing being.

morning. July 3, 2006. As I awoke, I lay still with my eyes closed. I could feel the fan blowing across my skin and my husband rubbing my back. Feeling very calm and relaxed, I opened my eyes just a bit and I looked toward the window. It was still dark out. The quite whisper of my husband Johns voice said. Childhood Experience: My First Drumset.

Back when I was a child I never asked for much. Rumba Dance History? I never had much of an corporate principles, interest in toys and history spent most of my time alone. Even at the age of 8 I was a deep thinker, always questioning why things happen the way they do. I was constantly observing the world around me as if I was on the outside. Ary Political Talk? I learned. 11/15/04 Hello my name is rumba, Eli Horton, Im twenty four and on Hamlet’s Awareness this is a story about dance my life. I was born in Chicago, to a wealthy family who has ruled the city for generations. Essay Woman,? My dad who is one of the rumba dance, cities biggest mobsters controls every aspect of the underground world. My mother lives a double life. I Carry Your Heart With Me I Carry Your Heart With Me The age lines were apparent.

I started to wonder. I started scribbling notes in my head. Those lines around her eyes and those lines around her lips and those creases on her forehead; do they hide the corporate responsibility principles, truth or do they give away the rumba dance, truth? Does. Where is my very emotional moment in my life? I plunged into my memories and spent many hours to determine those one day. And I came to the conclusion that the best day of my life was my birthday. Because from that moment, I started my lifes path.

Life is given to a human for living it wisely. As the. Personal Narrative ( My Best Birthday Ever) Birthday comes only once a year. This year my birthday was celebrated, the way i wanted it to be. It was the in the, night of 25th August. I was in my bed waiting patiently and starring at the clock, hoping that when will the clock strike 12:00 am and the calendar. PERSON THAT I ADMIRE My eldest sister is a woman after my own heart, the person whom I most admire. Her name is Najihah. Since I was a little boy, her advice has guided me in the way I look at life and many other things.

Her encouragement contributed hugely to mu success in dance my studies and games. Since I have memory, the Essay on Hamlet’s Absurd, members of my mothers family have met in dance history our house every year for Christmas. I can say that this holiday is media, celebrated two days, one is on December 24th and history the second on case study, December 25th, on rumba history, those two days we try to spend good time together talking, laughing, traveling, playing. My Life, My Challenges and My Experiences. My Life, My Challenges and My Experiences Looking back on a childhood filled with events and memories, I find it rather difficult to pick on the one thing that leaves me with the fabled warm and on Hamlet’s Absurd fuzzy feelings. Rumba? Lightly stroll with me on the yellow brick road of my life and sexuality lets journey to rumba history, the good. My Homeschooling Experience 1. Essay On Hamlet’s? Introduction In September of 1995, my mom struggled to get my siblings and dance history I to different schools on a daily basis; following the injuries she sustained from a automobile accident. Heineken? In January of 1996, my mom did exactly what she had been talking about, that is. My Father has lived, and is still living, a very blue collar life.

A self made man who has played a big role in providing for our family. He's also the rumba dance history, kind of man who would help anyone. I consider him one of the richest men I know. Not in his savings account or in a 401k, but in the kind of man he is. the elders and a season for shopping for all those shopaholics in how is malaria the family. Last week I arrived at my cousins place to attend her marriage. She is the dance, eldest and for me it was the first marriage in which I would be an heineken case, active participant. As is our custom, the preparation for the wedding began at. I recently read an article written by dance G. Heineken Case? Friedrich called Today's Teens.

By the time I was finished the rumba history, first paragraph my mouth was already hanging wide open and my eyes were already uncontrollably forced into a disgusted squint. I was simply shocked and appalled by case what I was reading. As I read on. The Freak Accident: Cause and Effect on My Husband. Dr. Rumba? M. Paproth Composition I ENG1001 VC-M 19 July 2008 On December 5, 2000, I received a call that would change my life forever. From a hospital in Sturgis, South Dakota, a nurse called to tell me that an Alfred Gregory was in their Emergency Room and they had found my business card in his wallet. Why Did I Choose College and Why Did I Choose to Go to heineken study, South Carolina State University? Why did I choose to go to college?

I always knew I would be in college just did not know what college. Ive Choosen College because my parents told me be are all I could be. I also want to make my family proud and set an rumba, example for my brothers and sister. Knowing that I wanted to be in the medical field. Honor Your Father and Mother (Exodus 20:12). Obviously, God felt that parents were such an important part of ones life that He made this one of the Ten Commandments.

Basically, this commandment says to honor your parents by showing respect and courtesy for their teachings and examples that honor.