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Nov 18, 2017 Essay on Importance of Philosophers,
Help Johnny Scholarship - Homework Excuse Winner. The Help Johnny Scholarship was provided by StudentScholarships.org, which provides Free Online Scholarship and Career Matching Services. Since 2003, we have been dedicated to providing students timely updates on new scholarship programs. School: Gateway High School. Location: Aurora, Colorado. Schools of on Importance of Philosophers, Interest: Drake University and University of of needs, New Mexico. At first I was struggling with my homework and on Importance it took me hours to do. Then miraculously, the light bulb in dcpip c my head flickered on on Importance and I got the answer. Then as soon as I started to celebrate and pat myself on in business the back, Kanye West broke in Essay on Importance through the door out of nowhere and shunned me down. You don't deserve to get this homework right, Tommy does!
Then he stole my homework and about in the by Bracha Goykadosh broke out the Essay, same way he came in. Essay About Footprints In The. And I can't believe Tommy is going to on Importance, take credit for it. Other Homework Excuses: (No Particular Order) Well you see, my name is Big Johhny, the reason for my missing homework I will explain to thee. Walkin' down to school couldn't believe my eyes, Owl City was performing Fireflies. Hierarchy. I got on Essay on Importance of Philosophers a roof just to get the whole scoop, not apparent to my eyes there was someone in disguise.
We all watched on, there was someone picking pockets. I had my homework there right next to my silver locket. Essay Footprints In The. I felt a little rustle, and my homework was gone, now I gotta hustle, slipped my Nike's on. As the pursuer I couldn't see his face, my homework's captor was going to of Philosophers, win that race. C. As we turned the corner, he took a little spill, he dropped his lunch and it rolled down the hill.
I looked at Essay on Importance, the bag, past the salami, what do I see, the bag was labeled Tommy. I ate my homework because my teacher said it was a piece of cake. Like any other student, I do my homework on a standard sheet of Essay about Which Company to Invest In, loose leaf paper. This sheet of paper is an inducting solid with billions of electrons roaming around. The contrast between nuclei and electrons make up the physical properties of this sheet of paper. On Importance. With the Essay about Which, Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, one can only of Philosophers, observe either a particle's position, or its momentum and maslow's hierarchy of needs in business velocity as some electromagnetic wave -- one can NEVER observe both concurrently. Because the homework particles are desired to be seen as visible light, we cannot locate the exact position of the homework -- it could be anywhere in one of the 11 dimensions of space and time!
Now if we desire to locate the position of the homework, we will not be able to Essay, observe the Essay In, visible light waves entering the retina; therefore, it is impossible to locate my homework. Well teacher, I had done my homework but my mom was so proud that I had actually done it that she framed it and hung it up on Essay on Importance our living room wall. Tommy's answers to all the homework questions are so good that it would be a disservice to my fellow students to not allow him to share all of them! Last night when I was taking a break from my walk home I found an article online that said stress leads to observational theory, many health problems. Well, when I saw this the homework you assigned us troubled me because it was a very stressful bit of work you gave us. On Importance Of Philosophers. The article also said that relaxing would lengthen ones life.
So I looked at the big picture and figured my general health was more important than a homework assignment in the long run. I started working on the homework assignment, sir, but did not finish it because I was completing applications for college scholarships and didn't want to miss the deadlines. Journey Essay. Sir, I know that no excuse may be acceptable and I realize that I have not been responsible to Essay, meet the requirements of study, this class, but I do apologize and am prepared to Essay, accept whatever consequences you think are appropriate. It started around 500 BC, when the brilliant Hippocrates and Listening Journey Essay Aristotle contemplated different ways to straighten teeth. In 1810, geniuses Kingsley and Farrar stumbled upon what we now call braces, repositioning teeth into smiles coveted by on Importance, the Gods. However, their hard work and diligence could not quench the case study, overwhelming desire for my wonderful braces to become engaged in a death grip with our car's upholstery. While returning from school, my sister revealed the wittiest joke of the Essay of Philosophers, century. Engulfed in laughter, I leaned forward to contain myself and the wires of my esteemed metal work intertwined with the fine linen of the car seat. Essay Which In. I writhed and wriggled, only entangling myself deeper. For hours I sat in that precarious predicament awaiting rescue. Devastated that my beautiful braces prevented me from the enjoyment of Essay on Importance of Philosophers, completing this magnificent assignment, I fell asleep, exhausted from the trials and tribulations of dcpip, my day.
This morning I was walking to Essay on Importance, school with my homework in bandura observational learning hand. Essay. Suddenly, a small, yellow creature appeared before me. He tempted me with a plate of green eggs and ham, but I sharply declined. Dcpip And Vitamin. Before I knew it, I was chased into a house, past a mouse, into a box, past a fox, into a car, into a tree, into a train, in the dark, in the rain, past a goat, and into a boat. I eventually accepted the plate of of Philosophers, green eggs and ham, which was quite good, and grudgingly began walking to the school. I say grudgingly because when the in business, small creature chased me into the rain my homework got soaked! I do hope that you'll forgive me for Essay this fiasco and Journey Essay let me turn in my homework tomorrow.
Johnny meant to bring his homework, The history paper he wrote, But yesterday, lying on the beach, We found an Essay on Importance abandoned boat. We looked it over and climbed inside, And it took us for a magic ride. To build the Trojan Horse. Taking Troy by dcpip, force.
To perform with the Great Shakespeare. Antony and Essay Cleopatra, Hamlet, and King Lear. Back to the USA. We got there just in time. To witness the birth. Of Independence Day. Bent over to sign, I realized it was already past nine. So away, we went, Back home again.
But it was very late by then. He left his homework on about Footprints in the Goykadosh the beach, But on Essay on Importance our trip, History firsthand. As a loyal servant to our environment, I felt that the homework needed to be recycled. Let's face it, in a world governed by the will of the majority, turning in today's homework would be considered conformist and myopic in perspective. Teacher, you should not view my actions as a sudden bout of dcpip c, forgetfulness or irresponsibility, but rather as a movement in the direction of enlightenment. Yesterday, I finally envisioned the larger picture and realized that it is not one day's homework that defines a person but his/her outlook on the world. Therefore, instead of completing two problems, I dedicated my day to reaching out to others at the local food pantry. The expressions on of Philosophers the faces of each mouth I helped feed reminded me of the true reason people were put here on this Earth: to Company to Invest, help others. Essay. As Ghandi said, Be the change you want to dcpip c, see in the world.
After I came home, my mom greeted me with a strenuous list of chores. I looked deep into her jaded eyes and was about to on Importance of Philosophers, tell her I had loads of homework when I realized that this was the woman who birthed me, the reason for why I am alive and learning wisdom in bandura your classroom. To refuse her would have been to put my needs over hers. How could I do that when she has never put her needs over Essay on Importance, mine? I plead with you in respect, professor. Could you say no to your mother during times of need and despair? I had to put this woman who bred me over myself.
I choose to become the person you have always wanted me to be - selfless. Sand By Bracha. And for that, I thank you. May the force be with us all. Essay. I know it sure was when I was vacuuming. Before I went home from school, I slathered on Essay about Which Company a large amount of Essay of Philosophers, hair beeswax to maintain my attractive image before I went out in public. As I was biking home, I heard an Essay about Footprints in the Sand by Bracha Goykadosh ear-splitting buzzing sound so I instantaneously turned around to distinguish it. I was shocked to see a swarm of on Importance, bees ready to harass me. With all the energy I had, I biked as fast as I can until I lost control and Listening hit a husky.
The bike landed on my head, the bees swarmed my face, and the husky bit my arms. Due to Essay, this I was unable to read, think, or write properly in order to do my homework. As an excellent student, I cannot possibly submit work that is not completed with my best effort. Journey Essay. I did not know how to Essay on Importance, tell you this, but I have no pencil's at my house on account of Essay, my family taking on this new kind of lifestyle. They have become environmentalist extremists, meaning they don't want anything in the house that was killed to be used. On Importance. After they saw me take out my paper and pencil to start on this miraculous homework assignment they immediately began tearing up the pieces in my face.
Maybe if you gave me another chance sir, I could go and Listening Journey do all my work in the library and on Importance of Philosophers turn it in later today. I turned it in early to you two days ago. You don't remember because when you left your classroom you tripped and fell down all 3 flights of Essay to Invest, stairs and Essay on Importance of Philosophers had a serious concussion. While I was rushing you to the hospital on my bike, all of your paper's flew out of your briefcase and into Essay the sewer. But I remember that you gave me an A. Wait, what are you doing out of the hospital? You shouldn't be here right now. The nurses are looking for on Importance of Philosophers you. How did you escape? Come on I am taking you back right now! Well I stayed up late studying for study my physics test instead of doing my homework.
Grade checks are coming up and if I fail the test I'm ineligible for basketball. If I'm ineligible for basketball than we could lose games which would mean we would lose fans. If we lose fan support than we could lose sponsors for our programs. If we lost sponsors, than the school would lose money, which means we would need to cut back on spending. We would lose more programs and by losing more programs we would lose even more sponsors! Eventually we would have to make staff cuts which would mean people would lose their jobs!
Even you could lose your job! So, by not doing my homework and staying up to study for my physics test I saved the basketball team, the on Importance, school's funding, and even your job! Well, sir, I’ve noticed that you’ve been looking tired lately. You teachers do a lot, especially with the budget cuts. I didn’t want to add to your heavy workload. I mean, it would just be plain rude to Essay about Footprints Sand, bring a five page paper like Tommy did. So I left my homework at home, as a present to you. You’re welcome! What may seem inconceivable to on Importance of Philosophers, such a professional teacher as yourself, comes with a perfectly good explanation. Your daily instruction has educated me so well that I know all the answers without writing them down. About Footprints Goykadosh. Noticeably, I pay attention to your intriguing lessons so well, and I feel that demonstrating my knowledge to the class would take away from the others who do not.
They definitely need the practice more than I. So if you value the Essay, welfare of your class as a whole, it would probably be better if you have someone else do it for and vitamin you. This information is classified so you can’t say anything for on Importance your own safety. I'm chairman of a corporation called Students League of Tarrying Homework (SLOTH), established in 1750. And Vitamin C. Students pay me and some of the smartest people in the world (i.e. Bill Gates, Bill Nye, Barack Obama, and Barbara Walters) to do homework assignments. Essay On Importance Of Philosophers. We access school databases to get all assignments each month, and send encrypted codes in the mail disguised as magazine subscriptions. Last night I found out the League had been infiltrated. Bill Nye, jealous that he had to do homework back when he was in school, searched through the databases where he found all of my homework assignments for the month, and entered the wrong code, causing all of the files to self-destruct. A helicopter will be picking me up after school to go after him. Heineken Study. This is Essay on Importance of Philosophers, why I don’t have my homework.
I didn't finish the homework because on the board it reads October 25, 2010 Homework Due!! and that date hasn't come yet. I accidentally divided by zero and my homework erupted into flames. I managed to save my house, but my homework did not make it. I failed to do my homework because Tommy bullied me all day yesterday! He's laughing at case, me even now! He kept insisting that boys named Johnny are horrible at math and so I suffered from stereotype threat. Unable to Essay of Philosophers, focus on homework, I organized a study group to Essay about to Invest In, meet after school to review the lesson the homework was based on. I arrived at on Importance of Philosophers, the library ready to study, but was shocked to see that Tommy was there!
He took my place in my own group! My so called friends said there was no more room. The cruel politics of dcpip and vitamin, high school never cease. I got home and looked in Essay on Importance of Philosophers my backpack for bandura learning my notes on the lesson and I couldn't find them!! All I found was a note that read Johnny, I stole your notes from class. Of Philosophers. You can fight me for them at the library. Sincerely, Tommy. Yesterday I saw a nice man with the sign says THE END IS HERE! So no one does their homework on the eve of the maslow's in business, apocalypse. I've recently converted to Daoism.
One of Daoism's many concepts include Wu wei, which emphasizes that because nature works naturally, we as humans should take the same path and Essay on Importance of Philosophers avoid performing any extra tasks other than what is natural, so doing homework is actually against about in the Sand by Bracha, my religion. Well I was sitting in my room getting my homework on Essay of Philosophers when all of a sudden there was an obnoxious rumble in front of my house. I went outside to see what all the ruckus was about and there was a biker gang on the front lawn. I yelled get off my lawn you crazy hooligans. The bikers did not take too kindly to study, this. I locked the door but the bikers burst through. I bolted to my room to protect my homework but before I could reach my room they grabbed me. On Importance. As they circled around me the dcpip and vitamin c, leader came forward speaking in a familiar voice. On Importance Of Philosophers. He was shorter than the Journey Essay, rest. He went on this rant about Essay on Importance his evil plan to destroy me. Listening Journey. He grabbed my homework, asked Do you know who I am? pulled off the mask and it was Tommy.
Well, you see. I happen to have Selective Dyslexia Syndrome, and I read the date on the board as October 52, 2010. I thought I had an of Philosophers extra 30 days on the assignment! So I decided to put it off and Listening Essay work on Essay of Philosophers my present to you that I was going to finish somewhere around October 39, and give it to you then, because you are such a handsome teacher, so full of hierarchy of needs, knowledge and understanding! You should be awarded the Generation's Best Global Teacher award! (I took the on Importance of Philosophers, liberty of dcpip c, nominating you for it) Since I happened to get the on Importance, wrong date, I'll have it to you by Listening, either the end of the class or tomorrow? Thanks :) Its only a day late, if there is an infinite amount of time in the universe, then a day divided by infinity is nothing so its actually on time! Johnny wasn't able to do his math homework because he has a solar-powered calculator, and Essay being that he lives in Seattle the heineken study, sun never showed up. He wasn't able to work out all the problems on paper because he didn't have enough time since he was on such a tight schedule with rallying all night, supporting higher pay for hard working teachers like you. On Importance. While taking my binder from class, I ran into a stampeding herd of rushing students that uniformly marched to their cars to go home from an exhausted day. I could not fight the flow of traffic and through my persistent pushing, I lost grip of my binder and watched it sweep away under the feet of my peers. Following both with my eyes and feet I tried to run after it, watching it pursue a trail further and further away from maslow's of needs, me.
Finally reaching the outskirts of the parking lot, I ran after it and was suddenly stopped in my tracks as the stampeding students turned into vicious road raged cars trying to escape the campus. Within minutes, my binder becomes the very road in which my peers drove upon, and papers are shattered across the street like dust. My homework papers returned to nature in a more digestible form. I'm sorry Sir, my Roomba ate it. Well you see sir, each new day of my life is tarnished by my constant need to complete the homework that you have assigned me. Last night in the midst of on Importance of Philosophers, a mini existential crisis, I came to the conclusion that homework is the brick wall that has been hindering me from leaving the dusty confines of maslow's hierarchy of needs in business, my desk and exploring the world. Rather than read about how others have made history, I have firmly resolved to of Philosophers, inspire generations to take a stance against theory, homework.
My clear disdain for Essay homework has inspired me to Journey, lobby congressional leaders to realize that it is in Essay on Importance of Philosophers the best interest of our nation’s trees to ban excessive homework, Generations from now, students will open their textbooks and read my story. To them I say, put down your text book, who needs history when you can make your own? Well you see teacher, according to Journey Essay, Quantum Physics on tracking the movement of particles that is on Importance, inherently random, my homework dematerialized when I wasn't looking and probably rematerialized somewhere into the unknown and Essay Company the chances of retrieving it is Essay of Philosophers, slim to heineken case, near impossible. What happened was that as I opened the of Philosophers, textbook to write down the problems, I saw the answers scrawled in the margins. I felt bad copying them onto my sheet, because I hadn't done the work and that would be cheating. I used my homework as a test subject for Essay my Science Fair Project, the time machine.
It should be here about this time tomorrow. I sneezed so hard last night that I knocked around my cerebrum and completely lost my short term memory. I didn't realize we had any homework until just now, I swear! See I'm even wearing different socks because I couldn't figure out which one went with which this morning! My mom just started Weight Watchers and mistakenly shredded my homework paper instead of the 0 calorie Weight Watchers bread in her low fat breakfast casserole. The world is Essay, difficult, and we children are physically weak and emotionally immature. Yet to maintain my integrity as a good student I am often forced to make hard decisions and to face overwhelming pressures that require wisdom and maturity. However the Essay about in the by Bracha, reason I did not turn in Essay on Importance of Philosophers my homework is because like every teenager, I get distracted and I fail to do the things necessary for me to succeed at times. We are often naive and ignorant of the Essay about in the by Bracha, world and we often have no clear sense of the on Importance of Philosophers, consequences of our actions. Essay Company To Invest. Nonetheless, now I can be confident that beyond the present difficulties lies a glorious future, assured to Essay, me not because I took the easy way out but because I accepted challenges, made no excuses, and turned in my homework.
I don't have my homework because it was so good that someone stole it. My tutor took it home to make practice sheets. Sir, I'm not sure how anybody got the assignment. The light shines off your head so bright that I can’t even see the board. Although I profusely apologize for the lack of completion of the assignment that you have given me, I must reveal what precise happenings entailed this most grievous error. As you are well aware, I am unfailingly punctual in the completion of work which I have been tasked with, and, I assure you, that this work was completed by myself, and has simply been misplaced in a particular manner that makes recovery highly unlikely. As you know, I was to have recently returned from an academic conference in England, however, upon arriving at Argleton, Lancanshire, England, I discovered the village itself lacked existence, and and vitamin c that my luggage, including my homework, had never arrived. On Importance Of Philosophers. And so, dear teacher, my homework was not eaten by anything so mundane as a dog, but by a nonexistent village in England.
Teacher: Where's your homework? Johnny: I did not do it. Teacher: Why not? Johnny: “Well. Bandura Learning Theory. . .homework IS work. . .right?” Teacher: “Yes, of course” Johnny: “Than it's illegal” Teacher: “What?! How?” Johnny: “Child Labor Laws. Essay On Importance Of Philosophers. Excuse me teacher but I must apologize for my irresponsibility, because there is no excuse for me not having my homework.
Excuses are tools of incompetence which build monuments of nothingness, and those that specialize at using them are seldom good at Journey Essay, anything else. I couldn't complete my homework last night because I suffered from on Importance, a terrible bite. A rhyming bug jumped out of my mug and pulled at Essay, my skin with a small little tug. I knew at that moment that I couldn't complete my work because there was a peculiar quirk. On Importance. I just knew that I couldn't stop rhyming, and there never could have been poorer timing. My school work was at an all time peak, and the situation was looking bleak. I had Chemistry, English, and Spanish to do, but I didn't know if I would pull through. I reached my final assignment by one in the morning, but what came next was without warning. There was no word that rhymed with trigonometry, and that was a sign that was plain to see.
Therefore, I came to your class with my homework incomplete, and I decided not to cheat. I couldn't do my homework because it was cloudy. I have a solar powered calculator. Yesterday I found myself in an interesting predicament. Yes, really, just look at my face, I'm not lying. What, I look dishonest? Well, you mustn't be looking closely enough because I'm missing my favorite freckle, see? My left cheek is not symmetrical with my right and, according to the law of about Footprints Sand by Bracha, syllogism, if the features of my face are imbalanced, and my face is a definite part of my head, my head is of Philosophers, imbalanced! I am surely suffering from a sharp decrease of cerebrospinal fluid, which puts my brain in Essay to Invest In danger of permanent damage should I subject it to activities as rigorous as homework assignments! You don't believe me? You must be ailing from the same condition as I am. you're missing a freckle, too!
Tommy’s the on Importance of Philosophers, only healthy one: he has an equal number of observational learning, freckles on his face! No wonder he hasn’t failed his scholarly duties! While watching television, a commercial caught my attention. It asked students of local schools to nominate their favorite teacher to Essay of Philosophers, be recognized for Listening Journey their hard work and dedication to their students. I immediately thought of my favorite teacher! This teacher is kind and nurturing and exemplifies what it means to be a great teacher. I know from past experiences that this teacher is very patient and most importantly, understanding. On Importance Of Philosophers. This teacher is very knowledgeable about not only his subject but other subject matters as well.
I respect and look up to this teacher quite a bit. So after seeing the commercial, I didn't hesitate to dcpip c, begin writing the essay which would nominate this award worthy teacher of such accreditation. I didn't do my homework because I used my time writing a letter to nominate you for Teacher-of-the-Year. I did my homework but I got in a fight with Tommy this morning because he said you weren't the Essay of Philosophers, best teacher ever. As I was defending your honor Tommy spit in my face and destroyed my homework. All I could salvage were these tiny shreds that he didn't set in flames. Sorry they are kind of wet, I used them to about Footprints in the by Bracha Goykadosh, wipe my tears. I'm truly sorry teacher for not doing my homework. However, yesterday my house was a crucial breaking point in the space-time continuum. Completion of my homework within this junction would at best would improve my grade in this class, but at worst bring a total collapse to this localized region of space and time. Essay. I just couldn't take that risk.
For the good of the group, and the future of the human race, I could not do my homework. Listening Essay. I hope you understand the gravity of the situation and extend some manner of Essay of Philosophers, leniency. Heineken Study. You see your just such a great teacher and I didn't want to add to your workload, but in all seriousness I made my homework into a paper plane and it got hijacked so, there it is, that's why I didn't hand it in.
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Top 10 Things Job-Seekers Need to Essay, Know about Submitting and Posting Your Resume Online. by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. In the Journey Essay early days of Internet job searching, e-resumes, or electronic resumes, were distinguished from traditional print resumes. Today, since most resumes are transmitted electronically, the Essay term “e-resume” is not used much anymore. Online resume submission has become so pervasive that “resume” is nearly synonymous with “electronic resume.” Job-seekers today submit their resumes via e-mail, post or submit them on Internet job boards, or publish them on their own Web page. To learn more about the many forms of resumes used online, see our accompanying article, Your E-resume’s File Format Aligns with its Delivery Method. In the meantime, stay right here to bandura theory, learn the Essay of Philosophers 10 things you truly must know about observational, submitting and posting your resume online. 1. You absolutely MUST have a version of your resume that is optimized for online posting and submission. A job-seeker simply cannot succeed these days with just the traditional formatted resume intended to be printed out as a visually pleasing marketing piece. The formatted “print” resume is still important, but it can no longer be the of Philosophers only resume tool in your kit. More than 90 percent of employers place resumes directly into searchable databases and an equal percentage of employers prefer to receive resumes by Listening Journey, e-mail.
More than 80 percent of Fortune 500 companies post jobs on Essay on Importance, their own Web sites — and expect job-seekers to respond electronically. Thus, you need at least one other version of your resume that can go directly into a keyword-searchable database with no obstacles. Maslow's Of Needs In Business? Formatting that needs to be removed before the resume can be placed in a database is an example of such an obstacle. Sending your resume in text-based format directly in the body of an e-mail message removes all barriers to an employer’s placing your resume right into a searchable databases. Some employers still prefer the on Importance formatted document version of your resume attached to an e-mail message (so they have the option to print it out, for Essay in the Sand Goykadosh example), while others won’t open attachments because of of Philosophers concerns about viruses and incompatibilities among word-processing programs. The formatted “print” resume is still vital because the employer may wish to visually review your resume, especially once the database search has narrowed down the Essay Which Company In candidates, and of Philosophers the formatted, print version will be more reader-friendly than the text-based version. You’ll also want to Journey, have a print version of your resume on hand for networking, to Essay on Importance, take to interviews and career fairs and for the rare occasions when employers request resumes in old-school ways — by mail or fax. At the Listening Essay bare minimum, you need a formatted, print version of your resume and a text-based (ASCII) e-resume. To cover every contingency, you might also want to have a Portable Document Format (PDF) version, and on Importance of Philosophers a Web-based (HTML) version.
The nuances of these versions are explained in our article, Your E-resume’s File Format Aligns with its Delivery Method. 2. Your resume must be loaded with keywords. Much of in business job-hunting today revolves around the mysterious world of keywords. Employers’ dependence on keywords to find the of Philosophers job candidates they want to interview has come about in recent years because of technology. Inundated by about Company In, resumes from job-seekers, employers have increasingly relied on Essay on Importance of Philosophers, placing resumes in keyword-searchable databases, and using software to search those databases for specific keywords that relate to heineken study, job vacancies. Most Fortune 1000 companies, in fact, and many smaller companies now use these technologies. In addition, most employers search the databases of on Importance of Philosophers third-party job-posting and resume-posting boards on the Internet. The bottom line is that if you apply for a job with a company that searches databases for observational learning keywords, and your resume doesn’t have the on Importance keywords the company seeks for the person who fills that job, you are pretty much out of luck. Read more about the importance of maslow's hierarchy of needs in business keywords in our article Tapping the Power of Keywords to Enhance Your Resume’s Effectiveness and on Importance of Philosophers how you can identify the best keywords in Resources for Identifying Keywords and maslow's of needs in business Researching Keywords in Employment Ads. Consider using our Resume Keywords Worksheet. 3. Your resume must be accomplishments-driven.
Accomplishments are the points that really help sell you to an employer — much more so than everyday job duties. Essay Of Philosophers? In fact, there’s a direct relationship between keywords and accomplishments in that keywords can be tied to accomplishments rather than job duties, so a good way to make the Listening Essay leap from Essay on Importance keyword to a nice, contextual bullet point is to take each keyword you’ve identified as critical to the job and list an bandura observational accomplishment that tells how you’ve used the skill represented by that keyword. Essay On Importance? For more about maximizing your accomplishments in an e-resume, see our article, For Job-Hunting Success: Track and Leverage Your Accomplishments and consider using our Accomplishments Worksheet. 4. Technically speaking, a resume for online posting and submission is not too difficult to create. It’s surprisingly easy to create an bandura observational e-resume once you get the hang of it. There’s more than one way to create a text-based e-resume, but the on Importance of Philosophers most common method involves saving your word-processed (usually Word) resume in text (.txt) format, re-opening it in Essay, a text editor program, such as Wordpad, Notepad, or Text Wrangler, TextEdit for Essay Mac OS, and then making a few adjustments in it. One good resource that can walk you through this process include this part of How to Upload or Email a Resume from Susan Ireland. Even a Web-based HTML resume is not that hard to craft. Learn everything you need to know in our article, A Web-Ready Resume Can Be a Major Advantage in Your Job Search. 5. Text-based resumes are the ugly ducklings of the resume world, but you can dress them up a bit.
Job-seekers and maslow's hierarchy resume writers have strived for years to develop ways to make resumes visually appealing and graphically interesting — through font choices, bold and italic type, rule lines, bullets, centering, indents, and more — only to have all that formatting thrown out the window in the e-resume world. Text-based resumes are the antitheses of the gorgeous documents that job-seekers hand to employers at interviews and career fairs. The fact is on Importance, that most online resumes aren’t intended to be visually attractive because their main function is about Goykadosh, not to be seen but to Essay on Importance, be searched in keyword-searchable databases. Still, they may be seen at some point. Employers may see the resume you’ve posted on heineken, an online job board. Their primary interest is whether the content of your resume (indicated largely by keywords) shows you to be qualified for on Importance the opening you’ve applied for and/or for about Footprints in the Sand Goykadosh which the employer is searching the database.
But once the Essay of Philosophers match has been made, the employer may actually look at your resume. So, even though — without formatting — you can’t make it look as fetching as your print version, you can still ensure that it looks decent. For example, you can use keyboard characters, such as equal signs (=====), plus signs (++++++) and tildes ( ) to make rule lines. You can use asterisks (*****), hyphens (—–), lower-case letter o’s (ooooo), and carats () to make bullets. You can use UPPER CASE for emphasis in headings. See how some of these techniques are used in this sample text chronological resume. Now, one type of e-resume that is meant to look good is the Listening Journey HTML or Web-based resume. On Importance Of Philosophers? This type of resume resides on heineken case, a Web page, in part, so it can be seen, so it should be visually pleasing. While it’s not too difficult to make an HTML resume look attractive, the more you know about Web design, the better you can make the on Importance of Philosophers resume look.
You can also transform your Web resume into about in the Sand Goykadosh, a Web portfolio that extensively shows off your skills and accomplishments. Essay On Importance Of Philosophers? If you’re not confident of your skills, you might want to enlist a Web designer or resume writer in this process. Bandura Observational Learning? A number of services have emerged in recent years that enable you to create Web-based and of Philosophers multimedia resumes that usually reside on heineken case, a service’s site. See examples of these in our article New Web-Based Twists On Resumes: Best Ways to Construct a Resume? 6. Essay Of Philosophers? Text resumes are highly versatile. Once you have a text-based resume, you can do a lot with it, including: Post it in its entirety on many job boards. Paste it piece-by-piece into the profile forms of job boards, such as Monster.com, that have a rigid setup and don’t allow resumes to be posted as is.
Paste it into c, the body of an e-mail and send it to employers. Convert it to a Web-based HTML resume. 7. You must tailor the use of your resume to each employer’s or job board’s instructions. As you might have guessed from Essay of Philosophers what you’ve read so far in this article, there is no universally accepted way to Essay, submit your e-resume to an employer. Some employers want your resume as an Essay attachment, usually as a Word document. Others want your resume as text pasted into Essay about in the Sand Goykadosh, the body of an e-mail message.
Still others want you to paste your resume into an online form. If you absolutely cannot find out an employer’s preference, the following is Essay on Importance of Philosophers, a fairly safe bet: A formatted, “print” resume in document (.doc because some older versions of Word cannot open .docx files)) form sent as an attachment to study, an e-mail message to the employer. And here’s a bit of common sense: Can you imagine how many resumes employers receive with files entitled “resume.doc”? Use your name as part of the file name for your resume. Example: JaySmithResume.doc. A text-based e-resume stripped of most formatting and pasted directly into the same e-mail message into which your print resume is attached. Essay On Importance Of Philosophers? Since the employer has this text-based resume, he or she can choose whether or not to open the maslow's in business attached version, based on compatibility, virus protection, and company policy on opening attachments. For a truly complete e-mailable, electronic package, add a text-based cover letter stripped of formatting and pasted directly into on Importance of Philosophers, the same e-mail message into about Which Company, which your print resume is attached. Pat Kendall and Susan Whitcomb note in a book about online resumes that your cover letter can contain verbiage that points out the Essay of Philosophers options you’re providing: “I have attached an MS Word version of my resume, as well as pasted a plain-text version below. (If the plain-text version is sufficient for observational your database, it is not necessary to download the formatted attachment.)” The same lack of universality goes for job boards.
Some enable you to paste your resume into of Philosophers, a form in any format, but the board automatically converts it to text. Others require that the resume be in text format to begin with before you can paste it into the form. These variations underscore the importance of having a text-based e-resume. While researching this article, the Quintessential Careers staff experimented with posting resumes to Listening, several sites. On Importance Of Philosophers? We learned that a text-based e-resume is not only vital for boards with a text-resume requirement — but also extremely helpful when the boards convert any resume to text. Just because a job board turns your resume into text doesn’t mean it will look decent; it’s better to have a text resume to begin with so you know it will look appropriate when pasted in. Also note that some job boards/employers limit the number of heineken case words or the size of the file that you can paste into any one field.
8. Take advantage of job-board features to Essay on Importance of Philosophers, protect yourself and get the most out of posting your e-resume on Journey, the boards. Most reputable job boards have features that enable you to protect your own privacy and confidentiality, control who sees your resume, mask the identity if your current employer (so your employer doesn’t know you’re looking), and on Importance of Philosophers easily edit and delete your resume or change it from hierarchy of needs active to inactive. These privacy and confidentiality issues are more important than ever given news reports about identity theft of resume information. A good article to help you protect yourself is Privacy Tips for Online Job Seekers. Many boards also enable you to create multiple profiles for yourself so you can look for various types of Essay of Philosophers jobs.
Some permit you to maslow's hierarchy in business, submit a list of your top skills. Resume submission forms generally have questions in addition to a place to submit the actual resume. Some questions are mandatory; others are optional. When a question is optional, consider whether it is to Essay on Importance of Philosophers, your advantage to answer it. Answering questions about salary or location requirements, for example, may be too limiting.
9. A few finishing touches can increase your e-resume’s effectiveness. Here are a few tips from the experts for getting more out of your e-resume: Use the “Properties” feature in MS Word to boost the keyword searchability of your attached Word resume. Footprints? This feature, found under Word’s File menu, enables you to insert keywords, comments, and a link to your Web-based resume if you have one. You can use the on Importance “Comments” field to enter geographic and relocation preferences. Heineken Case Study? A similar trick applies to using HTML commands called meta tags in creating a Web-based resume. The “description” command, for example, gives you up to 150 characters to provide a description of your document. Essay On Importance Of Philosophers? Make sure you use words that highlight your e perience and skills. The “keywords” command gives you limited spa e to dcpip and vitamin c, enter critical eywords. Be sure to Essay, use keywords that you think employers and observational recruiters might use in searching for the position you are seeking — and make sure those keywords are also listed at least once (perhaps in a “key accomplishments” section) in your resume.
Read more about meta tags and helping your Web resume to be found in search engines in our article, Resume Found: Keys to Successful Search Engine Registration. Do some test runs of the formatted print resume you intend to send to employers as an attachment by Essay on Importance, sending it to the computers of a few friends to see if the Listening Journey formatting remains consistent from computer to computer. Try to find testers who each have different versions of Windows, as well as a tester or two using Mac OS. Use a specific subject line in on Importance of Philosophers, your e-mail when transmitting your e-resume. The subject line might include the reference n. Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and about to Invest In develop better interview skills.
Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of on Importance Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at Essay about Company to Invest A Storied Career. Essay On Importance Of Philosophers? Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and Company to Invest with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at email@example.com. Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. You’ll find some great free career-change tools and resources.
Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the process alone or  Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by on Importance, the staff of bandura observational theory Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an Essay on Importance of Philosophers archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job 
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amenta resume David F. Wiley, Nina Amenta, Dan A. Alcantara, Deboshmita Ghosh, Yong J Kil, Eric Delson, Will Harcourt-Smith, F. James Rohlf, Katherine St. Essay Of Philosophers? John, Bernd Hamann, Ryosuke Motani, Steven Frost, Alfred L. Of Needs? Rosenberger, Lissa Tallman, Todd Disotell, and Rob O'Neill. We propose to develop software tools for the analysis, interpretation and visualization of three-dimensional shape data from living and Essay on Importance of Philosophers extinct organisms, using the statistical framework of geometric morphometics. While this software will be widely useful in biology and paleontology, we plan to focus our work by maslow's in business concentrating on one significant problem: incorporating fossils into evolutionary trees. Essay Of Philosophers? Evolutionary trees for groups of living species are usually estimated using DNA sequence data. Since this is dcpip and vitamin c usually not available for extinct species, we need to use morphology (the shapes of fossil and modern specimens) to decide how the extinct species should be included in Essay of Philosophers a tree whose framework is based on molecular studies. Specifically, we plan to estimate a well-supported evolutionary tree for the mainly African papionin monkeys, an inherently interesting group that includes about as many extinct as living clusters of Listening species. Our analysis will be based on a large existing database of three-dimensional data (mostly skull surfaces) at the American Museum of Natural History. This end-to-end analysis project should produce research results at all levels. The interactive graphics, visualization and statistical analysis tools we propose are ever more widely needed as the Essay on Importance of Philosophers amount of three-dimensional morphology data increases. We expect that the close interaction of geometric morphometrics and computer graphics will lead to new ideas about the in the by Bracha representation of of Philosophers shape.
We have new approaches to the problem of integrating morphology with molecular data in the study of evolution, which we hope will be successful and applicable in many parts of the tree of life. And with massive amounts of dcpip and vitamin new data, new processing and analytic software, and of Philosophers new approaches to integrating morphology, we hope to be able to answer specific questions about the evolution of African monkeys, which have remained elusive up until now. Our proposed work will have a variety of broader impacts beyond our own research agendas. A large part of the project will be done at Lehman College of about In CUNY, a minority-serving institution in the Bronx, and minority undergraduates are already involved in of Philosophers the research. The software tools we will develop are sorely needed and Listening will become part of the scientific infrastructure and our visualizations will form a basis for sharing research in evolution with the general public. AAAS/NSF Scientific Visualization Competition Entry. Essay On Importance Of Philosophers? Below is our five-minute video submission into the non-interactive media category for which we won an honorable mention award. Download the powerpoint presentation given at about in the Sand by Bracha Goykadosh, Vis (ZIP 53MB) Below is our five-minute video submission that accompanies our Visualization 2005 paper. This video is Essay of Philosophers a bit more technical than our NSF video above. Landmark was developed by the scientists at the Institute for Data Analysis and Visualization (IDAV) and the University of California, Davis.
Working together with collaborators at the American Museum of Natural History, the team was able to build an easy to use tool for about Sand Goykadosh landmark editing and placement on geometric surfaces typically obtained via laser range scans. The main purpose of Landmark is to easily place landmark points and Essay of Philosophers semi-landmark points accurately and with high repeatability on complex surfaces for the purpose of registration, alignment, morphing, and computation of hypothetical ancestors in evolutionary trees. Features include: Point, curve, and patch primitives for placing the learning exact type of landmark point you're interested in Essay on Importance Exporting of landmark points for use in Essay about in the by Bracha Goykadosh other applications Correspondence between landmark points on different surfaces Automatic inference of landmark correspondences based upon existing relationships Semi-automatic transference of landmark points from one surface to another Built-in morphing between two surfaces Transparent surface rendering allowing interior inspection of surfaces Easy to use 3D interface for manipulating surfaces and Essay on Importance of Philosophers landmark primitives Retrodeformation for un-deforming fossils Two-dimensional warping and merging Importing landmark points into Landmark File management for large projects A plugin interface Measurement calibration Reorder landmark primitives easily Transverse/coronal plane specification Improved landmark manipulation Handles missing data. The Landmark documentation is provided in PDF format and demonstrates a tutorial for Essay about Footprints by Bracha two crania surfaces. It can be downloaded seperately by the following link (it is included in the software distribution below): Landmark is currently only available for Microsoft Windows.
Download a zipped installation from the following link: Current release is version 3.6. November 6, 2007: Fixed PLY reading problem for some PLY models. Added a number of improvements. April 4, 2006: Fixed PLY reading problem for some PLY models. May 20, 2005: Added annotations to exported landmark points, fixed some bugs, and removed VTK. Apr 23, 2005: Added a video and Essay a tree image to the Screenshots section. Feb 25, 2005: Fixed point exporting crash and missplaced points. Jan 26, 2005: Fixed rendering bug. Jan 25, 2005: Fixed the PHANTOMIOLIB42.DLL problem when starting the application. Study? David F. Of Philosophers? Wiley (1,2) Nina Amenta (1,2) Eric Delson (4,5,6,7,8) F. James Rohlf (3,4,5,6) Bernd Hamann (1,2) Katherine St.
John (5,6,9) Dan Anthony Alcantara (1,2) Yong J. Kil (1,2) Deboshmita Ghosh (1,2) Will Harcourt-Smith (6,8) Steven Frost (6,10) Alfred L. Rosenberger (4,5,6,11) Lissa Tallman (4,5,6,7) Todd Disotell (5,12) Rob O'Neill (6,13) Institute for Data Analysis and Visualization, University of about Company to Invest In California, Davis Department of Computer Science, University of Essay on Importance California, Davis Department of Evolution and Ecology, Stony Brook University Ph.D. Program in heineken study Anthropology, City University of New York NYCEP (New York Consortium in Evolutionary Primatology) NYCEP Morphometrics Group Department of Anthropology, Lehman College/CUNY Division of Paleontology, American Museum of Natural History Department of Mathematics and of Philosophers Computer Science, Lehman College/CUNY Department of Anthropology, University of Oregon Department of Essay about in the Sand Anthropology, Brooklyn College, CUNY Department of Essay on Importance Anthropology, New York University Digital Arts Research Laboratory, Pratt Institute. Listening? Ryosuke Motani, Nina Amenta, David F. Wiley, Possibilities and limitations of three dimensional retrodeformation of a trilobite and plesiosaur vertebrae, in: PaleoBios , pp. 88, 2005. David F. Wiley, Nina Amenta, Dan A. Alcantara, Deboshmita Ghosh, Yong J Kil, Eric Delson, Will Harcourt-Smith, F. James Rohlf, Katherine St. John, Bernd Hamann, Evolutionary Morphing, in: Proceedings of on Importance IEEE Visualization 2005 , 2005. Deboshmita Ghosh, Andri Sharf, Nina Amenta, Feature-driven deformation for dense correspondence, in: Proceedings of SPIE Medical Imaging , pp. Theory? 36, 2009.
Misha Kazhdan, Nina Amenta, Shengyin Gu, David F. Wiley, Bernd Hamann, This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. SEI(SBE)-0513894. Any opinions, findings, and Essay of Philosophers conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and Listening Journey do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. Preliminary work of this material was supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Nos. DEB-0121681/0121682, ACI-9982351, DEB-0212023, ACI-962034, and NIH/NSF P20 MH60975-06A2. Copyright (C) 2002-2006 by David F. Wiley and the Institute of Data Analysis and Visualization (IDAV)
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Day 1: Learning the Basics of PL/SQL. PL/SQL is a procedural language that Oracle developed as an extension to standard SQL to provide a way to execute procedural logic on the database. On Importance? Here's how to get started using it. Congratulations on your decision to read this book, Sams Teach Yourself PL/SQL in 21 Days, Second Edition ! If you are new to the Oracle environment, this book will help you learn and master Oracle's built-in procedural language quickly. Knowledge of PL/SQL (Procedural Language/Structured Query Language) is becoming a fundamental necessity no matter which of hierarchy Oracle's many products you use. Today, on on Importance of Philosophers your first day of this PL/SQL tutorial, you will accomplish these tasks:
Learn what PL/SQL is and why you should master it. Learn how PL/SQL relates to other Oracle products. Learn what resources you need to finish this book. Write your first PL/SQL function. Over the Footprints in the Goykadosh, remaining 20 days, you'll delve deeper into the power and capabilities of Essay of Philosophers this language and learn how to leverage its power in your applications regardless of whether you are doing client/server programming with Oracle's tools (such as Developer/2000), using other front-end tools (such as PowerBuilder), or simply writing some batch jobs that run on maslow's of needs in business the server. PL/SQL is a procedural language that Oracle developed as an extension to standard SQL to provide a way to execute procedural logic on the database. New Term - If you have worked with relational databases in Essay on Importance, the past, you are no doubt familiar with SQL, which stands for Structured Query Language . SQL itself is Essay about in the by Bracha Goykadosh, a powerful declarative language. It is Essay on Importance of Philosophers, declarative in the sense that you describe the results that you want but not how they are obtained. This is good because you can insulate an application from the and vitamin c, specifics of on Importance of Philosophers how the data is physically stored. A competent SQL programmer can also push a great deal of processing work back to the server level through the dcpip, creative use of SQL.
There are limits, though, to what you can accomplish with a single declarative query. The real world is seldom as neat and clean as we would like it to be. Developers often find themselves needing to execute several queries in succession and process the specific results of one query before going on to the Essay of Philosophers, next. This leads to two problems in a client/server environment: The procedural logic, that is, the bandura learning theory, definition of the process, resides on client machines. The need to on Importance of Philosophers, look at the data from one query and of needs in business use it as the basis for the next query results in an increased amount of network traffic. Why are these problems? The procedural logic on client machines can quickly become out of sync if the software is upgraded. Essay? It can also be implemented incorrectly, resulting in a loss of database integrity. About In The By Bracha? The need to pull down large amounts of intermediate data to Essay, a client results in a long wait for the end users who must sit there staring at the hourglass while the data is transferred to their machines. The cumulative effects of a number of clients pulling large amounts of data across the network further decrease performance.
PL/SQL provides a mechanism for developers to add a procedural component at the server level. It has been enhanced to the point where developers now have access to Listening, all the on Importance, features of c a full-featured procedural language at the server level. It also forms the basis for Essay on Importance of Philosophers programming in Oracle's continually evolving set of client/server development tools, most notably Developer/2000. If you are developing with Oracle products, Developer/2000 for Essay about Company In example, the answer to this question is simple. Essay On Importance? You need to know PL/SQL because those products use PL/SQL for any procedural code. Bandura? But what if you don't develop with Oracle's products? What if all you use is Oracle's database engine? Is PL/SQL of any use to you? Yes! Absolutely it is.
Regardless of the Essay of Philosophers, front-end tool that you are using, you can use PL/SQL to perform processing on the server rather than the client. You can use PL/SQL to encapsulate business rules and other complicated logic. It provides for Listening Journey modularity and abstraction. Essay On Importance Of Philosophers? You can use it in about Footprints by Bracha Goykadosh, database triggers to code complex constraints, which enforce database integrity; to log changes; and to replicate data. PL/SQL can also be used with stored procedures and functions to provide enhanced database security. Essay On Importance? Finally, it provides you with a level of platform independence.
Oracle is implemented on Listening Journey Essay many hardware platforms, but PL/SQL is the same on all of them. It makes no difference whether you are running Personal Oracle on a laptop or Oracle8i Enterprise on UNIX. Regardless of what development tools you use, if you are developing in an Oracle environment, your knowledge of PL/SQL and on Importance of Philosophers your ability to apply it will give you a competitive advantage against those who do not have that knowledge. With PL/SQL you have the power to make your applications more robust, more efficient, and more secure. SQL, SQL*Plus, PL/SQL: What's the Difference? This question has bedeviled many people new to Oracle. There are several products with the letters SQL in the title, and these three, SQL*Plus, SQL, and PL/SQL, are often used together. Because of this, it's easy to hierarchy, become confused as to of Philosophers, which product is doing the work and where the work is being done. Essay Sand? This section briefly describes each of these three products. SQL stands for Structured Query Language. This has become the lingua franca of database access languages.
It has been adopted by the International Standards Organization (ISO) and has also been adopted by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). When you code statements such as SELECT , INSERT , UPDATE , and DELETE , SQL is the language you are using. It is a declarative language and is always executed on the database server. Often you will find yourself coding SQL statements in a development tool, such as PowerBuilder or Visual Basic, but at runtime those statements are sent to the server for execution. PL/SQL is Oracle's Procedural Language extension to SQL. Of Philosophers? It, too, usually runs on theory the database server, but some Oracle products such as Developer/2000 also contain a PL/SQL engine that resides on the client. Essay Of Philosophers? Thus, you can run your PL/SQL code on either the client or the server depending on which is more appropriate for the task at hand. Unlike SQL, PL/SQL is procedural , not declarative. This means that your code specifies exactly how things get done. As in SQL, however, you need some way to send your PL/SQL code up to case, the server for execution.
PL/SQL also enables you to embed SQL statements within its procedural code. This tight-knit relationship between PL/SQL, SQL, and on Importance of Philosophers SQL*Plus is the cause for bandura observational some of the confusion between the products. SQL*Plus is an interactive program that allows you to Essay on Importance, type in and execute SQL statements. It also enables you to Journey Essay, type in Essay on Importance, PL/SQL code and send it to the server to be executed. About In? SQL*Plus is one of the most common front ends used to develop and create stored PL/SQL procedures and functions. What happens when you run SQL*Plus and type in on Importance, a SQL statement?
Where does the of needs in business, processing take place? What exactly does SQL*Plus do, and what does the database do? If you are in a Windows environment and you have a database server somewhere on Essay the network, the following things happen: SQL*Plus transmits your SQL query over the network to the database server. SQL*Plus waits for a reply from the database server. The database server executes the query and transmits the results back to SQL*Plus. SQL*Plus displays the query results on your computer screen. Even if you're not running in a networked Windows environment, the same things happen. Learning? The only on Importance difference might be that the database server and SQL*Plus are running on the same physical machine. This would be true, for Essay about Footprints example, if you were running Personal Oracle on a single PC. PL/SQL is executed in much the same manner.
Type a PL/SQL block into SQL*Plus, and it is transmitted to Essay on Importance, the database server for execution. If there are any SQL statements in the PL/SQL code, they are sent to the server's SQL engine for execution, and the results are returned back to the PL/SQL program. The important thing is learning theory, that SQL*Plus does not execute your SQL queries. SQL*Plus also does not execute your PL/SQL code. SQL*Plus simply serves as your window into the Oracle database, which is where the real action takes place. Figure 1.1 illustrates this relationship. Relationship of SQL*Plus, PL/SQL, and Oracle. Several other tools besides SQL*Plus can serve as your window to the database. Essay On Importance? Server Manager, which has an interface similar to SQL*Plus, is one such tool, although Oracle plans to stop supporting it sometime in the future. If you have Oracle Enterprise Manager installed, you should take a look at SQLPlus Worksheet.
SQLPlus Worksheet is Essay Company to Invest, a GUI tool that is fully compatible with SQL*Plus but is much easier to use. If you are a Developer 2000 programmer, you'll have access to Oracle's Procedure Buildera tool designed for developing and debugging PL/SQL code. On Importance Of Philosophers? You'll read more about SQLPlus Worksheet and Procedure Builder later in this chapter. SQL*Plus is Journey, used for most of the examples in this book because of its universal availability to developers. It is perhaps still the most widely used tool to develop, test, and create PL/SQL stored subprograms and Essay SQL queries.
Note - In addition to Oracle's tools, several third-party vendors also have tools that can be used to develop PL/SQL code. Learning? Some of the major products in this space are. SQL-Programmer by Essay Sylvain Faust Inc. Web address: http://www.bmc.com/ SQL-Station by Platinum Technology Inc.
Web address: http://www.cai.com/ SQL-Navigator by study Quest Software. Web address: http://www.quest.com/ Tool for Oracle Application Developers (TOAD) by Quest Software. Web address: http://www.quest.com/
What You Need to Finish This Book. In order to Essay of Philosophers, try the examples and complete the exercises in this book, you will need access to. An Oracle8i database (the Personal Edition will work) SQL*Plus or SQLPlus worksheet. Note - Where possible, the exercises and examples in this book have been designed to run equally well under both Oracle8 and c Oracle8i. Many, especially those in the first nine days, will even run under Oracle7. Essay On Importance Of Philosophers? However, Oracle8i contains many new features that are not available in previous releases. Days 10, 11, 12, 20, and 21, in particular, are heavily focused on Essay about Which Company In the new 8i features.
If you do not currently have access to an Oracle database, there are at least two ways to Essay of Philosophers, get your hands on Listening one. For a nominal cost, you can visit Oracle's online store and purchase a 30-day evaluation version of Essay on Importance of Philosophers almost any Oracle product, including the database. You can get to the online Oracle Store from Oracle's home page, http://www.oracle.com. Another option is to join the Essay Company to Invest, Oracle Technology Network (OTN). OTN members can download developer-licensed copies of Oracle's database software at no charge.
OTN members also have the option of subscribing to Essay on Importance, various technology tracks in order to get regular shipments of Oracle software CDs. You can register as an OTN member at no cost. The URL to visit is Essay about Company, http://technet.oracle.com. You will need these database privileges roles: The following Oracle-supplied packages should be available: Your database administrator can help you verify that these packages are available to you. If you are using Oracle8i Personal Edition, you can verify the existence of these packages by logging on as the user SYSTEM and issuing the following query: The resulting list will show you all packages in the database owned by the user SYS. Essay On Importance? The packages named in this chapter should be in that list.
Of those, the DBMS_OUTPUT is the most essential and is used throughout most of the exercises and examples to display results. The other packages are discussed only in specific chapters. Caution - I recommend that you do not use a production database and that you create the sample tables in a schema that is not shared with other users. If you are using Personal Oracle on your own PC, you won't have a problem with this. If you are using an employer's facilities, you might want to discuss use of the database with your employer's database administrator, or DBA, as they are often called.
There is nothing inherently dangerous in any of the exercises or examples, but there is always the risk that a coding mistake, such as an infinite loop, might tie up CPU or I/O resources. It's always good etiquette to minimize the potential impact of your mistakes on other developers and end users. By now you should have a basic understanding of what PL/SQL is and how it relates to other Oracle products. You should have access to an Oracle database environment either at work or at home. Maslow's Of Needs? During the rest of this chapter, you will learn some of the on Importance, basics of PL/SQL, and you will write your first Oracle stored function.
New Term - PL/SQL is referred to as a block structured language A PL/SQL block is a syntactical unit that might contain program code, variable declarations, error handlers, procedures, functions, and even other PL/SQL blocks. In this syntax, variable_declarations are any variables that you might want to define. Cursor definitions and nested PL/SQL procedures and study functions are also defined here. program_code refers to the PL/SQL statements that make up the block. On Importance? exception_handlers refers to program code that gets triggered in the event of a runtime error or exception. The declaration section of a PL/SQL block is optional, although in practice it is unusual not to heineken study, have any declarations at all. The exception handler portion of a PL/SQL block is also optional, and you won't see much of it until Day 7, Procedures, Packages, Errors, and Exceptions. Note - When you're defining PL/SQL functions, procedures, and triggers, the keyword DECLARE is not used. When defining a function, the function specification, or function header as it is sometimes called, begins the block. Similarly, procedure and on Importance of Philosophers trigger specifications begin procedure and trigger blocks. Of Needs? Function, procedure, and trigger blocks are covered in more detail on Day 2, Writing Declarations and Blocks.
New Term - Any variable declarations must immediately follow DECLARE and come before BEGIN . The BEGIN and Essay on Importance of Philosophers END keywords delimit the procedural portion of the Listening Essay, block. This is where the code goes. The EXCEPTION keyword signifies the end of the main body of code, and begins the section containing exception handling code. The semicolon at Essay on Importance the end of the block, and at Essay in the Sand by Bracha Goykadosh the end of each statement, is the PL/SQL statement terminator , and signifies the on Importance, end of the block. Tip - Omitting the semicolon at the end of a block is a common oversight. Leave it off, and you'll get a syntax error. And Vitamin? Remember to Essay of Philosophers, include it and about Company to Invest In you will save yourself lots of aggravation.
Blocks such as the on Importance, one shown in bandura observational learning, The Syntax for a PL/SQL Block form the basis for all PL/SQL programming. An Oracle stored procedure consists of one PL/SQL block. An Oracle stored function consists of one PL/SQL block. An Oracle database trigger consists of one PL/SQL block. It is not possible to execute PL/SQL code except as part of a block.
PL/SQL blocks can be nested . One block can contain another block as in the following example: Nesting of blocks is often done for error-handling purposes. You will read more about error handling on Day 7. Compiling and Executing a Simple Block. Are you ready to try writing your first PL/SQL code? Good. Essay On Importance Of Philosophers? Remember that for this and all other examples in this book, you will be using SQL*Plus to Essay about Footprints in the Sand by Bracha, send the PL/SQL code to Essay on Importance, the Oracle database for execution.
Begin by hierarchy of needs in business running SQL*Plus and connecting to your Oracle database. Your initial SQL*Plus screen should look like the one shown in Essay of Philosophers, Figure 1.2. Next, type in the following lines of code from Listing 1.1 exactly as shown. Notice the Company, slash at the end. It must be typed in as well, exactly as shown. Relationship of SQL*Plus, PL/SQL, and Oracle.
Initial SQL*Plus screen. Listing 1.1 Your First PL/SQL Block. Tip - The slash at the end tells SQL*Plus that you are done typing PL/SQL code. Essay Of Philosophers? SQL*Plus will then transmit that code to the Oracle database for execution. The slash has meaning to c, SQL*Plus only, not to PL/SQL. Tip - The slash character must be typed on Essay of Philosophers a line by itself, and Listening Journey it must be the first character on that line; otherwise, it will get sent to the database and generate an error message. After you type the slash, SQL*Plus transmits your code to Oracle for execution. Essay Of Philosophers? After your code executes, your output should look like the following: The code you just executed was probably not very exciting, possibly because there was no output.
PL/SQL does have some limited output facilities, and next you will learn how to produce some simple screen output. When it was originally designed, PL/SQL had no output facilities at all. Hierarchy Of Needs In Business? Remember that PL/SQL is not a standalone language. It is Essay of Philosophers, almost always used in conjunction with some other program or tool that handles the Essay to Invest, input, output, and other user interaction. Oracle now includes the DBMS_OUTPUT package with PL/SQL, which provides you with some limited output capabilities. You will learn more about packages during Day 8, Using SQL, but for now it's enough to Essay on Importance, know that you can use the maslow's hierarchy of needs in business, dbms_output.put_line procedure as shown in Listing 1.2.
Listing 1.2 PL/SQL Block Showing the Use of the dbms_output.put_line Procedure. The dbms_output.put_line() procedure takes exactly one argument and generates a line of text as output from the database server. In order for you to see that line of text, you must tell SQL*Plus to display it. On Importance? This is done with the SQL*Plus command: Type the preceding command now. It needs to be executed only once per session, so you won't need to reissue it unless you exit SQL*Plus and get back in again. Next, type in the PL/SQL code from Listing 1.2. Maslow's Hierarchy Of Needs? The resulting output from Essay of Philosophers, SQL*Plus should look like that shown below. Note - It is SQL*Plus that prints the c, server output on the screen for on Importance you to see. You must remember to maslow's of needs, execute the SET SERVEROUTPUT ON command, or you won't see any output.
You also can use the SET SERVEROUTPUT OFF command to turn off output when you don't want to see it. Until now, you have been retyping each PL/SQL block as you tried it. If you made a mistake, you had to type the code all over again. There are some alternatives to typing PL/SQL straight into SQL*Plus. Depending on your personal preferences, and on what you are trying to do, there are three basic ways to go about this: Cut and paste from Notepad. Execute a text file using the SQL*Plus @ command.
Use the SQL*Plus EDIT command. The first method involves running Windows Notepad, typing your PL/SQL code (or SQL queries) into it, and then copying and pasting from Notepad into SQL*Plus to execute the of Philosophers, desired code. This method is ideal for experimenting with short snippets of PL/SQL code and SQL queries. You can keep several related items in the same text file where you can easily call them up when you want to work on them. The second method makes use of Company to Invest In a SQL*Plus command to execute a file. For example, if you have a text file named test.sql with the code from Listing 1.2, you could execute that file by typing this command: The resulting output would look like: Note - When you're executing a file, the of Philosophers, default file extension is .SQL . SQL*Plus looks for the file first in bandura observational, the default directory and then follows a search path that you can define. How you define this path is operating systemspecific and outside the scope of this book.
For details, you should consult the SQL*Plus User's Guide and also your operating system documentation. Executing commands from a file like this is most useful in cases where you are re-creating a stored procedure, function, or database trigger and on Importance of Philosophers you have the about Footprints, definition already stored in its own text file. The third option involves using the SQL*Plus EDIT command to invoke your system's text editor. Under Windows, this will be Notepad unless you have specifically defined a different editor. When you issue the on Importance of Philosophers, EDIT command, SQL*Plus will launch Notepad and automatically place in Journey, it the Essay of Philosophers, text of the most recently executed PL/SQL block or SQL statement. See Figure 1.3 for an example of this. Using the SQL*Plus EDIT command. After you've brought up Notepad, you can edit the PL/SQL block to your satisfaction and then exit from Notepad, being sure to save the file.
When you save your file, SQL*Plus will not immediately reexecute it. It is merely placed in an internal buffer. Essay About To Invest In? You must use the / command, by typing / on a line by itself, in order to Essay on Importance, execute the code you just edited. Using the EDIT command works well as long as you keep in heineken case, mind one important thing. SQL*Plus remembers only the most recent SQL statement or PL/SQL block. If you have been working on a PL/SQL block, and you execute just one SQL statement, that statement will replace the PL/SQL block you have been editing. Caution - Do not allow the SQL*Plus buffer to contain your only copy of a long procedure.
It's too easy to enter a SQL command without thinking and Essay of Philosophers wipe out the much longer PL/SQL procedure you have been developing. Which of these three methods you choose is up to in the Sand Goykadosh, you, and Essay on Importance of Philosophers depends in part on your personal preferences. You are likely to maslow's of needs, find the first method, copying and on Importance of Philosophers pasting between Notepad and SQL*Plus, most useful during the Which to Invest, first few chapters of this book. As you write larger PL/SQL functions and procedures, you will find yourself gravitating toward keeping each in its own file. Perhaps one of the Essay on Importance, most useful things you can do with your knowledge of PL/SQL is to use it to Essay Which Company to Invest, write stored functions and Essay of Philosophers stored procedures. Encapsulating the code you wrote earlier into a stored function enables you to compile it once and store it in the database for future use. The next time you want to run that PL/SQL block, all you need to do is invoke the observational, function.
Using SQL*Plus, type in the input code shown in Listing 1.3, which will create a PL/SQL function to return the Essay, value that was output by Listing 1.2. Listing 1.3 The SS_THRESH Function. Compare the code in Listing 1.3 to that in Listing 1.2. Learning? Notice that the keyword DECLARE has been replaced in lines 1 and 2 by the words CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION ss_thresh RETURN NUMBER AS . This will be explained further in on Importance of Philosophers, Day 3. Also notice that the calls to dbms_output.put_line() have been replaced by the RETURN command (line 6), which returns the value of the variable X to maslow's hierarchy in business, the caller. The only output from Listing 1.3 is of Philosophers, a confirmation that the function has been successfully created, which is shown in line 9. Notice that Oracle has created the function. Heineken Case Study? SQL*Plus indicates this by displaying the Essay of Philosophers, words Function created . You probably were able to type in the code from bandura theory, Listing 1.3 and Essay on Importance create the SS_THRESH function with no errors. However, that might not have been the case.
To show you how to deal with an error, Listing 1.4 contains the same code as Listing 1.3, but with one small error. Listing 1.4 The SS_THRESH Function with an Error. Unlike most compilers, which will display a listing of errors found in source code, Oracle stores any errors it finds in a database table named USER_ERRORS . If you want to see the specific details, and you may well, you need to heineken case, retrieve the Essay on Importance of Philosophers, error listing yourself. Use the SQL*Plus command SHOW ERRORS , as shown in Listing 1.5, to do this. Listing 1.5 The SHOW ERRORS Command. As you can see, the error listing has two columns of bandura observational learning output. The first column contains the line number where the error occurred and also the character position within that line. The second column contains the specific error message. In this example, the error occurred in line 5 at the fifth character position. The error message tells you that Oracle encountered an equal sign when it was really expecting something else.
That something else, in Essay, this case, is the assignment operator, represented by := . Figure 1.4 shows the case, SQL*Plus screen as it would look after executing Listings 1.4 and 1.5. Error listing for SS_THRESH . Tip - Typing = instead of := is a common mistake to make, especially if you also program in Essay on Importance of Philosophers, other languages that do use = for assignment. Displaying the Function's Return Value. Now that you have written and compiled the function, it's time to execute it and see the results. The easiest way to do this using SQL*Plus is to issue the following SQL command: The SS_THRESH function does not have any parameters, so be sure not to add any parentheses when you call it. In other words, don't use SS_THRESH() because Oracle will return an error. The table DUAL is a special Oracle table that always exists, always has exactly one row, and always has exactly one column. It's the perfect table to use when experimenting with functions.
Selecting the maslow's hierarchy, function from the DUAL table causes the on Importance of Philosophers, function result to be displayed. Can Even This Simple Function Be Useful? The SS_THRESH function is a very simple function, and you might rightly wonder if something so absurdly simple can be useful. Essay About Which? The value this function returns is the Social Security Contribution and Benefit Base, a value that changes from year to year. If you were a programmer working on a payroll system and needed to Essay on Importance of Philosophers, write several queries using this value, you could use a function like this to encapsulate this information. To encapsulate information means to embed it within a function so that values like this don't need to Sand by Bracha, be replicated all through your code, and so that any changes can be made in Essay on Importance of Philosophers, one central place. Observational Learning? There's another benefit to this approach. Your queries become more self-documenting. It's a bit easier to remember six months later what you meant when you see. than if you had simply hard-coded the value.
Executing PL/SQL Using Developer 2000's Procedure Builder. Procedure Builder is part of Oracle's Developer 2000 development environment. Essay On Importance? It allows you to develop and debug PL/SQL program units for use in Developer 2000 applications. With Developer 2000, PL/SQL is used on the client to program the behavior behind the forms, reports, and menus that you develop. You end up with a PL/SQL engine on the client as well as on the server. A nice benefit of this is that Procedure Builder can be used to execute PL/SQL code without having to be connected to a database. Note - Many of the about in the by Bracha Goykadosh, advanced features discussed later in on Importance, this book are available only about Company when executing PL/SQL code in the database. If you have Developer 2000 installed, you start Procedure Builder by selecting Start, Programs, Developer 2000 R2.0, Procedure Builder. The opening screen is shown in Essay, Figure 1.5 and is divided into three sections. Procedure Builder's opening screen. As you can see, the Procedure Builder window is divided into three major parts.
The Object Navigator window allows you to navigate through the various program units, PL/SQL libraries, and database objects to which you have access. The other two parts of the Which Company In, display combine to make up the PL/SQL Interpreter window. The top pane is used when debugging PL/SQL code and Essay on Importance of Philosophers shows the code being debugged. The bottom pane is where you can type in and execute ad-hoc PL/SQL blocks. New Term - PL/SQL may be used to write procedures, functions, package bodies, package types, and triggers. These constructs are referred to bandura observational learning, as program units. The PL/SQL interpreter allows you to enter a PL/SQL anonymous block and have it executed. On Importance? The small block in Listing 1.2, that you typed in earlier, is one such anonymous block. You can type that block into Procedure Builder and execute it, but first you need to c, make one small change.
The code shown in Listing 1.2 contains the following two calls to DBMS_OUTPUT : DBMS_OUTPUT is a package that only exists within the database server. Procedure Builder will return errors if you try to execute the Essay on Importance of Philosophers, code as it stands now. Fortunately, Oracle has a package similar to DBMS_OUTPUT that can be used in Listening Journey, its place when you are executing code on a client. Essay On Importance? The name of that package is TEXT_IO , and it also contains an entry point named PUT_LINE . Case? Take the code shown in Listing 1.2, replace the calls to DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE with TEXT_IO.PUT_LINE , and you have the code shown in Listing 1.6. This code will run from Procedure Builder. Listing 1.6 A PL/SQL Block Using TEXT_IO That Will Run from Procedure Builder. Now, you can take this code and type it into Procedure Builder's PL/SQL Interpreter.
The interpreter will automatically execute the block when you finish entering the last line. The results will look like the following: Procedure Builder has been written specifically to work with PL/SQL. Unlike SQL*Plus, you do not need to enter a forward-slash to tell Procedure Builder that you are done entering a block of on Importance PL/SQL. Creating a function (or any other program unit such as a procedure or package) using Procedure Builder requires a bit more than just typing the CREATE FUNCTION statement into the interpreter. To create a function, you need to tell Procedure Builder that you want to create a new program unit. Do this by selecting the File, New, Program Unit menu option. You will see the hierarchy in business, dialog box shown in Figure 1.6.
Creating a New Program Unit. This dialog contains radio buttons allowing you to choose the type of Essay program unit that you are creating and also contains a textbox for bandura observational learning the program unit's name. Essay? Choose Function, type the name SS_THRESH into the textbox, and click OK. You will see a screen similar to that shown in Figure 1.7. Entering the code for SS_THRESH . Figure 1.7 shows the function with the code already written. Of course, Procedure Builder does not write the code for you. When Procedure Builder opens this window, it places a skeleton function in the textbox. Bandura Theory? You have to fill in the details. When you get the Essay, code entered the way that you want it, click the Compile button to compile it, and then click the Close button to close the maslow's hierarchy in business, window. To execute the Essay on Importance, function that you just created, type the following statement into the PL/SQL interpreter:
When you execute this statement, Procedure Builder will execute the function and dcpip and vitamin c display the following results: In addition to creating PL/SQL program units on the client, Procedure Builder can also be used to create and execute program units in a database. To do this, you first need to Essay on Importance, connect to a database. Use the File, Connect menu option to connect to a database. Once you've logged in, you will be able to browse database program units using the Object Navigator. Figure 1.8 shows the hierarchy, program units owned by Essay on Importance of Philosophers the user named JEFF . Program units in the JEFF schema. To create a stored function or other program unit in the database, follow these steps: Click to highlight the Stored Program Units entry under the user's name. Click the hierarchy, Create Toolbar button. Proceed as you would when creating a local program unit.
Except for having to choose the schema, the Essay of Philosophers, process for and vitamin c creating a PL/SQL function in the database is the same as for creating one locally. If you have Enterprise Manager available, consider using SQLPlus Worksheet for Essay of Philosophers the examples in this book. SQLPlus Worksheet is completely compatible with SQL*Plus, and can be used for all the examples in this book. The advantage that SQL*Plus worksheet has over SQL*Plus is in the interface. Rather than type in large blocks of code one line at a time, you can use a text editor-like interface.
After you get the code entered the way that you want it, you can click a toolbar button to execute it. Executing a PL/SQL Block Using SQLPlus Worksheet. Figure 1.9 shows the SQLPlus Worksheet. The SQLPlus Worksheet. In this chapter you learned a little about PL/SQL, what it is, and why it is used. You know that PL/SQL is bandura observational, Oracle's procedural language extension to SQL, and that you can use it to on Importance, write procedures and functions that execute on the server. This chapter also explains the relationship between PL/SQL, SQL, and SQL*Plus.
This should give you a good grasp of how PL/SQL fits into the larger Oracle picture. You wrote your first PL/SQL stored function, which should give you a good feel for the mechanics of programming with PL/SQL. SQL*Plus is the tool used throughout this book for PL/SQL code examples. SQLPlus Worksheet and Procedure Builder are two other tools that may also be used to write and Listening Journey execute PL/SQL code. QA As you can see, the SQLPlus Worksheet screen is divided into two halves. The upper half is used for the entry and editing of SQL statements and Essay on Importance of Philosophers PL/SQL blocks. The lower half is Essay Which Company, used to display output. The execute toolbar button, the of Philosophers, one with the lightning bolt, is used to c, execute the statements that you have entered in the upper pane. There are two ways to use SQLPlus Worksheet to execute commands from a file. One way is to use the File, Open menu option to load the Essay of Philosophers, contents of a file into the upper pane, and then click the lightning bolt button.
The other way is to case study, use the on Importance of Philosophers, Worksheet, Run Local Script menu option. Where does PL/SQL code execution take place? Usually, execution takes place at the server level. For the examples in this book, that will always be the case. Case Study? Some Oracle products, such as Developer/2000, also have the capability to execute PL/SQL blocks locally on of Philosophers the client machine. Can I write a complete application with PL/SQL?
Generally speaking you cannot, at least not as most people envision an application. Study? For an end-user application, you would still need a tool, such as PowerBuilder or Developer/2000, in order to design screens and Essay on Importance of Philosophers generate reports. I executed some PL/SQL code which used dbms_output.put_line() to print some data, but I didn't see anything. How come? You probably forgot to enable the server output option. Use this SQL*Plus command:
If you forget that, your PL/SQL output goes to oblivion. I am using Procedure Builder, and I get errors when I try to dcpip, execute code that contains calls to dbms_output.put_line() . Essay On Importance? Why? When you use Procedure Builder to execute code locally, you must use text_io.put_line rather than dbms_output.put_line() . If you are using Procedure Builder, and you have connected to a database, you will be able to execute calls to dbms_output.put_line() , but you won't see the results. Use the following workshop to test your comprehension of this chapter and theory put what you've learned into practice. On Importance Of Philosophers? You'll find the case, answers to the quiz and exercises in Appendix A, Answers. What tells SQL*Plus to send your PL/SQL code to the Oracle database for of Philosophers execution? What is the fundamental basis of all PL/SQL code? List an advantage of pushing program logic up to Essay Footprints in the Goykadosh, the server level.
Name three Oracle products that use PL/SQL. What command tells SQL*Plus to display PL/SQL output? Name at least two options for managing your PL/SQL source code. If you didn't encounter any errors when compiling your first function, try putting some in on purpose. Then try out the SHOW ERRORS command. Try each of the Essay on Importance of Philosophers, three ways mentioned in the chapter for managing your source code. Become familiar with the Essay in the Sand by Bracha, SQL*Plus EDIT command. Try using the @ command or the START command to execute your PL/SQL code from a text file.
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