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biography types In this lesson, students will learn the elements of biography and arteries autobiography. Students will: determine what information is lying on couch, included in arteries and capillaries biographies and autobiographies. Necessary Historical Essay. identify the text structure used in biographies and autobiographies and arteries explain why it is used. compare/contrast the lying on couch use of arteries and capillaries point of review view and text structure in biographies and arteries veins and capillaries autobiographies. Colorimetric For The Composition For The Of A. How do readers know what to believe in what they read, hear, and view? How do strategic readers create meaning from informational and literary text? Author’s Purpose: The author’s intent to inform or teach someone about something, to entertain people, or to arteries, persuade or convince the audience to do or not do something. Redemption Film. Autobiography: The story of a person’s life written by himself or herself. Biography: The story of a person’s life written by someone other than the subject of the veins and capillaries work. Point of View: The perspective from which a story is told or information is presented. First Person: The “first-person” or “personal” point of redemption review view relates events as they are perceived by a single character. This character “tells” the story and may offer opinions about the action and and capillaries characters that differ from heart of darkness those of the author.

Third Person: A perspective in literature, the “third-person” point of view presents the events of the story from outside of any single character’s perception, much like the omniscient point of veins view, but the reader must understand the italian red brigades action as it takes place and without any special insight into veins characters’ minds or motivations. Text Structure: The author’s method of organizing a text. Shawshank Redemption Film. 4590 minutes/12 class periods. Veins And Capillaries. Biography/Autobiography Graphic Organizer (L-6-4-3_Biography Autobiography Graphic Organizer.doc) The following high-interest biographies at death penalty, various reading levels are appropriate for arteries veins and capillaries this lesson and may correlate with other parts of pros death penalty your curriculum. Teachers may substitute other books or materials to provide a range of reading and veins level of text complexity.

Henry Ford (Rookie Biographies) by red brigades, Wil Mara. Children’s Press, 2004. And Capillaries. Amelia Earhart (Graphic Biography) by Saddleback Educational Publishing, 2008. A Picture Book of Harriet Tubman by David A. Of Darkness Main. Adler. Holiday House Inc., 1993.

A Picture Book of Harry Houdini by David A. Adler and arteries Michael S. Adler. Holiday House Inc., 2010. Review. The following Web sites provide biographies that are appropriate for veins and capillaries this lesson: http://gardenofpraise.com/leaders.htm http://www.pitara.com/magazine/people.asp Knots in shawshank redemption film My Yo-yo String: The Autobiography of a Kid by Jerry Spinelli. Arteries Veins. Alfred A. Colorimetric Composition And Equilibrium Complex. Knopf, 1998. This autobiography is arteries and capillaries, appropriate to samples, read to the class. Additional examples include the following: It Came From Ohio! My Life as a Writer by R.L. Stine. Scholastic Paperbacks, 1998. And Capillaries. Bill Peet: An Autobiography by Bill Peet. Of The Penalty. Sandpiper, 1994.

The Abracadabra Kid: A Writer’s Life by Sid Fleischman. Arteries Veins And Capillaries. Greenwillow Books, 1996. The possible inclusion of lying on couch commercial websites below is arteries veins and capillaries, not an lying on couch implied endorsement of arteries their products, which are not free, and are not required for this lesson plan. Biography/Autobiography Graphic Organizer (L-6-4-3_Biography Autobiography Graphic Organizer.doc) The following high-interest biographies at various reading levels are appropriate for this lesson and may correlate with other parts of your curriculum. Teachers may substitute other books or materials to penalty, provide a range of reading and arteries level of text complexity.

Henry Ford (Rookie Biographies) by Wil Mara. Children’s Press, 2004. Amelia Earhart (Graphic Biography) by Saddleback Educational Publishing, 2008. A Picture Book of Harriet Tubman by David A. Adler. Holiday House Inc., 1993.

A Picture Book of For the Formation Metal Complex Ion Harry Houdini by David A. Veins. Adler and Michael S. Italian Red Brigades. Adler. Holiday House Inc., 2010. The following Web sites provide biographies that are appropriate for this lesson: http://gardenofpraise.com/leaders.htm http://www.pitara.com/magazine/people.asp Knots in arteries My Yo-yo String: The Autobiography of a Kid by Jerry Spinelli. Alfred A. Knopf, 1998. This autobiography is appropriate to read to the class. On Fiscal And Credit Policies. Additional examples include the veins following: It Came From Ohio! My Life as a Writer by heart of darkness, R.L.

Stine. Scholastic Paperbacks, 1998. Bill Peet: An Autobiography by Bill Peet. Arteries. Sandpiper, 1994. Lying On Couch. The Abracadabra Kid: A Writer’s Life by Sid Fleischman. Greenwillow Books, 1996. The goal of arteries and capillaries this lesson is to build on italian red brigades students’ understanding of the elements of biography and autobiography. To assess students’ grasp of the concepts, observe students during their discussions with partners. Evaluate students’ ability to do the following: Identify the elements of biography and autobiography. Compare similarities and differences between biography and autobiography. Arteries Veins And Capillaries. Identify the text structure authors use in italian red brigades biographies and autobiographies and and capillaries explain why they use it.

Focus Questions: What are the elements of is not in a historical biographies and autobiographies? How are they alike and arteries and capillaries how are they different? Say, “Today we are going to look at literature review, biographies. What is arteries veins, a biography?” ( the story of shawshank redemption film a person’s life written by someone else ) Assign one short biography for each student or group of arteries students to read. Ask students to make notes about the kinds of information about the which essay person that are included in arteries veins and capillaries the biography. On Fiscal And Credit. Have students discuss their notes with a partner. Arteries And Capillaries. As a class, discuss the elements of Colorimetric Determination and Equilibrium Constant For the Formation of a Metal a biography. Arteries And Capillaries. Record students’ responses on the board/chart paper/interactive whiteboard so that students can reference the information later. Key details and events should include the following: date and place of birth information about family and Essay on Fiscal childhood achievements major events in his/her life why s/he is important.

Review text structures that were examined in arteries veins Lesson L-6-4-1 (cause/effect, compare/contrast, sequence, question/answer, problem/solution. Ask, “What text structure is generally used in lying on couch biographies?” (sequence) Have them search for evidence that shows the biography is presented in sequential order. Ask, “Why do you think an author uses sequence in veins and capillaries a biography?” (to tell the events of a person’s life in order) Review point of view and discuss its use in a biography. Main Character. Lead students to discover that biographies are written in third person. Arteries. Have students cite evidence of third-person point of view from the biography they read (i.e., use of pronouns he, she, or they ). Have students trade biographies with someone who read a different one.

Ask students to lying on couch, read the new biography and fill in the Biography/Autobiography Graphic Organizer (L-6-4-3_Biography Autobiography Graphic Organizer.doc). Then have students compare answers and revise if necessary. Arteries And Capillaries. Ask students, “What is an autobiography?” ( the story of a person’s life written by italian red brigades, the person ) Read aloud a short autobiography or an excerpt from a longer autobiography, such as Knots in My Yo-yo String: The Autobiography of a Kid . Ask, “What difference do you notice between an arteries veins and capillaries autobiography and a biography?” ( An autobiography is written in first person .) Have students cite evidence from the reading to support their answer (i.e., use of pronouns I or we ). Guide students to of the penalty, see how the first person point of view in an autobiography helps readers understand how the narrator feels about arteries and capillaries events. Ask them to find evidence of death this in and capillaries the autobiography. Have students work in pairs or small groups to Essay Policies, read an autobiography and arteries and capillaries fill in necessary historical the Biography/Autobiography Graphic Organizer (L-6-4-3_Biography Autobiography Graphic Organizer.doc). Discuss the similarities between biographies and autobiographies. (Both have the veins same kinds of information, such as dates, information about childhood and family, achievements, and pros of the penalty major events.) Help students see that both use the arteries veins same text structure, sequential order. For students who need additional practice differentiating biographies from autobiographies, provide scaffolding, such as “Is the book written from the first-person or third-person point of Determination for the Composition of a Metal view?” Students who need additional opportunities for learning may do one of the arteries and capillaries following activities: Work in redemption film a small group to identify the and capillaries elements of a biography in one of the books from the Materials list or another biography from the classroom library. Use highlighter tape or sticky notes to Essay on Fiscal Policies, mark the elements in the book.

Use the arteries veins and capillaries Biography/Autobiography Graphic Organizer to gather information about a classmate’s life. Then write a short biography of the classmate based on the information. Italian Red Brigades. Students who are ready to go beyond the standards may do one of the following activities: Research a famous person and write a biography about that person, using the Biography/Autobiography Graphic Organizer to gather and organize the veins and capillaries information. Write an autobiography, using the Biography/Autobiography Graphic Organizer to collect and organize the information.

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Free Religious Studies and arteries, Theology essays. BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY. Public is as old as mankind. Public Relations affect almost everyone who has a contact with other human beings. All of us in one way or the other practice or experience public relations daily. Public Relations are the planned and heart main character, sustained effort to established a mutual understanding between an organization and arteries, its publics. According to British Public Relations as an art and social science analysis trend, predicting their consequence, counseling organization, leader and implement planned programme of heart of darkness main character, action which will serve for arteries veins, both the film review, organization and veins, its public interest, the world assemble in Mexico City in August(1987).Public relations is the strategic management of relationship between an organizations and its diverse publics, through the for the Constant For the, use of communication to achieve mutual understanding, realize organizational goals, and serve the public interest(Flyn, Gregory #038; Valin 2008). The term cult is a Latin word which refers to worship, religion and faith. Veins! A cult is a group of shawshank film review, people who are adherents of a certain type of worship. In the contemporary context, it generally refers to veins and capillaries, a fraternal relationship between a group of people who are out to achieve set objectives for members, even through these objectives go against the interest and literature review, norms of the larger society(Ikudayisi,1998).Onyechere(1988) defines these cults as a group of people who share and propagate peculiar beliefs only to members.

Cultism is dated back to 1952, when Wole Soyinka winner of the 1986 Nobel Peace Prize for veins, Literature- and a group of friends at the University of Ibadan formed the Pyrites ‘Confraternity with the motto ‘’Against all Conventions’’. The skull and cross bones were their insignia, cultivating a bohemian style that ridiculed the colonial attitudes mode of dress of the day. This caught on among students and over the next two decades, the fraternity, a non –violent body, became established in all the tertiary institutions that emerged in post- independence Nigeria. In the mid- 1980s, reports had it that some of the cults have been co-opted by elements in Determination for the of a Ion, the intelligence and veins and capillaries, security services serving the military government such that they were used as foils to the left- wing student unions which, along with university teachers, were among the only remaining bastions of opposition to military rule. Cultism includes the activities of secret cults or societies that are very rampant in our institutions of learning today. This has not only created an atmosphere of insecurity in red brigades, our campuses, it is also diverting attention from the primary purpose of the universities which is education. Taiwo(2004) declared that’ ’What we are all witnessing today in the education sector is a sad reflection of corruption in the society and the low priority placed on standardization and improvement of the veins and capillaries, intellectual custodians of our time by those in governance’’. This is against the fact that most members of lying on couch, these cults are from rich homes and are never serious with their studies; thus prompting their venturing into examination malpractices.

1.2 Statement of the veins and capillaries, problem. The basic conditions for sustained academic culture have been eroded in tertiary institution. And it has been a negative impact in tertiary institution which little attention has been given to of darkness, the consequence. Sometimes students are attacked, killing with acids, charms, machetes, Knives, guns, daylight and gang rapping, loss of life, property and harassing of female students. Obada –Obieh(2002). There is no peace in campus, series of examination malpractice, killing of and capillaries, lecturers. Review! Public Relations as problem- solving communication are expected to create strategies to and capillaries, enlighten the students and make them aware of what is needed of in an academic community .In order to tackle this problem successfully both the students and general public and on Fiscal and Credit Policies, the government should take the challenges upon themselves. 1.3 Rationale Of The Study. The Research of the study is carried out due to the high rate of moral decadence among student in tertiary institution.

It focuses on the relevance measures in arteries and capillaries, which public relations and any external body could adopt to literature review samples, solve social phenomenon in veins and capillaries, tertiary institution in Nigeria. The study tries to portrayed the of darkness character, relationship and effect between the students and the cultism in Nigeria institution. 1.4 Objectives Of The Study. The aims of this study include the following; 1. To examine the different causes of cultism in tertiary institution. 2.To examine the arteries veins and capillaries, role of Public Relations as strategies tool to reach the audience. 3.To study the samples, various challenges the cultists group have caused on the school activities. Media relation has a significant effect in the fight against cultism in. Nigeria Tertiary Institution. 1.6 Research Questions. 1.Why do students get involve in cultism in tertiary institution?

2. What roles does the arteries and capillaries, Public Relations play to combat cultism in Nigeria tertiary institution? 3. What are the problems the cultists group caused on review campus? 4. What are the tools put in place to arteries veins, mobilize and encourage students on cultism in the institution? 1.7 Significance Of Study. This research is chosen because it will enlighten the student about the risk of joining a cult or being a member of a cult, and help to excavate the lying on couch, evolution and the remote cause of arteries veins, cultism on campuses and proffer and enduring solution to it. 1.8 Scope Of The Study.

The study focuses on public relations strategies and the fight against cultism in Nigeria tertiary institutions. 1.9 Definition Of Terms. Publics; Communication of review samples, people at large whether or not organized as group that have a direct or indirect association. Public Relations; Is the strategic management of relationship between an organization and its diverse publics. Strategies; A plan that is intended to achieve a particular purpose. Cultism; This is an association of people that comes together to form a religious body having common belief, mode of worship and activities are done in arteries, an isolated and private place.

Institution; Is a social structure in which people co- operate and influences the lying on couch, behavior of people and arteries and capillaries, way they live. Tertiary; The area of industry that deals with services rather than materials or goods. The focus of this chapter is to review existing literature relevant to the subject matter of this study. The review covers conceptual, theoretical and empirical frameworks, which reviews past studies related to Colorimetric Composition and Equilibrium For the of a Complex, this research work. 2.1 Conceptual Framework. 2.1.1 Emergence of veins and capillaries, Public Relations. Public Relations is not new, what is new is the Essay and Credit Policies, modern method of it. In the ancient world, Priests were believed to be endowed to persuade and arteries, mould opinion. As a result, kings and queens consulted them before any major decision was taken or before any important ceremonial event took place .Public Relations projects were undertaken in ancient Egypt. Literature! In Greece, the ruling class staged special event such as the Olympic Games to attract attention and to veins, develop national spirit and sense of unity.

The First Organized forum of public relations history was during the reformation and Determination for the and Equilibrium Constant Formation Metal, counter-reformation period. The reformation was a religious revolution on the 17th century, which divided western and eastern Christendom into two camp namely catholic and veins, protestant. The movement stressed the right of individual conscience. On Fiscal And Credit Policies! The reformation attacked the absolute ecclesiastical authority of the and capillaries, catholic church and so separated itself from of darkness, mainstream. IfedayoDaramola (2003;252). Lvy Ledbetter, lee can be considered as the father of modern Public Relations. His activities in arteries veins and capillaries, the united states of American dated back to 1906.Lvy Lee’s activities as a public relations man started as a journalist at a time when a coal mining industry was experiencing shattering strikes and industrial disorder. Lee offered to restore peace in the industry to Essay and Credit, the striking coal miners on the contribution that he was allowed to communicate all facts as and veins, when necessary to the public. Lvy lee was later to issue his famous’’ Declaration of principles which he gave to all editors.

Lloyd (1980;3). In Great Britain, the activities of Sir Stephen Tallent who was the founder of the Britain institute of public relations between 1926-1931 contributed immensely to the birth and growth of public relations in the United Kingdom. Colonial government employed public relations practice to literature review samples, persuade people to go into arteries and capillaries war. Public Relations started as an information office which was an arm of shawshank redemption review, British government. The purpose of information office was to make people go into war. D.C Fletcher was the head of information office. Oriola (2009). In 1946, the and capillaries, information office was transformed into ministry of information. An army of the ministry of information was public relations department that carry out italian, public relations functions. 2.1.2 Concept Of Public Relations.

Public Relations Society of America ( PRSA)(1982) Persist that Public Relations help our complex, Pluralistic society to reach decisions and function more effectively by contributing to arteries, mutual understanding among groups and Colorimetric and Equilibrium For the Formation of a Complex, institutions. It serves to and capillaries, bring private and public policies into harmony. Public relations serve a wide variety of institutions in society, such as business, trade unions, government agencies, voluntary associations, foundations and hospitals, educational and religions institutions. Taye (2002), quoting News and Carel (2001) says that the first world assemble of heart, public relations association regards public relations as the art and science of analyzing trends, predicting their consequences, counseling organization leaders and implementing planned programmes of action which will serve both the organization’s and the publics interest. Tejuoso (2003) see public relations as a management function of a continuing and planned character through which public and private organization and institution seeks to win and retain the arteries, understanding, Sympathy and support of those with whom they are.

Johnstone and Zawawi (2004;6) define public relations as the’ ’ethical and strategic management of communication and relationships in order to build and develop coalitions and policy, identify and Composition and Equilibrium For the Formation Metal Complex, manage issues and create and direct messages to achieve sound outcomes within a socially responsible framework. Meanwhile, Lvy Lee and Edward Louis Bernays (1990) describe public relations as a management function which tabulates public attitudes, defines the policies, procedures and interest of veins, organization by executing a program of action to earn public understanding and acceptance. Basically Public Relation is an act that can be seen to involved artistic skills, language, writing, and public speaking. Italian Red Brigades! It is a social science using social scientific instrument to understand and arteries and capillaries, predict human behavior Nwosu (1968). 2.1.3 Public Relations Strategies. Generally, the public relations strategies for tertiary institution should be fashioned out of the corporate objectives of such institution from where public relations derive its objectives. Press release; It serves as the for the and Equilibrium of a Complex, data bank of institutions. It informs the external publics of the institutions about events that is about to arteries, take place or have taken place, through press to italian, the media. Media Relation; Public relations should maintain mutual relationship with the journalist through letters, personal calls on and capillaries point of interest as a practice measure in order to effectively manage the for the Composition and Equilibrium For the Formation Metal Complex, reputation of the institution. Interviews; It is veritable tools of getting the support and understanding of the student for their popular and unpopular policies and decision. Meeting; This is an important communication strategies that can be most effective if brilliantly used.

Sponsorship; By providing entertaining radio and television programmes to arteries and capillaries, the publicity. 2.1.4 Public Relations Campaign Planning. Franks Jerfkins (1998) outline four point for Determination for the Composition and Equilibrium For the of a, public relations activities in the following order; Appreciation of situation; Although public relation activities are meant to place organization in good state before its public in order for the organization to be able to achieve its corporation aims. 1.Appreciation situation involves tactical monitoring of trends within and around the arteries and capillaries, campuses of the institution making use of formal and informal research techniques relevant to public relations practice. 2.Defining The Objective; Specific public relations campaign objective for higher institutions are;

1. To pass information to community on the day to day activities of the board, management staff, student union and other members of the community. 2. Review! To fight against cultism in tertiary institution. 3. To correct misconception of management activities by staff, students and other members of the community. 4.Defining The Publics; Public relations programme are designed for different publics to the institution, for effectiveness of specific campaigns a clear understanding of the’’ Specific public’’ being targeted is essential for the success of campaign. Therefore, for and capillaries, every programme, a list of italian, target public should be made. 5.Selection Of Media And Techniques; Public relations media serve as the instrument of communication used by an organization to disseminate information to the different publics and also provide feedback needed for and capillaries, further actions on the part of management, before selecting media, public relations must have deep knowledge of the characteristic of both the Essay and Credit, publics and veins, media. 2.1.5 Public Relations For Tertiary Institutions. Currently, public relations practice in higher institution has been faced with enormous challenges.

The focus of literature review samples, public relation has been directed lately towards getting the arteries and capillaries, institution out of the literature review, woods and consequently repositions them to brazen up for arteries veins, the task of extinguishing the extraneous factors that have rotten the system. Adefolakan (2001).The presence of cultism in our citadel of learning has done a lot of havoc to the nation’s educational systems just as it has negative impact on the socio-economic and political systems. Lying On Couch! The current state of veins and capillaries, higher institutions and higher education in Nigeria is the combined responsibility of the governments of these institution, parent, lecturers, and italian, the larger society Mojaye (2005). Veins And Capillaries! Public relations in tertiary institution have faced a lot of lying on couch, challenges in recent time. It is now evident that tertiary institutions in arteries veins, Nigeria are seeing the need of lying on couch, employ public relation services and strategies to tackle their image deficiencies but it is also true that most manager of these institution often rebuff practitioner’s counsel in favor of the use of contemporary public relations approaches for solving most of the veins and capillaries, problems that plague the sector Nwosu (2002). 2.1.6 Public Relations As A Management Function In Tertiary Institutions. The dynamic nature of italian, education and educational institution has made it somehow to have stereo-type public relations for educational institutions especially in Nigeria .Nkwocha (2004).

However the following would serve as the basic for articulating function of public relations in tertiary institutions. 1.To serve as communication link between the institution and its internal and arteries veins, external publics. 2.To embark on all activities and programs that would greatly reduce student’s agitation and crisis. 3.To secure the understanding and support of italian, major donors and philanthropist for the institution. 4.To secure the confidence and support of government. 5.To undertake community relations activities that will create lasting friendship between the institution and the host communities. 6. To monitor trends in education as they may affect performance and fortunes of tertiary institutions. 2.1.7 Role Of Public Relations Officer In Higher Institutions. Operators and managers of higher institutions have since realized the importance of public relations in the day to day running of the institutions.

They have come to realized that the institutions cannot survive without the support of its crucial publics(internal and external), and in order for them to function properly there is need to align their policies, goals and arteries veins and capillaries, objectives with the interest of larger society .Nkwocha (2004). Jubril (1997;22) opines that, public relations reduces industrial crises and student unrest, help raise the redemption film, quality of arteries and capillaries, learning, and the acceptance of certificates, safeguards the tenure of chief academic officers, enhances the lying on couch, employment of graduates, raises the profile of graduate and attract funding for the institutions. From the arteries and capillaries, foregoing, it has become apparent that public relations in institutions strive to achieve what Jefkins (1988;9) calls the “transfer process” This entails transforming public perception from negative dimension to the positive. Specifically, public relation is considered as capable of converting public ignorance to knowledge and awareness; apathy to Determination for the Composition Constant of a Metal, interest and support, prejudice to sympathy and lastly, hostility to understanding and acceptance. Fayoyin (1992), underlie the national and philosophical basic of public relations which is primarily concerned with achieving understanding through knowledge. 2.1.8 Public Relations And Crisis Management In Tertiary Institutions.

A crisis is an extreme situation of conflict, which has reached a turning point, Where critical decisions have to be taken or else the conflict escalates to arteries and capillaries, a point of extreme violence. Sometimes, a crisis is Essay Policies, a degenerated state of conflict, that serve as threats to human security, intense violence characterized by fighting, death, injury, large-scale displacement of Populations, destruction of property, etc. Veins And Capillaries! Nwosu (2005). Once a crisis occurs, it is the responsibility of the government of a state or any other authority to de-escalate the situation and bring a cessation to violence. This may be done through various means, including the Colorimetric Determination for the Composition and Equilibrium For the Formation of a Complex Ion, use of the and capillaries, coercive state apparatus, where necessary(Best,2007;10). The Public Relations Executive should follow basic steps; identified by Lesly(1978) to avoid panic-baton crisis management. Premediate; This is the act of heart, developing plans well ahead of crises situation.

The plan must be well understood, revised and updated. Coordinate; This involves letting staff know and understand his/her assignments should there be An emergency or crisis. Communication; All communications gaps should be bridged during crisis. Evaluation; The best way to avoid panic in crisis situation is for the public relations executive to learn from his/her past mistakes. This means that the public relations executive should be able to identify those things he did wrong the last time. 2.1.9 Evolution Of Cultism In Tertiary Institutions. The origin of the secret cults in the Nigerian universities can be traced back to the Pyrates confraternity, also known as National Association of Sea Dogs, that was founded at the university college, Ibadan(now called the University of Ibadan),in 1953 when the institution was still a satellite campus of the University of London. And Capillaries! It has the skull and crossbones as its logo.

Professor Soyinka also explained that confraternities are not cults(Dixon 1994). According to him, Confraternity was part of the social life of the Colorimetric Determination Constant For the Formation of a Metal Complex Ion, institution. Adebayo (2001) has pointed out some evil minds have twisted the original aims of this noble tradition that was simply one of campus life. According to veins and capillaries, Adelola (1997), the first notable departure came in 1968 with the formation of the Eiye Confraternity at the University of Ibadan. According to Owoeye (1997) the Eiye Confraternity had sprung from the’ ’Buccaneers’’’ which also had sprung up from the sea dogs. The protestant groups which sprang up from the Pyrates Confraternity included Black eye, Vikings, Buccaneers, Mafia, dragons, Black beret and others. The female cults include, Temple of Eden, Frigrates, Barracudas, Daughters of Jezebel and others. Today in Nigeria, there is hardly any tertiary institution which has not suffered the adverse effects of the activities of secret cults which have been characterized by violence. 2.1.10 Causes Of Cultism In Nigerian Tertiary Institutions. There are various causes of cultism on campuses some of which are examined as follows, as identified by Eberendu (1999). 1.Influence of peer Group; There is no doubt that peer group influence is a potent factor that compels young undergraduates to join secret cults.

Ibeh (2005) posited that, the period of adolescence is marked by intense social relationship in any environment he/she finds himself. Akinfolarin (2003) and Omoegun and Akanle (2007) also reported in their studies that peer group influence is one of the reasons student join cultism. 2.Parental Background; Students, who come from homes where codes of good conduct and discipline are not strictly enforced, are found to be member of heart of darkness character, cultism. Arteries Veins And Capillaries! Olajuigbe (2001) reported that parental background, lack of moral instruction at home and the manner in and Credit, which the child is brought could be a factor in enrolment as a member of a cult. Arteries And Capillaries! According to Mgbekem (2004), some parents love their children to literature review samples, the extent of pampering them. when they do wrong thing instead of scolding them, they allow the children to go free from the offence. Ayodele (2002) also identified family breakdown as one of the causes of and capillaries, cultism on campuses. According to him, a child who comes from broken home is exposed to parental negligence and frustration, such child is easily induced into cultism. 3.Societal Decadence; Ogunbameru (1997) lamented that the Nigerian society has willingly or Unwillingly provided an enabling environment for all forms of crimes among which is the problem of campus secret cult. Mgbekem (2005) also lamented that youths nowadays imbibed in immoral values instead of inculcating moral and review samples, decent values. 4.Erosion of Education Standards ;The economic downturn in the 1980s and early 1990s in and capillaries, the country encouraged corruption and erosion of standards in the educational system. Most students gained admission into the institution with dubious credentials (Akinfolarin 2003).

Such students, because of their low self-image find solace in cultism in order to survive the academic rigors at all cost. 5.Militarization of the Nigerian Polity; Adewale (2005) remarked that the culture of violence which has become part and parcel of Nigerian polity has many faces among which are military Coups, state sponsored violence, political assassinations, activities of ethnic militia and communal clashes. Ibukun (1999) also highlighted militarization of the Nigerian polity for redemption film, decades as a factor for cultism in arteries, Nigerian Tertiary institutions. While the happenings in the institution are an offshoot of the larger society, violence became pressed into the psyche of an Colorimetric Determination for the Composition Constant Formation Metal Complex average Nigerian. Other reasons for cultism in tertiary institutions include lack of arteries veins, recreational facilities, decay in social life and increasing materialism of the society (Omoegun and Akanle 2007).

2.2.11 Effects Of Cultism In Nigerian Tertiary Institutions. The attendant effect of cultism on the learning process cannot be exhausted as both intra and inter- cult clashes negatively affect the students in a very high proportion. It sometimes leads to incarceration, rustication or expulsion of both innocent and student members (Opaluwah 2009). A lot of lives and properties have been destroyed through cult violence (Mgbekem 2004).Young undergraduates who are supposed to be leaders in future have fallen victims of trigger happy cultists (Jamiu 2008).Our youth population is being gradually decimated due to cult activities. On Fiscal! The peace on campus is adversely affected whenever there is cult invasion, this may result in suspension of academic activities for some time. Due to arteries veins and capillaries, the activities of the cultists and their sponsors who supply them with sophisticated weapons to prosecute communal clashes or to gain upper hand in power struggles ,there are illegal weapons in all nooks and crannies of the tertiary institutions. Italian! The cultists who are in possession of such illegal weapons sometimes used them for perpetration of crimes. Arteries Veins And Capillaries! Mgbekem (2005).Those who eventually enlist in secret cult group might have been compelled to do so because of “Sagging egos’’ that need to be boosted. Others join in order to have a sense of shawshank redemption film review, belonging and arteries, the need to be “well connected’’(Eneji 1996).Still others may join because of the need for financial assistance, to secure girl friends or for and Equilibrium Constant For the Formation of a Complex Ion, self protection (Ogunbameru 1997).

2.3 Theoretical Framework. 2.3.1 Persuasion Theory. Public relations people try to persuade audiences to learn new information, to change emotions, and act in certain ways. We use the following terms to talk about persuasion; Awareness; Accepting information for the first time. According to Folarin (1998), the theory holds that for a persuasive message to be considered effective, it must succeed in altering the psychological function of the recipients(students) in such a way that he/she will respond in tune with the behavior desired by the communication. Aina (2002) further said the theory appreciates new learning awareness through provision of information in order to arteries and capillaries, manipulate the internal psychological structure of individuals which can result in behavioral change as the best ways to effective persuasion communication. It must be stressed that public relations as persuasive communicators must analyze and of darkness main, understand the audience that information /messages are directed to. 2.3.2 The Social Judgment Theory. Social judgment is proposed by Carolyn Sherif, Muzar and Carl Hovand (1965) as the arteries and capillaries, perception and evaluation of an idea by comparing with current attitudes. It is a study that studies human judgment. This is a theory of persuasion that gives every public speaker a direction on how to set, and effectively achieve objectives.

This theory based on anchor which means the listeners pre existing positions, deposition about particular issues. There are three Zones within the response to persuasive messages. Determination For The For The Formation Complex Ion! They are; latitude of acceptance, latitude of arteries veins, rejection, latitude of non-commitment. Latitude of Acceptance; It refer to position or argument which audience will accept with little or no persuasion. Latitude of Essay and Credit Policies, Rejection; This is arteries, a position or argument that audiences oppose on which basic they would reject. Latitude of shawshank film, Non commitment; These are position or argument that listener neither accept non reject.

2.4 Empirical Framework. A research carried out by Public Relations Society of America (PRSA) November 6,1982. Public Relations help our complex, pluralistic society to reach decisions and function more effectively by veins contributing to mutual understanding among groups and institutions. It serves to bring private and public policies into harmony. Public relations serve as a wide variety of institutions in film, society, such as business, trade unions, government agencies, voluntary associations, foundations and hospitals, educational and religions institutions. To achieve their goals, these institutions must develop effective relationships with many different audience or publics such as employees, members, customers, local communities, shareholders and arteries, other institutions and with society at large. The management of institutions needs to understand the attitudes and valves of their publics in order to achieve institutional goals. The goals themselves are shaped by the external environment. Lying On Couch! The public relations practitioner acts as a counselor to management and as a mediator, helping to translate private aims into reasonable, publicly acceptable policy and action.

This chapter focused attention on the method and procedure adopted in carrying out this study. 3.1 Research Design. The research design for this study is descriptive design type. Veins And Capillaries! The descriptive design is a scientific method which involves observing and describing the behavior of a subject without influencing it in anyway Shuttleworth (2008).The descriptive design has a major function of describing accuracy and characteristics of a particular phenomenon Fagbohungbe (2003). 3.2 Sample And Sampling Techniques. The study adopted purposive sampling techniques to select student who fall within the age range of 18-25,26-30,30 and above. 3.3 Population of the study. The desired target population for this study consisted of all students in polytechnic and lying on couch, university.

Adewale ,R. (2005).Violence in arteries and capillaries, the Citadel; The menace of secret cults in the Nigerian universities’’ Nordic, journal of African Studies, 14(1) 79-98. Adebayo, W.(2001,July 8).VCs use secret cults to settle scores . Sunday Punch, PP.1-2. Adiamoh, G.(2003,Jan 12). Our citadel of knowledge , our dens of cults, Sunday Tribune, P .32. Aguda, A.S. 1997. The Environment of secret cults. In; Reading on Campus Secret Cults, O.A. Ogunbameru (ed).Ile –Ife; Kuntel Publishing House. Best, S. G. (2007) The methods of conflict resolution and transformation in Best S.G.(ed).Introduction to peace and conflict studies in West Africa Ibadan; Spectrum Books.

Biagi , S.(2003) Media impact; An introduction to mass media, Canada; Thomson Wadsworth. Black, S. (1989). Introduction to Public Relations Lagos; West African Books Publisher Limited. Brown, A.(1999). Shawshank Redemption Film Review! Shocker, Female Cultists on Rampage. Weekend Sketch, 2nd Jan, Pp 4-31. CAM Foundation (1982). Guided Studies, London CAM.

Daramola ,I . (2003). Introduction to mass communication, Lagos; Rothan Press Limited. Eberendu, A. C. (1999). And Capillaries! Arresting the Evil Called Campus Cult’’. Lagos, Nigeria; Frigate Limited.

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If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Different causes of redemption film, cultism in tertiary institution . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/religious-studies-theology/different-causes-cultism-tertiary-institution/ [04-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on arteries and capillaries the link below to request removal: 10-04-17 - Processions (religion) 18-02-17 - The testimony of Apostle Paul 10-11-16 - HOW ISLAM VIEWS SAME SEX MARRIAGE AND ITS EFFECT ON PUBLIC OPINION 28-07-16 - Different causes of cultism in tertiary institution 29-06-16 - What is the new age movement? 04-04-16 - America and Eastern European religions and literature samples, witchcraft 27-03-16 - Immortality 26-03-16 - A study of the veins and capillaries, new age movement 26-02-16 - Attending different churches – write up 08-02-16 - Walls – symbolism. We offer professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service.

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100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. Arteries And Capillaries. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. Literature Review. Causal analysis essays answer the question, Why? Many times, answer to this question can't be proved absolutely, so sometimes this essay is called a speculating about arteries veins and capillaries causes essay. To write it, you will describe what happens and then state your answer (aka thesis) about the cause, providing support for your answer with reasons and evidence. • Why do people do that?

• Why does this happen? • Why is this a trend? • Why does it occur? What causes people to develop phobias? Why do some people become addicted to gambling when others can gamble and not become addicted? What causes people to rise above a disadvantaged background such as poverty, a single-parent household, or abusive parents? What are the chemical causes of falling in love? What causes feeling of romantic attraction to fade? What causes love at first sight?

Why do people lose their memories as they get older? Why do people need to sleep? Why do we develop muscle memory for Essay and Credit Policies, some repetitive actions? Why do people experience nightmares? Why do some marriages last for veins, a lifetime? Why do we have short and long term memory? Why do people get dyslexia? Why do we respond physically to Essay on Fiscal Policies, fear? Why do we yawn (or hiccup, or stretch)? Why can people, who have their eyes closed, sense objects they are approaching but not yet touching? What makes some people introverts and others extroverts?

Why is methamphetamine so addictive? Why do people crave sugar? Why do some families look so much alike, while others don't? Why do first born children tend to veins and capillaries, be achievers? Why do people snore?

Why do people lie? Why do people blush? Why do people hate? Why do teenagers rebel against their parents? Why do teens get acne? Why do teens sleep so much? Why do teens cut themselves? Why do people commit suicide? Why do teens engage in sexting? Why do young people start smoking when they know it causes cancer?

Why do young people sometimes get cancer? or have heart attacks? Why do teenagers use drugs? Why do college students binge drink? Why do young people become homeless? Why do young people join gangs? Why do young people make graffiti?

Why do fewer young people vote (compared to italian, older generations)? Why don't younger people donate blood? or become organ donors? Why don't teenage relationships last? Why don't teenagers read? Why don't teen marriages last? Why are teenagers more optimistic than older people? Why are young people better at veins learning languages than older people?

Why do adolescent girls need more iron than adults or boys their age? Why do teenage girls idolize male celebrities? Why do adolescents need protein? Why do adolescent girls mature faster than boys? Why do adolescents need to establish their own identity? What type of Why question most interests you? Why do animals have tails? Why do some animals like to be petted? Why do elderly people with pets live longer, healthier, and happier lives? Why are pets good for kids?

Why do dogs eat strange things like grass and poop? Why do cats show pleasure by on Fiscal Policies purring and kneading? Why do cats like to sleep in boxes and other strange places? Why do cats who are well-fed still hunt? Why do birds build elaborate nests? Why do monarch butterflies migrate long distances? Why do ants and bees live in colonies? Why do wolves howl? Why did humans domesticate wolves and breed them to arteries and capillaries, become dogs? Why do some insects and heart character jellyfish glow? What causes tides?

Or the wind? What causes insects like crickets and veins cicadas to make such loud noises? Why are animals used in research? Why are animals afraid of humans? Why is italian red brigades, larger size an advantage for animals in colder climates? Why do small dogs live longer than bigger dogs? Why are some animals becoming endangered? Why is nature so therapeutic?

Why are insects attracted to light? Why are insects the most successful animals on earth? Why are microbes important to human beings? Why are so many Americans against veins, the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare)? Why are some Euro countries like Greece in such economic turmoil? Why are rates of AIDS transmission higher in Africa than elsewhere?

Why do Japanese couples delay marriage? Why does Japan have higher suicides rates than many other countries? Why are large typhoons and Colorimetric Determination for the and Equilibrium Constant For the Formation Ion hurricanes like Haiyan happening more frequently? What has caused the unrest in the Middle East which resulted in the Arab Spring Movement and Syria's civil war? What caused the arteries veins, Great Recession of 2008?

Why are random shootings becoming more common in the U.S.? What causes terrorist groups to target certain countries? (You could choose a country.) What caused the U.S. government shut down of 2013? Why is North Korea so closed to review, the rest of the world? Or why is it becoming more belligerent toward other nations? Why are more and more people moving to large cities and away from rural areas? (You could talk about this worldwide or apply this question to arteries veins, one country or region of the world.) Why has the neo-conservative movement developed in heart of darkness main character, American politics?

Why has neo-Nazism been on the rise in Germany? Why is veins and capillaries, China going to ease up on the one-child policy? Why did Donald Trump win in the 2016 election? Why have the police been targeted by gunmen recently in italian red brigades, the U.S.? Why are terrorists choosing to use vehicles as weapons?

Why did the Arab Spring movement not lead to successful democratic societies? Why is Twitter the medium of choice for and capillaries, Donald Trump? What caused the French Revolution? What caused the development of American slavery system? What caused the settlement of Australia by the English? What caused the colonization of Africa? Why does English have so many words of French origin? Why is literature samples, English the arteries, main language used around the world in literature, business and arteries veins and capillaries science? Why does India have a caste system? Why are the Chinese still interested in heart, religion after years of atheist communism?

What caused the great Chinese famine in the Great Leap Forward? What caused the veins, black plague of the Middle Ages to stop? What caused Great Britain to adopt the heart main character, parliamentary system? Why does America have an educational system that is different from the European system used by arteries veins and capillaries most of the rest of the world? Why, according to redemption film, the 2000 U.S. Census information, did more Americans identify with German ancestry (15%) than any other heritage (Irish was second at 10%, and African American was third at 8%)? Why did Japan attack the U.S. at veins Pearl Harbor? or Why did America drop an atomic bomb to end the war?

Why is Essay on Fiscal Policies, it important to study history? (Depending on how you answer, this could be worked into a causal essay topic.) After choosing your topic question, you can research online to get some ideas of possible answers. Title: The causal question makes a great title for arteries veins, your essay. However, you should probably make the question as short as possible for the title. Your answer to the question will be the lying on couch, thesis of your paper. Introduction: Start your introduction by arteries veins and capillaries interesting your reader in the topic and on Fiscal Policies describing the and capillaries, situation or effect. See the Essay on Fiscal Policies, chart for veins, easy introduction and conclusion ideas.

The end of your introduction will be your cause question and thesis. Lying On Couch. Thesis: Start your thesis by asking your question and then answering it. To make your thesis into a clear roadmap of what you will talk about in your essay, add a because followed by the three reasons you will give in the body of your essay. Body: Be careful to write the arteries and capillaries, reasons in parallel format. Italian Red Brigades. Sample Thesis: Why do people enjoy being scared at a horror movie? Humans enjoy scary movies because they feel an arteries emotional release in watching and talking with other people about the italian, experience, and arteries veins and capillaries they get a vicarious thrill in seeing the forbidden on the screen. Lying On Couch. (Of course, you can have more than just three reasons, and you may have several paragraphs on one reason if you have several parts of that reason to discuss.) Topic Sentences of Body: For your body paragraphs, take your three reasons and turn them into veins and capillaries full sentences. Those are your topic sentences for the body paragraphs of your essay.

Gather evidence from your own observations and from research. Conclusion: In the Colorimetric for the Composition Constant For the Formation of a Ion, conclusion, you want to either urge the veins, reader to believe your reasons or give a final point. See ideas in samples, the chart below. Easy Introductions and Conclusions. Arteries Veins. 100 Easy Illustration Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 3. Literature Review Samples. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42.

by Josh Wilmoth 0. How to veins, Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 56. For The Composition Constant For The Formation Of A Metal Complex. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by veins Virginia Kearney 109. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. this really helped! Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States. Breathing, I am glad that this post helped you. I have many more articles about writing. Please look at my How to Write a Cause Essay for Policies, introduction and conclusion ideas and Technology Topics for Research Essays for more topics.

Sajib 23 months ago from Bangladesh. And Capillaries. Thanks a lot for posting such a wonderful and on Fiscal and Credit Policies helpful post! It will help us a lot who always look to create great casual analysis essays. Really you have some excellent and breathtaking ideas! These questions always come to and capillaries, our mind but very few us are able to find the answers. I hope you will also shed some light on lying on couch, the following issues: 1. A few similar questions on the technology niche. 2. A few exciting ideas about the body like the introductory and concluding ideas. If I get these things it will help me specially and lot of arteries, others. Hoping to have some more great things from you! Kathryn Lane 23 months ago. This was really helpful, thank you!

Thank you so much! Kader 3 years ago from Algeria. Nice and helpful tips on Essay, which teach rely and reffer to.Thank you so much. Maree Michael Martin 3 years ago from Northwest Washington on arteries, an Island. Review Samples. Very helpful.

I love all these questions and essay topics, thanks. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. Another great post for teachers and and capillaries students! I always learn to lying on couch, much from your sharing. Thank you!

Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Thanks Hezekiah--I am hoping that I can help people. So many of the arteries veins, people who teach the literature samples, beginning levels of arteries veins, college English are graduate students who are just beginning teachers themselves. Literature. I know how hard it can be to come up with good lesson plans and instructions. That is why I've decided to post my own notes and instructions that I've developed in teaching for over 20 years.

Hezekiah 3 years ago from Japan. Nice tips there, I wish I would have known these while I was still at Uni or High School. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and arteries veins respective owners. On Fiscal Policies. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is and capillaries, a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and lying on couch Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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essay poem write © 2017 Steve Campsall. improve your poetry grades! Download Free English biz Guides. If you find poetry difficult then you're not alone. For many people, it's the most difficult aspect of the English course. But. fear not as help and a higher grade are within reach. And Capillaries! Read on!

Find time to give the English biz guide to essay writing a look over as it's been written to work alongside this one - click here to read this later . If you need help with a specific poet or poem, click here or on a link below. If you're truly stuck you can also email the teacher at English biz - you'll find a link on the first page of the site, here . What really must be covered in Determination for the Composition and Equilibrium Constant For the Formation of a Complex Ion, your coursework and exam answers? At the core of any and every answer or essay about poetry must be your own interpretation of the poem or poems you are writing about. It is this alone that attracts the majority of marks. Arteries And Capillaries! In a nutshell, the heart main, more subtly you interpret a poem - and give support for arteries your interpretation - the higher your marks, and review samples, grade, will be. Poems are rarely to be taken at face value. It is never the literal meanings that will gain you any marks - it is exposing and discussing the poem's 'deeper meanings' that bring in the marks every time. When you interpret a poem, you seek to explain what you believe these 'hidden meanings' are, show how they have been created and arteries veins, discuss why this was done.

Remember: the Essay on Fiscal and Credit Policies, meanings you seek exist 'between the lines'. It is the poet's use of literary language that creates these layers of meaning . Poems, more than any other literary form, are dense with meanings created by this type of language. This is because poets have so little space in which to condense as much meaning as possible. This is what makes understanding a poem sometimes very difficult - and yet also, often, fascinating. Let's get one thing clear: interpretation never deals in arteries veins, facts . An interpretation is always an opinion - an insight into redemption film review, what the poem might mean.

This is arteries, why examiners are never happy with students who do no more than trot out the lying on couch, opinions of others, those of their teacher or what they've found in veins and capillaries, a study guide, for example (examiners do read study guides, btw!). Examiners will always give the Colorimetric Determination for the Composition and Equilibrium For the Formation of a Complex Ion, most marks to a student's original ideas - so long as they are valid and arteries and capillaries, are supported by close and careful reference to the poem itself. Whilst it is your own ideas that are needed, it is heart of darkness main, invariably easier to arteries and capillaries, uncover the layers of meaning in a poem by discussing it with others . Somehow an interaction of minds brings about clearer meaning and a moment when the penny drops. Colorimetric Composition And Equilibrium Constant Formation Of A! This does not mean you should copy others' ideas but do use such a discussion to develop your own interpretations. You might be one of the many who feel discussing poetry is not cool. Arteries! Well, keep in mind that it's your grades that are at stake . The exam is not a practice and you need to lying on couch, get the highest grade you can. So, what to do? For once, ignore being 'uncool' and arteries veins and capillaries, get boosting those exam grades.

Many students lose marks by italian red brigades going off at a tangent and misreading their poem. How can you avoid this and know that your interpretation is on the right lines? Here's a very worthwhile tip. How does all this work in arteries veins, practice? Below is an example to help show you. It is based on a just a couple of lines from the opening of the poem 'Half Caste' by John Agard, a very witty poem that many of you will know. Don't be put off if you don't know it, you'll be able to apply exactly the same ideas to any poem you are studying. You will see from this just how much can be 'squeezed' from only two lines of Colorimetric for the Composition For the of a Complex Ion, a poem.

This is a key thing for you to and capillaries, appreciate. 'Excuse me standing on one leg I’m half-caste. Explain yuself wha yu mean when yu say half-caste. ' Agard opens his poem by creating an obvious contrast between the standard English of the opening line of the poem and the Caribbean dialect of the second. This creates a clear contrast which works to alert the samples, reader to the fact that while both kinds of arteries and capillaries, English create perfectly obvious meaning, only one kind is considered to be prestigious and main character, 'proper' within educated circles. Ironically, it is the dialect line that creates the more expressive meaning. In this way, Agard manages to open his poem and introduce a key theme. And Capillaries! He wants the lying on couch, reader both to consider and reflect upon what is thought of as acceptable and what is looked down upon in British society. He shows us that 'half-caste' language is actually very good language and language that is capable of arteries, communicating its message well.

Poetry has, as has been said above, been called the art of literature, 'saying the arteries veins, unsayable'. Undoubtedly some poems can seem to create meanings and emotions that seem well beyond the words on the page. Language can be a very mysterious and wonderful thing! Hopefully, you will come to enjoy at least some of the lying on couch, poems you study at arteries veins, school but, to be realistic, some poems will, initially at least, appear worryingly difficult. One of the difficulties with a poem is connected with its form - generally speaking, poems are short and this means that poets look for ways to squeeze the maximum meaning and feeling into them. Literature Review! Poems are often dense with meaning and unlocking these multi-layered meanings requires patience and skill. But it can be very satisfying - a poem can be like a riddle, fun to crack! This english biz guide will help you 'unpick' a poem and enable you to work out just what the poet is trying to say, how the poem is 'working' and why this is being done - the poet's purpose . Oh, and finally, you'll find out what gains most marks - as well as how you can get them!

Click here to read a poem that many people feel has magical qualities; and here is another! Of course, individuals react differently to and capillaries, such poems but many students seem to enjoy these two poems. Appreciating the subtleties of a complex poem in classroom conditions is lying on couch, far from ideal. And Capillaries! This means that it will be necessary to find a quiet place and heart main character, time at home with mobile phone, MP3 player and arteries veins, TV all switched off when you can re-read your poems. Even better, find a friend to read and discuss the poem with - two heads are far better than one when it comes to understanding a complex poem. An odd but useful thing about a poem is Colorimetric Composition Formation, that if you leave a day between reading it, some of the poem's extra layers of meaning seem to become more apparent when you read the poem again. It's as if the brain has subconsciously 'worked' on the poem in arteries veins and capillaries, between readings. Reading for shawshank redemption film Meaning. Quite a useful thing to do when you first begin your work on analysing a poem is to. forget it's a poem!

Odd as this sounds, your first task is not to dig for hidden meanings but to be sure you've understood the poem's 'story' - that is, what it is veins and capillaries, generally all about. Redemption Review! This can be called the poem's ' big picture '. It's true that in your essay that this will be one of things to which you will be devoting precious little space BUT you simply cannot proceed without it. So, when you first read any poem, first of all, read it for meaning . These questions will get you on your way: Make a note of who is doing the speaking in the poem - what kind of veins, person and in what kind of state or mood? By the lying on couch, way, never assume it's the poet: instead, think of arteries and capillaries, it as an imagined poetic persona . Poets often like to explore all kinds of aspects of life in their work and this can mean that they try to write from Essay Policies, different viewpoints, for example an older male poet can write as a young boy, or even girl! Now work out who is being spoken to or addressed? (Yes - it could be you, the poem's reader, or it might be an imaginary person.

Often, you a poem can seem to be spoken thoughts such as in a monologue , or it could be one half of an imaginary conversation. Think about just what is being spoken about? (What is the subject matter being discussed?). Now - and and capillaries, this is crucial to a good understanding - work out exactly what tone of voice or manner of the speaking voice? (Is the speaker sounding worried, reflective, nostalgic, mournful, happy, concerned, angry, for example?). Shawshank Redemption Film! Importantly, does the tone of voice change during the poem? Make a note of where this occurs. Finally, where do the events of the veins, poem happen and what is the italian red brigades, situation surrounding them ? When you read your poem, simply read it as a group of sentences, forgetting the and capillaries, fact that these sentences have been split into lines . At the end of each sentence (i.e. stop reading at shawshank redemption, each full stop or, maybe, at each semicolon - ; ), work out veins what the meaning is so far. Spend time thinking about literature review, this and perhaps note the idea down on the poem itself at the side of that part of the poem (this is called annotating the arteries and capillaries, text). This is often the heart of darkness, easiest and arteries and capillaries, surest way to lying on couch, find out what the poet is trying to say. You can consider the effects of arteries veins and capillaries, other poetic devices the Essay on Fiscal and Credit, poet has used, such as the way the lines cut up the sentences, the use of rhythm and rhyme , alliteration and so on later. Of course, this doesn't always work - some poems are, let's face it, especially difficult to veins, understand! They might even lack any punctuation so have no apparent sentences.

If you find this to Policies, be the case, try searching for a study guide to veins and capillaries, your poem by clicking here or here - or, of course, ask your teacher or a friend for help. If you are still struggling to lying on couch, get to veins and capillaries, grips with your poem, read it a few more times and, this is the lying on couch, important bit! - leave time between readings (of course, in an exam, this is veins, not possible). A useful tip : Most people race through poems using a dull voice. Try reading your poems quite S-L-O-W-L-Y . Heart Main! Even better (in fact, far better!) is to read the poem aloud ? Oh yes, you really should! Find a quiet place, or read with a friend. Put embarrassment to one side for the sake of a higher grade! Reading aloud is a very effective way of getting 'beneath' the poem's surface and finding its more subtle meanings.

But what you have to do is avoid a mouse-like monotone and instead try to achieve the voice the writer of the poem intended (and this won't be mouse like!!). Click here to listen to a clip of the GCSE poet John Agard reading a part of his poem, 'Half Caste'. You'll see from this just how much more a dramatic reading of some poems can reveal. Always avoid reading the arteries and capillaries, poem in an overly stylised way , i.e. in a non-conversational voice! Modern poems, especially, are often best read in a normal speaking voice - but it will be a voice with a distinct quality . Do always try to capture this distinctiveness. Shakespeare had a strong Stratford accent apparently - why, then, do we pretend he didn't when we read his plays?

The poem's images will, for sure, be there and the poet has created them to guide you towards a fuller understanding of the poem's content and messages . Try hard not to be overly ingenious as this leads you finding meanings that are not there . This is a classic problem with even the Determination Composition and Equilibrium For the of a Metal Ion, brightest students when reading poems. Meanings are never 'hidden' - they are always 'there' - maybe 'under the surface', but always 'there'. And they are always consistent with the whole poem. A poem's deeper meaning might not always be easy to get hold of, but it will be there to find - and - very helpfully and importantly - it will be coherent . Coherence is an important quality of all literature, poems included. It means that the arteries and capillaries, meanings in the poem will all be developed and reinforced logically as the poem progresses . The first line always contributes to the overall meaning, as do all other lines. If you do think you've found a meaning in a poem and and Credit Policies, it does not contribute in some obvious way to the overall meaning of the arteries veins and capillaries, whole poem , you are almost certainly off track and misreading the poem: a classic way to lose marks! Click here to listen to John Agard reading a part of lying on couch, his poem, Half-Caste . Arteries! Notice the slow and lying on couch, emphatic nature of his voice. If you take a leaf from his book and read your poems slowly and dramatically you will obtain far more meaning from your poems - and gain higher grades ! Writing your essay.

Writing an essay about arteries and capillaries, a poem needs the same skills that apply to all essay writing. Red Brigades! The english biz essay writing guide is full of ideas that will help gain you a higher grade - be sure to read this - click here . As with all essays, you cannot hope to do well unless you know your text well . Only then will you be able to develop a sufficiently strong viewpoint from which to create the arteries veins and capillaries, necessary argument that forms the basis of the best essays. The best essays are written as if they were an argument - again, the Englishbiz guide has much more on lying on couch, this. What is your teacher or examiner actually looking for in your essays? You need to show that you have understood not just the poem's 'surface' meaning - try to show knowledge of its layers of meaning and its more subtle messages . You need to show you have understood how the and capillaries, poet has used language and poetic devices to help create and 'shape' create subtle underlying messages . You need to shawshank film, show you have recognised how meaning is and capillaries, developed across the whole poem - as each idea is shawshank film, explored and arteries and capillaries, builds up into a coherent whole. How to do this to gain high marks. Read the essay question or title very carefully . You just wouldn't believe how many students answer a different answer to the one asked. Yes - they do, every year! If you are revising for an exam, ask your teacher to show you some past exam questions . There is italian red brigades, no better way to familiarise yourself with what is required in the exam and your teacher will be happy to veins, mark any questions you try. Some exam boards now post downloadable past exam papers on their web sites . Highlight the samples, key words of the essay question and be sure you address each of these in your answer - marks will be lost if you don't!

In an exam question, there will usually be bullet points to guide your response - you MUST cover the arteries, points these mention as the exam marker gives marks based on these . If it is not clear in the essay question, decide which poem(s) will help you answer it. Work out of darkness main character exactly what is required of veins, you. Discussing the samples, poet's life and times, i.e. their context , rarely gains marks. It is often better to get on with your analysis of the poem(s) straight away. Be aware of any significant changes in emphasis and the tone of voice as the story, ideas or images of the poem unfolds. Work out arteries how and why these tones and Determination Composition and Equilibrium For the Formation of a Complex, changes in and capillaries, tone have been made to Essay on Fiscal Policies, occur through particular choices of language or form . This is important as it will allow you to comment on the structure of the and capillaries, poem and this gains many marks.

Be especially alert to the use of an ironic tone of italian, voice. Irony is an important and frequent poetic device used by poets. Irony is an veins effective means of italian red brigades, engaging the reader. Irony subtly shapes meaning and arteries veins and capillaries, develops layers of meaning within the poem. As well as irony , poets frequently rely on the use of what is called ' figurative' language . It's very important to notice where figurative language is used, the effect it creates and the purpose intended. Figurative language creates 'figures' or images in the mind's eye.

It is the use of description , metaphor , simile or personification . This common poetic device helps the poet to create and shape meaning. It also works to lying on couch, develop an arteries veins emotional response in you, the reader. Figurative language works so well because it creates images in the mind - and as the old saying goes, 'a picture is worth a thousand words. '. Look at these opening lines and see how the images are created and begin to work: I’ve known rivers: I’ve known rivers ancient as the of darkness, world and arteries, older than the. flow of red brigades, human blood in human veins.

My soul has grown deep like the rivers. from 'The Negro Sings of arteries veins and capillaries, Rivers' by Langston Hughes. Read your poem through a sufficient number of times for Essay on Fiscal Policies you to feel sure you have grasped its big picture . Finally, with the essay question firmly in veins, mind , work out italian red brigades your response to it. This is your own point of view on which you will base your essay. An important way you can unlock subtle meanings in any text, but especially in a poem, is to look for the effects of binary oppositions . Click on the hyperlink if this idea intrigues you.

It is a guaranteed 'mark grabber' as it allows a very subtle response indeed to a poem (or any text). If you can discuss a text at the level of its binary oppositions , you will have at your disposal a sophisticated way of analysing the subtle levels of meaning created in poetry - but this method is sophisticated and requires very careful thought. FOR A FULL GUIDE TO THIS FASCINATING ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUE - CLICK HERE. Some more ways to and capillaries, unlock the character, meaning of veins, a poem. There is of darkness, a key aspect to every poem you need to consider - the arteries veins, one aspect that separates all poems from any other kind of writing: its form . You need to work out why the poet wrote it in lines! Writing in lines means the poem is composed in verse . Notice where the poet sliced up each sentence into shorter lines (and sometimes even across the literature review, stanzas of the poem). Does it allow a special degree of veins, emphasis to be placed on parts of the sentence that might have been lost if it was not 'sliced' up into lines - i.e. if it had been written as a piece of continuous prose ? See if you can work out how the poet's use form helps to emphasise certain words or ideas as these often act subtly to shape meaning . Remember that only Colorimetric Composition and Equilibrium Constant For the Formation of a Metal Complex poetry allows this 'playfulness' with form . Poets truly enjoy playing with the veins, form of poetry - after all, that's why they like writing poetry!

As well as choosing where to end a line or a verse (i.e. properly called a stanza ), or whether to use rhythm or rhyme , there are many other ways in which a poet can play around with the form of literature review samples, language to add to the meaning: Some lines might seem to end quite abruptly - even without using a full stop. This can be used to create subtle effects. For example, an and capillaries end-stopped line can lead to a useful pause occurring before you read on thus creating emphasis (see the technical term caesura below). Some lines might 'run on' into the next line or even the Colorimetric Determination for the and Equilibrium For the of a Metal Complex, next stanza.

Poets also sometimes create the effect of an arteries extended pause between words, phrases or lines - again with or without using punctuation to achieve this effect. This enforced mini-pause is called a caesura . This is a subtle effect that leads to an emphasis or a pause for thought being created. Some I mportant 'Poetic Devices' Alliteration is the repeating of initial sounds as in William Blake's poem The Tyger: ' T yger! T yger! B urning b right!'. This often creates emphasis and, like the use of rhythm and shawshank redemption film, rhyme , makes words memorable. It can also help to create a different tone - depending on which consonants are alliterated. Alliteration using consonants such as 's' or 'f' will create a softer tone of voice.

Alliteration created using harsher consonants such as 'b' or 'd' can create a harsh even angry tone. Always try to work out the tone of voice within your poem and note how and where this changes . A ssonance is the term used for the repetition of vowel sounds within consecutive words as in, 'rags of gr ee n w ee d hung down. '. Vowel sounds are always softer sounding and can add to the quality of the tone of arteries veins, voice within the poem, perhaps creating a sense of Essay on Fiscal and Credit, softness of mood or romance . A combination of soft consonants and long vowels can create a particularly gentle tone. Rhyme is when the final sounds of words are the same and are repeated either within a line (this is called internal rhyme , as in 'I bring fresh showers for the thirsting flowers ') or at the end of arteries, two lines (this is called end rhyme ). Work our the effect rhyme creates. Does it make the poem more memorable? Does it add to the 'feel', the meaning or the tone in lying on couch, a useful way? Does it create a happy sense that 'all is well with the world'? Often 'sound effects' created by using the arteries and capillaries, form of lying on couch, words help to suggest a particular tone of arteries, voice . For example, repeated hard consonants called 'plosive consonants' (b, p, c, k, d, etc.) can suggest harshness or anger, whereas soft consonants (sh, ch, s, f, m, etc.) or 'long' internal vowels (e.g. the s oo n the sh ow ers of au tumn') can suggest a calm or romantic quality.

Rhyme can also suggest or add a sense of control or harmony as if 'all is italian red brigades, well with the world', whereas half-rhyme (e.g. moan/mourn, years/yours) can suggest a wish for harmony or the presence of discord . Repetition of important words and arteries veins and capillaries, phrases can help shape meaning because it adds emphasis . Are the stanzas (i.e. Character! what many students wrongly call 'verses') regular in arteries, line length, size and shape with a repeating, regular rhythm? This is typical of older more traditional British poetry and hints at review samples, that sense of 'control' and 'harmony' that seemed to exist in earlier days before the great loss of religious faith or questioning of values of today. Poems with irregular line lengths and no obvious rhythm or rhyme look and sound very different from arteries veins and capillaries, traditional poetry. These poems are called free verse or, technically, 'vers libre' and can be a way of suggesting lack of control or lack of harmony . Look at the way the shawshank film, structure or sequence of ideas builds up in the poem (perhaps through a sequence of veins and capillaries, images ); make a note of the effect of this sequencing of ideas or images and how it adds to the overall effect and Essay on Fiscal and Credit, meaning of the arteries veins and capillaries, poem. Finally, notice if any particular words and phrases stand out in a particularly poetic way. These words and phrases deserve extra thought as they probably contain layers of meaning or create imagery and ideas. Maybe the words are ironic or metaphorical? Perhaps they create a vivid image , for example. These effects act to draw you deeper into the world of the poem by engaging your attention - a sure sign that the poem is Essay on Fiscal and Credit Policies, 'working' on you! In your mind, 'become' the poet and ask yourself these revealing questions: 1. What is 'your' poem about generally (e.g. Arteries! 'war') and in shawshank, particular (e.g. 'the horror of fighting in trench warfare').

For example, were you trying to help your reader to arteries veins and capillaries, understand some aspect of society or human life more clearly? What was your intention or purpose? 3. What motivated you to write about such a subject? Were you affected by on Fiscal and Credit your circumstances : the beliefs, values and attitudes you hold to compared to the general beliefs, attitudes and values of your society or its leaders (i.e. your society's dominant ideologies )? 4. Were there any literary traditions or fashions that affected the style in which you wrote? Why was this? You will frequently be asked to write about more than one poem and this does add an extra layer of difficulty.

However, if you are writing an argument essay , the veins and capillaries, difficulty is lessened dramatically because you are using the poems to support your own argument rather than writing directly about the heart of darkness main character, poems themselves. Veins And Capillaries! Aspects of each poem will, therefore, naturally find their way into your essay as you write in support of the various points you are making to support your argument. It is, therefore, always best to compare and contrast the heart main, ideas each poet explores as you proceed - and this is best done as providing support for arteries veins and capillaries your own argument. Determination For The Constant Formation Of A Complex! In each paragraph you write, you should aim to discuss a comparable or contrasting aspect chosen from each poem (and, as before, you must use the 'point-quotation-comment' method) that helps develop a point that supports your overall argument as stated in your opening paragraph. If you find this difficult (and it can be - especially under examination conditions), the veins and capillaries, alternative is to write an 'exploring essay'. In this kind of essay, you analyse and write about your first poem fully before moving on to your second poem, then, as you write about the second poem, you must take the chance frequently to refer back to the first poem when you find a suitable point of comparison or contrast. N ever forget to compare and contrast! This is redemption, a part of the mark scheme in veins and capillaries, this type of question. FIVE TOP TIPS FOR SUCCESS. 1. Know your poems well.

2. Analyse closely analysis and develop subtle insights. Only a close analysis of the poem will allow you to develop subtle insights into lying on couch, the poet's reasons and and capillaries, methods. It is the consistency, clarity, depth and subtlety of your analysis and insights that will gain the highest marks. 3. Use the P.E.E. Determination Composition For The Formation Of A Metal! method of arteries veins and capillaries, analysis. 4. Never look for and find what isn't there ! Poems can be difficult so when you are thinking about the deeper levels of red brigades, a poem's meaning, it is all too easy to be overly ingenious . Do not find meanings that are not really there. If a particular meaning exists within a part of a poem, it will be consistent with (i.e. help out the meaning of. ) the whole poem - it will never just apply to a single line or phrase. If you think a line of poetry means something, make sure this fits in with what you think the arteries veins and capillaries, poet is trying to say in lying on couch, the whole poem.

A more obvious meaning is far more likely than a very obscure meaning. Always make sure that the words of your poem clearly support whatever points you want to make about it. Never be afraid to use a lively style when you write; in fact, whilst remembering always to avoid slang and to use standard English , try hard to make your essay sound as individual and veins and capillaries, interesting as you are! Avoid stuffiness and over-formality like the plague.